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Israeli conscription short one of the series. 1 minute long piece, without any words, only the exquisite imagery and emotion of the music, intertwined with the determination of the faces of young soldiers during and collaborate with each other’s training lens, but a lot of young people looked after Israel will actively apply for . In addition to the introduction of the system of military service in Israel.
Israel Defense Forces set up the army early in 1948, Israel has identified a combination of the army policy of the establishment of small but efficient standing army and a large number of reserve forces in 1949, Israel has developed the Military Service Act, the Military Service Law in 1959 promulgated and implemented. At present, Israel’s compulsory military service, but also to recruit a small number of professional soldiers and transferred to reserve, active duty after the expiry of the main features of the Israeli military service system:
an adherence to the “universal soldiers” the principle of
view of the special geographical environment and historical reasons, Israel has long pursued a policy of strength and survival of stressed the need to always maintain a deterrent in the region, “the army, but Israel’s population is only 5.1 million, to maintain a meet the needs of the army is not an easy task. To do this, tap the potential of human resources, ensure adequate manpower to become the most important issue to be resolved by the Israeli military service system.
1, compulsory military service-based since the promulgation of the Military Service Act in 1959, Israel has compulsory military service-based system of military service under the Military Service Law, where 18 to 29 years old male citizens, absence of exceptional circumstances, should be .18 to 26-year-old active duty service men of% months; 27 to 29-year-old man is 24 months, moved to Israel 27-year-old men over the service period of 18 months. Under this premise, the Military Service Act also provides that: The citizens of military age in excess of the above requirements, may still be called up, but the service period can be shortened. actual implementation, the over-age men usually only at the barracks 3 to 4 weeks basic training; over the age of 45 years and older citizens are no longer on active duty, but should be responsible for civil defense and area defense service, responsible for air defense and defense related facilities; compulsory military service is limited to the Jewish and Drew Gentry, Muslims and Christian believers may volunteer service.
army think, insist on compulsory military service-based, supplemented by voluntary military service, military service system, the manpower complement and reserve. This is true , Israel has maintained a higher application rate, usually the school-age man apply for the service rate as high as 85 to 90% of
voluntary military service, supplemented by the obligations of Israeli citizens served After military service, in addition to most of the people into the preparation of military service, the other young men and women register in accordance with the principles of voluntary service voluntary military service, to become professional soldiers. voluntary military service personnel serving in the Israel Defense Forces commanders and troops at all levels of professional and technical backbone
voluntary military service of service is usually 20 years. Volunteers in service for 20 years, the right to request retirement, may also be extended tour of duty, but up to over 30 years. Volunteers man the service a wide range, the backbone of the standing army and reserve army forces are volunteers, in particular, strong technical force, plus the Air Force, Navy and Army special forces volunteers per capita share of a large proportion.
Women’s compulsory military service, the world’s other developed military countries, such as the United States, Russia, Japan, Britain, and France have female service, but are to serve in the volunteer military service, Israel is clearly defined, 18 to 26-year-old female citizens special circumstances should be compulsory military service, the service period of 24 months, the actual implementation, the Israeli-age female candidates service rate up to 50% of women in the Israeli army responsible for ancillary work, but a wide range of distribution of positions, such as doctors, pilots, computer operator, and some even served as military basic training instructors.
two, to establish strict procedures for the solicitation
In order to ensure the implementation of conscription work, to ensure the quality of manpower, in the years of practice, Israel established a strict conscription work procedures, absorption of a citizens of service age and applicants from the register to enter military service to go through multi-channel screening process, there are :
1, thoroughly before conscription. “Military Service Law stipulates that citizens of Israel minimum service age of 18 years of age, military service departments usually a year ahead of youth 17 years of age to register and fill in a form, classification In doing so, one can as soon as possible to find out the distribution of manpower resources, to avoid missing; in advance to find out the conscription object, which are suitable for service, which is not suitable for service in advance to register, effectively preventing the failure to enter army
2 issued to the school-age youth conscription notice. notice is usually issued in the mail from the military service departments, and the conscription notice also issued “the army Guide and the health status of the registration form, the table is filled in by the candidates, you can return it to the military service departments, eligible to audit by the department of military service conscription object.
applicants for registration and review of the candidates received a conscription notice within the stipulated time, the initiative to the military service department for registration, registered at the same time, military service departments need to verify the material of the candidates to verify the main project include: home address, mailing address, family status, personal health records, education level (including Hebrew language level), professional and technical level, the level of car driving (with or without obtaining a driver’s license), etc.
4, physical examination. examination by the army recruitment center is responsible for organizing the examination results, make the following conclusions: the suitability of the army if not suitable, is permanent is not suitable, or temporary is not suitable for in that Army (soldiers) or specific professional service. the above conclusions become the basis of the admission and distribution professional.
5, psychological test psychological testing by specially trained, experienced the experts chaired the main purpose is to test the candidate’s enlistment motivation, environmental adaptability, ability to withstand various pressures, social orientation, national pride. usually test time for each of the candidates for two hours. If empty, the Navy is to recruit professional staff needed to combine professional to conduct a more detailed psychological tests to evaluate the psychological quality of the candidates after the test by experts, and concluded.
6, right comprehensive assessment of the candidates after the completion of the registration, medical examinations, psychological tests and other procedures, scoring each candidate by the military service departments, failed to be eliminated. qualifier to classify the different quality levels based on integrated merit scores
three, rational allocation of the amount of material
Israel in addition to the great importance to ensure a stable, adequate manpower resources outside also attaches great importance from the recruits distribution chain manpower, improve talent scientific and rational use in the allocation of recruits, “Military Service Law provides for strict screening and grouping procedures, mainly:
1, after joining the army registration and experience. recruits first enter the recruitment center for classification and grouping. row grouping in the recruitment centers, first temporarily to Barber, film documents, photos, and then joined the army after the first registration, and again to check the personal data recruits need to once again undergo a medical examination
2, enlisted education, to help recruit professional to choose the main content of the army education, including:
First of all, listen to the briefing on the Israeli Defense Forces. usually each recruitment centers are built “information center” to introduce new recruits to the military, arms, and other service-related “information center” exhibition and answer recruits proposed on the choice of professional advice. listen to special lectures. lectures by officers with years of practical experience to serve as subjects of the lectures are: to introduce troops from combat units, and taught how to comply with the organization and discipline of the army ; army disease prevention and treatment knowledge taught by the Medical; taught by the duty officer of the rights and obligations of soldiers in the social security, etc. Through these activities, both recruits a preliminary understanding of service-related, but also help to recruit the future the professional choice. According to statistics, the army 50 percent of recruits is made through the visit and consultation after the arms and professional choices.
conduct interviews. interview by the employing unit dispatched representatives of the auspices of the host of the interview in addition to general asked the recruits, but also inspected the recruits in the spirit of solidarity, thinking skills, organizational skills and physical fitness aspects of the inspection results to scores to represent, and credited to the recruits file allocation of a professional basis, and as the future
recruits allocated in the above procedure after the completion of the recruitment centers according to inspection results recruits allocated according to the provisions of recruits allocated determine three basis: First, the personal records of recruits; two individual volunteer recruits; military reality. army stressed the need to give top priority to the reality of the armed forces in the allocation of recruits should be, on this basis then consider individual voluntary. According to statistics, the first choice of about 50% of recruits have been met, about 25 percent of the second volunteer had been met.
5, the adaptive training all new recruits go through basic training for about three weeks, mainly adaptive training,
long zipper, physical training, and training to master the basic performance of the weapons. Those who fail will be eliminated at any time. some of the more technical branches of the military of the Air Force, Navy, etc., but also recruits professional training to join the Navy ship force recruits, infantry basic training, but also for maritime training emphasis on publicity and education, such as driving ships, sea survival at each stage of training, the army should be to weed out unqualified and re-distribute them.
Israel attaches great importance to the citizens, especially young people for military service, publicity and education work, and stressed that every Israeli into the “must have the dedication” to defend the country, continue to inculcate objection glorious military service to young people to mature a necessary stage schools or parents on a regular basis to lead young people to visit the exhibition of the Israel Defense Forces, and to the military base to visit the relevant departments often organize young people understand the situation on the Israel Defense Forces, and communication way to communicate with military personnel. whenever recruitment approaches, the school will be invited to IDF officers to the school to report on the situation.
addition to the focus on youth education, Israel great importance to create a public opinion environment in favor of military service. government through various channels, for military service publicity. an effective publicity and education, Israelis generally to the military service as a bounden duty, therefore, most people can be consciously serving military service. According to reports, the phenomenon of Israel to avoid military service rarely. units and enterprises, whether state-owned or private, most are in support of its employees perform military service, and preferential policy service, such as corporate priority given to the soldiers retired card holders .