It seems very long way to go, ah: Sino-US early warning aircraft, one to scare the daylights
Japan’s Kyodo News reported, in Japan the U.S. Navy in March to show the media the most advanced e-fighters deployed in Atsugi base in Kanagawa Prefecture, EA-18G. The EA-18G is the world’s most advanced electronic fighter, able to complete any electronic interference suppression tasks. Phased array radar of the body can destroy the enemy’s electronic equipment, electronic equipment investigation, and implementation of electronic jamming enemy aircraft.
more importantly, the body of one of the fighters debut in 2009 of the U.S. military, eye-catching landmark pattern of one the F-22, indicating that the aircraft had shot down the world’s most advanced four-generation fighter F-22. Therefore, EA-18G can be called “King of Kings”.
, Guam, the U.S. Asia-Pacific island chain deployed as a geographical focus, aircraft carriers and cruise at sea are likely to become a foothold for the EA-18G. The forward deployment of mobile platforms at sea with the EA-18G inherited from the “Hornet” on the 1000 km combat radius, and then consider a variety of airborne electronic warfare systems, electronic warfare range, the Asian continent, nearly Hai Leida and electronic equipment will do EA-18G under threat.
U.S. electronic warfare force approaching the Asia-Pacific directed at the People’s Liberation Army, Taiwan experts in the implementation of electronic warfare hardware, the gap between the PLA and the U.S. military is not large, but the overall quality of the gap up to 20 years even more. The problem is: some independent research and development by the Chinese electronic warfare equipment not yet fully equipped troops.
First, the number of early warning aircraft, the Chinese Air Force has a shortage of only four overhead police -2 000 and five Airbus police – 200, in key areas (coastal areas and territorial seas and border) for the great demand for intelligence and early warning command of the aircraft, the number of obvious is not enough. As a key node of the system operations, airborne early warning command of the aircraft is to integrate and play other combat aircraft operational effectiveness multiplier.
data for: overhead empty Police -2000.
Second, transportation -8 series of electronic reconnaissance, electronic jamming aircraft, battlefield surveillance aircraft synthetic aperture radar (SAR) production equipment, the speed is too slow. Transportation -8 production implementation of SEAD operations rely on the Feibao or an old F-7 e-fighters, electronic warfare against the soft interference “and” hard kill “. Comparison with the world powers, although in some areas, the construction of China’s electronic warfare has made considerable progress, but on the whole compared to the United States, the Chinese gap is still 2-30 years.
Since the technology as people would have the tactical aspects of moving enough brains.electronic countermeasures (counter-counter-countermeasure), the many people think that the low standard of China’s electronics industry, electronic warfare capabilities may not be such as Taiwan. China’s electronic warfare capability is a complete system of independent development, it can be for the improvement and upgrade of the opponent’s Taiwan, all the United States purchase, if a problem occurs, may be annihilated. Therefore, the People’s Liberation Army electronic warfare capabilities is not yet such as the U.S. military, the future development of the space was great.
data for: Night air marshals -2000.
People’s Liberation Army developed filter out interference, is to enhance the signal to increase their distance to lock the enemy, or to suppress the signal to reduce the enemy to lock your own distance. This is a very effective method, but often overlooked. The signal enhancement device (sensor enhancer) increased 50% locking distance and signal resolution, signal suppression of the (remote sensing weakening) can reduce the enemy to 35% locking range and signal resolution.
electronic reconnaissance capability
China from the 1980s, the development of electronic surveillance systems, the first product of KZ-800 electronic surveillance aircraft, and this type of external exports.
KZ-800 is a fully automated computer-controlled electronic surveillance system can automatically search for, intercept, measurement and analysis, display and record the intercepted signal, in addition to identify radar type, performance, working conditions , location. However, due to the lack of large-scale transport platform, the only H – 6, and Tu-154 and other backward carrier aircraft. The beginning of this century a new generation of transport -8 aircraft, but the performance is worse than the U.S. RC-135, a length; a new generation of RC-135 height, endurance, range of use so much higher than our military transport aircraft.
at the same time, the People’s Liberation Army also began the development of electronic support reconnaissance systems, these systems have been equipped with air marshals -200 -2000 AWACS air marshals (modified transportation -8), which is equivalent to the U.S. military’s EP-3 , RC-135 electronic reconnaissance aircraft, but the number was small, and unable to penetrate enemy reconnaissance. Specially developed KZ-900 type machine contained tactical reconnaissance pod system, which include electronic surveillance, ground stations, data chain and logistics maintenance system, frequency coverage than KZ-800, can be intercepted by the different types of sensor signals obtained tactical performance of the other sensors (such as operating frequency, transmit power, modulation, pulse width, repetition rate, the antenna in the form and the wave velocity width, etc.), guide to facilitate electronic jammer interference.
in times of war, KZ-900 pod can search the sensor signal of the target airspace, and to the information chain, anti-cross-sectional information, instant delivery to the base theater command center to provide timely and accurate Electronic, easy to commanders fast and effective tactical deployment, and use a variety of counter-measures (such as electronic jamming and anti-radiation attack).
data for: air marshals – 2000 AWACS fleet training.The system can make up in peacetime, the Tu-154 and lack of transportation -8 electronic intelligence reconnaissance; tactical aircraft to mount the pod can be a long time on a reconnaissance mission, looking around the sources of ionizing radiation position to obtain the parameters of the electronic systems used to modify and establish electronic warfare database.
electronic interference, transportation -8 electronic jamming aircraft for remote interference, similar to its functions and the United States, EC-130H aircraft. KG-300G with automatic alarms, tracking radar threat signals, indicators and accurate electronic suppression, with multiple threat signal reception and multi-target interference, with strong electronic interference. The pod is equipped with JH -7 fighter-bombers, makes interference with aircraft to fighter-bombers (JH-7A, or Su-30MKK) interference cover.
data for,: Chinese Air Force Materiel The air marshals -200 based early warning aircraft.
Of course, if the interference is not also hard kill, which rely on Chinese-made eagle hit -91 anti-radiation missile. The missile is the introduction of the Russian KH-31P missile technology, which is equivalent to the U.S. military’s AGM-88 anti-radiation missile.
early warning system
China from the 1960s started to develop early warning aircraft, and then, China has turned to Israel’s early warning system. The system is installed in the late eighties by the Israel Aircraft Corporation (IAI) and its subsidiary ELLA company was jointly developed by the aircraft system is modified by the Boeing 707, with the U.S. E-3 AWACS same.in terms of early warning aircraft construction, the Israel greatly helped. Israel in the 90 generation of the early twentieth century a combination of network technology and radar information technology and systematic. Since then, China began the independent development of early warning aircraft, “One Project”, only spent three years on the development of air marshals -2000 AWACS.
air marshals -2000 radar antenna does not like the US-Russian early warning aircraft mechanical rotation, it is fixed, because the air marshals -2000 is fixed active phase radar. The air marshals -2000 installed radar, super computers, consoles and software to design and production. The AWACS technology has come to the front, and now the poor production this step.
Nevertheless, the Chinese Air Force still have to face the following limitations: First, the number of large aircraft platform. The ability of the development of large aircraft, coupled with outsourcing Il -76 blocked, limiting the number of growth of China’s special aircraft, such as aerial refueling aircraft, transport aircraft, early warning aircraft, battlefield surveillance aircraft, and led directly to the remote electronic warfare aircraft The number is difficult to raise in a long time.
, electronics components performance is lagging behind. Limited in the Chinese electronics industry, power generation of Air Force tactical aircraft are generally small, and most lack the high-power jamming pod. KG300G jamming pod power is only 1.85 kilowatts, is a self-defense jamming pod can only be used for air defense missiles, radar interference approximation seeker. U.S. EA-6B equipment AN/ALQ-99 jamming pod power up to 100 kilowatts, a wide range of interference, search and tracking.
last or electronic components of the performance problem. For example, the Eagle performance of less than -91 anti-radiation missile electronic components, can not do a seeker covers all radar frequencies, but to the development of the three seeker, each part of the entire frequency, thus reducing the anti-radiation combat flexibility, increase the difficulty of logistical support. U.S. AGM-88 missiles only use a seeker, you can cover the 0.8-20G Hz, covering the active duty search, tracking most of the radar band.
electronic warfare capabilities
People’s Liberation Army the military services have electronic warfare forces, the army professional ground electronic warfare units, the Air Force and Navy also have a certain number of electronic warfare aircraft, ships, large radar jamming station.
electronic warfare forces main task is to search the enemy’s electronic equipment, electromagnetic radiation signal, to identify its type, parameters, and deployment, to interfere with the wireless communications, in conjunction with other branches of the military against enemy command, control, communications and intelligence system, and destroy the enemy’s command system, interfere with enemy weapons control and guidance systems, confrontation with the enemy of electronic forces, collaborative other branches of the implementation of electronic feints and electronic camouflage, found, and the determination of enemy electronic jamming forces
After nearly 20 years of construction, the Chinese Air Force has initially established the complete electronic warfare system. So far, only the United States, Russia, France, Israel and China have a complete electronic warfare capabilities.
but we must see that, due to the limited level of China’s aviation industry, the electronics industry, the Air Force Electronic fighter team still lacks the performance of remote electronic warfare aircraft, electronic jamming pod, anti-radiation missiles and other equipment Compared with the U.S. remained very backward, and electronic warfare, electromagnetic power is a prerequisite to win air supremacy and naval supremacy. And the logic of the development of the PLA electronic warfare and military development is the same, seek first “, then” yes “on the basis of the continuous upgrading of
Under such circumstances, to achieve the “small run” target, the number of each weapon system is not too much, Model inevitable. It also decided that at this stage in the electronic warfare force behind the United States.
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