The scholars said China’s first aircraft carrier into the military as important as was the nuclear explosion
Chinese aircraft carrier test platform for ongoing aircraft carrier testing.
Hao Zheng: four factors that determines the carrier battle group deployment location
the Hong Kong Economic Journal “on August 13, the original title: Four factors determine the carrier battle group deployment location recently , domestic and international discussions on the Chinese navy’s first aircraft carrier battle groups When will this army of storm, named users on the aircraft carrier, ship carrier aircraft carrier battle group deployed where, who served as the first aircraft carrier captain and other details, bored bold conjecture ; a small number of people who have a military background, is also waiting in the wings as selling points in the situation within the size of the media, words conclusive disclosed almost stereotyped message.
the one hand, the most powerful of the Department of Defense announced the carrier message was tight-lipped, each face of the bombing of the media never to reveal the little bit of news. Consequently, the speculations surrounding China’s first aircraft carrier battle groups naturally more and more, the increasingly Xuanhu, real to the enemy.
I was not military experts, even the fans as a whole. But I not only have been highly concerned about the movements of the Chinese aircraft carrier, but also has been concerned about the foreign media, experts and scholars on Chinese aircraft carrier movements. After
real painstaking research aircraft carrier with many people in the (by no means easily grab send an announcement) AC, summed up the Chinese military aircraft carrier battle groups deployed must consider the four factors; should said that even though these four factors ensure that the basic elements for aircraft carrier battle groups deployed, but can not get confirmation the Chinese military, and therefore only as a reasonable inference.
must be pointed out that yes, in addition to CPC Central Military Commission, the Department of Defense, General Staff and the Naval Command, one of the few people who know the detailed plans of the carrier battle group, no one can ascertain exactly the message. Therefore, the relevant factors is whether it is credible, and naturally depends on whether they meet the basic logic of national conditions and realities.
I believe that, where China’s first aircraft carrier battle groups in the deployment, four elements must be considered: the overall national development strategy, naval development and construction direction, the implementation of the function of military operations, the existing facilities.
a carrier battle group deployment of foreign policy must take into account the departure from the current overall development strategy in China and overall foreign policy, must consider the important factor of geopolitical and strategic situation in China surrounding the new changes. China’s overall development strategy, no doubt, internal steadily continued to promote economic development, to maintain harmony and stability of society as a whole, to further deepen reform in various fields, and accelerate the advancement of people’s living standards, is still the primary task of the face of China .
China needs a longer, more stable and sustainable strategic development opportunities in order to wholeheartedly engage in construction, and development. President Hu Jintao said in taking economic construction as the center and rejuvenating to the development are still the key to solve all our problems (cited in a July 23 speech at the opening ceremony of the provincial and ministerial level leading cadres seminar) does not difficult to see in the future for a long period of time, the Chinese still want to stick to the road of peaceful development, and this will continue to adhere to the basic national policy in China.
being the case, China’s national defense forces of development, including the military deployment and military actions, but also never be beyond the maintenance of the overall requirements of the State Peace and Development. Must obey the command of the Party in the army, must be a national policy guidelines for action in China, the army must unconditionally obey the party and the country need to expand the construction, planning, training, and subordinates. Obviously, the specific location of the first Chinese aircraft carrier battle groups deployed, must comply with the basic requirements.
From the current situation of China facing the surrounding South China Sea and East China Sea issue, in particular, is to safeguard the sovereignty issue of the Diaoyu Islands is increasingly acute and complex, plus the United States to return to guard against China as the focus of military operations in the Asia strategy thus forcing the Chinese also had to face a variety of sensitive challenges. However, from the overall trend, the overall situation in the Asia-Pacific region remains stable, controllable, and the dispute over sovereignty of the respective territorial waters and reefs, there is no development to war decisions to the point of victory or defeat; the United States in the South China Sea not choose sides on flexible foreign policy, has not fundamentally changed.
to say the least, even if China and the controversial national armed conflict, it is impossible for the sovereignty dispute and active participation. Therefore, outside the National Chiao Tung University environment remains under the premise of peace and development, deployment location of the first Chinese aircraft carrier battle groups, also need to consider the reaction of neighboring countries and the international community’s concerns. It is said that the carrier deployment in China’s own territorial waters along the coast, does not involve foreign affairs, but also not take into account the idea of ??foreign, within China’s sovereignty.
if justified, but the reality is not so simple. Chinese carrier development throughout much of the international community highly concerned about China’s neighboring countries have expressed the so-called worried about this point of view, the Chinese carrier has long been branded with the dual properties: that is, China’s own affairs, but also to the overall situation of External Relations . The international community is closely following the military action must obey the country’s overall foreign policy. In China, the Chinese military diplomacy, military action must not engage in specialization, and can not engage in an exception, which is the basic national policy of basic national conditions. Therefore, the carrier battle group deployment must also take into account foreign policy.
the two, we must consider the overall interests of the development of the Navy carrier battle group deployment must obey China’s naval development and construction of long-term planning and goals, to be deployed where and must take into account the overall interests of the development of the Navy, rather than the interests of a fleet.
This is to say, the future aircraft carrier battle groups of specific actions to facilitate with the other major fleet action. Defense Ministry spokesman has already made it clear that the main task of the first carrier platform is a research and training, and provide experience for the future of China to build more aircraft carriers.
It seems that the first aircraft carrier battle groups will almost certainly not be deployed in China’s coastal regions of northern and southern ends, but should be in the central coastal areas. Of course, the Chinese navy should also consider factors, including specifically the tasks of aircraft carrier battle groups, strategic objectives, codes of conduct and what other issues, you must have a clear positioning.
In addition, China’s first aircraft carrier into the military, its practical significance as much as when Chinese nuclear explosion experiments, so do not rule out the Chinese government, the military, published a similar Chinese “national defense against external doubts of White Paper “report on the development and construction of China’s naval forces, motives and purposes, the carrier’s deployment and other issues on the military position to resolve outside concerns for Chinese aircraft carrier.
three, we must consider the actual military operations the carrier battle group deployment must consider the actual military operations, according to the strategic use of combat delivery, campaign implementation of specific circumstances, be deployed in the best position. Therefore, where the deployment of strategic issues and must be carefully considered. The only way to play the best fighting capacity of the carrier battle group. In addition, the aircraft carrier battle groups that have actual combat role, but also military shock and awe. When to participate in military action, it should play a strong fighting force, but in peacetime, it is more to play a deterrent effect, to show the aircraft carrier battle group through foreign demonstrate military military deterrence.
vice president of Chinese military science Ren Haiquan will has said that when China’s national interests are threatened, will not let the enemy feel the fear means to fight back.
this is some kind of deterrent. Aircraft carrier battle groups deployed locations, to meet the needs of battle at any time, but also at any time and flexibility around cruising, play a deterrent.
such reasoning, if it is deployed in the central coast, north to guard against Northeast Asia, especially unpredictable things can happen on the Korean Peninsula, the south can deter the South China Sea along the various small nations, if necessary, can be put to defending the South China Sea The sovereignty of the local battle. Of course, but also needed, through the international waters between the Japanese island of Okinawa and Miyako Island heading for the Pacific ocean-going training, but also ease.
four, we must consider the existing supporting carrier battle group deployment must take into account existing platform construction and maintenance, and logistical facilities, aircraft carriers and other ship, boat dock and other facilities can not be divorced from the Chinese naval military port reality. Countries are unlikely in a place where no such facilities and has invested heavily in start all over again to re-rest platform to build a carrier, which does not comply with the current development of the Navy, does not conform to the first carrier platform focus on plans to carry out scientific research.
In addition, there may be other factors to consider, but almost all can not be separated from the four basic factors. The preliminary judgment of the author’s first aircraft carrier battle groups are likely to unified command by the General Staff and the Naval Command, does not belong to a naval fleet.
reason is military grade of the three fleets of the North Sea, the East China Sea and South China Sea belong to the same level, join the aircraft carrier battle group, the truth ought to raise the level, but this involves the reform of the naval preparation, relative to more complicated.
So, the easiest way is to temporarily independent of the three fleets, fleet commander is vested in the General Staff Headquarters and the Naval Command, but the home port located in the East China Sea Fleet headquarters of Zhejiang Zhoushan – Daishan Island naval port base in the vicinity. However, the specific deployment have to wait for the Department of Defense finally declared. (The author is a political commentator of Phoenix TV, a visiting scholar at the Brookings Institution, USA)
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