United States, Japan and India to contain blaze trail, Beijing announced that the United States shot to start challenging!
China and ASEAN countries plan to build a cover over 300 million people of the Mekong River Basin rail system. This railway through the Southeast Asian countries. This U.S. maritime interests and formed a new challenge.
open “Google Earth” software, point your mouse to Southeast Asia, double-click zoom, Indochina on a blue belt in front of slowly clear, this is the Mekong River. This originated in China’s rivers flow through China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam into the South China Sea.
rely on this river, a long time, China and the Mekong River Asian countries have a close trade and cultural ties. However, in modern Western powers gradually colonized Indochina, the impact of development of Indo-China will not just China. After two world wars, Japan and the United States in Indochina has identified a major strategic interests. With the South Asian regional power India’s gradual rise of India also joined the strategic interests of the Indo-competition.
this way, the four countries finally put together a table of Mahjong, this card table in Indochina began infighting. Mekong River to build the railway network, it naturally became a fierce national competition for the most chips. Railway built to where geopolitical influence will extend to where, in order to become dealer, countries are trying to make itself.
China needs to vertical broken” horizontal “
modern times China’s influence in Indochina has been declining. The reason is that, on the one hand modern China’s national strength is weak, the other is the Southeast Asian country’s foreign policy choices of the results. Geopolitical reasons, many ASEAN countries wary of China, have introduced external forces balance the influence of China.
the Cold War, China and ASEAN multinational sovereignty dispute surfaced in the South China Sea. Although China has been taking Tolerance policy, but in the South China Sea, Indochina and China dispute the sovereignty of the countries are still hanging over the head of China as a “sword of Damocles”, could fall at any time.
recent years, Chinese Lancang dams upstream in the Mekong countries have been unreasonable protests. This is the United States, Japan and India and other outside powers involved have the opportunity to influence the direct cause of the Mekong affairs. In the course of the Mekong River to build the railway, in US-Japan game to contain China and India combined faint influence in the region the trend. If this trend as “horizontal”, the Chinese only use the “vertical” to deal with.
after World War II, China has its own strategic interests in Indochina very contradictory, on the one hand do not want to give up their traditional influence on the other hand suffered from the strength of incompetent, unable to compete with the then Soviet Union. After the Cold War, China has adopted a “putting aside disputes” policy, also shows that the Indo-China region in the whole country sort of grand strategy is evident on the list.
With China’s rapid economic development, particularly for raw materials increasingly dependent on oil imports. Middle East oil depends mainly on the control of Malacca after the U.S. military fleet, making oil security has been elevated to the national strategic level.
through the Mekong countries will transport oil from the Middle East land to domestic oil carried by sea has become the best alternative plan. “Mekong River Railway” can be shared after the completion of the risk of maritime and pipeline transportation. If the oil into China by land, sea distances shorter than the current half. To this end, China’s efforts to build trade relations between China and ASEAN countries to work hard.
whether the establishment of China – ASEAN Free Trade Area, or the Mekong River to build the railway network can be seen as a “vertical” strategy of a show. However, this “vertical” not yet fully formed, mainly the lack of stakeholder power support. In the short term, India may be a choice, but needs China to take the initiative to calculate the clear interests of the exchange and the loss of income.
“Mekong railway” construction project in Hanoi, Vietnam in August this year at the Greater Mekong Subregion Economic Cooperation Ministerial Meeting adopted, funded by the Asian Development Bank, or will 2020 become a reality.
Mekong River railway network to build the game on the big screen four countries already opened slowly, quietly flowing Mekong River will no longer calm.
weaving large net U.S. containment of China
who had worked in the Indo-American has a substantial interest, does not hesitate to use military force to fight a full grasp of Vietnam war. Although there was a two US-Soviet hegemony in the background, but why the desperate need to preserve U.S. strategic interests in Indochina is still worth a careful look.
United States has been an emphasis on geo-political influence of the country. It not only has a geo-political theory of the outstanding scholars Spirax Blackman, also has a dedicated planning in accordance with geo-political theory of foreign policy, Kennan. Policy of containment of the former Soviet Union’s rapid development and resolutely implement, can be seen as geopolitics that U.S. decision-makers guidance on the effect of certain national grand strategy.
geopolitical theory, control Eurasia “land rights” Rise of Nations, is the “sea power” national nightmare. In order to eliminate this nightmare to be in the geopolitical theories of the “edge” to contain them. Indochina is “fringe.”
Thus, from the beginning to contain the Soviet Union, the United States in Indochina have major strategic interests. This strategic interests in the 1960s and 1970s reached a peak, then declining rapidly. This curve changes, it is also with the Soviet Union power curve coincide.
recent years, with the rapid rise of China, the United States began in China around the knitting “bag fence” to contain China’s rise. U.S. participation in the Mekong River which is the essence of railroad game.
U.S. “Foreign Policy” magazine has recently published an article that if the U.S. want to “return to Asia”, should focus on the Mekong River Basin. Last year, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary announced its “Action Plan for the Lower Mekong”, by the Mekong countries to draw investment and strengthen cooperation with these countries the United States to counterbalance China in the Mekong River Basin geopolitical influence. Henry L. Stimson Center in Washington released a report on the Mekong River, said: “The United States alone can restore the geopolitical balance of power, so as a new model of development in Southeast Asia to provide support.” “Whether the Mekong region, or other ASEAN countries, have do not want to face alone the increasingly powerful China. “
hit heavily in Japan to contain China
during World War II, Japan see to the strategic importance of Indochina. It is not only bountiful, but also an important strategic position. Japanese occupation of Indochina became the “south strategy” an important part. After the war, the Mekong region has been the focus of one of Japan’s diplomacy. From the 1980s, Japan began in Southeast Asia to operate their own influence. At that time, Japan’s first to enter Vietnam and the Asian Development Bank participated in the development plan for the Southeast Asian region. Japan is not only economic assistance to countries on the Mekong River, is also the region to promote Japanese culture, Japanese language school set up to promote the Japanese.
5 Japan Mekong countries (Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar) is really starting to focus on from the beginning of 2008. China’s increasing influence in ASEAN, making Japan a very passive, they are worried: “Mekong River are included in the future, the trend of Chinese economic circle.”
2008 In January, Japan and the Mekong River foreign ministers of five countries held their first meeting, clearly established in the region for assistance, “East-West Economic Corridor” and “Southern Economic Corridor”, and in 2009 as “Japan Mae bus fleeting. ” All this is obviously intended for the China’s “north-south corridor” program.
Japanese economic aid as a means to the ultimate strategic goal is to expand Japanese influence in Southeast Asia, China in the ASEAN check the status and role. In fact, this is still in contention at the East top spot in the continuation of economic influence.
but because of the growing influence of China’s economy, trade with ASEAN in 2007 over Japan. Combined with Southeast Asian countries has been to take “balance of power” policy, that all great powers pull in, the game between the major powers and checks and balances to obtain their own interests. In fact, in this game, Japan has been at a disadvantage.
India to engage in “expansion” dark anti-China
India’s diplomatic strategy in the last century to achieve a large shift, that “look east” foreign policy. As the South Asian subcontinent’s largest country, India has been hoping to play a communication role of central Asia and Europe.
India’s strategists insisted that the Mekong region should be the Indian geo-political influence is a natural extension. As more is the old Burma Taijian Mekong countries, and ASEAN countries, in the Ganges River in India believe that if we can use as a link between two rivers, these two river basin countries to string together will strengthen ties with ASEAN, India economic and trade relations is very good.
Therefore, to build railways, roads and opening air transport to facilitate economic and trade exchanges, personnel exchanges, and tourism has become India’s implementation of the “enlargement” strategy, the main tool.
build the railway network in the Mekong River on the issue of India’s railway connection in Southeast Asia have expressed considerable interest. Alleged that the railway will begin in New Delhi, through four countries Myanmar and Thai-Lao Jian, Hanoi will be the end.
However, India to expand its influence in the Mekong River at the same time, China apparently also felt the extraordinary influence here. In this regard, India has taken the same as the Sino-Indian border, “eating away” strategy.
India had actively led the formation of a non-Chinese Economic Cooperation Organization, and the older Jian Thai-Myanmar neighbors in the five eastern Mekong – Ganga Cooperation Organization, which the development of tourism, culture and education top priority , intended to gradually establish in the region’s influence in India to contain China’s influence to play.
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