Analysts say U.S. counter-terrorism strategy from offensive to defensive deterrence (Figure)
the U.S. war on terrorism has paid a great price. Data Figure: U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan as a wounded comrade wound
Lin Dong Li Kan
White House on June 29 released a new version of the Obama sign, “national counter-terrorism strategy “, stressed the need to shift the focus to terrorism terrorist attacks against the United States, focusing on combating the” base “terrorist organization. From the content perspective, the report combines the results achieved in recent years a number of anti-terrorism policies and practices, but has not made any new concept. If it was successfully put Osama bin Laden and the U.S. strategy to eradicate the context of contraction, it is not difficult to read Obama’s new anti-terrorism strategy, then the sound outside.
Obama camp’s counter-terrorism strategy on terrorism makes it sound – to give up anti-terrorism international responsibility
“9.11″ incident not only changed the American life, under the auspices of the United States are changing the world, obvious to all the United States, “relying on anti-terrorism in order to make the world.” From the boots of American soldiers set foot on the historic moment in Central Asia, the United States began to gain strategic interests. Today, ten years is about the past, anti-terrorism as a theme has also been speculation almost, it seems to reduce the negative impact of the time.
war on terror has ended, the U.S. strategic center of gravity shift. Act with different styles of George W. Bush, Obama is more like to do a repeat. 2010 United States’ National Security Strategy Report “shows Obama’s strategic adjustment, in fact, a lot of things since taking office, Obama is already embarked on, such as anti-terrorist center of gravity eastward, the introduction of Aba new strategy, to give up the war on terrorism, emphasizing the multilateral cooperation, including the key point is to counter-terrorism strategy in the downgrading of the status of national security.
no one saw the war on terror is a war Dabu Wan. Because of this, Obama seems to give up the slogan of the war on terrorism, but anti-terrorist action should proceed. United States has always used the threat to its interests or to sort, published in February this year, “National Military Strategy”, will be positioned as the most important North American interests, the greater Middle East region ranked in the Caribbean, South America and Central America, the ranked III. This time the “National Strategy” in the sorting areas of concern in Central Asia on the final, South Asia rose to second place. Some critics said, India and other Asian countries to seize opportunities for U.S. 10 anti-terrorism strategy, is a strong rise.
international obligations of the United States to play counter-terrorism too costly, thankless. “9.11″ incident, the U.S. anti-terrorism has put a lot of resources. In the new “National Strategy” issued the same day, Brown University released called “war costs,” the research report that “9.11″ incident, the U.S. war in Afghanistan and Iraq and other expenses on the $ 3.7 trillion in to $ 4.4 trillion and, considering the neglect of injured veterans easily subsidies, these figures also rose sharply. The human cost, this led to two wars and 25.8 million people in 224,000 direct deaths, it seems, “9.11″ incident followed the death of every person brought 73 people were killed.
in costs, terrorism and terrorists is very asymmetric. The nature of the terrorist attacks with minimum costs can cause great damage, but also strike strong. In contrast, the U.S. war on terror as big as in the past no longer difficult to windfall from war, and thus its international counter-terrorism are increasingly powerless.
the United States just homeland security, public safety no longer control the world. European allies to strengthen their own anti-terrorism, the United States to provide limited assistance. Although this rod should continue to carry the banner against terrorism continues, but the contraction of anti-terrorism front, changing the way terrorism is imperative for the United States. Homeland security is a vital American interests, terrorism fist hit farther, but there will be a sense of insecurity. From Libya to fight the battle in this chaos, the Americans also saw their relations with some European allies, not monolithic, France launched the first air strikes on Lee also say that challenges the authority of the United States. This financial crisis lingers in a difficult period, the United States yielded just reason to allow allies to strengthen anti-terrorism, intelligence and other aspects of their own will provide limited assistance. As a counter-terrorism will not let others reap dividends in vain, and second, to not give up any right to intervene to ensure that the global anti-terrorism initiative.
Obama’s counter-terrorism strategy for the global anti-terrorism action makes it sound – from an offensive into the deterrent defense
Americans are not familiar with the strategy not familiar with the Roman Empire collapsed due to over-expansion led to the lessons. A relaxation, civil and military way. Last half-century of US-Soviet confrontation has appeared several times, “Soviet attack the United States Code,” “United States-Soviet attack and defend” the situation, the United States is in constant expansion – contraction process learned to grasp the strategic balance. Obama the adjustment counter-terrorism strategy, deterrence can lay this card is the key to success.
focus of U.S. counter-terrorism overseas retraction by the local implementation of anti-terrorism defense. Cornerstone of U.S. global deterrent system is a devastating arsenal of conventional war and a strong force composition, no doubt, it will have a world role in any country, but use it to deter terrorists, there is no strong at the feeling.
“9.11″ incident, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security was established, followed and from the theater world specifically carved out of Northern Command, these initiatives are aimed at strengthening homeland defense.
new U.S. counter-terrorism strategy that domestic defense against terrorism is different from any other region of the important features is that its coverage is broader, especially in aviation security, coastal security, cyberspace security and many other aspects need to be more integrated capabilities, which require protection under the law in the military, local government departments, various efforts to be formed. As the war on terror started, mainly in overseas, local anti-terrorism infrastructure is lacking, Obama focused on the implementation of anti-terrorism defense infrastructure investment and construction of domestic terrorism, which radically reduced the U.S. military intervention in the capital against terrorism abroad vigorously.
United States imposed targeted killing operations to replace the war on terrorism, intelligence, special forces and unmanned three-pronged. The way the United States in fighting terrorism is the biggest change from the next turn dark, intelligence, special forces and unmanned aerial vehicles are precisely in line with this need. White House homeland security and counter-terrorism adviser John Brennan said the United States will be more use of special forces raids and other “surgical” action against the “base” organization, to avoid large-scale ground operations.
killed bin Laden in the operation, intelligence played a crucial role. According to statistics, the U.S. special forces deployed in the 1.3 million overseas, in the reign of George W. Bush deployed in over 60 countries, and now Obama will expand its deployment to nearly 80 countries. United States using the “Predator” unmanned aerial vehicles to combat the “base” organization leaders also had a brilliant victories, including the success of 2008 killed the “base” and Guzha Qaeda leader in Libby. The U.S. military has tasted the sweetness of targeted killings, in the future will be more dependent on this way.
the United States will be more emphasis on deterrence effect, beheading is a warning to Osama bin Laden. The U.S. government always has a “carrot and stick” tradition of American movies, sometimes the example set an example to show people the importance of a culture of deterrence.
so clearly know each other’s determination and strength is one of the three elements of deterrence. Issued by bin Laden and the beheading of new counter-terrorism strategy, the United States to successfully pass a deterrent to terrorists. American society has a strong rule of law and legal awareness, the United States domestic law has strict limits on the death penalty, but provides only the terrorists for crimes against the United States death penalty. Although bin Laden after the death of Pakistani Taliban to take a series of retaliatory action, but many still see the scale and impact of the symbolic.
Obama of terrorism makes it sound – to engage someone else, do not engage me
recent years, the United States like some of the strategy report made public, This transparency not only to their own people to see considered, in many cases is to let opponents know to play the role of Qiaoshanzhenhu.
global terrorist organization, said, “I” only playing the “base” organization, other interfere with each other. Strategies from the perspective of the new version of “national counter-terrorism strategy,” the goal is very clear, from the operational point of view is also consistent with the U.S. military’s “focus” principle. Obama as a “national counter-terrorism strategy” by the one-page preface actually 11 times in the “base” organization, there is a directory of most of the different regions of the world title for the “base” organization. Thus, the subtext of the report will be very easy to read the. This is the lesson Obama learned Bush to avoid too many enemies, which led to scattered power of the country weary soldiers enduring basic considerations. Simply put, the U.S. anti-terrorism is no longer the sense of international terrorism, but highly focused national counter-terrorism.
the “base” organization that do not change anti-American policy, on the whole you die. If deterrence fails, the Americans often take action against blatant. New “national counter-terrorism strategy” of the “base” organization also convey this information. Brennan also said that after 10 years of hard work, “base” organization has suffered heavy losses, especially in a large number of “base” of the core leader of the United States have been eliminated so that the “base” of the situation facing collapse. “National Strategy” will fight against the “base” approach, down to cut off the “base” organization capital chain, clear the “base” member shelter and further kill the “base” core leaders and other specific level, until the al-Qaeda was the elimination or forced to give up attacks against the United States.
troubles against global terrorism, the United States he moved to strengthen global cooperation against terrorism. Leveraging the power, disorder in the profit of the international common means of political struggle. For decades, the United States playing the “proxy war” to support anti-government armed hostile states and other aspects of the approach is obvious. Recently, the U.S. actively reconciliation with the Islamic world, the depth of intervention in the Middle East – North Africa unrest, intentionally instigating terrorist attacks turned into a regional, national internal affairs, is intended to attack the United States is no longer aligned.
and Bush attitude towards terrorism in stark contrast, Obama seems to take a more subtle way, thus ensuring that the United States on counter-terrorism in the “attack, retreat “favorable attitude. Therefore not difficult to understand Obama said last year that “terrorism is strategic, not the enemy” attitude.
end, to strengthen global cooperation against terrorism in specific countries in the international responsibility to stabilize the international anti-terrorism front, is the right path.
(Author: National Defense University)