First commander of the Second Artillery Corps: for “Lin Biao who is not” only do 43 days
1988 years to the Shouzhi granted the rank of general pictures [information]
20 1950, China’s strategic missile forces formation was put on the agenda.
to Shouzhi recalls: “At the time, in order to break the nuclear monopoly of imperialism, nuclear blackmail and nuclear threats, the CPC Central Committee, the State Council decided to establish an independent nuclear counterattacking force in China.”
“before running the army rule the school,” our military’s first strategic missile training cadres College – the predecessor of the Second Artillery Engineering College, Xi’an ancient city of Xi’an was born in the artillery school. June 1960, the 15th Army Corps, was appointed to the Shouzhi Xi’an Artillery School.
to Shouzhi memories, just the school that time, the biggest problem is the “three-wood” scarce. “I called the school office training Minister Wu Geng Mei, the organization has worked to arrange their Soviet advisers learned of professional staff while finishing missile notes, while the professional preparation of teaching materials. Based materials are related to the domestic university professors and experts for help. Two years down, we were prepared by the missiles and all kinds of basic teaching materials professional nearly a hundred, gather information more than 40,000 books. “
almost the same time, solve the lack of equipment, work is also proceeding. Those who were found to Shouzhi central agencies, provincial, municipal, and held important leadership positions in the army of the old comrades in arms, ask them to help, to protect the school to purchase teaching equipment.
soon, with the support of the old comrades in arms, led by faculty and staff to Shouzhi build up the operating building.
“students in the building directly to the missile operations training.” To Shouzhi memories, the participants trained during the day in the operating building, the outside people that are invisible.
to Shouzhi said at the time, the confidentiality of our school has been very good, local people believe that our school is just an ordinary artillery school.
relying on self-reliance and hard work, and colleagues to Shouzhi finally Xi’an artillery training school built a high-precision and advanced missile personnel of higher military academies.
talent is a school of the country. However, the beginning of the school, Xi’an Artillery School has not a professor. “This is a constraining bottleneck in the development of our school.” To Shouzhi memories.
founding general, PLA Chief of Staff Lo Jui-ching when he watched the missile operating performance to the school, he was the participants are very satisfied with his performance. He said the Shouzhi: “Do you have any problems to be solved the General Staff, although put forward.” To Shouzhi recalls, “I proposed to the General Law of the school changed its name to the first question is the problem. Our school is to train to master the use of missile engineers, technicians and junior commanders, usually with the name of the school, teaching and outreach work is very convenient. Can ‘school’ to ‘College’?”
Luo keep listening to Chi’s report, immediately agreed.
1963 年 2 1 May, the General Staff issued a document, the Artillery School was renamed Xi’an “People’s Liberation Army Artillery Institute of Technology”, Institute of Science and Dean to Shouzhi Commission.
“My second question is contingent faculty issues.” To Shouzhi memories, our school’s teaching personnel has been very scarce. We had developed a “pull the Young Plan”, prepared from a selection of some prestigious universities in the country more good young teachers and good student, by one or two years of professional training, and then when the instructor. “I also recommend to the General Law, please allow us to select a number of engineering colleges in Beijing dedicated to national defense, determined to professors, lecturers, teaching staff added to the line.” “The idea is good.” Luo was very pleased, “However, the matter involving national Ministry of Higher Education, so I returned to Beijing and then report to the Premier Zhou answered you.”
soon, Luo phone call from Beijing: “The prime minister agreed to ‘pull the Young Plan’, and specifically asked the Ministry of Higher Education, to pick the best talent to you. “
” Good! with the policy of the Prime Minister to make an effective weapon, what we are easier to handle. “excited to Shouzhi , told the vice president in charge of teaching and training Wei Chen, Vice Minister Huang Diffie, “Let’s ‘pull the Young Plan’ soon to start. you went to Beijing, the General Political Department of cadres have been transferred from Beijing to more than 200 major institutions professors, engineers, lecturers of the file, ‘pull the Young’ institutions has also been implemented. you go to pick, I’ll give you a principle, to high levels, the prime of life, social relations are not complicated, politically reliable there The focus of the candidates, I want to interview … … “
few months later, the Shouzhi ushered in a real test.
1963 in October under the jurisdiction of the College led to Shouzhi Missile Battalion, fired the desert to the west of China’s own production of the first generation to-surface missiles.
“This missile battalion is the army’s first battalion of two-surface missiles.” To Shouzhi memories, it is formed in the fall of 1959.
as the College of the few regular troops to Shouzhi for the construction of the 2nd Battalion, very concerned about very seriously. 2 camp before departure, specifically in the training field to Shouzhi conducted a missile launched equipment and erection performance, and success.
2 battalion arrived in Jiuquan, China’s first space city, the army of the earliest Another missile units – 1st Battalion had arrived earlier in Wuwei.
1963 年 10 月 25 evening hours, from the 1st Battalion, First Wuwei first generation of Chinese-made surface missiles, “Dongfeng One” was launched. Nine days later, still in the dusk. “Dongfeng One” to-surface missiles in the missile base stand. 2nd Battalion, firing missile is about to begin. To Shouzhi solemnly staring missile base.
company commander with the battalion commander Dongzhong Qing Zhang Yongfu entered the command and launch vehicles, missiles launched into the final preparations. Dong Zhongqing picked up the radio, gave the order for Zhang Yongfu decisive.
“10 … … 5,4,3,2,1″
“turn by electricity, fire!” 2 missile battalion will be made accurately, “Dongfeng One” to to send a missile sky. History has always bearing in mind this exciting moment.
time is at a three-year natural disaster, not even to Shouzhi send prize money to the officers and men. He gave two battalions of the highest reward for every two soldiers cooked potatoes. In the restaurant, on behalf of the wine with water to Shouzhi, pleased to participate in launching the comrades said: “On behalf of hospital committees, authorities and the hospital staff, to the successful launch of the 2nd Battalion, warm congratulations!”
At that time, the Shou-Zhi, Dong Zhongqing and missile two battalions of the eyes were moist.
to Shouzhi Artillery Institute of Technology in the outstanding performance attracted the concern of the Central Military Commission.
1965 August, from the point of Chairman Mao Zedong, Premier Zhou Enlai to Shouzhi the Central Military Commission appointed deputy commander of the artillery, in charge of missile forces. June 6, 1966, the CMC decided to set up the Second Artillery leading authorities from the Shou-Zhi and Li Tianhuan entrusted with the task.
1967 年 7 April, the Central Military Commission issued a letter of appointment issued by Chairman Mao – the appointment of the second artillery commander to Shouzhi, Li Tianhuan as political commissar.
to the old saying: “I first commander of the Second Artillery Corps as a technical arm of the newly formed ‘Second Artillery Corps’ refers to the strategic missile forces, Premier Zhou to take the name of, as distinct from conventional artillery (one shot), but 43 days later, this paper has been withdrawn command. “Shouzhi was appointed the first incumbent to the commander of the Second Artillery, also is the” Cultural Revolution “climax. For this command, the CPC Central Committee, vice chairman of the Central Military Commission Vice Chairman Lin Biao was not happy, he let his wife Ye Qun in the name of his office, called the Second Artillery Corps Party Committee Office, said: “Lin Biao to Shouzhi not people …”
Chairman Mao issued the order only 43 days, to Shouzhi has received a written order issued by Lin Biao – the withdrawal of the appointment to the Shouzhi.
to the old recalled: “I did not know Ye call this, the later people told me I was very surprised, why serve such a major, serious things will be so changed fast ?!”
revoke the appointment after the encounter is to Shouzhi unexpected. In the next six years time, to Shouzhi in criticism, through the streets, isolation, transformation of labor spent. Not only his own tortured, his family has escaped. He and his wife, Zhang Ling 4 and a half years are not allowed to communicate.
Lin after the accident, the Central Military Commission Vice Chairman Central Military Commission, chaired the work of Marshal Ye Jianying, the army gradually to the normal track construction.
1974 November day, so the office called the Central Military Commission Ye Shuai artillery, notice has been back to the artillery (also known as a gun) to work to Shouzhi: “Ye Shuai in the Western Hills home to interview you. “
put down the phone, ride straight on to Shouzhi Western Hills. After several doors Kong, carrying the Shouzhi car stopped in front of the Yeshuai Western Hills apartment. At this point, already rising to meet the secretary Ye Shuai out.
“to the commander, please! Leaf Vice President in the living room waiting for you miles!” To Shouzhi under the guidance of the Secretary, along the carpeted stairs up the stairs. “I just sit down and entered the small conference rooms, burly, silver-haired, wearing glasses Yeshuai hale and hearty manner came face with a kindly smile, one side held out his hand and shook my hand he said: ‘Shouzhi Comrades, I have been waiting for you a long time 。’”
“leaves a good Vice President!” Ye Shuai to Shouzhi to stand at attention, the line of solemn salute. “Reunion after the robbery, I own kind of excitement in my heart, my eyes wet with tears. For a moment, before I speak: ‘Ye Shuai what instructions ?’”
” Shouzhi comrades , sat. to me without restraint, and polite. “Yeshuai sit on the sofa opposite, Mei County, Guangdong with an accent said,” although I have never been your direct leadership, but your situation is clear and you had been a brigade commander, division commander and commander, the missile did Dean, but also served as a leader in the strategic missile forces, which experienced senior cadres in the army but little. “
” Ye Vice President, I have a good long time no contact with the missile forces of things. “Ye Shuai, then perhaps a premonition that in the subtext, to Shouzhi quickly explained.
Ye Shuai, said: “This is interference and destruction of Lin Biao, so many old comrades lost their normal work.”
“is the forest had to do a phone call, I do not go into the Second Artillery Corps. “
” Second Artillery Corps, became a hit, but now! “Ye Shuai indignation and said,” factionalism serious toss up, toss in the past, actually an enlarged meeting of party committees in the West Beijing Hotel open seven or eight months, tragedy, and do not convinced, I went to shoot the table before closing, but the problem is not resolved. CMC to consider again, ready to send you back to the Second Artillery, as a commander still today the you are invited, one would like to tell you our thoughts, the second is like to hear your views on the redistribution of work. “
” Ye Deputy, I isolated seven or eight years due to persecution, learning, thinking and understanding behind the times on a large portion of the child. “to Shouzhi a re-make himself as the Second Artillery commander, suddenly shocked, a little mental preparation does not, then decline, said:” Ye Shuai, I present new knowledge, new technologies do not quite understand, converting a leading role, afraid to live up to the expectations of the head of the Central Military Commission, but my body can, to keep me as a deputy to the Second Artillery Corps, right, to help officers do a good job. ”
“But we do think that the Second Artillery Corps military officers, you are the most suitable candidate.” Yeshuai reaffirmed their own ideas. “This … … or the head of the Central Military Commission, please give me some time to see the file, are familiar with it.” To Shouzhi said.
Yeshuai paused, silent for a moment, pleasant on the Shouzhi said: “You do not immediately stand to go or not, first go back and think about it say Okay.”
to Shouzhi recalled: “It was a difficult choice ah! I am familiar with the situation while watching the file, while thinking: eight years after his exclusion from the armed forces outside the national defense, too many things to learn , coupled with many years of the Second Artillery do not understand the situation, not sure, not always under the final determination, which is probably the character I have been a decisive exception, actually to come back to the Second Artillery Commander of the issue when considering long 4 months old. “
the second evening of March 25, Deputy Chief of Staff and Chief of the Central Military Commission Hu Wei to call to Shouzhi:” Ye Shuai said, tomorrow you report for work to the Second Artillery Corps. CMC has been determined, you will perform it! “
next morning, came to Shouzhi 8 years ago, the post should be in place, only two terms as the Second Artillery Corps commander. At that time, the command is working to Shouzhi of the Central Military Commission documents released, entitled “Adjustment of the Second Artillery Force is equipped with the leadership,” which reads as follows:
Second Artillery Party: After Chairman Mao, leadership the CPC Central Committee approved the adjustment of the Second Artillery is equipped with the following:
to Shouzhi for the Second Artillery commander.
Chenhe political commissar of the Second Artillery bridge.
Second Artillery Party Committee composed of the following nine comrades, to Shouzhi first secretary, second secretary of the Chenhe Bridge … …
1975 年 8 月 30 日
this time, to Shouzhi in this post did more than two years.
to the old deep feeling, said: “Despite eating a lot of pain, by a lot of crime, but the Central Military Commission is not forgotten me, while I trust!”
Tenet, according to Shou-Zhi Ye Jianying, Deng Xiaoping, head of the Central Military Commission instructions, ideological style of rectifying the Second Artillery, to establish the party spirit, to eliminate factionalism. “Through consolidation, the Second Artillery units from top to bottom of the organs and greatly changed the outlook, organization and discipline has greatly increased, and gradually stabilized units, the party commands the gun and the implementation of the principles to be implemented.”
However, the military leadership of Comrade Deng Xiaoping and the emergence of a nationwide consolidation of results, greatly touched the “gang of four” key, so that they become more chaotic burst in the plot to seize power. They sit still and do everything possible to carry out sabotage and cause trouble. First, in August 1975, “Gang of Four” to use their tool to manipulate public opinion, the name of Mao Zedong’s banner, instigated a “comment” Water Margin “movement” vicious innuendo and attack Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping. Then they slander Comrade Xiaoping “count ‘Cultural Revolution’ account,” also borrowed “Dream of Red Mansions” in the verse, “child of the Zhongshan Lang, frustrated even more rampant,” cursing the leadership of Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s consolidation on all fronts. November 3, “gang of four” well-planned, first in Beijing, and then began to engage in the country so-called “counter rightist overturn the wind” movement, wantonly slander the leadership of Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s consolidation and implementation of fronts veteran policy, is “restoration forces” engage in a “rightist an overturn wind”, not to slander Comrade Xiaoping was named “restoration crazy.”
Second Artillery have a few organs up action. At the time, is leading to Shouzhi organs and Second Artillery Force in the camping field training, it was clamor to return to Beijing to engage in sports. Resolutely put a stop to interrupt Shouzhi zipper, as the troops remain in the field longer. “I would estimate that this move will certainly lead to ‘gang of four’ resentment.” In “Deng, counter rightist overturn the wind” rampant when the cadres of the Second Artillery to Shouzhi still read and explain the General Assembly Ye Jianying, Deng Xiaoping two Vice-Chairmen in the enlarged CMC meeting speech. This soon spread to “gang of four” ears. Since then, any meeting of the military system to Shouzhi have become “Gang of Four”, “beat” the focus.
“once held in the General Political Department of the meeting, when I report on the Second Artillery Corps authorities and forces to rectify the situation, when he was the General Political Department director Zhang Chunqiao been sullen, suddenly, he was shot the table and said: ‘You stop, do not say it! you not Deng, also reported what?!’ air suddenly became tense. “to Shouzhi memories.
there one night, when he was the CPC Central Committee, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the Central Military Commission of Wang Hung-wen told to Shouzhi to Diaoyutai. A meeting, Wang Hung-wen geological angrily asked: “Why put the son of Li Desheng Artillery? His material at my disposal, in black and white, why do not you get rid of?” In this regard, the Shouzhi argue, explain the situation that can not be because the father has nothing to influence his son.
“At that time, Vice Chairman Deng Xiaoping, Deng Xianqun’s sister, brother in law in the Second Artillery Corps Science and Technology Li worked out before they are college students, engaged in technical work in the ‘gang of four’ off ‘Deng, Right back overturn the wind ‘movement, was to grant them the couple, I told them to be protected. Zhang Chunqiao sent to the Second Artillery, investigate how they are transferred to the Second Artillery authorities, forced me to put two people arrested. I survey said: ‘the whole clan thing I do not dry, which lessons too much, we can not forget,’ “recalls the Shouzhi. January 8, 1976, the death of Premier Zhou Enlai. In early April, hundreds of thousands of workers, peasants, students, cadres spontaneously gathering in Tiananmen Square for several days, painful memory of Premier Zhou, denouncing the “Gang of Four.”
Zhang Chunqiao a group of menacing in a high-ranking officials at the meeting said: “Second Artillery Corps authority to send the wreath first, largest and hung up, is a force affecting the worst!” Clamoring for inventory so-called ” black background, “driven a Shouzhi ordered the arrests. “Zhang Chunqiao also personally asked me: ‘Why do you send flowers Artillery circle? Why do not you arrest people? Why not Deng?” To Shouzhi memories.
smashing of the “Gang of Four”, to Shouzhi according to the Central Military Commission and the General Political Department of the deployment of leading authorities and Second Artillery Force carried out the “gang of four” expose crimes investigation activities. Shouzhi severely criticized in the organization to the “gang of four” crimes at the same time, pay close attention to the leadership of the construction of missile units. December 25, 1976 to 30, as to-surface missiles to Shouzhi stereotypes Commission, held in the Jingxi Hotel Dongfeng fourth meeting of the missile shape. Zhang, deputy chief of staff before Qian, Qian, deputy director of National Defense Science and Technology Commission, attended the meeting and spoke. “To implement the Central Military Commission on ‘education and training to the strategic position of’ the important instructions, we strengthen the forces of education, training, organization, mobile combat groups live missile firing exercises. I long-term construction starting from the Second Artillery Corps, to examine the position of engineering solutions construction, building barracks and positions to bring together the many problems, clearly above average body should be moved to the city, missile regiment authorities should rely on county towns, for the Second Artillery Corps make reasonable adjustments to the layout of the camp to lay the foundation. “
However, when the leadership of the Second Artillery to Shouzhi investigation authorities and force to expose and criticize “Gang of Four” to carry out a bang, it was rumored, “Second Artillery expose check later for three months”; Party Committee in the Second Artillery, has a check to Shouzhi expose people say “leniency” and he was called Wang Hung-wen things go with this link, suggesting that he go to Wang Hung-wen, where there are problems. Others secretly, said: the time the Second Artillery to Shouzhi not long.
“did not expect to mobilize this really happened. September 26, 1977, the General Political Department and a deputy director in charge of cadres told me to go, so I read my notes on the CMC to the deputy commander of the Nanjing Military Region command. He said to me: The redeployment is basically normal, but there are not normal, it was said Wang Hung-wen has been to call you. “to Shouzhi recalls,” so, I reluctantly left with deep feelings of the Second Artillery Corps, “” transferred from the Second Artillery commander deputy commander of the Nanjing Military Region, a discerning eye to see that the transfer is not normal. ”
1990 May, from the Nanjing Military Region Commander of the post back down to the Shou-Zhi, Zhang Ling and his wife settled in the ancient capital city of Nanjing, they have been married 60 years, gave birth to four children. Ling is a revolutionary war woman county secretary of the Communist Party, called the “Taihang female Yingjie.” From 1960, she has been fighting with cancer, is known for the “anti-cancer star.” She is currently the same as with the old, often take part in public welfare activities such as the Next Generation. Whether it is the revolutionary war, or peace-building period, and Ling are well known to Shouzhi the “model couple”, “revolutionary couple.” End of the interview, the old man insisted that he wants us to sit in temporary accommodation. “Excuse me, in a hotel interview etiquette ill.”
just entered the drawing room, to the old party secretary sent his credentials on several documents, including one for “Wang memorial collection of sound” Editorial Board of the letter – “2005 was a founding general Wang Shusheng centennial, special, please write to the memory of General Wang Shouzhi sound general commemorative article.”