Commented that the course of Chinese peacekeepers and show confidence in multilateral diplomacy has become more sophisticated
Xingjian, MA in international relations, the main research directions: international peace and security in Central Asia, the situation in South Asia, China-Africa relations. United Nations agencies in China have been an African country and work.
Author: Xingjian (independent commentator)
peacekeeping under the United Nations collective security system, an important mechanism in the forties of last century was established that is implemented. Over the past 20 years, China has gradually and actively participate in UN peacekeeping operations. Up to now, China has accumulated to 28 UN peacekeeping operations sent more than 19,000 people, involved in the deployment in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and other large areas of peacekeeping, the UN Security Council permanent members to send peacekeepers than any other country. Meanwhile, China has 2,000 military peacekeeping forces and the police are 10 missions tasks.
Chinese peacekeepers have won the United Nations agencies, host Governments and people highly appreciated. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said the Chinese peacekeepers is the world’s peace envoy, the pride of China. Former head of the UN Secretary-General for Victoria and Alan Le Roy appreciated China’s UN peacekeeping operations have become the “key factors” and “key competencies.” This is China’s participation in the work of one of the highlights of multilateral diplomacy, multilateral diplomacy is also made important achievements.
the past, the Chinese after the United Nations peacekeeping operations from the “no intervention” to “full participation” of course. Quite a long time, China did not participate in peacekeeping operations until 1988, joining the United Nations Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations, China was gradually involved in UN peacekeeping operations. In April 1992, China to the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia sent 400 soldiers from the brigade composed of engineers, created a Chinese army to send troops into the establishment in the first of its kind in UN peacekeeping operations. Since then, China’s participation in peacekeeping operations and the number gradually increased, the number increasing; organization and coordination capacity strengthening, China formally established Department of Defense Peacekeeping Affairs Office, responsible for unified coordination and management of China’s military participation in UN peacekeeping efforts; peacekeeping training intensified, China Langfang, Hebei and other places in the establishment of peacekeeping personnel training base; maintenance and work to expand foreign relations, China has repeatedly invited the United Nations and the relevant state officials, scholars on the question of peacekeeping seminars on the dimension of the new situation and problems.
40 years, China’s participation in UN peacekeeping operations history of the evolution of United Nations China’s multilateral diplomacy reflects the growing maturity and self-confidence. In 1971, China resumed its legitimate seat at the United Nations. After many years, China has mainly focused on multilateral diplomatic procedures and familiar with United Nations rules and handling is related to their major issues of peace and security of United Nations peacekeeping work in the field without Xia taken into account. Moreover, when China’s peacekeeping operations in politically conservative position that the peacekeeping operation will not help hot spots of unrest or problem solved, the lack of active participation in peacekeeping initiative.
since the early 1990s, China’s UN policy and practice of multilateral diplomacy began to adjust. First, China as a permanent member, and gradually establish a sense of great power, attention was focused on the multilateral stage shaping the image of a responsible big country. China is not only active participation in UN specialized agencies of the meeting, is also actively involved in peacekeeping and other actions, together with the relevant countries to peacekeeping and international peace and security. Second, China’s extensive participation in multilateral diplomacy, while continuing to adhere to the “non-interference” principle, but also insist on a calm and realistic analysis of the hot issues of the solution. China recognized that the fundamental solution to the conflict problem is that although economic development and the perseverance of consultations and negotiations, but both the short and long-term perspective, can indeed play a peacekeeping role to ease the conflict, but also brought to the negotiating time and space, participation in peacekeeping operations as a natural thing. Third, into conflict, desire peacekeeping intervention is weak in many developing countries, they generally welcome China’s peacekeeping force. China taking advantage of the positive difference, through participation in UN peacekeeping operations to further effectively promoted China and the countries of the traditional friendship and cooperation. For example, China’s participation in United Nations in the Congo (DRC) and Sudan peacekeeping operations, to close the two countries, China and the political and economic cooperation has played an irreplaceable role in promoting bilateral multilateral diplomacy has become an important idea of ??China one.
Looking ahead, the United Nations peacekeeping operations have been expanding, including the “protection of civilians” and the increasingly widespread, including authorization, will be the major powers to play a major role in the country, affecting the evolution of international and regional situation, an important starting point. China has accumulated a wealth of participation in UN peacekeeping operations experience, with the changing international situation, needs further careful study of the development direction of peacekeeping operations and challenges on the issues put forward their own policies and proposals to a higher level, more comprehensive participation in peacekeeping operations, safeguarding world peace and promoting common development, China take concrete actions to put into practice the path of peaceful development.share: