Hong Kong media: the South China Sea has become the main battlefield of the great power game
Neutral agency, Beijing, August 23 the electric (of Pang concept) from the construction of aircraft carrier to enhance naval forces to the exploitation of deep-sea drilling platform, the development of marine resources, and to the establishment of three Shashi, the preservation of the marine territorial sovereignty in the South China Sea issue, China recently continue to take measures to . These measures is not only caused strong concern in the United States, Japan, Russia, India, are quite concerned.
strategic considerations for the United States, China is seeking to become only the the landing right powers to give up the desire to become a maritime power, that the United States global leadership and will not have a material impact. First, we take into account China’s geographic location, powerful land power up is a big country in Asia, its influence on global affairs and can not compete with the United States. Second, the land rights of China’s military influence will be strictly limited in the terrestrial domain, its extremely limited extension of the marine sector, this aspect makes China become a lame leg Giants, on the other hand will not have the United States in the waters military influence to form an effective deterrent. However, if the successful realization of the long-cherished wish of maritime power, China will become a giant Barbara a sense, the strength of both its land and sea country, will be a serious threat to U.S. global leadership directly. The recent United States in the South China Sea issue, the practice on the Diaoyu Islands issue is in fact on the reaction of the United States for seeking to become a maritime power, extreme anxiety. You can be sure that if China continues to take strong measures in the South China Sea and its confrontation with the United States will become more intense.
Japan strategic considerations since the end of World War II, the Japanese military forces is limited, but its maritime power in Asia is no doubt. Adjacent and Japan actively seeking to become a maritime power, efforts will be considered a serious external threats. One, Japan is a heavily dependent on marine country, If you build a strong maritime power in the South China Sea, China, Japan the lifeline like to save in the hands of China, which in Japan is unacceptable. Two, if the successful resolution of the South China Sea issue in China, and that advantage on the Diaoyu Islands issue, China will emerge, and Japan over the Diaoyu Islands issue will have to be at a disadvantage position, this is unacceptable.
Recently, Japan to speed up the building of its military, released uncompromisingly for China’s defense white paper, the issue of the Diaoyu Islands, as well as adding fuel to the flames in the South China Sea issue, the fact is obstruction of the initiatives of the development of marine forces. With the gradual implementation of its maritime strategy, the probability of friction and Japan in the field of maritime safety will be increased significantly.
Russian strategic considerations
More recently, the Russian Navy plans to rebuild located inside Vietnam’s Cam Ranh Bay military base one does not already exist, and frequently signed with Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries sales contract, the sale of a large number of advanced fighters, submarines, warships and anti-missile systems to Vietnam, greatly enhance the military strength of these countries, and add new destabilizing factors for the settlement of the South China Sea issue. Russia’s actions reflect its the serious worries sense for China to become a maritime power. While China and Russia have established a strategic partnership, but Russia does not want China to become the Asia-Pacific region, as well as global real leader.
India strategic considerations
First, India’s Indian Ocean strategy requires Indian involvement in the South China Sea affairs. Although the Indian Ocean strategic focus on India to establish a dominant position in the Indian Ocean, but with the development of the strategy in the Indian Ocean, as well as the enhancement of the naval forces of India, India is increasingly not satisfied with only dominate the field in the Indian Ocean. In recent years, India has continued to increase the ocean combat capability of the Indian Navy, and hundreds of kilometers of distance Southeast Asia Andaman ? Nike Ba Islands Far Eastern Naval Command, its purpose must not only enhance its ability to control the Indian Ocean, more sucked sights on the vast waters of the South China Sea. the
followed, India is involved in the South China Sea affairs in an attempt to contain China. India strategic community that, in the short term does not constitute a military threat in India, but in the long run, it is uncertain, especially in the process of China’s military modernization continues to accelerate, its foreign policy has become increasingly tough. And Sino-Indian geostrategic interests coincide area, the future of Sino-Indian relations will be more subject to geopolitical confrontation. In this context, India is trying to the South China Sea issue as a fulcrum of the containment policy toward China. On the one hand, in recent years, Sino-Indian energy competitive situation has become more evident, increasingly concerned about the security of offshore energy transportation channel. India hopes that the military presence in the South China Sea through the expansion of the Indian Ocean – the Straits of Malacca – the development of China’s clamp. G. Parthasarathi, India should, together with the United States, Russia and Japan to bring about a complete set closer ASEAN strategy to counteract China’s territorial ambitions. India should also be to work with Vietnam to exploit oil in the South China Sea, increase defense, economic ties with Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and other ASEAN countries.
On the other hand, India is involved in the South China Sea affairs in an attempt to strengthen its military presence in this sea area, stop into the Indian Ocean from the source. In addition, there are scholars of India, the South China Sea affairs for India to win strategic bargaining chip in the Sino-Indian border talks. G. Parthasarathi has said that if the Chinese territorial claims in the South China Sea and the East China Sea, it will also take the same way to deal with the Sino-Indian border issue.