Experts said China ocean surveillance ship speed to go to the sensitive waters of rights disadvantage
The Figure: China’s ocean surveillance ship underway at sea on patrol
of the: Ge Yaohua
Chinese waters vast, but the marine law enforcement vessels have a limited number of small tonnage, and other developed countries the gap is very large, unable to meet the need for protection of marine resources in the new era, the maintenance of maritime rights and interests. As the “12th Five-Year Plan in full swing, building a maritime power, the development of the Blue Economy” has become an important goal of China’s modernization, “the 12th Five-Year” period will certainly have a number of large, modern marine law enforcement vessels added to the marine rights cause. This article discussed the need for rights in China National Offshore marine law enforcement vessels should have the features.
a Chinese maritime surveillance of maritime law enforcement capacity of the inadequacies of
Chinese maritime surveillance in recent years fielded ships kiloton enforcement ship, maritime law enforcement vessels equipped with maritime surveillance North Sea Corps, Corps East China Sea, South China Sea Corps, half of the vessels and equipment in the 1970s, the overall tonnage, the number will not be able to meet per 1 000 square kilometers of sea area with the requirements of one, can not adapt to the new era to protect marine resources, and safeguard the needs of the maritime rights and interests. Especially in recent years the waters of the East China Sea, South China Sea disputes and confrontation between the significant increase in violation of our rights and interests such as foreign research vessel, the Diaoyu Islands collision, like Bohai Sea oil spill incident, we need the maritime surveillance law enforcement boat in the first a time to respond rapidly to stop, control the development of the situation, but it is difficult to do on the ship force.collision occurred in the waters near the Diaoyu Islands
2010, clearly show this. After the collision, our government sent a fisheries enforcement vessel, but the fishery enforcement vessels to reach the waters of the incident, China knocked the fishing vessels and fishermen have been detained by the Japanese side, and fisheries enforcement vessel has been many times greater than its own Japan Coast Guard patrol boat surveillance and interference. Precisely because of the lack of a sufficient number of enforcement vessels of large tonnage, not like the Japan Coast Guard sensitive sea area as a 24-hour patrol, encountered unexpected events is difficult to quickly respond effectively.
According to media reports, in order to improve the enforcement capability of maritime rights, China in the next five years, the construction of 36 marine law enforcement vessels. The author believes that with a new generation marine law enforcement vessels into the column, the ship strength of China’s maritime law enforcement in terms of overall tonnage, endurance, function has a marked improvement, but in large quantities to increase the number at the same time, for now maritime law enforcement vessels of the East China Sea, the need to consider at least 4:00.
First, the current Chinese maritime surveillance equipment, large and medium-sized law enforcement boat speed is low, generally in about 20. According to reports, the South China Sea Branch of State Oceanic Administration, the newly recruited column marine law enforcement ship “Chinese maritime surveillance 75″ boat, double machine and vehicle speed to reach a speed of not less than 20.6. Enforcement vessels as non-military purposes, the requirements of speed, although not very high, but high speed to improve the control ability of law enforcement boats in sensitive waters, no doubt plays a vital role. Is more important in the East China Sea, the Diaoyu Islands, for example, the case of emergencies, the Chinese enforcement vessels of at least should arrive within five hours, otherwise it will miss the best time, by the active variable passive.
Second, China’s large and medium-sized law enforcement vessels positive large-tonnage, long range, high-tech direction, but law enforcement agencies, law enforcement ship design, construction, application of basic into the system, not unity, and even the new ship in the maritime surveillance system has yet to achieve the serialization and standardization of construction and design. Their design and construction embodies the characteristics of each sector, but design all aspects of construction, personnel training and other costs, while increasing the difficulty of post-maintenance. Can be formed by various law enforcement agencies in the enforcement board of similar tonnage standardization, serialization, and in accordance with their different requirements for fine-tuning, which is no doubt the development of maritime law enforcement forces in the future, China will play a constructive role.
third, due to the beginning of the set up of the Chinese maritime surveillance, is relying on August 23, 1982 adopted at the twenty-fourth meeting of the Fifth National People’s Congress Standing Committee and published by the People’s Republic of China on Marine Environmental Protection Law “was established. The original full name of the marine environment monitoring monitoring fleet. The special historical conditions and the background caused by the dual function of the ocean surveillance ship both oceanographic research with law enforcement. Ship logo, the equipment with the actual tasks are to take into account the human rights of law enforcement and marine survey, which refers to the foreign recognize my ocean surveillance ship for oceanographic survey ship, negating my marine management and enforcement body capable of providing a “basis”, which reduce the effectiveness of enforcement. For example, on December 8, 2008 China Sea monitoring 51 boats and the Chinese maritime surveillance 46 “boat cruise Diaoyu Islands subsidiary islands, Japanese media reports stressed that China’s maritime surveillance law enforcement boat for the Chinese marine research ship”, and claimed to invade Japan territorial waters to carry out investigative activities. As we all know, the oceanographic survey cruise with official legal status is obviously different, and its emphasis on government official boat for the marine survey vessels and normal cruising enforcement is said to be the marine survey, its purpose can be imagined.
Fourth, the current Chinese maritime surveillance enforcement vessels are non-armed enforcement vessels, but at this stage of national official enforcement vessels enhance the weaponization of, such as the Korea Maritime Police Agency, Japan Coast Guard maritime law enforcement vessels are equipped with large-caliber, high rate of fire of artillery. Marine law enforcement vessels armed based on the one hand in order to deal with attacks such as maritime terrorism, piracy and other threats; the other hand, enhanced with the modern countries of maritime awareness, the maintenance of maritime rights and interests, the protection of marine resources and compete more and more intense, likely to occur in the disputed sea sea confrontation, should armed conflict, non-armed enforcement vessels of is bound to be vulnerable to attack.
The future maritime surveillance law enforcement vessel should be a high-speed, standardization, specialization direction
maritime surveillance enforcement vessel speed
new generation of light ocean surveillance ship should have about 30 high-speed, so that in emergencies the first time appeared on the scene, control, deal with the situation; large, medium, the highest law enforcement ship speed should be around 25, should have at least 4500 nautical miles in economic speed endurance, the ability to cruise the whole area. Law enforcement boat of a new generation of ocean surveillance ship standardization of
maritime surveillance law enforcement
should have a common standard platform, using the same or similar design, craftsmanship, and power, according to different needs and modular technological innovation to meet the various needs. Try to ship accessories simple, universal, in order to reduce the difficulty of maintenance, training and time. In case of emergency situations can also be through the interaction between the deployment of the ship, in order to protect the maritime law enforcement force. Large, medium-sized ocean surveillance ship while the formation of the series, standardization development module upgrading to reserve space.
3 maritime surveillance law enforcement vessel specialization
enforcement vessels of a new generation of maritime surveillance should be specialized, must have an accurate grasp of the marine investigation and enforcement of rights, gradually rights law enforcement and marine scientific research survey to be separated from the allocation of dedicated ocean surveillance ship as “special” ship to use, mainly engaged in marine scientific research, surveys, and other ocean surveillance ship cruise performance of official duties. Meanwhile, we must clear the dominant position of the Chinese maritime surveillance enforcement vessels to avoid in the future enforcement of rights in a passive potential.share: