The arms embargo has become waste paper: U.S. sale of state-of-the-art technology to China
America recognizes sell software to help China build the first aircraft Takenao punishable by law
In recent years, the Chinese continue to be as “imaginary enemy”, “Chinese military threat”, “illegal access to technology , theft of intellectual property rights “and other phrases are common. According to Agence France-Presse reported on June 29, U.S. officials said on the 28th, the United Technologies Corporation and its two branches in Canada and the United States on the 28th is punishable by a fine of more than 75 million U.S. dollars, because they admitted to Chinese export software to help China build its first armed helicopters. ”
U.S. Department of Justice said in a statement said the United Technologies Corporation, Pratt & Whitney Canada (Pratt & Whitney Canada), Canadian Branch and its U.S. subsidiary, Hamilton (Hamilon SundstrandCorp) agreed to pay a fine of more than 75 million U.S. dollars, with the government of reconciliation. A fine of $ 75 million, $ 20.7 million will be paid to the Ministry of Justice, while the remaining $ 55 million will give the State Council. This part of the fine, including the “China’s trading profits.
said in a statement, the Canadian subsidiary to recognize, sell to the Chinese military software in violation of the U.S. Arms Export Control Act. The software is used for testing and control of the company’s helicopter engine, the technology developed a new “Z-10″ helicopter gunships. And its U.S. subsidiary is admitted to give false information to U.S. authorities.
data for: arms straight 10
Statement also said that these companies in the sales of this software, we knew that “China is the software development of its military aircraft. Secretary for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Bureau Morton (JohnMorton,) also said that the punishment for several companies had to stop other companies to follow.
United States, “New York Times reported that this statement at a time when U.S. President Barack Obama administration to expand its military presence in Asia, to strengthen the pressure on China . ”
U.S. Department of Justice is responsible for national security things Assistant Minister of Monaco (LisaMonaco) also claimed that: “because the part of the role of these enterprises can take advantage of limited U.S. defense technology research and development of the first frame of the modern armed helicopter “. He added: “For this to the government to conceal the fact that through the use of U.S. national security in exchange for economic benefits and practices, the Justice Department will spare no effort to be punished.”
rare: The United States finally cutting-edge technology exports to China
to the Earth’s coldest regions of a Chinese scientific expedition team will show that Sino-US trade relations may be to improve the evidence. China National Astronomical Observatories of scientists this month will go to a place called the “Dome A”. The land over 4000 meters above sea level, is one of the highest regions of the Antarctic elevation. Chinese scientists will install a telescope system, where the accuracy and sensitivity will be dependent on some of the equipment designed for the U.S. Navy.
China National Astronomical Observatories Antarctic project team of researchers Qiang also involved in the design of the telescope in the Antarctic. U.S. suppliers to strive for an export license of such equipment had encountered some trouble, “he said in a telephone interview. He said: “the U.S. government’s attitude is very uncertain. So when the arrival of the shipment of equipment of the box, we are very pleased.”
Qiang mentioned in this box is equipped with, including the charge-coupled device some equipment. This device converts light into electronic signals to form a digital image.
consumer digital cameras generally have up to 12 million pixels, headquartered in semiconductor technology partner in California’s exports to China of charge-coupled device with one hundred million pixels, suitable for shooting high-resolution photographs of the sky. However, when not used to observe distant galaxies, with such a charge-coupled device sensitive telescope can be used to track, identify and lock hostile countries satellites operating in Earth orbit.
this equipment is very sensitive to that of China’s National Astronomical Observatory of scientists had thought that the Obama administration may announce a dual-use technology, and thus may refuse to issue export licenses to China.
semiconductor technology partner company president Richard Brett Hauer, confirmed the company’s STA1600 imager will be installed in China set up three telescopes at the South Pole. According to the company’s website, this imager is this designed and manufactured specifically for the U.S. Naval Observatory, used to capture high-resolution photos. However, Brett Hauer, said: “We won the Commerce Department and State Department export license.” He pointed out that the U.S. government agreed to exports the STA1600 imaging instrument of one of the reasons is that the devices can only capture the visible light, can not detect infrared.
can detect infrared charge-coupled device can be used to spy satellites, can be used at night, but also civilian and military facilities separate. Brett Hauer declined to comment on whether the device can detect only visible light can be used for military purposes.
prompted the U.S. government agreed to the export of the device may be due to competition from Europe.
Qiang said the only person of Chinese manufacturers to produce the maximum charge-coupled device fingernail, this telescope is so much like the palm of your hand.
Xi’an Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics Institute, Dr. Zhu Xiangping confirmed that China can not produce a charge-coupled device like the the STA1600 type imaging device of this size. Zhuxiang Ping said, to allow this equipment exports to China are extremely rare. However, he believes that the further strengthening of Sino-US economic and trade relations, the Government will be more and more difficult to ban the export of dual-use goods, the future will have a similar transfer.
Over the years, Beijing has been in the trade talks, urged Washington to relax the export of high-tech products to China and said it would help to reduce the U.S. trade deficit with China. In 2010, the U.S. trade deficit up to $ 273 billion.
Related Links: The United States will be relaxed high-tech exports to China
two-day third round of China-US Strategic and Economic Dialogue on the 10th Washington end. Both sides to implement the important consensus reached by President Hu Jintao during his visit in January this year between the two heads of state and vigorously promote the China-US mutual respect, mutual benefit and win-win partnership forward in-depth communication, achieved fruitful results.
>> Economic Dialogue
America commitment to recognize China’s market economy status
Chinese President Hu Jintao Special Representative and Vice Premier Wang Qishan, State Councilor Dai Bingguo and U.S. President Barack Obama Special Representative, U.S. Secretary of State Clinton, Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, co-chaired the dialogue.
Wang Qishan and Geithner signed the “Sino-US on the promotion of the economy is strong, sustainable and balanced growth and a comprehensive framework of economic cooperation”. The two sides agreed to strengthen cooperation in the field of railways, power grids and other infrastructure and clean energy, green economy, science and technology innovation.
The two sides stressed that the commitment to build a more open trade and investment system. The U.S. commitment to fair treatment of China in the reform of the export control system, relax the export controls of high-tech products to China, and through the JCCT in a cooperative manner quickly, fully recognize China’s market economy status.
>> strategic dialogue
in energy and other areas
The two sides issued a “third round Sino-US strategic economic dialogue under the framework of the strategic dialogue results list, has made 48 concrete results in many areas involving energy, environment, science and technology, transportation, forestry, and climate change.
the U.S. reiterated welcome a prosperous, strong, successful Chinese are welcome to play a greater role in international affairs, respect China’s core interests, and not seek to contain China. The Chinese side stressed that adhere to the path of peaceful development.
The two sides recognize that China and the United States as the country has an important influence, should be more communication, coordination and cooperation, maintain and promote world peace, stability and prosperity.
>> a major highlight
held its first China-US strategic security dialogue
the current round of During the dialogue, the two sides in a frank and constructive atmosphere, held the first China-US strategic security dialogue.
Chinese Foreign Ministry, the People’s Liberation Army Deputy Chief of Staff Ma Xiaotian, the U.S. Deputy Secretary of State James Steinberg, Deputy Secretary of Defense Flournoy, Vice-Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Cartwright Assistant Secretary of State Colin Campbell, U.S. Pacific Commander Willard participated in the dialogue.
China and the United States also recognized that the two sides share broad common interests in the common goal of maintaining peace, stability and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region, decided to establish a Sino-US Asian and Pacific Affairs consultations, and held as soon as the first round of consultations during the year.
the fourth round of Sino-US Strategic and Economic Dialogue will be held in China next year.
from the “test” fight “to” dialogue “
Sino-US strategic and economic dialogue mechanism is Hu Jintao and Barack Obama jointly initiated by the establishment in April 2009, the first and second rounds of dialogue were held in Washington and Beijing.
China Contemporary International Relations Institute, director of the Institute of Yuan Peng believes that the first round of dialogue “with each other temptation, know each other, the second round of dialogue with the” fight “or” rivalry ” means that the atmosphere of this round of dialogue more constructive, the two sides to solve the problem more calmly.
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, deputy director of Ni Feng, security and economy are the most important of the two wheels in the Sino-US relations, this round of dialogue has significant progress in both areas. Launch a strategic security dialogue and the establishment of the Asia-Pacific affairs consultation mechanism to stabilize bilateral relations, the two countries to live better in the Asia-Pacific region, with very far-reaching significance.
Yuan Peng said that many of the participating members of the first strategic security dialogue is the senior military people, they are about the relations between the two armies face to face and discuss some sensitive issues, the two countries two Army to reduce strategic misjudgment, and to strengthen strategic mutual trust.
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