Russia’s decision to upgrade the Kirov-class cruiser will carry over 300 missiles
According to the Russian military-industrial complex site on September 21 reported that the Russian Defense Ministry has decided on the former Soviet Union developed the 1144-type “Admiral Ushakov” class (originally known as the “Kirov” class) nuclear-powered cruiser to conduct a comprehensive upgrade to the stage to perform a variety of ships to fight the war at sea killer super-tasks, both the ability to destroy an aircraft carrier with such a large sea targets, and can effectively resist the use of strategic air strikes and cruise missiles to attack ground targets. Data Figure: Russian Navy Kirov-class cruiser Peter the Great Road.
service since 1980, the “Admiral Ushakov” class has been the world’s most powerful nuclear-powered cruiser firepower, but its construction has only been four, respectively, “Karimov Navy Nashiri will be “No.” Admiral Lazarev “number,” Kirov “was (now named” Admiral Ushakov “) and” Peter the Great “. Still have the operational capability of the Northern Fleet and equipment only, “Peter the Great”, the rest are due to poor condition in Ge Jian sealed state.
“Admiral Ushakov” class cruiser length of 252 meters, width 28.5 meters, draft 9.1 m, the standard displacement of 19,000 tons, full load displacement of 24,300 tons, after the installation is powered by two Block KN-3 type nuclear power plant (80,000 hp) and two GT3A-688-based steam power plant (40,000 horsepower), the maximum speed of 32 knots, cruising range 14,000 sea miles.
Russian industry sources told Russia’s “News” interview, said, “Admiral Ushakov” class cruiser in the process of modernizing will accept the installation of modern radio-electronic equipment, involving radar, command and communications systems, electronic countermeasures equipment. In addition, the hull and nuclear power plant will also be repaired. The improvements will be able to service this type of cruiser extended to 2030-2040 years.
1144 model cruiser in the conversion process will be the dress the most important harvest large number of new weapons and equipment: the original 20 sets of “granite” long-range anti-ship missile launchers will be the latest model of common carrier-based launch system replaced. The new system can be filled with a variety of missiles, including anti-submarine rocket torpedoes, anti-aircraft missiles and long-range cruise missiles, missiles will be stored in the previous 20 increased to 80. In the transmission system can also be used to attack aircraft carriers filled the “agate” or “caliber” anti-ship missiles. In addition, the cruiser’s air defense capability will be strengthened: the modified Russian ship will be equipped with latest S-400 long-range air defense system used by the new short-range air defense missiles and other systems.
Generally speaking, if you count all kinds of anti-aircraft missiles, “Admiral Ushakov” class missile cruiser to bring the total amount of each type will be more than 300, continue to maintain the world’s most fire strong position of the missile ship.
Russian military believes that the future can build the core of the class cruisers have the ability to confront the powerful aircraft carrier battle groups at sea attack cluster. Sources from the Russian Defense Ministry to “News” said: “The Northern Fleet is currently equipped with two nuclear-powered cruisers and aircraft carriers, while also for the construction of a variety of new frigates and submarines, we will be in the Atlantic Ocean maintain a very strong attack group. “
It is reported that for the” Admiral Ushakov “class cruiser of the improvement program will be the first in the” na hi Karimov Admiral “was tested on , related work will begin this year. It is estimated that, “Admiral Nashiri Karimov” sign will be delivered in 2015, the Russian Navy, after which the fate of the other Ge Jian will also be finalized.
However, the Russian military is currently an important issue to be resolved is: Why do we need such as the Russian Navy, “Admiral Ushakov” level the giant warship. Russia’s strategic and technical analysis, as deputy director Konstantin Macchi extended families in the “News” interview, pointed out, the Russian Navy is still a lack of the use of the class cruiser program.
Makiyenko issue explained: “We may be involved in the occurrence of the conflict in the Caucasus and Central Asia, this ship is unable to participate, while at the outbreak of NATO or Japan imaginary war, no matter how the class cruisers will be the enemy has a huge advantage to destroy the sea. “
Despite doubts, it is undeniable that the lack of large-scale Russian Navy combat ships will lead to inability to protect Russia’s military presence on the oceans, and the improved and re-enable the “Admiral Ushakov” class nuclear-powered cruiser is no doubt that in a short time to reverse this situation the best solution. (Compass) ★
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