Experts: ancient tributary system of the territorial sea delimitation of unknown make China suffer
SCS members of the Chinese Navy at any time pending the call of the motherland.
author: Li Mingbo Zhao Hai Jian
by the international law of the sea driven, global blue enclosure movement has come to China’s territorial waters from neighboring countries eroded?
the Philippines Huangyan Island confrontation more than a month. This incident, the patrol boats of the Chinese maritime surveillance and fishery sectors to act as the Huangyan Island main rights and Pioneer by netizens “behind”. However, the lack of marine rights under the framework of a unified law enforcement agencies the status quo behind, is the embarrassing situation of the lack of a clear maritime strategy.
Peking University Professor Wang Yizhou, vice president of International Relations told the newspaper an exclusive interview in the direction of ocean trouble growing number is a blue enclosure movement, but also the Chinese giant step The inevitable growth of trouble to the new maritime countries. China’s long-term the loess civilization, the mainland’s way of thinking toward the ocean national model of development have a profound contradictions and conflicts.
the face of the blue enclosure movement is heading towards a new maritime power, as soon as possible to develop new marine strategy.
In recent years, ocean seems to be the biggest problem plagued China’s diplomacy. Direction of the South China Sea, Philippines, Vietnam and some other countries in Southeast Asia turns to snatch a provocative attitude to the Chinese marine resources; the East China Sea direction in contention around the Diaoyu Islands ownership and oil and gas field development is still intense; the direction of the Yellow Sea, Chinese fishermen and Han Guohai Police in fishery resources compete even paid a price in human lives.
It is understood that recent relevant departments in China to negotiate sovereignty dispute over the point of ten eight concentrated in the direction of the ocean. Huangyan Island confrontation is considered to be an overall outbreak of the recent China National Offshore Challenge.
strategic development rely on the safety of international marine channels
Professor Wang Yizhou, believes that new developments in recent years. China the world’s great power status is recognized by more and more momentum, more and more powerful voice in regional and global affairs. But at the same time outside the Chinese diplomatic feel the unprecedented confusion, especially the direction of the South China Sea there are a lot of provocative friction, are unexpected.
Wang Yizhou, a higher level, China’s diplomacy in the direction of ocean trouble increased, the results of a blue enclosure movement.
Wang Yizhou, look back at history, major countries are extended to the “high frontier” of history; the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, the United States through the establishment of maritime hegemony on a greater high frontier.
his view, the ocean economy accounted for China’s economic weight is constantly improved. The beginning of reform and opening up, the marine economy accounts for only 1%, but now the proportion of the marine economy has reached 11% to 12% of our ocean-going fleet toward the oceans, our navy is also transformed into blue navy. Already have one of the world’s largest fleet, the ports of the world’s top five three in China, reflect the big giant marine use.
Wang Yizhou, China maritime transport lines to expand, reflecting changes in the structure of China’s energy: the rapid increase of China’s rapid economic development, the demand for oil and gas, China’s oil production in the world’s top four, but a need to import most of which reflects China’s reliance on marine transportation line, reflecting the marine channel the growing importance of China’s future strategic opportunity period. “
Wang Yizhou, predicts that this dependence will not be absolute 50 years later, this dependence in China may decline, but the next 20 to 30 years on I am afraid will be very high. Because we are in the intermediate period of industrialization, carbon emissions are still high.
What is the blue enclosure movement? The international law of the 1970s and 1980s began to repeated deliberation, came into effect in 1994, the new century is beginning to ferment. More than one third of the world’s countries, are subject to the wash and impact of the international law of the sea, many countries use the Law of the Sea to the interest, the opportunity to expand their territory area.
to develop maritime strategy must first ocean thinking
Wang Yizhou worries, marine for the importance of China rising, but the long-term Chinese loess civilization and mode of development towards a maritime nation, there are profound contradictions and conflicts. Regardless of the outside world, we think that China is a continental country. Way toward the ocean, the lack of maritime strategy, the giant growth of trouble is difficult to avoid.
“Although we at the artifacts level, more and more, our ships breakthrough in the first island chain, marching to the second island chain, the world’s largest and busiest ocean shipping fleets of China, but is a giant, but it is the novice of the Law of the Sea, because we are the ocean later than the rule-makers, under the existing system of international law, we always felt to face various restrictions. “
Wang Yizhou The analysis of past direction of the ocean, the Chinese giant, now suddenly a Chinese giant to participate in many countries fear that the tranquility was broken. Many Southeast Asian countries, on the one hand, economic and trade ties with China to gradually increase the other hand, the United States to return to Southeast Asia. Wang Yizhou, I believe, the Chinese giant is a historical necessity, the encounter is not smooth nor terrible.
Wang Yizhou, suggested China to become a maritime power, the first hard power is indispensable, China should become a full member of the maritime countries. The second is to increase China’s soft power in the ocean on the issue, to take the initiative to plan, to have the upper hand layout.
CPPCC member and director of the Navy Information Committee of Experts Yin Zhuo Major General in 2011 during the two sessions to the media revealed that China’s maritime strategy is stepping up the development and will soon see the results. The situation drag on Huangyan Island, China’s maritime strategy is particularly anxious. (Reporter Li Mingbo)
China should set up a coast guard
marine issues related to China’s whether the prosperity of a strategic issue, but in recent years frequently in a passive position in the marine issues. Professor Shen Dingli, executive vice president of the Institute of International Studies, Fudan University, China should open a new maritime strategy.
Professor Shen Dingli, explained that China’s current passive situation in the maritime rights and interests, cultural historical reasons. China has always been a land power countries, long-term emphasis on marine position, and therefore lose a lot of the sea. China’s Ming Dynasty, there was a feat of Zheng He’s voyages, but the entire country and the nation on the importance of the oceans and not really aware of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, China and even implementation of the ban on maritime trade policy.
the East Tributary relations system boundary to the lack of a clear division
China and its neighboring countries are maritime rights disputes, but also reflects the Oriental principle of international relations and the Western International relationship between the principle of conflict. China and its neighboring countries has been taking in the history of the tributary system, known as the Oriental system of international relations. In this system of international relations, no clear delineation of the border between China and its neighboring countries.
In this case, when the country strong, China can maintain its maritime rights and interests; but when the country was weakened, and lost a lot of interests. Today, the relationship between China and its neighboring countries to accept Western principles of international relations. The neighboring countries are vying to expand their maritime rights and interests, so that in a passive position. Therefore, China should rebuild the marine culture, open a new maritime strategy.
ensure freedom of navigation on the high seas to meet the long-term interests of China
how China should maintain their own maritime rights and interests? Professor Shen Dingli, said: “I personally believe that China should be resolved in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea” marine disputes with neighboring countries. “According to Shen Dingli, the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Central, South China Sea countries, specifically economic zones and the waters around Kau line overlap. The parties concerned, based on historical demands of contemporary international law, these differences may find reasonable solutions.
seems Dingli Shen, China’s strength will eventually surpass the United States, the eyes should not only be on the surrounding waters, we should also safeguard the interests of our country in the Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean and other waters, especially the rights of the freedom of navigation. As a result, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea should become a standard.
In addition, Professor Shen Dingli opinion, China should make great efforts to strengthen the power of the ocean surveillance, set up similar to the U.S. Coast Guard “force, force to protect the fisheries, oil industry activities.share: