Shocking news: Chinese Air Force imitation “Backfire” bomber stealth shock debut
recent foreign news means that Russia will sell to China 32 D30KP-2 engines, these engines will be made for the production of H-6K bomber, if true would mark China’s air strike capability has been enhanced.
made H-6 bomber
the late 1950s, China’s Air Force operational needs of the former Soviet Union, according to the introduction of Tu-16 bomber, the aircraft from the former Soviet Union beginning in 1948 developed the first generation of jet bombers, due to the presence of slow, low payload, defects and poor defense capabilities, the former Soviet Air Force from the 1960s gradually be eliminated, only a small amount used for reconnaissance, electronic warfare and other uses, China in 1959 Tu-16 aircraft began to trial, but because it was difficult for the national economy, work was suspended, to resume until 1964, the first prototypes to test flight in 1968 was successfully put into mass production in 1969 to nearly 40 years since then, the H-6 are the strategies and tactics of China’s air force bombed the main model, China’s Air Force aircraft also continually improved to enhance the combat capability of the aircraft.
H-6, the troops, China’s Air Force training and exercises based on experience gained, began to improve it, first under the H-6, there is a precision navigation precision, the bombing of the shortcomings of large errors, the development of the bombing of the second generation of automatic pilot system, which includes Doppler navigation radar, bombing radar, optical sight, navigation computer, heading gesture system, automatic pilot device, etc., to improve navigation accuracy and increase the aircraft’s battlefield assault capability, However, the existence of H-6, penetration ability, battlefield survivability weak shortcomings still exist, this country has for the H-6, Air Force installation of a radar warning and active jamming system, and modification of the H-6 electronic jamming aircraft dedicated With support for, but with the development of foreign air defense system, increase resistance to electronic interference, the single measures alone has been difficult to secure protection of H-6 penetration.
the 1980s, China’s Air Force as the situation demands, the decision to H-6 with a medium-range ground missiles, to allow the aircraft with standoff attack capability for the H-6 with the KD-63-type ground missiles made HY-2 missile is developed on the basis, mainly turbojet -11 turbojet replaced the original liquid rocket engine, reducing the weight of the whole play, increased range, the missile uses inertial navigation plus relay last paragraph of the TV-guided complex guidance system, the seeker can be sent through the data link to the image carrier aircraft, the pilot to identify and select the target or targets to attack the weak part, with the ability to lock after launch, but also to H – 6 out of the previous overhead bombing mode, you can fire at each other outside the air defense system to attack, greatly improving the accuracy and viability of the attack, but the H-6 of this stand-off attack capability is still part of the theater level, and important strategic objective of the modern battlefield, sometimes more than one thousand kilometers of distance calculations, including advanced early warning aircraft, air defense systems and combat aircraft, air defense missile systems, artillery and other weapons and equipment, can constitute a multiple of the integrated air defense system, so it is only for H-6 equipment, KD-63 is not enough.
from the north Backfire
from the 1970s onwards, China’s Air Force has been looking for the successor model H-6, H -6-1 and has carried out far bombers and other types of demonstration and research, but are due to weak economic and technological strength, was forced to stop development work, in the 1990s as the country’s economic development, especially the improvement of Sino-Russian relations, foreign media have been rumors that China’s Air Force will Figure -26 introduction of supersonic Backfire bomber as an alternative to active H-6 models.
figure -26 is a former Soviet Union developed in the 1960s twin variable-geometry wing supersonic bomber, whose main characteristic is to have a more complete airborne equipment, including terrain-following radar and inertial navigation systems , can be a long time at low altitude penetration, with a strong ability to fight, to the former Soviet Union, the total production of various types of Figure -26 produced a total of about 500, of which there are about more than 200 still in the Russian air force and naval service, according to the data for -26 (Figure-22M-3, Backfire-C) maximum takeoff weight of 124 tons, fuel capacity of 50 tons and a maximum payload of 24 tons, range 7,000 km, combat radius of 2000 km above, the machine comes standard with 1-3 pieces of KH-22 missile, or ground mounted six KH-15 short-range attack missiles, bombs can be mounted, including the eight FAB-1500 bomb, 42 FAB-500 type Bomb.
Although the mass of swirling, but now, the introduction of China’s Air Force still backfire the exact message, I think this possibility is almost no, the reason is; Backfire’s penetration ability for At that time air defense system in the last century, 6-70 years, although early warning aircraft already in service, but due to lack of look-down mode, so the grasp of low-altitude target is still weak, so the Backfire bomber at the time there is a strong penetration ability, However, the 1990s, as under the early warning capability has been greatly enhanced, for example, through the RSIP improved E-3A AWACS radar reflection area for only 0.5 square meters of the goal has been to provide 500 km detection range, the other With the new airborne fire control AESA mine in particular, high resolution up to and active radar guided air to air missiles in service, but also to modern fighter capability against low altitude targets has been greatly improved, in this case the low-Backfire penetration ability but also the performance of the year whether there are obviously doubtful?
addition Backfire use relatively simple, mainly for strategic strike, and in its support of two KH-22 missile is still in liquid rocket engines, technological obsolescence, and KH-15 Although the performance is better However, Russia is willing to sell are not likely, the most important thing is Backfire-to-ground attack can only use general-purpose bombs, this attack in high-threat environment, the viability of worrying, the battle grid in Russia, Russian Air Force Backfire bomber was actually shot down by Georgian air defense capability is weak, which seems to illustrate the viability of backfire, so Backfire equipment before China’s Air Force may have to face a series of integrated weapons, including precision-guided ground bombs and night electro-optical targeting pod, KH-59 Standoff Attack Missile, KH-31P anti-radiation missiles, but also in the equipment from scratch after the establishment of China’s air force logistics support, training, operating system, all costs will need a lot of money, Therefore, from the development trend of China’s air force is concerned, with such a large investment, get a performance had been significantly reduced combat aircraft, the benefit-cost ratio is clearly uneconomical.
establish the system against the point of view
I believe that the introduction of Backfire bombers are still platform against the view that by upgrading the platform to increase the combat effectiveness of the system, with the development of modern high-tech weapons the difficulty of soaring costs, this practice has become increasingly difficult, the most obvious example is the B-2 stealth bombers, advanced technology, excellent performance, but the high cost of even the Americans are not a lot of equipment, difficult to fully replace the original old B-52 bomber fleet, then how to make these old aircraft to play in modern high-tech war in the performance of its due? American practice is to install cruise B-52 bomber, which combination produces a “1 +1″ 2 “effect; low-altitude cruise missile can penetrate penetration for a long time, can make up for a lack of penetration bomber shortcomings, and far range bombers, endurance long range cruise missiles can make up for lack of shortcomings, allowed to have a greater range of combat capabilities. According to the U.S. have been evaluated, if the 1000 cruise missile attacks on the former Soviet Union, then the layout of the former Soviet Union at least 100 and 1000 A-50 early warning aircraft, Su–27,1000 Department S-300 air defense missile system to defend, build This defense system needs billions of dollars, while U.S. production of these cruise missiles and B-52 bombers modified to be smaller than its cost, the benefit-cost ratio is obviously very significant.
actually from the 1990s local wars, B-52 and mounted cruise has always played the role of pioneer, B-52 took off from the United States, flying at high altitude cruise to the target, and then hundreds of kilometers away from the target, low-altitude cruise missiles and bombers returning original way, cruise missiles launched by the different platforms for centralized, multi-batch attacks, strong against all the other military targets, reducing the each other’s operational efficiency, this fight against the war in Kosovo live even extended to the important sectors of its economy and parts of the fight, and thus undermine the will to resist each other, for the U.S. Air Force has proposed the use of air-launched cruise missiles against important targets of enemy extensive and continuous long-range combat, destroy the enemy’s ability to maintain the war and the potential to achieve so-called so-called “non-contact” combat, and airborne platforms of the biggest advantages is that you can long remain in the air, to prevent a sudden attack each other, but also You can quickly arrive at the theater near the demonstration flight, forcing the other to give up fighting intentions to achieve without fighting the soldiers of the results. That is why the U.S. Air Force B-52 decided to continue in service after 2030, when the aircraft will be bent up to 80 years old!
economic strength of the U.S. Air Force like this, I am afraid of China’s Air Force operational platform can not update all the existing operational systems to improve performance in the sword-made cruise missiles armed forces after -10 for H – 6 modified to extend its life on the cruise an ideal choice, that is, through two existing weapons and equipment for effective integration, to achieve the purpose of enhancing the existing operational systems, and for H-6, the cost of the installation of cruise missiles obviously far less than developing a new strategic bomber, or the introduction of the cost of Backfire bombers, and the sword can be launched into the -10 through improved ground-launched, ship-launched and submarine-launched a variety of models to meet the different branches of the long-range strike capability the need to form a continuous, tight firepower system, this investment is a multiplier effect.
H-6 itself, but it is not a suitable platform for air-launched cruise, the biggest drawback is the use of aircraft turbojet -8 engines, thrust a small, fuel consumption, coupled with body smaller capacity tank shells, small payload, range close, so the aircraft can only be used when cruise missiles mounted resistance to the larger plug-in approach, the shortcomings of such H-6 becomes more prominent, and also despite repeated improved H-6 avionics system is still relatively backward, the lack of more complete avionics, fire control and plug-in management system, so our Air Force will decide to renew H-6, which is the legendary H-6K, aircraft can actually be seen as China’s Air Force cruise missile carrier aircraft – in fact the U.S. Air Force B-52 bombers were for the idea of ??renewal. Based on overseas data, the H-6K with two D-30KP engine replaces the original engine turbojet -8, technically speaking, D-30KP does not represent the latest level of modern aircraft engines, but the indicators than the turbojet -8 compared to improve the still very obvious, such as the turbojet-8 kN maximum thrust of about 93, weight of 3230 kg, while the D-30KP reached 107 kN, the weight is only 2,300 kg, fuel consumption vortex Spray 8 in 1, while D-30KP only about 0.5-0.7, the size difference between small, turbojet -8 length of 5.31 m, 1.4 m in diameter, while the D-30KP length 5.7 m, diameter 1.5 meters, so just to H-6 engine nacelle and inlet right to increase, to meet the needs facelift D-30KP, because the increase in engine performance, effectively increase the performance of the aircraft for the aircraft to increase load laid a solid foundation, so the H-6K in an increase of four wing pylons, which allowed the number of cruise missiles mounted to 6, effectively improve the aircraft’s stand-alone and fire a single attack density. Another technical level of China’s aviation electronic systems developed rapidly, for the H-6K for electronic equipment, including flight, inertial navigation, plug-in management, including integrated avionics system and glass cockpit, thus further improving its combat capability.
improve the Air Force’s combat capability
equipped with air-launched cruise missiles, so the Air Force H-6 from the most backward of our model, has become one of “first battle with me,” the “iron fist” when an emergency occurs, the H-6K can take off from bases in China’s inland, a few hours you can fly for the border region, to deter flight, forcing the other to give up aggressive intentions, if the other party insists, it can be an important strategy through its , military, and economic center for combat, to weaken its ability to maintain the war and the potential to -10 sword about 1500-2000 km range calculation, H-6K in border areas can deter China from the Indian subcontinent to Indochina, South China Sea , the East China Sea, the Korean Peninsula and large areas of the Japanese archipelago, according to overseas data, China’s Air Force currently has approximately 100 H-6 aircraft, if they can maintain 70% attendance, each sword rack mount 4 -10, then increases a new production of the H-6K can then once out of hundreds of cruise missiles to the other side the ability to launch, plus pre-deployment of ground-launched and ship-launched and other models, you can actually break through the neighboring countries of effective air defense system. Therefore, the H-6K with a combination of sword -10 not only represent our Air Force combat capability also represents China’s deterrent capability and to a new level.
for our Air Force is to fully achieve this capability is still some distance to go, the first Air Force and the H-6K as an important force of China’s deterrence, after all, not a long dependence on imported engines need to develop the domestic aviation industry despite the replacement engine, to avoid future controlled by others, in addition to cruise missiles, with terrain matching guidance requires a large number of target areas, detailed maps, route planning system in order to get the missile flight path, which is made in China Remote Sensing Satellite higher demand, and difficult terrain matching guidance on the use of marine direction, so the U.S. cruise missiles have been used INS/GPS guidance system replaces the complex terrain matching guidance, if simply using inertial navigation, the more distance on the attack difficult to ensure accuracy, requiring correction of satellite navigation systems, requiring China to accelerate the two Beidou satellite navigation and positioning system construction, otherwise the long-range strike capability of China’s Air Force will be a constraint.
bomber through the installation of cruise missiles for the old-fashioned, let both the ability to greatly increase operational efficiency, which tells us that modern war is a system of confrontation, the development of our ideas must stand up the system point of view thinking, in order to achieve a multiplier effect.
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