Russia said his country through the territory of China into the Arctic temporarily ready to expand
Arctic scenery China ” Snow Dragon “polar icebreaker
According to Russia’s” Pravda “on September 28 reported that China’s State Oceanic Administration polar exploration department, said recently that China’s next five-year plan for three Arctic scientific expedition, including a recent , is the first Arctic expedition will be 5 in July next year. The direction of the significant increase in Arctic activity that China has actively participated in the battle for Arctic resources.
Russia reported that Office of the State Oceanic Administration polar expedition Arctic expedition project dedicated to the fact itself shows that China’s participation in the battle for Arctic resources, the intent is very serious. China gradually expand their activities in the Arctic, the expedition also gradually expand the scope of activities. China Polar Research Center, 2009 number of employees increased significantly, reaching 230 people. China’s Arctic expedition in the Antarctic and also the base for expansion. “Snow Dragon” polar icebreaker base terminal in Shanghai is also rebuilding, but also the construction of the Arctic ice storage base and data processing centers. Chinese officials said the main direction of its expedition, including the formation of ice and its changes, the upper atmosphere, biological resources, polar oceanography research, as well as local micro-organisms, meteorology, marine ecology, the Arctic climate and environmental change, Arctic ice layer melting and other phenomena. China Polar Arctic expedition staff ready day and night to monitor meteorological conditions, the objective of addressing the changes brought by global warming, protect the interests of the country’s future development.
Russia reported that the direction of China’s activities in the Arctic have become increasingly frequent, indicating a more positive Arctic policy in the foreseeable future will continue to increase the polar expedition, in support of further economic progress grand plans . All appearances, the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic to prepare long-term presence. China now has a polar icebreaker “Snow Dragon”, plans to set up in 2015, standing polar fleet, expand the polar expedition. Chen, deputy director of China’s State Oceanic Administration, confirmed that even by 2013 can be equipped with a 4.5 m thick ice made navigation of the new icebreaker, designed for the marine environment and resources expedition, equipped with advanced underwater robot and deep diving tank. The current “Snow Dragon” can only be 1.5 m thick ice navigation.
Russia reported, it is clear that China was prepared to join the battle for the Arctic wealth. According to some scientists predict the Arctic could harbor quarter of the world’s undiscovered oil and gas reserves, and rich fisheries and mineral resources. In addition, China is also rapidly melting Arctic ice assess the commercial and strategic interests. Since 1995, the Arctic ice thickness has been reduced by 20-40%. According to Chinese scientists, the most optimistic forecasts, the 2013 Arctic summer ice will no longer upset the entire Arctic Ocean by 2030 the ice could completely get rid of the trouble, creating a shorter, safer, more economical new routes. No wonder the Chinese experts have publicly declared that “He who controls the Arctic route, whoever will control the world economy.” For China, this issue is extremely important, because as the world’s number one exporting country, 46 percent of China’s economy relies on international shipping. If the Arctic ice out of the shackles, China will successfully open up a new channel to Europe. Shanghai, China to Germany from Hamburg to transport routes, for example, and through the Straits of Malacca and the Suez Canal than the traditional route, through Russia’s Arctic coast route to shorten the voyage of nearly 6500 km, and along the way there is no risk of pirate attacks. To know that the commercial shipping through the Gulf of Aden have increased insurance premiums more than a dozen times. According to Chinese experts estimate that, using the northern route, a simple container ship or a shipping dry bulk carriers could save nearly $ 500,000. Therefore, the Arctic ice completely melts, it will completely change the entire world trade.
Russia reported, although not directly facing the Arctic sea, but China does not seem to worry about this. China has long been to use his territory into the Arctic. July 28, 2004 China’s first Arctic research station “Yellow River” in Norwegian Spitsbergen Islands, officially inaugurated at Ny-Alesund area. Even if it is based on modern standards, “Yellow River” research station is a very advanced facilities, it covers an area of ??500 square meters, has two buildings, four modern laboratory, office and home, everything, can accommodate 20-25 name of the expedition team members. China has the “Yellow River” station equipped with the latest equipment, including domestic “Arctic” underwater robot. 2008 years ago, China used in this dive depth of 50 meters, equipped with cameras and sonar, “Arctic ROV” eight robots and underwater expedition under the ice. After beginning with 863, Shenyang Institute of Automation within the framework developed in the “North Pole ARV” new remote intelligent underwater robot, the main advantage of water 100 meters deep in work, activities radius of 3 km.
Russia reported, and another reported that Chinese businessman plans to invest $ 200 million to buy 0.3 percent of Iceland’s territory, could become a base for Arctic battle. Chinese businessmen to purchase land claims that the move was to build resort facilities. British “Financial Times” speculation that the move may be in competition for the North Pole to prepare for China. Of course, Iceland in 2008 into a national bankruptcy crisis, this was not a problem. But now they can not but be concerned about. Chinese businessman purchased the initial positive response to the Icelandic authorities to plan now suffered a lot of pressure, the Icelandic Minister of the Interior announced that it will re-examine what the terms of trade, emphasis on a variety of different situations, a more cautious approach. But this may not really hinder China’s ambition to enter the North Pole.
Russia reported that the West is most concerned about Russia’s Arctic operations. 2007 Polar scientist in the Arctic Ocean seabed 奇林加罗夫 planted a Russian flag, further exacerbating the tension of the battle for the Arctic. In addition to Russia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, the United States, Iceland, Arctic territories and resources are also put forward a variety of competing demands and claims, most of them strongly opposed to the Russian territory of 1.2 million square kilometers of Arctic sovereignty claim. An arms race in the Arctic region has been put on the agenda even in Canada decided to significantly enhance its naval power, and in a series of military exercises in the Arctic region to counter the invasion of the imaginary enemy. Russia also to be outdone, announced in July 2011 the formation of two North Pole trip. In addition, Russia and Denmark, as well as Canada and Denmark’s Arctic territory, the conflict between the equally serious. China is now regarded as an important strategy for the Arctic region, but China will not take any particularly positive expansion of operations, or other Arctic powers against China may be combined.
Russia reported that China is now the battle in the Arctic has been limited support in Norway, which is not opposed to attracting Chinese investment to achieve mutually beneficial projects, but there are certain vigilance. For example, China’s “Yellow River” Arctic research station has moved all the infrastructure side of the participation by the latter to provide basic security services. More importantly, Norway is also called the Arctic Council to give China permanent observer status to China in the Arctic project to open the door. In addition, China also hopes to establish similar relations with Russia, the future joint development projects of mutual benefit to the North Pole to threats in the future when the Western powers faced with Russian forces to better respond. (Compiled: Shu-shan)