A large number of rare earth in China cheap smuggled to Japan’s ultra-export volume of 20%
2009 years countries of rare earth reserves
Yang Ye Zhang Bin Ren Huibin
smuggling of rare earth ore surge in smuggling varieties reserves are very rare
smuggling amount is normal 120% rare earth export quota into idle
Although the state has been heavy blows to strike hard the smuggling of rare earth exports, but there are indications that the smuggling of rare earth not only of repeated and upgrade potential. “Economic Information Daily” reporters learned from an authoritative source at the customs statistics of rare earth exports is shrinking, but the foreign supply of rare earth has not been affected, in fact, a large number of rare earth is through the normal channels a steady stream of output to foreign countries. It is worth noting that the illegal export of rare earth ore exports have gradually shifted from the previous metal and oxide finished signs.
rampant smuggling rare earth ore into smuggling “new favorite”
the Ministry of Industry Vice Minister Soupault in the Fourth China Baotou Rare Earth Industry (International) Forum meeting held on the 8th, said China’s rare earth industry is long-term-plan production, environmental pollution, destruction of the ecology, the crime of smuggling phenomenon last year, the Ministry of Information, Homeland Resources, Department of Environmental Protection to carry out the rare earth production, environmental activities, and seized more than 10 cases of smuggling of rare earth.
In addition to the environmental pollution, smuggling of rare earth is undoubtedly troubled by the rare earth industry a “chronic illness”. “Economic Information Daily” reporter learned from an authoritative source at, from customs statistics, exports of rare earth is shrinking, but the foreign supply of rare earth has not been affected, in fact, a large number of rare earth is through the normal channels stream continue to foreign output. It is worth noting that the illegal export of rare earth ore exports have gradually shifted from the previous metal and oxide finished signs.
The first half of the situation is still very serious, there is no specific statistics, but a conservative estimate there are thousands of tons of these people told reporters. He was more worried about the illegal export of the original minerals, most are concentrated in the South ionic minerals, these original minerals are very rare in our reserves, and more strategic, once a large number of illegal export have a significant negative effect of environmental and resource protection will lead to disastrous consequences.
such persons to disclose to the Economic Information Daily “reporters, tightening of rare-earth policy since a quarter of state, coupled by the effects of rare earth special invoices that out, the large number of domestic private mining, excessive digging ore no” way out , many miners are cheap Paohuo, these “black family” of rare earth price low. Because of this, smuggling became a “black households” new “way out”, the high profits and adequate supply so many people take the risk, and endless means of smuggling. This reporter has learned that these new tools, and some ore through the container smuggled into Hong Kong or transferred to Taiwan from Fujian, re-exports, and ultimately the flow of Japan, Vietnam and other places were separated smelting.
due to the presence of smuggling, the data of some rare earth exports to Japan this year, also confirmed the demand from Japan is substantially reduced. Press statistics, China’s exports in the first half of 2011, Japan lanthanum oxide about 699 tons, the data in the first half of this year, 140 tons, down about 80%; the first half of 2011, China exported to Japan neodymium oxide is about 230 tons this year, the data 12.2 tons, down nearly 95 percent.
“rare earth smuggling is a problem can not be ignored. Secretary-General Marong Zhang of the Chinese Rare Earth Society on the 8th to accept the” Economic Information Daily “reporter in an interview, said that in his view, from last year, customs statistics, exports of rare earth The decline, which in addition to inhibition of rare earth rare earth prices demand, foreign clients have sufficient reserves, the United States began to produce and occupies part of the international market, smuggling is a very important reason, “in 2011 on imports of overseas rare earth China Customs Export 1.2 times the statistics, that is smuggling the amount of 120% of the normal exports, smuggling is rampant.
Marong Zhang said, the global market for rare earth total demand is about 120000-140000 tons, China rare earth smelting separation of basic production indicators stabilized at 90,000 tons, production targets, the foreign markets capacity demand for rare earth stabilized at around 40,000 tons, the annual quota of Chinese Rare Earth in about 30,000 tons, while the actual export of rare earth in China is less than 20,000 tons last year, Chinese rare earth export quota is not exhausted, in addition to the rare-earth prices rose outside , smuggling is an important cause.
relevant data show that increasing the smuggling of rare earth this year compared with last year. 2011 rare earth export quota of 30,184 tons, real exports only 18,600 tons, accounting for 61.6% of the total quota. It is estimated that this year’s export quota of 31,130 tons. Marong Zhang said, the actual export of rare earth in the first half of this year, about 5000 tons. Accordance with the current export data, the quota this year there will be a considerable part of the waste, which also confirms the smuggling of rare earth to be getting worse.
can be said that the existence of the quota system and the impact of foreign rare earth products from China, due to the presence of smuggling, the rare earth quota system into the awkward position of “idle”.
in heavy rare earth rare smuggling harm serious
Why into the heavy rare earth smuggling favorite “? “Economic Information Daily” reporter interviewed a number of industry sources, the real reason behind or around the ore mining order in chaos, and private mining digging of repeated status quo. Compared to the regular production of ore, mine do not pay the high mineral resource tax, VAT and other taxes, there is no control of the exploitation, so the cost is very low, can not be successfully sold in the country, smuggling received in the mine in the hands ore prices are very low, so the smuggling of export profits is very alarming.
data show that more than 70 percent of the global heavy rare earth distribution in China. Heavy rare earth not only reserves are small, and the gap, irreplaceable, is a scarce commodity in a truly rare earth. Heavy rare earth in China almost all concentrated in the southern region, easily accessible, easy to extract, is a rare and unique minerals of southern China, where heavy rare earth elements such as terbium and dysprosium can only be exploited for 30 years. According to China’s Commerce Department data show, in accordance with the existing production rate of the heavy rare earth reserves only for 15 years. The reporter learned that the General Administration of Customs in 2005 will be the rare earth ore included in the ban on the export directory. The end of 2009, released by the Ministry of Industry 2009-2015 Rare Earth Industry Development Plan made it clear that the next six years, the total amount of the Chinese rare earth export quotas will control less than 35,000 tons/year, continue to prohibit the export of primary rare earth materials.
weight of the original rare earth minerals smuggling, whether it is very threatening for the strategic security of the rare earth industry, or the Customs Export regulation. A rare earth industry “Economic Information Daily” reporters said, in addition to the resource itself is very valuable, south of rare earth mining difficult to manage, dispersion characteristics, in particular, is a very serious phenomenon of private mining digging, once The increase in smuggling, will be more to stimulate a number of small mines illegal mining, private mining digging, not only pollute the environment, will give the already difficult integration of the rare earth added difficulty.
many ministries brewing rare earth remediation “Storm”
since the establishment of the Rare Earth Association , to combat the problem of smuggling of rare earth exports have been one of the greatest concern to all association member companies. “Rare Earth Association, a person in charge told reporters. He admitted that the great and compared to regular export smuggling huge main reason is due to its profits. Plus many of the illegal smuggling of exports of rare earth products from non-formal channels, and rare earth smuggling led to the pace of domestic rare earth mine private mining digging, not only cause enormous damage to our environment, but also bring difficulty to the regulation of China’s rare earth industry, only start from the mineral source control, continue to intensify efforts to combat smuggling, keep the pressure up in order to be truly effective to curb the smuggling of rare earth.
“because of high profits, and indeed export smuggling.” Cai-Feng Wang of China Rare Earth Association Vice President said, should speed up and improve the regulatory system, in particular, production planning to export quota plan, market demand have good convergence. In addition, the next step will be to implement the special invoices of rare earth and other measures will further curb the smuggling of exports.
rare earth industry, long-standing private mining indiscriminate digging and smuggling, the recent action of the relevant departments frequently, and brewing a new round of regulation “Storm”. May 8, China Rare Earth Industry Association held a discussion with the customs authorities, customs attach great importance to the problem of smuggling of rare earth, agreement between the parties as soon as possible to establish a means of rapid detection. July 18, the State General Administration of Customs Anti-smuggling Bureau was held in Lanzhou export smuggling operations are deployed to combat rare earth ferrosilicon and other resource products to promote. “State General Administration of Customs anti-smuggling, Deputy Secretary said that in promoting the conference, will be strengthened from the production the source of the enterprise search from.
Marong Zhang said, should be strengthened to “every horizontal” combination of the General Administration of Customs commissioned by Advanced Technology’s THE Iron and Steel Research (12.91, -0.25, -1.90%) R & D fast detector has been successfully the competent departments, including the General Administration of Customs and the Ministry is to improve laws and regulations to crack down on black rare earth industrial chain and the smuggling of rare earth, rare earth production and export order.
many experts believe that, after half a century of development, China’s rare earth products has more than 400 kinds and over 1000 specifications, and new products are emerging, rare earth export tariff, but only 50 about some of the products out of line with the export tariff, both unable to meet the regulatory needs, but also lead to loss of resources and smuggling, the relevant departments on this issue should take it seriously and resolve. In addition, it should improve customs inspection techniques and talent management efforts to increase the disguised form of export of rare earth products, increase smuggling crackdown. Rare earth content equivalent to the rare-earth kind of way, Rare Earth Functional Materials included in the export quota management is recommended. First, strict qualification examination and approval and supervision of the export of rare earth products to carry out the smuggling of rare earth special combat activities. Second, at the same time, improve the technical means of inspection of the customs departments, ferroalloy and other rare earth materials, alloys and other products with similar items, exports should strengthen supervision and inspection.
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