Chinese fishermen bitter about Boundaries: Korean maritime police shot side side hot pursuit
data for : Han Guohai Police exercise
“It is now the most prosperous fishermen are most busy time, but I did not ship much open upward.” Weihai in Shandong on the Isle fishing pier, the local He is sitting in his fishing Alto car owner, told reporters that a sigh. In his car, with a month of old newspapers, eye-catching title says – “South Korea two days arrested 26 Chinese fishing boats, the use of large vessels and helicopters.” December 12, a “Chinese fishermen stabbed Han Guohai Police,” the news raged not only Korea, but also to the eastern coastal city in recent years, this frayed nerves and pulled again. Detained in China, “Ruben fishing 15001″ number is registered in Weihai Wendeng fishing. Speaking of foreign fishing dispute, a fisherman said, shaking his head, “are being forced to do anything.” The Chinese territory of the cultivators are blue why risk Fuwai sea fishing? They have a kind of bitterness behind? Why China and South Korea continue to intensify fishery disputes? “Global Times”, World Wide Web reporter recently in a number of fishing ports of Weihai-depth dialogue with many fishermen, trying to find answers to these questions.
event a huge shock to the Chinese fishermen
Shandong Shidao fishing port in northern China is the largest country in central-level fishing port, often strong winds in recent days , Isle back to Hong Kong harbor full of fishing boats parked. “Global Times” correspondent at noon on December 13 finally contacted several local fishermen who had just come out of Weihai Rongcheng Marine Fisheries Service. Monthly to the local council boss sent notification to all fishing vessels, publicity laws, and warned not to cross-border illegal fishing vessels. 12 days after the incident, the Bureau of Fisheries held an emergency meeting. “Tightly control the fisheries sector has to tell you not to cross-border fishing, not to resist inspection, but no way …” a boatman paused. He told reporters that in addition to being a vessel Han Guohai Police arrested and, in fact detained Chinese fishing sector while several cross-border illegal fishing on the 12th Chinese fishing boats, waiting to be processed.
12, 2010 China fishermen stabbed Han Guohai Police news came out, South Korean media on the Chinese fishermen, “violent resistance to arrest” raise such a fuss, “locusts”, “Mad Dog” and other abusive words filled in Korea major media coverage and commentary. One is said to have had dealings with the Han Guohai Police fishermen on the “Global Times” reporter, said the situation at sea than on land, the complexity of people’s imagination, even if the Korean people that really like to kill the sea, as the police, “is forced to have helped, as people will be hungry, anxious to steal the same. ” He said, “Those people are just ordinary fishermen, malicious wounding never intended, kills certainly an accident. These people only want to get out without penalty three or four hundred thousand yuan.”
actual on cross-border fishing often see Chinese fishing boat’s shadow Han Guohai Police will turn back on, but the Chinese fishing vessels equipped with helicopters, equipment and other “heavy” equipment of the Han Guohai Police simply can not be compared, often ‘is Han Guohai Police caught. Those heavily armed police on the Chinese fishermen from the Han Guohai blunt. A fisherman to reporters about ten days ago, a friend of his ship “tough grab the child,” the story. He said that friends of cross-border fishing boat, found each other after being turned tail and ran. Unexpectedly, Han Guohai go after the police side, the side facing the fishing boats on the radar continuous shooting, “the crew scared the soul is gone.” The local fishermen, 12-day event to give them a huge psychological impact. South Korea said it would allow the Coast Guard to deal with the first shot against the Chinese fishermen, a fisherman said, ready to temporarily “close hand”, “want peace over a years.”
Fu Han into fishing without a license may be punished with cards
the Korean Peninsula on the western waters of Shandong fishermen’s traditional fishing grounds for centuries. From the Shandong Peninsula where three or four hundred kilometers, with rich fishery resources, become in recent years Chinese fishermen, “goes out” of choice. But the process is not smooth. Starting in 2005, “China’s invasion of South Korea’s exclusive economic zone fishing” message been seen in South Korean media. In 2008, China and South Korea fisheries focus on the outbreak of conflict, two Chinese fishermen drowned: a Han Guohai Police are also trying to inventory when the drowning death of a Chinese fishing boat. In order to combat cross-border fishing, Han Guohai Police increased vessels, equipped with helicopters and set up special forces team, with the means to fight against Somali pirates Chinese fishermen.
“before there is obviously a traditional fishing ground of Chinese fishermen, how to become South Korea’s exclusive economic zone, and we just started Dounong not understand, had not consciously on the line.” ‘Isle boss Chen fishing port doubt to the “Global Times” correspondent said. One expert told the reporter, the answer is to take effect in 2001, “China-ROK Fisheries Agreement”, the agreement between China and South Korea’s waters will be classified into three parts, namely “provisional measures waters”, “transitional waters” and “maintain the existing fishing waters.” The “provisional measures” of the two waters in the Agreement enters into force four years later in 2005, to South Korea to manage their respective exclusive economic zones. The traditional fishing ground of Chinese fishermen’s just part of the exclusive economic zone in Korea. According to “China-ROK Fisheries Agreement” stipulates that Chinese fishermen if you want to enter this area, the South Korean authority to be issued by relevant Chinese departments “into the fishing license.” Shandong coastal Marine Fisheries Service organized each year around fishing vessels “Yaohao” in the ballot to get a fishing license. However, Mr. Chen said, there are thousands of boats fishing only Isle, shake to number only “Article 180.” His two ships never “had to sign in.” He said that previously rich Shandong coastal fishery resources, “you think to the Korean side of fishing, a license can be purchased for three or four thousand dollars, but this year, a card has been pushed up to 26 million.”
However, even get a fishing license, go to South Korea’s exclusive economic zone fishing is not easy. There is evidence of a fishing boat owner with the “harassment” word to describe Han Guohai Police intensive inventory. He said that in South Korea’s exclusive economic zone fishing needs at all times to maintain contact with the ROK – newspaper production, newspaper position, Han Guohai Police also will be boarding at any time. Once a mesh size of fishing nets, sea fishing, called chi, catch, catch, or any other details of the irregularities, Han Guohai Police will arrest. Mr. Chen said that many fishermen to fight for a permit, said a fish would say, for fear of “overweight.” If South Korea provides standard 250-horsepower boats hit 40 tons, could play less, but even more than that should be punished. “How can you be so accurate pinch thing, and they were heavy penalty, a penalty is Sansishiwan yuan.” In order to accommodate the fishermen sometimes have Najiu maritime police bribery and money, because if in full accordance with the provisions of South Korea to go fishing , “round-trip tolls are making do not come back.”
your license and permit fishing also make vain the money, some local fishing boats fishing without a license altogether. Such vessels usually sail at night or when the storms, while Han Guohai Police inconvenience outbound cross-border marked when several networks. This is extremely dangerous, long ago, Rongcheng a fishing boat without a license from the “opposite” way back fishing sank. A fisherman told reporters that he has had time to take advantage of the wind out to sea, but I never thought the sea wind blowing ten, almost capsize, “Now think of it still scared.”
According to Korean statistics, the last five years, South Korea on Chinese fishing boats of the fine amounted to 29.4 billion won (about 164 million yuan). If the “violence”, Chinese fishermen also face criminal process. For these measures, a number of South Korean media that is not enough, and continue to accuse the Chinese government strictly controls the fishermen. In this regard, Weihai into Masan Town boss Lee pier, in fact, illegal, or undocumented vessels in addition to South Korea after being arrested punishment, came back China in the fisheries sector is also facing punishment. He said, “In general, the local government will be back in a few months after the ban on fishing vessel, and may be abolished fuel subsidies.” The so-called fuel subsidies, when a fuel price is higher than a standard, the Chinese authorities compliance of fishing vessels to provide capital subsidy. By fishing vessel “hosts total power” to count, a 280-horsepower boats a year can make up to 17 million. Mr. Li said that even if a loss, do not dare to cross-border fishing without a license, if caught and then deducted the fuel subsidy, “it really would be bankrupt.”
Chinese coastal fisheries in trouble
In fact, in Weihai, as Rongcheng, Wendeng in the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea and other offshore fishing grounds at the junction of the two, Zengyin sitting “fish warehouse” in Shandong “Blue Economy” leader, why the fishermen have to run the risk of cross-border fishing at it? In a local called “Northern fish market,” the pier, Mr. Chen pointed from his “Ruben fishing XX” fishing boat unloaded fish for reporters to see, almost all hand long fish, not the kind of able to sell one hundred yuan a pound of seafood restaurants. Mr. Chen said his offshore fishing vessels, one to one to get 10 days, the fight of all fish can only do the “junk fish”, a sea up to sell more than 20 million. “Varnish money would have burned fourteen fifty thousand, more than 20 crew members had to open the wages. The cost of the plane out, do not make any money here the case of the fishermen are the same.”
It Local people said, in general, fishery resources are mobile and can be recycled, if only local operations in the fish mature, will not cause too much damage to fisheries resources, but the Chinese fishermen “chasing fish salvage”, and used more commonly known as “absolutely household net” fishing nets. “For example, eating octopus popular in recent years, the city, even the fishermen catch octopus spawning areas, outside their range.” This fishing method, coupled with the growing pollution in recent years, many fishermen in trouble.
cross-border fishing for things Chinese fishing boats, a South Korean fishing boat captain named Zhaonan Zhao told reporters that Chinese fishing boats to the South Korean exclusive economic zones cross-border fishing things happen, most of which are Chinese fishing boats is no official license for illegal fishing. Zhaonan Zhao said that although little direct Chinese fishing boats clashed with South Korea, but because too many Chinese fishing boats, and the use of small mesh trawl fishing, to the great damage South Korea’s fishery resources. In fact, only a dozen years ago, South Korean fishing boats illegally fishing within the exclusive economic zone of Japan have disputes have ignited. To solve this problem and protect the marine resources and environment, the South Korean control the number of marine fishing vessels and seafood prices increased steadily, so that cross-border fishing decreased. A Chinese fisheries, told reporters, “In fact, in recent years, China has strict control of the local approval of new fishing vessels, but some fishermen have no other life skills in addition to fishing, changing jobs more difficult,” South Korea may be difficult to short-term fishery disputes corpuscles.
Liaoning Academy of Social Sciences researcher Lu Chao, “Global Times” said, “If the fishermen’s problems ultimately rose to diplomatic issues, and provoked national sentiment in their respective countries, this is a period of time between the two countries are required to face danger. ” Lu Chao also said that China increasingly complex circumstances surrounding waters, Chinese fishermen can easily become a “target”, should strengthen the legal awareness of fishermen out to sea. (Reporter Liang Mang nine newspaper correspondents stationed in South Korea morning)