Seems still a long way to go: China and the United States AWACS an daylights scared
, Kyodo News reported, in Japan, the United States Navy in March to show the media the most advanced electronic fighters deployed in Atsugi base in Kanagawa Prefecture EA-18G. The EA-18G is the world’s most advanced electronic fighters, able to complete 100% of any electronic interference to suppress task. The phased array radar in the body it can destroy the enemy’s electronic equipment, investigation by electronic instruments, and implement electronic jamming the enemy.
more importantly, an F-22 U.S. 2009 debut of one of the fighters the body, eye-catching landmark pattern, indicating that it had shot down the world’s most advanced first four-generation fighter F-22. Therefore, EA-18G is known as the “king of kings”.
Currently, Guam, and the U.S. military as a geographical focus of the Asia-Pacific island chain deployment, and cruise on the aircraft carrier at sea are likely to become the foothold of the EA-18G. Forward deployment of the maritime mobile platform and EA-18G “Hornet” who inherited over 1000 km combat radius, and then consider the range of airborne electronic warfare systems, electronic warfare, the Asian continent in recent Sea Surface Targets and electronic equipment will do in EA-18G under threat.
U.S. electronic warfare force approaching the Asia-Pacific directed at the People’s Liberation Army, Taiwan experts said, the hardware implementation of electronic warfare, the People’s Liberation Army and the U.S. military gap is not large, but in terms of overall quality, the gap up to 20 years or even more. The problem lies: by Chinese independent research and development of electronic warfare equipment are not yet fully equipped troops.
Data Figure: overhead air marshals -2000.
tactical levelFirst of all, the Chinese Air Force has less than the number of early-warning aircraft, only four overhead police -2000 and overhead police -200 , great command of the aircraft for intelligence and early warning needs in key areas (territorial waters and border), the number is clearly not enough. As key node system operations, airborne early warning command of the aircraft is to integrate and play other Combat Aircraft performance multiplier.
times, transportation -8 series electronic reconnaissance, electronic jamming aircraft, synthetic aperture radar battlefield surveillance machine production equipment is too slow. Implementation SEAD combat before the mass production of transportation -8 only by flying leopard or old F-7 fighter Electronic Warfare Countermeasures “soft interference” and “hard kill” approach. Compared with the world powers, although in some areas, the construction of China’s electronic warfare has made considerable progress, but on the whole, compared with the United States, China’s gap is still 2-30 years.
since less competent in the tactical aspects will have to move enough brains.
electronic countermeasures (counter-counter-countermeasure system), many people think that the low standard of China’s electronics industry, electronic countermeasures capability may not be as Taiwan. China’s electronic warfare capability is a complete system of independent development, for the improvement and upgrading of the adversary, Taiwan, all the U.S. procurement, if a problem occurs, may be annihilated. PLA electronic countermeasures capability yet, such as the U.S. military, the future development of the space was great.
Data Figure: Night air marshals -2000. Page Title # p # # e #
the the filter interference technology development by the People’s Liberation Army, is to enhance the signal to increase the lock distance of the enemy, or to suppress the signal to shorten the enemy lock their distance. This is a very effective method, but it is often overlooked. The signal enhancement device (induction enhancer) increases 50% lock distance and signal resolution, signal suppression (the remote sensing weakening) can reduce the enemy to lock 35% of the distance and signal resolution.
electronic reconnaissance capabilities
from the 1980s developed the electronic surveillance system, the first product KZ-800 electronic reconnaissance machine, and exports to this model.
KZ-800 is a fully automated computer-controlled electronic reconnaissance system, can automatically search for, intercept, measurement analysis, display and record the signals intercepted addition radar types can be identified, performance, work and positioning. However, due to the lack of large-scale transport platform can only select H – 6 -154 backward carrier aircraft. The beginning of this century with a new generation of Y8 aircraft, but the performance is worse than the U.S. RC-135 length; new generation of RC-135 working height, hang time, the scope of use and so much higher than our military transport aircraft.
the same time, the People’s Liberation Army also began the development of electronic support reconnaissance systems, these systems have been equipped with air marshals -200 AWACS and air marshals -2000 (transportation -8 modification), the equivalent of the U.S. military’s EP-3 , RC-135 electronic reconnaissance aircraft, but a small number, and unable to penetrate the enemy to conduct reconnaissance. KZ-900 type specially developed airborne tactical reconnaissance pod system, which include the maintenance of electronic reconnaissance, ground stations, data chain and logistics systems, frequency coverage than KZ-800, intercepted the different types of sensor signals obtained tactical performance of the other sensors (such as the operating frequency, transmit power, a modulation scheme, a pulse width, repetition rate, the antenna forms and velocity width, etc.) to facilitate guiding the electronic jammer interference.
in wartime, KZ-900 pod can search target airspace sensor signal, the information and the information chain anti cut immediately passed to the base, the theater command center to provide timely and accurate The electronic easy commanders fast and effective tactical deployment, using a variety of counter-measures (such as electronic jamming and anti-radiation attack).
Data Figure: air marshals -2000 AWACS fleet is training.
in peacetime, the system can make up to -154 and transportation -8 lack of electronic intelligence reconnaissance aircraft; mount the pod tactical aircraft reconnaissance missions for a long time to find surrounding electronic radiation source location, obtain the relevant parameters of the electronic system used to modify and establish a database of electronic warfare.
the electronic interference transported -8 electronic jamming aircraft can be used for remote interference, similar to its function and the EC-130H aircraft. KG-300G with automatic alarms and tracking radar threat signals, indicators and accurate electronic suppression, have multiple threat signal analysis receiver and multi-target interference ability, strong electronic interference. The pod with JH-7 fighter-bombers, fighter-bombers (JH-7A or Su 30MKK), makes interference with aircraft to provide interference sheltering.
Data Figure: China Air Force Materiel air marshals -200 AWACS than daylights scared.
Of course, if the interference is not also hard kill, which have to rely on in domestic YJ -91 anti-radiation missile. The missile is KH-31P missile technology, the introduction of the Russian equivalent of the U.S. military’s AGM-88 anti-radiation missiles.
early warning system
Beginning in the 1960s, China started to develop early warning aircraft, and subsequently, the Chinese turned to look at Israel’s early warning system. The system unit in the Israel Aircraft Corporation (IAI) and its subordinate the ELLA companies jointly developed in the late eighties, the aircraft system is modified by the Boeing 707, the same as the U.S. E-3 AWACS. The tab title # p # # e #
Israel a great help in the area of ??early warning aircraft construction. Israel in the early twentieth century, 90 generations combined with network technology and radar information and systematization. Since then, China began to develop independently AWACS “One Project”, spent only three years on the development of air marshals -2000 AWACS.
air marshals -2000 radar antenna is not like the United States and Russia AWACS mechanical rotation, it is fixed, because the air marshals -2000 is fixed active phase radar. Air marshals -2000 radar device, super computer, console and software are to design and production. The AWACS technology, China should have come to the front, poor production this step.
Nevertheless, the Chinese Air Force is still faced with the following limitations: First, the number of large aircraft platform. The lack of research and development of large aircraft, plus outsourcing IL-76 blocked, and limit the number of special aircraft growth, such as aerial refueling aircraft, transport aircraft, early warning aircraft, battlefield surveillance aircraft, a direct result of the remote electronic warfare aircraft quantities in a very long, difficult to improve.
Second, electronic original performance is lagging behind. Limited due to the technical level of China’s electronics industry, the power generation of Air Force tactical aircraft generally small, most lack the high-power jamming pod. Only 1.85 kilowatts of power, KG300G jamming pod jamming pod is a self-defense type can only be used for the interference approximation anti-aircraft missile radar seeker head. U.S. EA-6B the equipment AN/ALQ-99 jamming pod power up to 100 kW, can be a wide range of interference, search, track.
the final electronic components performance issues. Such as the performance of the electronic components for anti-radiation missile YJ -91, a seeker can not do cover all the radar frequency, but to the development of three seeker, each responsible for a part of the whole frequency, thus reducing antiradiation combat flexibility to increase the logistical difficulty. AGM-88 missiles, the U.S. military is just a seeker, you can cover the 0.8-20G Hertz covers active duty search and tracking radar of the vast majority of bands.
electronic countermeasures capability
PLA military services have the electronic warfare forces, the Army there are also a certain number of electrons in the the professional ground electronic warfare units, the Air Force and Navy combat aircraft, ships, large radar interference station.main task of
electronic warfare troops is to search for the enemy’s electronic equipment, electromagnetic radiation signal, identify its type, parameters, and deployment of, interfere with the wireless communication, combined with other branches of the military to combat enemy command, control, communications and intelligence system, the destruction of the enemy’s command system, interfering with the enemy’s weapons control and guidance system, and confrontation with the enemy’s electronic forces, in coordination with other branches of the military implementation of the electronic feints and electronic camouflage, discovery and determination of enemy electronic jamming troops.
After nearly 20 years of construction, the Chinese Air Force has initially established a modern electronic warfare system. So far, the world only the United States, Russia, France, Israel and China have a complete electronic warfare capabilities.
but we must see that, due to the limited level of China’s aviation industry, the electronics industry, the Air Force Electronic fighter team still lacks enough remote electronic warfare aircraft, electronic jamming pod, anti-radiation missiles and other equipment performance remained very backward compared with the U.S. military, and electronic warfare system of electromagnetic power is a prerequisite for dominating the air and naval supremacy. And the People’s Liberation Army electronic warfare development logic and its military development, seek first “yes”, then constantly upgrading “basis.
Under such circumstances, in order to achieve the goal of “small run”, the number of each weapon system will not be too much, and the model will inevitably many. It also determines the facts of China at this stage in the electronic warfare force behind the United States.
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