Recalling the founding ceremony of the Red Army Long March: the world’s few live by reading the flight
of the Long March of the Red Army, the former deputy commander of the Wuhan Military Region Air Force Huai Fang affectionate recollections.
Fang Huai: 1917 births, 1932 to participate in the Red Army in 1933 to join the party. Twenty-five thousand participated in the Long March. Anti-Japanese War, the Air Force Flight Training students in Xinjiang. During the liberation war, he served as flight commander, operations CMC Aviation Authority Director of Education. After the founding of new China, served as commander, deputy commander, commander, Air Force deputy commander of the Wuhan Military Region. 1955 was awarded the rank of major general.
People’s Air Force, established after the founding of New China’s first new military services. November 11, 1949, the Central Military Commission power to make that: the PLA Air Force Command was established, the CMC Aviation Administration to immediately revoked. On this day, became the anniversary of the establishment of People’s Air Force. PLA Air Force, is based on the Army set up. Eve of the founding of New China, responsible for air defense missions of the PLA, only one squadron.
on the founding ceremony of the squadron’s first public appearance, somewhat legendary. Reporters interviewed the founding ceremony by reading the flight of the organizers, the former Air Force deputy commander of the Wuhan Military Region Huai Fang, listening to that part of the old generals about the unforgettable experience.
Nie behalf of the Chief of General Staff Q: Can you breakdown the organization to participate in the aircraft fleet type
1949 One day in late August, Nie convened on behalf of Chief of Staff leaders of relevant departments meet to discuss matters relating to the founding ceremony organized parade. Military Aviation Administration operations when he was the Director of Education Fang Huai, often with the aviation universe Secretary attended the meeting. Military Aviation Administration on March 30, 1949 in Beijing, is the work of the aviation department management of the Central Military Commission, also took the Air Force functions of the transitional institutions. At this meeting, Nie asked them about heaven and earth, and Fang Huai Chang: “You can not organize the aircraft fleet, to participate in march-past by over Tiananmen Square, Chairman Mao and other party to accept and state leaders to review?”
“You can participate by reading the organization of small clusters.” universe always a definite answer.
very pleased to hear Nie, Aviation Authority instructed the comrades go back and pay close attention to preparation.
next afternoon, Nie has always specialized in the universe, and Fang Huai, who called his office, asked in detail about the situation, the final instructions: “You first put forward a plan out, come back two days to I talk about. “
back, Fang Huai drafted by the reading program the night. After two days and nights of hard work, the air released by the reading program, its main contents are: formation of air by the reading and composition; the aircraft 20 days training program; by reading the sequence, speed, height.
then, often leading the universe to the other side Huai Nie report. Air plan by reading the technical design, personnel responsible for the organization by Fang Huai, Huai Fang Nie a detailed report to the need to use the aircraft type, fleet marshalling and other related information. Nie listened very carefully, and said happily: “Well, we have the aircraft to participate in the founding ceremony, adding atmosphere to the ceremony, you have to lose good time to organize the training.”
as to deal with possible sudden, decided to fly with live ammunition by reading
in the next 20 days, Fang Huai and his comrades to seize the time to engage in training. At that time a very difficult training conditions, a runway to fly thirty-four kinds of aircraft, every morning, 3 o’clock start, and are generally Fang Huai first flight.
Fang Huai told reporters, while in the organization, training, aviation Bureau and to consider more or security issues. By air by reading needs to be technically excellent in flight, to be absolutely reliable in politics. Fang Huai to Nie recommendations: In view of the country has not been fully liberated, when the Kuomintang aircraft incidents of harassment, by reading at least four aircraft with live ammunition to deal with situations that may arise suddenly. This proposal was eventually adopted.
familiar parade of people know the flight, the aircraft prohibition of live ammunition by the reading. Founding ceremony by reading the airplane flight with a bomb, the military parade in the world history are rare.
1949 年 10 1st, Fang Huai and his comrades came to get up at 3 am Nanyuan Airport. 5:00 sharp, all persons entering the airport by reading the various jobs. 16, composed of 17 aircraft followed by reading the column off. Fang Huai formation, led the first trainer to take off, followed by C-46 transport aircraft fleet, bomber formation and P-51 fighter aircraft. After takeoff, in accordance with the provisions of the route preview, altitude, speed into the Datong Town, over the two-layered assembly.
16 when 35 minutes, the air column received a ground command center read-past by the beginning of the command, followed by access levels from east to west by the reading route. P-51 fighter fleet first to neat “product” shaped by the Tiananmen Square over the bomber formations and then “one” shaped by over Tiananmen Square, was followed by “goods”-shaped transport aircraft fleet, and finally, led by Fang Huai three coaches plane formation. When the trainer fleet flew over Tiananmen Square, the team push, pull the nose three times, the Air Force to represent the people of Mao Zedong and other Party and state leaders pay tribute to the birth of the People’s Republic just to pay tribute! Square, more than 30 million soldiers and civilians after they see their air force could not help cheering, Greatly excited, the Tiananmen Square into a sea of ??joy.
Chief Zhu De saying: from now on, I really was commander in chief of the Armed Forces
founding ceremony in the evening, Zhu De in Beijing Hotel for large banquets, dinner by the reading of the senior generals and associated personnel. Fang Huai because as combat duty, waiting by the phone, unable to attend the banquet. Later that Huai Fang, Zhu De banquet given for the high evaluation by the reading unit. He specifically found to participate in the flight by reading the pilot, while toast, while saying: “You fly very Okay, from now on, I really was commander in chief of the Armed Forces!”
by reading flight Squadron successfully completed the task by reading the founding ceremony of the air, causing an unprecedented response. Year who participated in the founding ceremony by reading the flight of the comrades said: “We hit a ground out by the new regime, why the founding ceremony by reading the flight time to organize? One is deterrence of the enemy, one is encouraged by the people.”
10 February, in part by reading pilots participated in the Zhongshan Park on a variety show. A delegation from the Soviet Union were also invited to participate. When the Soviet delegation that sat next to the previous day to participate in the founding ceremony by reading the pilot, the delegation hold up once the pilot. Some foreign correspondents have exclaimed: “The Communist Party has its own air force overnight!”
Today, memorable scenes to bring the scene before and after the founding ceremony, party old general still very excited: “In the founding ceremony flying on the flight, is a flight through the ages, is a microcosm of the People’s Liberation Army to grow to maturity and witness. “(strong side than Germany Hong Bo Jinbao)