The world total of about 250,000 naval mines accounted for 40% of Chinese
Data Figure: China’s navy anchor -2 mines
According to the U.S. “Global Strategic Network” May 30 report, the world’s navy has a total of about 250,000 mines, China has 40 percent, and prepare In any future conflict, to protect its large-scale coast. United States and other major naval powers, are stepping up their mine-clearance capacity to improve. However, based on historical experience, coupled with technological advances in the use of mines is still huge.
article said, this is because the current Navy mine is “smart mines”, self-contained computer, by the sound (the sound of detecting target vessels), pressure (to detect water beneath the vessel to the pressure generated by the region ) and magnetic (to detect the ship’s metal) sensor to detect the target. Divided into a variety of submarine mine (they are placed in the shallow waters of the river bed), and some of which have electric field sensor, some even with imported sensors; some mines to be detonated by remote control. These smart mines in the computer with programming skills, thus indicating its only attack a given type of ship. If a certain type of vessels (using a specific method with a specific number of sensors) on the top drive, smart mines will explode. If the sensor does not detect the right combination of features, mine will not detonate.
Although often overlooked, but mine is still on the whole a very powerful weapon. But they are not respecting it, is often referred to as “poor weapons.” Historical records show that the admirals should rethink their attitude. The first modern mines are widely used in a hundred years ago the Russian-Japanese War (1904-1905); they are triggered mines, floating in the shallow water area, with anchor and chain fixed. When all the normal trend, they will be under the surface, the vessel was ready to explode on impact. The use of modern mines in the first Russian-Japanese war, about the 2000 planted the mine that were destroyed 16 boats.
during World War I (1914-1918), also applied the tactics of many modern mines; placed thousands of mines, as a hostile action against the North Sea defense barrier. Routes based on that of the enemy, mine was a secret settlement which, in order to attack the enemy. As the use of 230 000 mines, the loss of more than 1,000 merchant ships and warships. During World War II, 100,000 mines since the war, a total loss of vessels up to 2665. Every 37 mines will be able to eliminate a ship; about 210,000 mines are used to defense, to suppress enemy action, and the supply of resources to contain the enemy.
during World War II, mines successfully hit a few notable victory. In the Pacific, the mines also play its devastating destruction of the Japanese war, the power comparable to the atomic bomb. In April 1945 to August, just 10 weeks, U.S. bombers on Bray 12000; which magnetic mines 4900, 3500 audio mines, pressure mines, 2900, low-frequency sound mine 700 (U.S. Navy dispatched aircraft and laid the mines are not counting). Wounded by mines were sunk, including “Sea Hawk” aircraft such as 65 warships, including more than 670 vessels, which sank and hit up to 431 can not be repaired, the total tonnage of more than 140 million tons, the equivalent of campaign beginning Japan’s gross tonnage, when 75%. The U.S. military offensive Bradley effect is very significant, an average of cloth 21 mines on a Japanese ship sunk; but, rather, the U.S. military is extremely slight loss, only loss of the aircraft 15.
Meanwhile, the U.S. has is mine victims, mine has seen the power. From 1942 to 1944, the German mines in the United States launched the war in the East Coast; although only 317 mines, but sunk and damaged 11 U.S. ships, on average every 29 mines can destroy a ship. In addition, the port was closed a total of eight forty days, which the United States, South Carolina, Charleston Harbor off up to 16 days. U.S. Pacific submarine also launched a limited war mines, 658 mines in use, 54 ships were sunk or damaged, (every 12 mines destroyed a ship); no submarine losses. Japan, a lot of resources to deal with mines. The Palau Islands in the western Pacific, due to mines, ports are closed; until the end of the war, was able to re-open. Or surface warships is also used mines, destroyers, mine planted 3000; only 12 ships were hit. However, these areas are obstacles, not the submarines sneaking into the enemy-controlled areas to the ambush area.
20 the early 1950s the Korean War, the former Soviet Union to North Korea over 3,000 mines, many of which are 1904′s “antique”; these have been used to defend the port of Wonsan. Joint forces spent weeks cleaning up these mines, mines more than a dozen ships were attacked; and half of the ship tragically destroyed.
during the Vietnam War, more than 30 ten thousand mines to be used mainly in the river area. Most places do not planted mines, but together with the magnetic sensors instead of an air bomb fuse. These use a small parachute bombs or mines placed to ensure that no damage when landing. These weapons were placed in temporary shallow bottom, fought side by side with other mines sink to the bottom. Vietnam’s Hai Phong port planted 11,000 mines, and less than 100 conventional mines; the U.S. Navy called the “Destroyer.” Hai Phong port was destroyed just a few months, and it takes many years to remove all U.S. mines. The “Destroyer” mines designed to be so successful, still in use, the use of more modern electronic devices, such as Mk 62 mines.
in the 1991 Gulf War, Iraq and Kuwait, along the coast, planted more than a thousand Iraqi mines. U.S. Navy Mine does not have enough resources in the main, unable to fight the insurance bureau. Two large U.S. ships within 1 day of mines destroyed by Iraqi cloth, a land and sea amphibious assault ship, a cruiser in the implementation of mine clearance tasks were destroyed; This effectively prevents any U.S. ships in the sea war in dual-use play a role. After the war, the threat to remove all mines, the U.S. military spent more than a month’s time to clean-up.
historical events from the point of view, is enough to show the power of mine, and the great role in the war. In any future war, the mines will be shock and awe of its tremendous power once again everyone. (Sri Lanka years)