Yin Zhuo: India’s arms cut corners and harming the infinite depending on their own for small states
media said the Indian government recently announced that the next fiscal year, India’s military spending will increase 17 percent to 1.93 trillion rupees, about $ 38.6 billion U.S. dollars. Indian military sources said that this or can not meet the demand of the Indian Army.
So, India’s military spending to maintain high growth of internal demand from India weapons and equipment imported from several countries can play a useful performance in actual combat in the end? On this topic, military observers, Major General Yin Zhuo director of the Navy’s information technology advisory committee of experts accepted the reporters.
substances dream of India more than ten years a substantial expansion of military
In recent years, India has maintained a relatively rapid rate of economic growth, its military spending. to maintain high growth, and provide a material basis. India has always been a dream of the big country, the development of military strength as an important aspect to support its great power status.
Yin Cho believes that the rapid growth of India’s defense expenditure in recent years is mainly based on two reasons:
First, the material basis. India’s economy is basically good, although the 2011 development slightly lower, but remained essentially before a 10-year period of rapid growth. India’s economic strength in the rapid expansion of GDP now has access to the world about 7, it may catch up with Britain, France. India used in the field of national defense costs can be more. So, this is India’s military spending to maintain high growth rate of the material basis.
big country dreams. Nike Lu period once the India or in the world a color of a country, or unknown.
In recent years, India seeks a permanent member of the Security Council, action. To become a permanent member of the Security Council, it is necessary to have the appropriate diplomatic, economic status, in particular, have a military status, national defense strength to support the great-power status.
the same time, India in the entire South Asian region, including the Indian Ocean to its neighboring countries are basically at a high pressure situation. To try to expand its neighboring countries, especially in the military gap with Pakistan, which is an important guiding principle of India’s national defense and security.
Therefore, an economic base to provide material support, coupled with the dream of big country, and combine the two, leading to India last ten years, military spending has maintained double-digit growth.
India arms “cut corners” but in fact has caused endless trouble
With the expansion of the size of the economy, India is trying to through the purchase of advanced weapons and equipment to achieve rapid implementation modernization of weapons and equipment, one of the target list of the world’s military powers. According to a report released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, India since 2006 has been the world’s largest arms importing countries.
Yin Cho believes that India purchased weapons and equipment, ways to enhance military strength, the short term, the economic strength can be quickly converted into national defense capabilities, but in the long term will be endless troubles.
India to take “short cuts” approach. General small and medium-sized countries to take “short cuts” approach, because in the case of complete manufacturing industrial system, defense industrial system, it is impossible for some large main battle platform independent R & D and manufacturing, had purchased.
India has mainly taken the development of small and medium-sized countries, for example, ships, submarines, aircraft carriers, etc., are basically outsourcing.
walk this road has the advantage of its national defense capabilities within a few years will be able to on a big stage, and relatively fast economic power through the so-called “shortcut” into national defense strength.
If this is the generation of the main weapons of the independent research about 15 years, the development of nuclear submarines or high-performance fighter jets and other large main equipment platform, about 20 years, even longer
if it is purchased new combat platforms after 5 years to 7 years of training and some spare parts localization, can be equipped with the troops. In five to seven years, the economic strength immediately into the national defense capabilities into the advantage on the battlefield, this is very important to India.
in the field of information technology, such as early warning aircraft, anti-submarine patrol aircraft, electronic warfare aircraft purchases, are basically outsourcing. This can make a big step in the level of information.
This is the good side of the cut corners.
However, a large country, requires a large amount of equipment, can not always buy abroad. To buy arms abroad, you want to be a big country, the position is not guaranteed.
under war conditions, as long as it is not a word, or political awareness and technical blockade immediately, including spare parts. At that time, the introduction of key equipment into a pile of scrap metal, can not be used.
India once the war to Pakistan, have tasted the bitter fruit of the foreign blockade.
as a great power, to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council must establish its own defense industrial system. To establish the defense industrial system must have a complete industrial system, manufacturing system.
India’s economic development is not unbalanced. The computer software industry to develop faster than foreign trade income is relatively high. But manufacturing is not quite complete, the structural steel in the steel industry, special materials, including steel and high-end manufacturing of high performance military needs the skills and infrastructure needs as well as engineers and workers, but also very much lacking, and did not establish a complete the manufacturing system, so that you can not prop up an independent national defense industry system.
Therefore, to the development of large-scale platform is very difficult.
with the Indian government’s decision-making mistakes, equivalent to small and medium-sized countries, not as a large country. Go this route as a large country, has caused endless trouble in the long run.
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