China may prevent the use of high-tech spying on U.S. submarines, the PLA Information
data for : U.S. Navy surveillance ship
According to Japan “diplomat” website May 29 Journal article said that maritime security, especially security of the East China Sea and South China Sea, is still in China, the United States, Japan and other countries high on the agenda the parties need to resolve maritime conflict through dialogue. What happened the last two years intensified the tensions between these countries, thus contributing to the official and unofficial dialogue; This includes the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences and the Carnegie – Global Policy Center, jointly organized by Tsinghua University two-day meeting. Shanghai meeting immediately triggered controversy shows the value of dialogue, but also exposed the limitations of the dialogue.
Japanese media article said that in early May, Chinese and U.S. officials trying to establish high-level dialogue mechanism for fragile maritime cooperation; it well reflects the national interest does not triggered by the conflict and bring the conflict to fully understand the difference between. As we all know, the dialogue may not be able to improve the conflict over national interests, but do not fully understand can help ease the conflict over. U.S. Naval War College expert Professor Li Nan believes that the face of conflict over national interests, the dialogue will actually reduce trust. Like the Chinese explanation of its active defense or “anti” and “regional denial” strategy the same. While the U.S. tries to explain to the Chinese “sea air” theory, the dialogue may also be equally ineffective. Although the theory is still vague, often used to describe an enemy like Iran for a similar attempt to blockade the Strait of Hormuz such a situation; it may lead to Beijing for the policy which contains a greater concern.
In addition, because the official in February 2010 announced the “Quadrennial Defense Review Report,” among many Chinese people believe that “sea air” theory is actually not just a strategic concept. Similarly, China and the U.S. “United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea” has a fundamentally different interpretation; a major difference is whether to allow foreign troops on its 200 sea miles exclusive economic zone of military activities or military activities. China’s national interests and the growing self-confidence led to its expansion of the concept of exclusive economic zone, and to foreign armed forces in military activities in exclusive economic zone concept of narrow-based. These activities must be peaceful, but some people do not think non-Chinese warships conduct intelligence-gathering activities are peaceful. On the other hand, the United States not only advocated this type of information gathering activities are fully consistent with international law, also consider themselves bound to always detect exclusive economic zone, to maintain global freedom of the seas.
Japanese media said the article, but the actual situation is still evolving at sea, not just the interpretation of international law issues. For example, according to Chinese scholars called the Chinese may develop high-tech submarine to freeze its U.S. intelligence-gathering activities; which led to the U.S. “no time” monitoring of marine vessels in March 2009 to gather intelligence, the Chinese vessels were 100 yards away from its where passing the bow. The future, China may introduce new technical means to prevent the United States to monitor the PLA’s military activities.
Japanese media said the article, in which the political measures of China’s spying on U.S. warships to prevent its submarines of information. China will work with India and Brazil BRIC countries to prevent the U.S. warships such activities. India and Brazil also opposed foreign military in their exclusive economic zones of military activity. Another forum in May, the Chinese scholar said that 30 years later, when the Chinese navy, when truly global capabilities, might have military bases in Latin America; then, turn to China by spying on the U.S. exclusive economic zone to the intrusion the United States.
Japanese media article that reported on China’s long-term intentions and capabilities in the area of ??concern is the uncertainty caused by the main driving factors. Currently, there is not enough to modify the United Nations Convention to clarify the conflict of national interests caused by the different interpretations. Meanwhile, the Obama administration should promote the ratification of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea entered into force, the Convention entered into force because of failure to pass the following information to the world that the United States developed their own rules of arbitration, rather than the maintenance of a global rules-based system.
However, the dialogue can help, including common national interests, including the situation. For example, with the increase in submarine activity in the western Pacific, an accident is basically inevitable. During the Cold War, the Soviet submarine collision occurs once each year, the U.S. submarine collision may occur once every three years. Recently, a French nuclear submarine and the British nuclear submarine hidden in the same position when trying to collision; This proves that, even close allies hit error may also occur. Because of the lack of the Soviet Union signed in 1972 as the “agreement to prevent accidents at sea,” a regional power can not be prepared in such accidents to occur when emergency help. And also like the situation between Japan and South Korea, as well as between China and the same.
Japanese media article said that although there is a conflict of interest, a variety of co-operation can still be achieved. A cooperative is to increase the transparency (the most recent Chinese “Defense White Paper” seems to prove that its interest in further increasing military transparency). Another form of cooperation activities is to create additional similar “agreement to prevent incidents at sea” agreement, and the use of already existing agreements on the basis of. An existing important, but not the protocol signed in 1998 is “maritime military cooperation agreement.” Until recently, the agreement is almost useless, because the Chinese do not want to release documents to the United States quickly. The third is to strengthen bilateral and multilateral cooperation in humanitarian relief. Finally, the pursuit of more common development, not stop when tension occurs; like the Chinese in 2010, after the collision, still in the East China Sea to conduct joint energy development.
Japanese media article said that no matter what kind of cooperation into account, there is no doubt that the various multilateral efforts has progressed to the naval forces. For example, “Asia to combat piracy and armed robbery against ships in the regional cooperation agreement” is the first regional inter-governmental Asia to promote and strengthen such cooperation agreements. Came into effect since 2006, some 17 countries joined the agreement. Countries in the region also share information about ship navigation, and joint patrols. These activities will continue to increase in the future, these measures are based on the freedom of navigation on the basis of common interests; at least with the sea lines of communication for business.
addition to the limited cooperation measures, in the worst tradition of thinking of the recent challenges, there are some hope. For example, between countries, including the South China Sea and East China Sea, including waters of the energy competition anxiety. However, other countries believe that, in fact, the number of table does not support such geographic concerns, because the oil and gas resources are sufficient to supply the energy needs of 15 to 20 years. By then, China has established a true blue water navy that can protect their sea lines of communication and ensure that their energy consumption. With this in mind, the new U.S. security center Christian – Pass Moore (Christine Parthemore) pointed out, lasting through more focus on common concerns (eg, climate change, fisheries resources are depleted and environmental impact), many countries will be able to make better use of their concerns. On these issues, many countries are eager and requires cooperation.
Japanese media article that recently held in Washington, China-US strategic dialogue with the military, raised in humanitarian relief, disaster relief and to combat piracy and exercises carried out on the concept of co-operation. This is the need to gradually things that can help build self-confidence of the measures that bring real benefits. Therefore, it is necessary to implement such measures in the future. However, China and the United States would like to ask each other difficult issues, some may simply reflect the United States lost in the Asian naval and air power delivery concerns; while China worries that it can expand, so that they are also a marine and land power. A good example is, How does China view the United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton – Clinton issued a statement in 2010. The statement said the US-Japan Security Treaty applies to the Diaoyu Islands.
Japanese media said the article, so clear, limited national interests of the West Pacific, and its level of cooperation and pace around. Cooperation in the region will increase, but congestion and outstanding in these waters remains fragile. Perhaps, the U.S. must adapt to the rise of China and the consequent self-confidence; and China must also recognize that the United States maintained the dominance of the sea. (Sri Lanka years)