Reputation around the strategy of China’s active implementation of large impact on the neighbors
information Figure: Trans-expected figure
According to the United States, “Eurasia Review” magazine website, June 8 Journal of the text, first introduced the strategy of surrounding the origin of China’s large, and large around the strategy and development of historical and cultural inheritance made a thorough study, and finally discusses the strategy for China may be big around the impact on neighboring countries. According to the article, is as big around strategy and military strength of China’s economic emergence of the increase, China is actively carrying out the implementation of the strategy, including India, will give a huge impact on neighboring countries.
article first mentioned the strategy surrounding the origin of a large, large is China’s national military strategy around the new think-tank, the popular old news. It first appeared in Hong Kong “Ta Kung Pao,” September 24, 2009 a story in the article doubts the ability of the PLA to protect the border. Subsequently, another Hong Kong newspaper “Mirror” in the January 29, 2010, when have responded. Because of the potential and including India, many neighboring countries in conflict, it requires to determine the academic explanation. Three months later, a Chinese researcher published a paper clearly inspired by the concept; he proposed the theory of power, and that the face of Central Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia, the rapidly changing geopolitical, The strategy for China is necessary. Since then, the concept has been concerned about the People’s Liberation Army officers.
article said the U.S. media, including 克斯利蒂娜 – Lin (Christina Lin), including some Chinese observers, concerned about China’s construction of high-speed rail network and railway stations installed in more than 1,000 military transport movements ; their view, this is China’s major strategic action around. Nevertheless, the People’s Liberation Army in 2010 decided to use high-speed train from Shanghai to Nanjing will be transported back to the army barracks, which is considered China to be completed within a few hours when necessary, rapid deployment of military targets to try. According to this fact, in line with the strategy is big around, China will take active in several theater of military operations, which also includes the border with the countries bordering the sea. However, fast and safe railway traffic has been revised to Tibet, Nepal and ready to connect. In this regard, the future plan is to expand the rail network to other neighboring countries. Because a variety of reasons, which will end its combat capability with a limited.
the same time, it requires reform of the method on the theory; This multi-polar world of the future may have to pay a high price. At present, China’s international balance of theory accounted for the right side; but it can not be completely ruled out unilateral military action may be selected.
article discusses the Chinese strategy of making a big driving force around, and in-depth study of the possible contours of the strategy. As a strategic culture with Chinese characteristics, inheritance, it is fully based on “potential” concept. Presumably, this is a layout of the country turned to the other side of the strategic approach. “China’s 2010 Defense White Paper” also does not have any difference with the past. Every time China’s economic strength and military strength on some kind of way, they will modify their own theories. The same media may render the concept of China as an economic and military power in the international arena, the rising influence the results.
from a structural point of view, this concern: the causes and methods of theoretical pillar; development of the strategic plan of the fault lines; China adventure under the vulnerability and survival of the fittest. Research assumptions include: China strategic change from defensive to offensive behavior, is China’s growing economic and military strength of the results; Chinese policy makers aware of the fault lines, largely the lack of media coverage of the current end result, neighboring countries may not be optimistic.
U.S. media article said that China supports the successive leadership, especially the ancient Chinese “to win peace with war” strategic culture. “Contingency” concept constitutes a key decision-making basis, the basis of prudent contingency based on the “potential” concept. This gives the Chinese according to the time, place and determine the strategic balance of power approach, and with some means, of limited resources to deter the enemy, so take the risk of military attack. This from the grandson of the “soldiers who, affairs of state also.”
Michael-D-swain (Michael D. Swaine) and Ashley-J-Tellis (Ashley J. Tellis) studies confirmed that China has been using high-pressure or non-coercive measures to ensure peace core areas from external intrusion; in the modern, is entirely calculated by its advantages. On the long border, control and influence the surrounding area expansion and contraction, China’s comprehensive national strength is often a sign of rising or falling. Historically, it has been the use of force to the affiliation of a tough stance, the annexation of neighboring areas, in remote areas to deter or “distant past attack” strategy.
U.S. media article said that although China’s strategic thinking and consistent strategy around the theory of China’s large appearance due to the slow pace and gradually become blurred. China think-tank theory, the key concept has undergone significant changes, including in military thinking, military strategy, military campaigns and military tactics of the four levels above. Until 1985, the Central Military Commission with the theory of war instead of all the local war thinking. Chinese think tank, speculated that people’s war and do not exceed the scope of active defense, perhaps because no alternative ideas. China’s economic difficulties is not enough to properly equip 2.8 million strong People’s Liberation Army.
U.S. media article said, people’s war strategy needs to support a wide range of people, three-stage strategy for protracted guerrilla warfare based. Mao active defense and passive defense will contrast with the definition. In the context of war, it said the first attack, in essence, is offensive. Thus, the Chinese way of war described in the form of defense. The strength of the national strategic reference grandson to calculate, the strategy will enable China to their own needs as a last resort to do. Among all the battles in the past (including the 1962 Sino-Indian war), this theory is based around the strategy.
article said the U.S. media, the phenomenon of change theory and action in a relatively more transparent, which is facing many development issues, the result of intense debate; though, they are still in the established national military target range. In 1987, the Military Academy of the strategic study for the introduction of aggressive intent and purpose of the local limited war strategy proposed method; The method is based on people’s war under modern conditions the strategy of joint use of trench warfare and armed combat maneuver warfare to deal with before possible invasion of the Soviet Union. In contrast, the Academy of Military Sciences in 1999 to prepare a series based on modern high-tech local wars under conditions of a more extensive strategic planning methods; The method according to the target, intensity and fatal change. Then the other two books, namely, “Contemporary World Military and China’s national defense” and “strategic theory study guide” book for the theory to increase the technical standards; the 1991 Gulf War and the Kosovo war in 1999 is fresh comments proof. In 2002, China National Defense University, compiled the “strategic theory study guide” contains: China think-tank on the modern concept of high-tech local wars under conditions of the nature and characteristics of the clear position.
U.S. media article said that China’s war paradigm shift in theoretical approach with the Chinese war machine, institutional capacity and operational ability to change, all of these because of China’s threat perception occurs. The disintegration of the former Soviet Union to eliminate the possibility of occurrence of full-scale war, but there are many places prone to conflict; it forced Chinese leaders and military planners still need to take into account the inevitable wars. However, the speed of the Gulf War and deadly to Chinese strategists consider a local war under modern conditions.
strategic plan to track the changes in China, and in relation to neighboring countries, including India, the offensive and defensive military options of the decision matrix for the Chinese decision-makers do not directly and simply. Offensive and defensive political and military supporters of the theory of Stephen – Fan – Patrice Evra (Stephen Van Evera), George-H-Quest (Geroge H. Quester), Christensen (Thomas J. Christensen), Kyle-A-Lay Peter (Keir A. Lieber) and Jack – Snyder (Jack Snyder), who provided invaluable in-depth understand. Although, with a number of technical and strategic impetus and independent variables, they will balance offense and defense policy as the main decisive factor. In modern Chinese military writers, gold and Tang Xu Ping offensive or defensive battlefield decision-making tends to support offensive and defensive balance. Theoretical prediction power is not absolute, the Chinese offensive and defensive balance with neighboring countries, including India, compared to China as a good defensive or offensive strategy pointers.
U.S. media article said, the “defensive realism” is hard to imagine that China’s military planners have offensive strategic plan; the offensive and defensive balance in turn help to protect the national interest. “Preemptive” attack on the strategic plan as part of China may run out of their own military, economic, and diplomatic resources, but without any visible benefits.
learned that military technology and military strategy of offensive and defensive balance by the independent and dependent variable in composition. In decision-making matrix, individual or group of tactical and strategic advantage will need to control the situation, to avoid counter-productive. Again, these advantages can not be at all times and for all target countries remain absolute. Military technology, both defensive and offensive nature, adventure activities by any differences caused by the fault lines.
has been second-strike nuclear capability is often interpreted as offensive and defensive balance best defense; especially has this ability in the maintenance of national security. China has been working to create quantifiable measures of success; However, it has not crossed a number of offensive strategic milestone. Grandson of the traditional ideological support “win without fighting”, the Chinese leaders and military planners may stop all offensive deployment, looks like the pursuit of the enemy may only strategic advantage and strategic positioning.
U.S. media article said that China has built a pass to Tibet railway, the railway will soon connect Nepal. China is planning to Laos, Singapore, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar to build the railway; Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan have agreed to cooperate with China, Iran, built to connect the Xinjiang region, through Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan, and ultimately Iran to reach the railway line. As part of United Nations-sponsored Trans-Asian Railway that will extend west to Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and even to Europe. By many independent variables affect or interfere with China’s offensive strategic plan in theory, could affect all of these countries. Offensive strategic plan in China to survive is multidimensional, but basically no experience can learn the rules. In theory, under the guidance of offensive defense, neighboring countries will have to be collective “bargaining”; while strengthening the balance of offensive defense both offensive and defensive, offensive strategic plan in China to maintain security. Win-win situation is to ask the Chinese in the border dispute on key issues such as proposed acceptable agreement. (Sri Lanka years)