U.S. Central Intelligence Agency under the guise of a secret nuclear sites once trained Tibetan separatist elements
Dalai CIA training in the United States under the escort of two armed men fled to the Indian border
period Man, will they drop to near Lhasa, engaged in separatist activities
the late 1950s, with the Central People’s Government in the western Sichuan, Tibet began democratic reforms, local interests are touched serf class then rebellion. Tibet’s serf owners also went around the corner, attempting to take the opportunity to confront the central government, eventually leading to the Tibetan rebellion in 1959. The next few decades, with some of the parties briefing and made public a number of archival documents, U.S. intelligence agencies in the Tibetan rebellion instigated the important role played by, gradually the world to understand.
the collapse of the KMT regime, the United States to seek support “Tibetan separatist”
the early 1940s, the United States put the focus attention directly toward Tibet. In 1942, the Chinese Nationalist government planning to build road through Tibet and India, Allied aid to China to solve the transport problems of strategic materials. The plan has aroused the U.S. wartime intelligence chief, known as the “CIA” Father of William Donovan’s attention. Donovan suggested that the U.S. State Department to take the survey line in the name of sending personnel to Tibet. The end of U.S. strategic intelligence to send agents into Tibet, and Tibet local authorities and elites to establish contact, and collect a wide range of intelligence. In 1946, President Truman ordered U.S. authorities to the Tibetan group with generators for transmitters, this equipment was later used to create the local authorities of Tibet “Tibet Radio” spread “Tibetan separatist” media.
the late 1940s, Chinese Kuomintang regime about to collapse, the United States out of its strategy to contain communist countries need to begin to change after recognizing Tibet as part of China’s position, and the secret support of the local government of Tibet the so-called “independent” requirements, in order to prevent a unified Communist Party of China mainland. Dalai Lama in 1990, commented in his autobiography, the support of the United States, said: “This is not because they care about Tibetan independence, but as they undermine the communist government in the world stable part of the effort.”
It “Tibet – Its Ownership And Human Rights Situation,” a book about, the end of 1949, Americans Raul Thomas to “radio commentator” to explore Tibet, the name of “Washington’s aid to Tibet to be”, and press reports in the U.S. : “The United States is ready to recognize Tibet as an independent and free” country. The first half of 1950, a group of American guns and ammunition brought into Tibet through Calcutta, for the fight against Chinese People’s Liberation Army into Tibet. November 1, the same year, U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson openly slandered China’s liberation of its territory in Tibet action “aggression.” The same month, the U.S. instigated by the United Nations to interfere in other countries Tibet, China’s proposal. As the Chinese government’s solemn stance and opposition from some countries, this plot did not succeed.
American “Newsweek” in 1999, a disclosure of the relevant circumstances of the article said, after the peaceful liberation of Tibet 1951, Washington promised to the Dalai Lama, they are ready to provide financial support to the Dalai Lama, and on Tibet’s all resistance activities of assistance. 1958-1965 period in the CIA responsible for Tibetan affairs Kenkanasi said: “This is not a covert CIA actions to be implemented, the initial plan from … … the U.S. government.”
matchmaking Dalai brother secretly training of rebels
1956 In the spring, in western Sichuan People’s Government of Tibet (known as “Kham region”) began democratic reforms, the interests of the serf class by touch In Ganzi, Kham region launched an armed rebellion. U.S. Central Intelligence Agency immediately identified, Kamba rebels is a reliable U.S. ally in Tibet action. Eager to seek foreign support for rebel forces to find the Dalai Lama Gege Jia Le Thondup, who said to them: “You should go directly to the Americans.”
then Gyalo Thondup representatives of the rebel forces introduced to CIA agents. Washington agreed in the Pacific on Saipan and Okinawa, Japan, the U.S. military base training six Tibetan rebels, and then parachuted back into Tibet, they gather intelligence. Kamba rebel leader Kampot Tashi immediately sent 6 Mingkang Ba rebel members. These militants are trained personally by the Gyalo Thondup driving to the India-Pakistan border. Subsequently, an American gave them each a long Chantou Punjab and a large pants, they dressed as Sikhs, and finally to East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in Dhaka. Two days later, a United States aircraft to transport them to the Pacific on Saipan, received four months of training.
said that the U.S. CIA officials to see these “Tibetan separatist” elements, they cast around his neck hanging from silver amulet, saying it allows them invulnerable. CIA believes that “we treat them too much of a fantasy … they simply wait for the orphans.”
1957 years, one night, one has to erase all signs of the B-17 fighter aircraft of World War II from a nearby old Dhaka airport, carrying the two have accepted the CIA trained militants. They are equipped with a full set of espionage equipment, including radio, signal mirror, folding light machine guns, etc., and even dried beef. They arrived jump of nearly 100 km away from Lhasa, the destination and quickly with the local leader of the rebel forces to get in touch Kampot Tashi. One of the militants Atta Norbu later recalled the scene, said: “This is a very bright night, when I carried the bag from the airplane parachute jump when my happiness over the body.”
1958 summer, Kampot Tashi in the ancient Tibetan Nanzhe health education were the establishment of the so-called new military headquarters, brought together thousands of insurgents. Atta Norbu by radio to report the situation to the United States. Informed of the situation, the CIA dropped the weapons to the insurgents and supplies. Although the weapons of old, but is essential for the rebels, but also to the suppression of the rebellion of the People’s Liberation Army caused some damage.
escort the Dalai Lama fled to India for the United States to collect domestic intelligence
1959 March Lhasa’s “Tibetan separatist” elements in an attempt to harm the central government made up of rely on rumors, and to “protect the safety of the Dalai Lama,” as an excuse, surrounded by the Dalai Lama’s resident Norbulingka start riots. Subsequently, the CIA trained the Dalai Lama in the United States under the escort of two armed men fled to the Indian border. Years later, the Dalai Lama to the United States “Newsweek”, said the decision to flee before his men, said the separatist forces and the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency has established a direct link, “give me the impression that, once in India, will get the big U.S. scale of support. ”
1959 September 18 at Camp Hale, Colorado, USA armed personnel trained to be dropped in more than 300 km northeast of Lhasa, Charles Graham at the bar. They recruited local staff confrontation with the PLA, during which the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency as they dropped a lot of weapons and supplies. Although Zhezhi insurgency was very arrogant, but ultimately did not get rid of doom.
1960 summer, the basis of the activities in the country has lost the headquarters moved to Kampot Tashi Mustang in western Nepal, and in the United States CIA activities in support of continued division. Since 1960, the United States a high-altitude U-2 reconnaissance plane was shot down over the Soviet Union, the Communist Party of President Eisenhower ordered the invasion to stop the national airspace, airborne actions in Tibet come to an end. President Kennedy was still support for airborne operations in Tibet, but the number has only a handful.
Halle camp officials recalled that during this time, the CIA trained militants were told to enter China’s mission is not just harassment and destruction, should also collect a variety of Chinese intelligence. The intelligence documents show that the U.S. government in Tibet in order to support the code-named “ST-circus” of covert operations every year to spend $ 1.7 million. Including funds for the Mustang entrenched in the armed separatist group $ 500,000, as well as the Dalai Lama of $ 180,000 to provide subsidies.
after the mid-1960s, the Tibetan people’s political power is increasingly strong, cross-border activities of separatist forces more and more difficult, the CIA training camp in Halle’s “Tibetan separatist” elements in the intelligence and separatist activities of the effectiveness of the very angry about it called “insignificant.” Since then, with the United States and China to gradually move towards reconciliation, and to gradually shift the focus of the CIA in Vietnam and other regions, the United States stopped Halle camp training.
1974 In July, the Dalai Lama was forced to record a radio address, asked the rebels to stop the Mustang attacks, the local Nepalese army to surrender. Subsequently, the troops moved into Mustang in Nepal rebels camp. CIA support for the separatist activities ended in failure.
link: the nuclear sites under the guise of engaging in training
1958, the large number of “Tibetan separatist” elements in the United States, Colorado Halle secret camps training, where they study pictures, destruction, mine and other spy technologies. This is extremely confidential, U.S. officials claimed that Halle battalion engaged in top-secret nuclear research projects, and to shoot to kill those who trespass warning to threaten the people close to the camp. “Newsweek” says that in 1961, more than 40 Americans were detained near the camp in Halle, reason is that they accidentally saw, 15 wearing camouflage uniforms Asians were escorted into a C-124 transport aircraft, aircraft windows all blocked up. Later, the then U.S. Secretary of Defense personally involved in the matter, to persuade the “New York Times” removed relevant reports and the like.
Halle training camp about 300 “Tibetan separatist” elements, some of whom recalled that when the instructor gave them up like “Jack,” “Rocky” and “Martin” such a name, to deceive the public, and they do not know the real name instructors, only know to call them, “Mr. Ken” or “Mr. Mak.” They delivered their transport into Tibet called spy ship. When they hold very high expectations of the Americans, was recalled: “We even think that maybe they will give us an atomic bomb to take home.”
before arrival at Da Hale Camp, these “Tibetan separatist “molecules do not know they want to go to the United States, only know is a” mountain of a strong tree, where fresh flowers. ” The CIA to train “Tibetan separatist” armed camp from Saipan, Okinawa and other islands moved to Colorado, because from the high original “Tibetan separatist” elements in the island is difficult to adapt to the climate, and Halle camp is located in the Rocky Mountains, with elevations 3,000 meters. (Li Jing)