U.S. arms sales to Taiwan 30 years: from the defensive to an offensive weapon upgrade
Data for: active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar
9 21, the U.S. government announced up to $ 5.852 billion in total arms sales plan. Chinese Foreign Ministry, Defense Ministry, the Taiwan Affairs Office within the same day to protest and condemnation.
the arms, the Bush administration following the 1992 old age before stepping sell 150 F-16 fighters to Taiwan has been the largest U.S. arms sales to Taiwan. Some experts predict that this will greatly enhance the Taiwan Air Force’s air combat capability.
from July 1979 U.S. sales of 48 F-5E fighter aircraft began, U.S. arms sales to the “Pandora’s box” is opened, it was no longer closed. According to incomplete statistics, since 1979, after Sino-US relations, U.S. arms sales to Taiwan more than 50 times, totaling more than $ 70 billion.
U.S. arms sales to Taiwan more than 30 years, Taiwan’s military strength change? How much will lead to the military game?
biggest focus is on 176 sets of AESA radar, can be regarded as the United States intends to Taiwan a little beyond its expected benefits
Reuters first reported that the U.S. arms sales to Taiwan are looking to make a decision “the right time.”
the “right time”, first revealed on September 15 of the U.S. “Washington Times”.
newspaper quoted unnamed U.S. Congress and government officials as saying that U.S. President Barack Obama has decided to sell Taiwan $ 4.2 billion worth of weapons and equipment, including upgraded F-16A/B fighters zero components.
9 月 21 on the U.S. Government to the Congress arms sales to Taiwan, had expected the amount of $ 4.2 billion in sales, was increased to $ 5.852 billion.
batch of arms sales from the current list of the disclosure can be seen, including 176 sets of active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, 176 sets of built-in global positioning inertial navigation system, 176 sets of ALQ-213 electronic warfare management system, these devices are mainly active in Taiwan’s F16A/B fighters to upgrade. In addition, the sales list also includes a 140 AIM-9X Sidewinder heat-seeking missile and the Joint Strike bombs.
Wu Ge military commentator analysis, “has been offered to buy Taiwan’s request to the United States is far range attack and strong F-16C/D fighters, but the U.S. refused, this time there now arms sales to Taiwan in the list of active F-16A/B fighters to upgrade parts. F-16A/B is air fighters, has been in service for 10 years. “
disclosure of the sales list out, the media pointed out that Taiwan’s F-16A/B upgrade, enhanced ground attack capability, on the southeast coast of mainland China have a deterrent effect. In this regard, Wu Ge respect, F-16A/B upgrade does not mean that Taiwan will have the ability, the courage to war.
Wu Ge believes that the biggest focus is on the list of arms sales AESA radar. “Taiwan to sell 176 sets of AESA radar, the United States is there hesitation, this radar is the U.S. advanced technology.”
“AESA radar is the fourth-generation fighter aircraft and third-generation standard with improved . than the old pulse Doppler radar and a little old-fashioned passive phased array radar more powerful, longer detection range, is a modern air combat weapon. “Wu Ge, that the United States to sell the AESA radar can be regarded as” intend to Taiwan benefits that exceed their expectations. ”
U.S., “Defense News” weekly reported that the next ten years, Taiwan plans to invest $ 860 million for the purchase of a new torpedo. These include: The $ 300 million purchase of 600 light-duty hybrid torpedo, to replace the existing anti-submarine torpedoes; then $ 160 million purchase of 40 high-performance torpedo, to replace the current dual-purpose wire-guided torpedoes.
In addition, if the United States, the Bush administration promised to sell Taiwan eight diesel-powered attack of submarines, Taiwan will invest another $ 400 million ordered 100 high-performance torpedo. Wu Ge believes that the current performance even purchased fish in Taiwan, there is no proper platform can be used.
military procurement for 30 years
gradual increase in the amount of military procurement, an increase in offensive weapons and types of weapons covered by land, sea, missile and other military services
present, military experts that the U.S. arms sales to Taiwan more than 30 years of history in general is divided into three phases: specification stage, growth stage, the active phase.
from the July 1979 U.S. sales of 48 F-5E fighter aircraft since the beginning of 1989 to sell 88 “Standard” missile for 10 years, gave the United States arms sales to Taiwan almost every year, One of the biggest sale was an arms August 1982, the United States agreed to extend the co-production in 1972 of 248 F-5F fighter program, the other to increase 30 to F-5F fighter, sales amounted to $ 620 million.
this period, the United States to sell fighter aircraft, patrol aircraft, radar, anti-submarine aircraft, surface to air missiles, and many more as a defensive nature, the total amount of approximately $ 2.17 billion.
However, by the 1990s, this figure started channeling crazy, but the content is not limited to defensive weapons, as well as a large number of offensive weapons, such as the F-16A/B fighter aircraft, air to surface missiles, ” Super Cobra “attack helicopters and airborne early warning aircraft. Statistics show that in the 1990s the United States were sold to Taiwan about 220 billion worth of arms, is 10 times the previous 10 years.
arms sales during the most famous project was the first U.S. President George Bush in September 2, 1992 announced a one-time sell to Taiwan 150 F-16A/B fighters. These were the world’s most advanced third-generation fighter in 1997 after having transported from Taiwan to pay Fucheng Jun.
1993 In January, the U.S. also agreed to sell the larger 200 “Patriot” missiles and their equipment, worth about $ 10 billion, beginning in August 1996 delivered to Taiwan to use.
1995, the Taiwan Strait crisis triggered by Lee Teng-hui visited the United States after the further escalation of U.S. arms sales to Taiwan – the United States more willing to sell arms to Taiwan in the software.
Wu Ge introduced in 1999, the United States to sell Taiwan the data connection system, as the Taiwan authorities to improve the command, communication, critical intelligence, and to help Taiwan to complete the entire combat system of command and communication system integration, strengthen the wartime anti-strike capability. “The data link can connect directly the U.S. Pacific Command, the U.S. military in wartime even if not war, but also to provide information or instruction in Taiwan.”
into the 21st century, intensified the U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, Taiwan This period is considered the world’s most active regions of the U.S. arms spending, a total of $ 17 billion out of the list of arms sales, is the “standard stage” of the nearly 60-fold. Imagine, if you open Taiwan’s arsenal, at least 80% of hanging “MADE IN US” label.
the first 10 years of the 21st century, the U.S. arms sales to Taiwan of two single big business, both in term of President George W. Bush led.
2001, the George W. Bush took office, he announced that more than 18 billion arms sale of weaponry, including four Kidd-class destroyers – the sea area of ??Taiwan, after moving the “Hengshan command post”, 8 diesel-powered submarines, 12 P-3C type “Orion” anti-submarine patrol aircraft, “Patriot-type” air defense missiles and other advanced weaponry. Worth noting that this project has so far failed to fully materialize.
2008, the Bush administration before stepping and throwing $ 6.4 billion Taiwan arms sales, including 60 Black Hawk helicopters, “Patriot” missile system, minesweepers, etc. This case also suspended without implementation of the arms, until finally the president term of office by the U.S. Department of Defense on January 29, 2010 announced.
military experts concluded, the U.S. arms sales to Taiwan 30 years of features, reflecting the gradual increase in the amount, number of offensive weapons and types of weapons covered by land, sea, missile and other military services.
“behind U.S. arms sales to Taiwan is more noteworthy is that software support and system builders.” Wu Ge said.
as the National Defense University professor Zhang Zhaozhong said: “The United States sold to Taiwan is ‘kite’, but the ‘line’ is the holding of the United States.”
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