Zheng He’s voyages: the destruction of this mammoth “task forces”?
Western, is to follow the time formerly, that the waters of the Indo-China Peninsula, the islands of Southeast Asia, the Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, Red Sea and the African east coast. This is a very memorable day. Our maritime country in history have had their own glory, also is the first-class maritime power in the history of the world. 600 years ago, from 1405 to 1433, Zheng He has commanded a mighty huge fleet of seven ocean voyages across the Indian Ocean, visited Asia and Africa more than 30 countries. Verses and encouraging, and are proud of this navigational feat.
Unfortunately, since Zheng He, China’s marine pioneering spirit disappeared. This feat, the ruling authorities as maladministration, even the file information can also be regarded as waste, was destroyed. Zheng He and his pioneering great career, but also to be forgotten a blank. Fortunately, in 1905, Mr. Liang has published the “motherland great navigator Zheng He Biography”, to attract the attention of the people of Zheng He navigational feat, opened a prelude to the Zheng He Research. Pioneered by Mr. Liang Qichao, “Zheng He” dating back just a hundred years, this is a memorable day.
archives of Zheng He’s ocean voyages be destroyed, and many fundamental problems are still a mystery, even to what the motives of these files were destroyed, that they do not clear. Is not recorded in the official history, mentioned on the notes of several Ming Liu Da Xia destruction of these files, but it seems insufficient evidence “for the sake, no evidence is found”, can not be finalized.
Gu yuan from the “Visiting verbiage” Paper said Liu Da Xia “take the burning of the meaning contained in will restore the treacherous Devil” and burned the motivation to be convincing. Lu Shusheng long water copy “is another way of saying, said Liu Da Xia” was first seized hide their nationality. Only said to be “anonymous” is not said is “destroyed”. And then later, Jiao Hong Yutang the clump language, “Volume:” Lau inspection may hide elsewhere. “Is also the only hiding, did not say is destroyed. Later, someone questioning: “library files, security was lost?” Liu big summer smile, said: “Miho under the Western, fee land tax of hundreds of thousands, soldiers and civilians dead also Wan meter, vertical and get treasure, the country how beneficial? This minister remonstrance when cut. although in past cases, would also be conducted destroy, to pull its root, is still enough to be investigated there are innocent? “If this record is credible, at best, only shows that Liu Da Xia know the destination of these files, can not be sure He destroyed. Could then say that his hostility and contempt for these files, the destruction of the motive, but are not sure of his destruction. Destroyed motivation and Gu Yuan said the contents of the file strange and bizarre they are completely different.
If Zheng He voyage records have been destroyed, after all, to find a suspect Liu great summer, but Zheng He’s huge support “task forces” whereabouts? Who go into hiding, or by whom destroyed? Burning, scuttling, or dismantling? So many of the monster, concealment or destruction than the file data more difficult to deceive the public. But has yet to find the suspects.
how the file is destroyed an empty ship, Zheng He “Western” is a mystery. Gu yuan from the “Visiting verbiage” Volume in one of the “treasure shipyard, containing:” northwest of this city treasure shipyard. Wing-lok, March 2003, to life the eunuch Zheng He reward ancient full Perverses Asian countries Academy through the meter, flag the military, the Warriors, People’s Idea, comprador, sailors 27,000 more than 870 members. Treasure Ship No. 63 Captain of 40 Sizhang four feet wide, eighteen feet; the captain 30 Qi Zhang, wide and fifteen feet. “History of the Ming Zheng He Biography” records that are roughly the same: “Wing-lok, June 2003, the mission and its peer broke out through so that Western soldiers 20000 7. Senpachi hundred people turn to gold. made large ship repair forty Sizhang wide eighteen feet by 62. into the earliest Ying Ya Sheng Lan, “have the same record, the author is the translation of onboard, should is credible. But converted into metric today, the greatest master of approximately 150 meters and a width of 61 meters, a displacement of about 20,000 tons, equivalent to an aircraft carrier. The main mast of the treasure ships of up to 72 meters, equivalent to a 24-story building (per storey of three meters). These figures are really incredible, the timber whether the system. Cause such a large yacht? The wooden sailing able to cope with wind waves of the ocean? Propelled by sail only ability to promote such a monster? Require much sail? 9 mast 12 sails how to operate? How such a large ship into Hong Kong to dock? Yongzheng “Chongming County” records, the Yongle two years (1424), Zheng He voyages return, due to the ship suck depth, actually into not the mighty Yangtze River. Some scholars use their ships professional knowledge combined with historical documents say with certainty that the mast-ton wooden sailing not only in the Ming Dynasty, even in the current era of high-tech construction does not come out of. Various tasks to be completed voyages made to the technological level of China’s comprehensive national strength, does not need such a big ship, at all times and not a big wooden sailing. Another part of the scholar ship expertise combined with historical documents and underwater archaeological data to say for sure that excavated ships relics, a large number of documents as well as wooden sailboat construction process research can attest, can certainly create a 44 feet long, 18 feet wide Zheng He Treasure Ship, and predicted that underwater archeology will also further give direct confirmation.
archives of Zheng He’s ocean voyages were the destruction of a space, not only the size of the Treasure Ship has become a problem to be solved, even Zheng He as far as exactly where that is not clear, so led to a mass of fog of another group, these fog combined to become one of a “world first”. Such as: Zheng He first discovered Antarctica, Zheng and Columbus, 72 years earlier discovered the American continent, Zheng He around the world, “Chinatown” is the formation of Zheng He seven ocean voyages, Zheng He seven ocean voyages before the had been to Japan. Although these claims enough to be exciting, pride. But calm look at how the number of credible arguments to support these claims?
due to Zheng He voyage of the file to be destroyed Zheng He left us the most valuable of his most visionary saying: “For the prosperity of the country, can not set the ocean to the expense. take a sea of ??wealth, danger from the sea … once the monarch of his country won the Southeast Asia, China Weiyi. my fleet invincible, available expansion of business, the uniform of a foreign land, it did not dare coveted Nanyang …… It is said that this is the period of Zheng He Ming Ren-Zong Ju Chi said. Such a brilliant speech, our country has vast coastal areas and territorial seas and long coastline, is the most precious spiritual wealth. Alone, he uttered the four words, he is our country opened my eyes to see the world. Rather than the special skills of the barbarian to the barbarians “highly entrepreneurial, but also of positive significance. This sentence appears only in French scholars Feilangsuowa Debre “overseas Chinese”, a book. The book translated by Zhaoxi Peng, Xinhua Publishing House in 1982. For some words of wisdom, I do not know why the Chinese classics, still did not find a trace. Book distribution range is very small, easy to find, some scholars quoted from Mr. Zheng Yijun on Zheng He’s voyages, “a most articles simply do not note the source. Zheng He and the marine force there such a profound understanding of, and also put it so well so clear, since dynasties rule the world, the emperor is about to have should be criticized. Our country backward beating, Zheng He later emphasis on sea power, the set of marine expense?
Of course, to crack the mystery of hope is still there. Zheng He’s voyages files have been destroyed and a number of important personal experiences record, but with the aide, interpreter of Zheng He set sail, such as “Xingcha Sheng Lan, Ying Ya Sheng Lan,” Western Fan Records ” The book, as well as some scholars note was unearthed in recent years underwater archaeological data. Existing data there is good reason to believe, crossed the Indian Ocean intercontinental navigation Zheng He led large fleet size, shipbuilding technology, sophisticated, rich sailing experience, the distance traveled, make the country as much maritime history in the world is unprecedented, far from several decades to dominate the sea in Portugal and other European countries can be compared.
Unfortunately, since Zheng He, China’s shipbuilding and maritime industry, not only did not develop, but stagnation and even retrogression.
Ming and Qing dynasties Zheng F To the Fudong Nan territorial waters of the enemy, to take a negative ban on maritime policy. To block the enemy for the purpose of the “Evacuation”, “ban on the sea”, to implement the results of blockade of its own. This passive defense strategy continues for hundreds of years. For several hundred years of Europe Award seafaring era. The European bourgeoisie has set off a predatory colonial wealth for the purpose of maritime explorers climax, countries compete to expand overseas trade, competition for maritime supremacy, to find a new route to form an enduring sailing hot. This period of the Ming and Qing dynasties political F, strangled in the world ahead of the shipbuilding and maritime industry. The decline of shipbuilding and maritime industry, the building of the Navy out of the question, the journey across is actually a maritime defense. Those in power for long periods of great importance to the ocean, the lack of maritime awareness, do not realize that the sea power relates to the prosperity of the country. The two Opium Wars, a series of Waterloo, was awakened by the Qing rulers, felt Haiphong behind the risk, part of the governors and high officials within the scope of their power to do Westernization in order to self. Special skills “to the” barbarian “from the” heavenly everything, this process of understanding a hundred years time. This understanding is to get out from the defeat in the understanding of the defeated mainly attributed to the weapons as good as people, and thus “self-strengthening movement” from the purchase of guns and cannons. Ming and Qing introduced from foreign red gun, two centuries later, from other countries to introduce a new generation of guns. Such a big country like we rely on to buy the weapons of the ulterior motive of the aggressor to consolidate national defense, that defense can consolidate got?
a country of nearly 20,000 kilometers of coastline, there is not even a central command of ocean-going fleet. One used to have the advantage of the country at sea, Once upon a time actually reduced to only a few pieces of non-system of the genus similar to modern marine police oceanic navy, or even failure of the Coast police. To deal with pirates, against smugglers could not do, and how to guard the territorial seas of the motherland?
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