Zhang Zhaozhong: China’s future large-scale displacement in tons warships
Video: China’s future, said Zhang Zhaozhong large warships displacement in tons Data Figure: China’s Navy fleet replenishment exercises
Data Figure: China’s latest 071 998 naval large landing ship
CCTV” News 1 + 1 “April 16, 2009 broadcast of” aircraft carrier far away from China? “The following is the complete sets of the:
Navy Commander Wu Shengli, the media, on China’s naval development. Navy 60 years, parade around the corner, the Chinese Navy focus on appearance, strength, how? Defense Minister Liang open a formal position, China can never aircraft, no aircraft carriers as the only large country, with the aircraft carrier to China mean? Development of aircraft carriers which have to break through the bottleneck? “News 11″ for your analysis.
Host (Dong Qian):
Welcome to “press 1 +1.”
4 月 23, the 60th anniversary of China’s naval parade will be held soon and the most recent period, the Navy is making a series of news about China’s navy has been unprecedented attention. So the status of the Chinese navy is? Development strategy and the future look like? Ocean defense and can be achieved? Today, we have specially invited studio on the National Defense University military logistics equipment and military technology, deputy director of Research Department, Rear Admiral Professor Zhang, Professor Zhang will wait to answer the questions we have related. First, we or through a video, learn more about the Navy’s news.
yesterday morning, five Chinese warships gathered in the Gulf of Aden, the first and second batch of Chinese naval escort fleet completed the first escort missions. For a time, China became the convoy at sea the Gulf of Aden the most compelling force.
next Thursday April 23, the People’s Navy was born 60 years will usher in his birthday, this day, the Chinese navy in the waters of Qingdao, Shandong large-scale sea parade, and invited more than 30 countries to participate in celebrations of the Navy. Like to invite to jointly participate in foreign naval sea a naval parade in the history of the Chinese Navy is the first time.
Also yesterday, members of the Central Military Commission, Wu Shengli, commander of the Navy to accept Xinhua News Agency reporter an interview that after 60 years of construction and development, the People’s Navy has been able to carry out diversified military tasks at any time, to accelerate the focus on weapons pace of construction, the development of large surface combat ships, underwater self-sustainability and good performance of new submarine stealth, supersonic cruise combat aircraft, precision penetration ability of long-range missiles, torpedoes, deep high-speed intelligent, good universal compatibility a new generation of weapons and electronic warfare equipment, equipment.
intensive Chinese navy recently unveiled a focus of media attention, especially the independent development of large surface combat vessels to say, immediately became a major media have reproduced these two days the hot comments.
China’s navy has been a glorious army, but before the mid-1990s, China’s relatively weak strength of the Navy surface ships, the lack of independent research and development capabilities. Ten years ago, the Chinese navy has introduced from Russia was the world’s advanced level modern class large missile destroyer, which was ground-breaking significance of the Chinese Navy. But for a long period of time, Russia’s modern class are still the largest of the large Chinese Navy surface combat ships, independent research and development in China has been very difficult to break.
At the same time, as China’s economic development, maritime transport routes are increasingly busy, need to maintain the territorial seas rights and more prominent, the Gulf of Aden to escort the most prominent example is from ” Wuhan Ship “,” sea-ship “,” Weishan Lake ship, “consisting of the first convoy formation, since December 26 last year, starting from Sanya has approved a total of 40 206 merchant served as escort, escort merchant ships total range of up to 4 million km, and orbit Earth’s equator week.
in more than 100 days of the guard, the first convoy formation also rescued three ships attacked, then retaining a fishing boat. There is no doubt that in today’s increasingly complex international environment, a strong Chinese navy is indispensable for China’s peaceful development benefits shield spear tip.
focus on the future, how young Chinese naval development in order to cast up and commensurate with China’s national maritime force in the Chinese Navy’s upcoming 60th birthday today, this is what every people are very concerned about problem.
Zhang, we looked at history, the Chinese navy set up inside this 60th anniversary, this time with a total of three parade, one in 1957, one in 1995, and is this year. Then we know from historical point of view is no rules can be found, for example, not every five, every ten had to be big parade, and that this time of the reason for such a parade?
Zhang Zhaozhong (guest observer):
this time 60 years, in terms of the Chinese people is one cycle, a cycle, from 60 years in terms of I feel this is a very important festival of the. I personally feel, the Navy through the people 60 years of glorious history of 60 years I put it is usually divided into two phases, the first stage after the first 30 years and 30 years, the first 30 years, people have gone through basically the Navy an independent, self-reliance, developing its own weapons and equipment. Five branches of the Navy, the Navy’s surface ships, submarines, naval aviation, coastal defense forces and marines, then basically set up the first 30 years up.
in self-reliance basis.
right, weapons also have the first generation, second generation began to develop. So after 30 years, is basically the reform and opening up, reform and opening up 30 years of reform and opening up 30 years in self-developed, based on the introduction of large number of foreign weapons and equipment, foreign weapons, including Russia and the West, and some the introduction of equipment, the introduction of some technology, so the formation of our third generation of advanced weaponry.
then 60 years parade, we will see, the People’s Navy will be to the party and the country, 60 years to show people the great achievements of weapons and equipment. So the show, but also to the people to represent what the future will be a direction. Wu commander he accepted Xinhua News Agency reporters De Tanhua and Dang Zhongye talked about the future, which of the Navy to the direction of development.
Zhang, I am a layman, I try not to ask an outsider, I try. After 60 years of development, we are now if the Navy from the equipment, we are what level, and then from their combat capability in terms of what is level? Do not know such a question is not an outsider?
can, can, but the combat capability of the equipment is to form a basis, is critical. This is a very, very difficult question to answer, many people have asked me this question, I often think about. I feel, from our weapons and equipment in terms of weapons and equipment is usually so measured, is its level of mechanization and the level of information how.
our Navy should be like this 60 years, we in general is from the semi-mechanization to mechanization, now with a certain level of information. In the above, I personally feel in terms of mechanization and informatization, we and other countries, we came in after a dozen.
What does this mean?
example, and the United States, Russia, the Western Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and Japan than in our neighboring words, we differ greatly, because they are basically in the realization of mechanization, we just started the semi-mechanized.
Professor Zhang said here, we know that the international political theory which, when two sovereign states in ensuring their own safety when tend to believe that all aspects of their military strength than the other strong job when our country’s military level, is the Navy’s force came in a dozen time, does this mean?
came in a dozen time means, well, a navy that we started late, we are only 60 years, people have built 200 years, 200 years, some of which lasted even longer, like the British Navy on the longer, traditional maritime country, we can achieve in 60 years, which has such a great success, is not easy, and seeing When our results, but also see that we are still some problems.
But as you say another problem is the combat, combat capability is the human factor, tactics and weaponry strategy combination of factors. From this perspective, our combat capability, I think it can top forty-five this.
put it together that if the words.
I said together, together, will be better. For example, if the individual than words, and some we will be very dominant, together also good. For example, nuclear submarines, the Navy’s nuclear submarines, we have strategic nuclear missiles, so have the underwater nuclear deterrent capability, which is a very strong thing.
In addition, our Navy’s submarines, conventional submarines, underwater combat capability is also very strong.
I have such a problem, of course we live in today’s world, we are certainly not in an arms race, but without under the premise of the arms race, how to ensure they have sufficient defense capabilities to ensure their own safety?
For example, according to, say, China is concerned, according to China’s own task, the task is now China’s own first and foremost to to defend their own territorial waters and airspace security, this is your sovereignty.
followed by second place, to defend your good 300 million square kilometers of territorial waters, which is the second task.
third task, your national economic interest, in which place you should be able to defend the country’s economic interests, for example, a number of sea routes, as the convoy in Somalia, which is to defend our national interests.
In addition, we support the country’s economic construction, to perform some non-traditional combat missions, such as flood, earthquake relief, the implementation of such tasks.
you just said a Navy Commander Wu Shengli’s words, you’re an expert, it may give us an analysis, I no longer read, because I am afraid I have read do not read down, very professional stuff.
very professional passage.
is that when we have these, what it means? What can we do?
When you have these, the means that our Navy will be able to complete these few tasks. Commander Wu speech, the first one, proposed to develop large surface combat ships, large surface combat ships is the displacement of at least 1 million metric tons, this is to have the sea, and even the long ocean cruise and combat missions . We already have, however, to have a long time, for example, comes to the Nansha sea area, or farther, this ability is relatively poor. In the future if they have large combat ships, perform this task better.
else? You have just said one.
still underwater self-sustaining force and stealth performance, this is what does that mean? Underwater self-sustainability, let me say that the development of large surface ships and large surface combat vessels in the past mean? Down from the maximum height of said aircraft carrier, aircraft carrier displacement according to U.S. standards, the average is 6 tons to 100,000 tons, which is considered a big guy’s. Further down is the strategic ships, generally 4 tons, and then down the cruiser, is generally more than 10,000 tons, less than 2 tons, and then down a destroyer, is generally seventy-eight tons.
now the concept is the strategic ships and cruisers, this strategy no longer ship ship class, cruiser basically retired after serving cruisers no longer developed, since no two naval vessels, and large ships on the remaining two, a large destroyer that is in more than 10,000 tons full load displacement, this is certainly Commander Wu means.
another, we say that the commander is not referring to other Wu large surface combat ships, aircraft carrier or something, I feel more than 10,000 tons of large surface combat vessels are included.
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