Expert interpretation of the confrontation between China and the Philippines: the war can not be local conflicts is difficult to say
this version of the administrative map of the Philippines in 2008, Huangyan Island (Philippine side said Scarborough, of Shoal) clearly marked on the outside of the boundary line of longitude 118 degrees in the Philippines (photo taken in 2009 March 23). February 17, 2009, the Philippines Baselines Act part of China’s Huangyan Island and Nansha Islands reefs designated as Philippine territory. The Fei Nanhai confrontation, Xinhua News Agency
over 20 days, has been the focus of attention.
April 22 to withdraw part of the vessel and goodwill signal, but the Philippines but deploy more ships at the same time, senior officials in a number of occasions “relentless” again and again. Subsequently, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the situation change, a clear warning to the Philippine side to the situation to expand or upgrade the same time, the Chinese military on the incident for the first time that position and resolutely safeguard national maritime rights and interests.
Huangyan Island, the confrontation is how formed, how will the development? How high the possibility of armed conflict? The number of domestic well-known experts on this to accept an interview of the Yangcheng Evening News.
Events in real terms
Huangyan Island has sovereignty, history and legal basis are very adequate. International on the island from which country the past belongs to whom a thing.
the South China Sea, around the size of the island, including the Dongsha, Xisha, sand and Nansha Islands, are China’s inherent territory, has been sufficient historical and legal basis. However, since the 1960s, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia and other countries by military means occupation of the Spratly Islands part of the reefs, large-scale resource development and in the waters near the Spratly Islands claim of sovereignty. At present, the Spratly Islands belongs to Chinese control only nine, and the illegal occupation of other countries up to 45. Which the Philippines occupation 8.
Huangyan Island is Chinese territory, and also has sufficient historical and legal basis. 1947, Republic of China Ministry of the Interior official publication of the South China Sea islands location map will be Huangyan Island program to the line of 11 segments (11 segments, line the historic boundaries of a legally binding line, islands, reefs, beaches sandbar has sovereignty). Foreign Affairs University professor of international law Gongying Chun said: “The Philippines in 1997 has never been on the exercise of sovereignty over the Huangyan Island and jurisdiction raised any objection, nor made any claim to sovereignty over the Huangyan Island.” May 1997, the Philippine Navy 21 Chinese fishermen arrested in Huangyan Island; 1999, Philippine warship sank a Chinese fishing boat; 2009, the President of the Philippines signed the baselines of the territorial law, Huangyan Island included in the Philippine territory.
the Philippines are not eligible to claim to sovereignty over the Huangyan Island? Gong Yingchun, said: “since the founding of the People’s Republic of the Philippines, the basis of its territorial boundaries from the three treaties are the 1898 Mei Xi Bali agreement, the 1900″ America Western Washington Treaty and the 1930 Anglo-American treaty. these three treaties, the Philippine territory of the West limit of 118 ° east longitude, Huangyan Island outside of this range. “
Huangyan Island belong to the Dongsha Islands, about 340 nautical miles away from the Xisha Islands, from the Philippines, the Soviet Union BAK Hong Kong about 100 nautical miles. Philippines, in accordance with the 1994 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Huangyan Island is located in the 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone, the right to exercise “sovereignty”. The Gong Yingchun think: “This proposition completely reversed the relationship between the territory and exclusive economic zones. In accordance with the principle of land decided to ocean, the land territory and the existence of the island is the prerequisite and basis of the exclusive economic zone of coastal States advocates, in turn, did not any of the rules of international law allows its exclusive economic zone to embezzle the territory of other countries. “
well-known military commentator Dingsheng also said:” First of all, the Philippines, first served has a legitimate territory and islands as a basis for are eligible, by extension, the 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone Huangyan Island is China’s, not the Philippines, not to say that the Philippines from the Huangyan Island is relatively close, within 200 nautical miles from the Huangyan Island has become the Philippines, for example from Greece 300 kilometers of Rhode Island from the Turkish coast is only 20 km, but for historical reasons, it does not belong to Turkey; international island from which country the past belongs to whom a thing. “
” do not fight shot “does not mean the defensive. Between China and the Philippines, the outbreak of war is impossible, but it will not occur a local armed conflict is hard to say.the
the Philippines more than 20 days. The Chinese government to exercise restraint and continue diplomatic efforts to settle the matter, but the Philippines do not seem to think so, his words and deeds continue to push the situation complicated.
behavior of China took the initiative to withdraw the ship’s Foreign Affairs Institute of International Relations, Professor Yong-Sheng Zhou commented: “This is partly in order to demonstrate good faith, on the other hand there is a longer-term considerations. Due to the international community is now especially in some developed countries are trying to contain China, China to withdraw the ship’s move may be in order to prevent some countries to drill a confrontation between China and the Philippines could take advantage. strategic approach to interfere in affairs of some big countries have been identified, both China and how to deal with them will further intervene in the South China Sea affairs, China’s goodwill will have a good effect, remains to be seen. “
Philippines insisted extravasation, would lead to armed conflict at sea?
Recently, the Chinese Defense Minister Liang the first time the event position, stressed that the settlement of disputes diplomacy first, but he also said: “The military action, according to the needs of the country’s diplomacy.” Gong Yingchun believe that this position reflects the responsible attitude of our country. In international law, one of the main army of a country’s maritime law enforcement, but, the army of the most important functions of or the interest of the country’s territorial integrity and national security. In the current situation, the law enforcement body to the ocean surveillance ship and fishery boats, the main army as with the strength of the practice is appropriate. But needs to be emphasized, the peaceful settlement of international disputes and the right to national self-defense is no conflict, when China’s territorial sovereignty by a foreign force provocation, our army, of course there are duties and obligations to safeguard the country’s territorial integrity and maritime rights and interests are not violated .
Academy of Military Sciences, the world’s military Vice Minister of the People’s Liberation Army Major General Luo Yuan, recently wrote an article that China “does not hit the first shot” strategy does not mean that being beaten, prior violation of our territory in the Philippines, Philippine Navy soldiers The armed boarding fishing boats the first place, it should pay the price.
the probability of armed conflict, Professor Zhou Yongsheng stressed that Huangyan Island incident as a model for China to resolve the territorial sovereignty dispute, he said: “China can strengthen fishery and naval forces in the Huangyan Island, and the construction of high foot house, built long stick defense facilities, sent long-term presence, and economic development, to safeguard China’s sovereignty over the Huangyan Island, China is no need to take the initiative to fight, but we are not afraid of war between Russia and Georgia conflict, the United States pledged to support Georgia, but did not dare to be a foregone conclusion as in the Charter of the United Nations, also belong to a defeated nation, its “peace constitution” does not allow too large military move. “
Dingsheng said that the war broke out between China and the Philippines, China and the Philippines war is a joke, but the will of the local armed conflict is hard to say. Wu Likui
??Yangcheng Evening News reporter Yu Shu Fang Sun Chao
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