Yongxing Island into the People’s Liberation Army of the fulcrum of the South China Sea: continuous expansion of the airport runway
Yongxing Island the whole picture.
China has decided to set up a municipal government, while in Yongxing Island, Xisha Islands in three Shashi will dispatch a military garrison, the Indian Institute for Defense Analyses recently published analysis of the article said that China’s full Yongxing Island caused by an important military base in the South China Sea on top, like the U.S. Diego Garcia base in the Indian Ocean. Moreover, the Yongxing Island, the possible role of the future is also very huge.
Yongxing Island base has important strategic value
outside China from deploying military Yongxing Island may have three purposes: First, it is China step to expand the scope of its own military; to strengthen China’s claim of sovereignty on the South China Sea; Third, to counter the United States in Asia, “the force rebalancing”.
from a military point of view, in the Yongxing Island to establish military bases for defense and attack a certain “depth”, and to expand the PLA’s reconnaissance, surveillance range. Distance Yongxing Island Hainan Island about 350 km, its geographical location in the South China Sea in the northwest, the island has an important strategic role.
Yongxing Island can be effectively extended to the South China Sea, south of the direction of the PLA Navy’s Action Line, making China the greater “coverage” in the disputed areas in the South China Sea sea and air and the viability of . In addition, in some respects, the Yongxing Island and Diego Garcia base similarities, particularly worthy of attention.
First, Yongxing island’s length of the runway about 8200 feet, to fully meet their operational requirements of China’s main fighter aircraft (such as the Su-30MKK). Careful observation of the Yongxing Island of satellite images will take off from the island, in accordance with the People’s Liberation Army naval forces F H-7 and Su-30 fighter-bombers, combat radius calculation, its coverage is very wide. Full-scale expansion of the People’s Liberation Army in the South China Sea “combat the arc of the military projection capabilities mean that China will have the ability to cover the entire South China Sea region. Yongxing Island airstrip has been stretched to the island, further construction, the runway can extend. To achieve this goal will depend primarily on the island’s terrain and the depth of the surrounding seawater. The island of Diego Garcia runway approximately 12,000 feet long, capable of supporting the U.S. military to begin a military campaign in the Indian Ocean and the surrounding area.
Secondly, Yongxing Island naval base in recent years has been reinforced, and the construction of a length of 1640 feet of the breakwater pier, this breakwater to protect the vessels moored there. Clearly, the berthing location of the water depth for large vessels (such as the PLA Navy’s guided missile destroyers and frigates), for there is no limit. Fishing mud and a lot of construction of the pier berthing depth can be further expanded, and allows for the berthing of larger vessels. The Diego Garcia base that can be docked Navy surface warships, docked submarine, due to the location of these facilities within the lagoon, so these piers and docking berths are protected.
third, the availability of transit capacity of the sea and air combat forces, around Woody Island is located within the control range of the island, can be used as the People’s Liberation Army to monitor maritime activities as “outposts”, and intelligence collection. Disclosed in 2008, satellite photos show the presence of Yongxing Island antenna facilities that China has established a listening post here. In this way, listening to the network in the South China Sea, China can add more radar facilities, making these islands as a valuable communication nodes, similar to the Diego Garcia base.
China already started building
Although the three Shashi until now established, but China already begun the construction of military facilities in Yongxing Island. According to the Philippine military to media reports, January 29, 1999, the National Military Joint Intelligence Center, the Pentagon disclosed according to the spy satellite photos, “The Chinese army is expanding an Air Force Base is located Woody Island, the construction work includes the construction of fuel storage facilities . ”
Pentagon officials believe that the Yongxing Island, the massive construction projects, mainly for -7 fighter-bomber Su-30 fighter-bombers or F-H to provide a fuel depot in order to improve the operational distance of these fighters, so that it can flew over the Nansha Islands, especially in the case of possible future military conflict with the Philippines.
surface warfare center military expert James Bo Sate said, It has been observed, Yongshu Reef Yongxing Island in the Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands seem to have South China Sea Fleet of the PLA Guangzhou Command are closely linked. The other Chinese control of the island or reefs through satellite communications and radio, with the nearby military facilities and fleet command contact. Chinese People’s Liberation Army aircraft, warships and paramilitary vessels, electronic systems and combat systems, most of them receiving, passing the island of signals by the electronic facilities.
1980s the People’s Liberation Army in a naval base in Xisha Islands photos show the huge multi-antenna array of 16 Yagi antenna pointed to the sky. This may be a huge VHF frequency antenna array. A disclosure of the facility related to the article, this may be a satellite communications antenna, but there are others saying this is an early warning radar. The radar looks similar to the truck-mounted 400-MHz wind tracking radar (designed by the Chinese as a Yagi radar). Yongxing Island may be the antenna of a detection of weather.
Yongxing island’s airstrip is constantly extended. James Bo Sate, 1998, the runway was extended to 7300 feet, the last expansion to 8200 feet. There is an argument of the 1990s, the People’s Liberation Army had to consider the Yongxing Island runway takeoff and landing heavy aircraft, such as H-6 bombers or large transport aircraft, to provide supplies for the island staff. Laid in the Yongxing Island 791 Chinese-made X-band precision approach radar, the radar is on the basis of the old Soviet Union RSP-7 radar improvements comes. Later, Yongxing island a larger pier, the pier of the island increased to two, and also increased the fuel storage facilities. It is said that in June 2001, the People’s Liberation Army HY-2 anti-ship missile has appeared in Yongxing island. This anti-ship missile deployment will need to configure the long-range surface search radar, to detect surface warships goals.
to build the South China Sea, “military outpost”
for now, the fighting forces of the PLA Naval Air Force fighter-bomber Su-30MKK without refueling up to 1600 km in radius, a number of aerial refueling, the Su-30MKK and MKK2 after the People’s Liberation Army equipment, implement measures against distant targets (goals) such as the U.S. bases in Guam, the base of Australia or the Indian Ocean, an important period in the South China Sea The controversy over the sea deterrent patrols.
India’s Defense Analysis Institute, the article said, Yongxing island has not been so far, the construction of adequate facilities so that the appropriate number of naval vessels and aircraft stationed Once you have these facilities, Yongxing Island can be used as a “forward base of operations. These facilities will include: fuel storage facilities, ammunition depots, logistics and medical support points, repair and maintenance of the stations and the army in the island home.
Although China is actively the implementation of this cutting-edge existence is considered “difficult to maintain in the military, but any country of the South China Sea, are unlikely to be in conflict or military confrontation launched under have the ability to prevent China from these additional infrastructure. “By way of suspension of communication or dialogue to counter this move,” intend, will only make more efforts to promote this project. Outside the region, countries of the South China Sea countries in the region to increase economic assistance and military aid, but also will lead China to further strengthen their position.
therefore, entirely possible use of the geographical advantage of the Yongxing Island, island building “strategy to strengthen the sovereignty over the South China Sea sound cable and presence in the region. Future, China might decide the other islands under their control to set up similar to the city and military authority, which will cover China’s sovereignty over the South China Sea region, and to strengthen the power of existence in the region. Beijing’s strategy will make America’s strength in Asia rebalancing “strategy has become more complex.
[Note: See August 11, the rule of law Digest “version 4; the original title” Woody Island: “Diego Garcia base,” “Author: Wu Juxuan
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