Chinese nuclear submarine development process: just create a few years nuclear power plant
Data Figure: China’s Navy nuclear submarine training
1958 091 June, the Office of Defense Marshal Nie. A summary of foreign military intelligence and foreign telecommunications Ikunori on the desk.
Marshal Nie careful reading. U.S. “Nautilus” nuclear submarine into the water from early 1954 to April 1957 when the first replacement of fuel rods until the total range of over 60,000 sea miles, during which most of the submerged, “Nautilus” was consuming only a few kilograms of uranium ; and conventional submarines sailed the same distance, to burn about 8,000 tons of fuel. Transportation fuel needs of so many 217 tanker, train consisting of up to 3.2 km, costing $ 1,970,000.
U.S. Navy disclosed, “Nautilus” in the previous exercise, suffered more than 5,000 times in the attack. According to the deduction, if the conventionally powered submarines, it will be “sunk” at least 300 times, and prompt action of the “Nautilus” was only to be “hit” 3 times. “Nautilus” was demonstrated nuclear submarine capability and frightening hidden and flexibility.
retaliatory nuclear submarines have absolute power, with the absolute power of retaliation, countries have absolute security. At least the Americans think so.
Marshal Nie slowly into the hands of the intelligence on the table, long time in silence.
few days later, Marshal Nie personal information and a more detailed written “on the development of missiles to carry out atomic submarines report” sent to the Zhongnanhai Juxiang Book.
Two days later, deputy commander of the CPC Central Committee approved by the Navy Luo Shun junior organizational leadership will work on the development of China’s nuclear submarines, the Navy, Minister of Scientific Research in charge of Hong laugh. Approval of the speed, surprise.
developed the first nuclear submarine expert staff assembled a total of 29 subjects, this is the country’s elite submarines and ships. At that time, not to mention nuclear-powered submarines, nuclear physics is also not a few people. At that time very little information, to see information on foreign nuclear submarines, only the public offering of the “Jane’s Defence Yearbook” on a few blurry photos, and one I brought back from abroad, diplomats nuclear submarines children’s toys. Toy is very realistic, I heard that this toy is not sold on the market soon, because the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency that it leaks.
“nuclear submarine, a thousand years, too, must come out!”
20 1950s and 1960s, the Soviet Union of the Chinese navy building a lot of help However, research in nuclear submarines, the Soviet military has always been tight-lipped.
1959 National Day, Khrushchev visited China. Mao Zedong when he politely asked for the hope to help China develop nuclear submarines. Khrushchev arrogantly said: “The nuclear submarine technology, complex, expensive, and you do not! You do not have to engage the Soviet Navy has such weapons, can also protect you.”
words deep hurt the national pride of Mao Zedong, China had proposed the establishment of the Soviet Union to the “joint fleet” attempts to control the Chinese Navy, Mao had angrily to the Soviet Ambassador Eugene said: “Even half a finger will not work!” he angrily this was the most important ally, said: “If so, you have to take all of China’s coastline are good, we always have our own fleet.” Mao no longer angry, he coldly answered Khrushchev: submarine developed our own test!
Soon, they spread a famous military, colleges and research institutions related to the country – after Mao Zedong said angrily: “nuclear submarine, a thousand years, too, must come out!”
This is a resounding oath, is a indestructible faith. It represents the ambitions of that generation! Also in line with the first generation of the founding leaders of character traits and ways of thinking for them, regardless of any time, national dignity is always the first one, standing in life and death between the knees, the Chinese Communist Party will choose the latter .
However, the development of nuclear submarines on the road full of thorns. The beginning of 1960, two machines set up the Department of Research Reactor, began nuclear research; navy and a nuclear submarine jointly established the general Ministry of Machine Laboratory, responsible for overall design, development and implementation of the arrangements for the task.
old military experts Jie Wu recalled: I was assigned to build the Department of “Shipbuilding Technology Research”, responsible for the overall design of nuclear submarines, built by the part-time deputy director of the Department of Xuezong Hua. This was in the Navy was “bully” the top-secret project, even the sea directly under the authority of the person in charge of the Division do not know. One person in charge of the organs in the sea an internal meeting to talk about work, inadvertently speak out China’s first nuclear submarine, code-named, in fact, just the code, nothing about the other, but also poke a big trouble, immediately be removed from office.
Nie issuing a “silver bullet”
submarine design was entirely “on paper” because that is a white one, nothing. We went to visited by the Soviet Union aided China’s first experimental reactor, can go there to look, I found that kind of reactor is simply not on the boat. Submarine weapons and equipment did not, when we imitate the Soviet missile work has only just begun. Torpedo Needless to say, do not look old torpedo weapons, but quite difficult to manufacture the world now able to independently design and manufacture of torpedoes over the country have not even ten out of the country than to make the missile less. Another submarine communications, navigation is blank.
as three years of natural disasters, serious difficulties in the national economy, coupled with the withdrawal of Soviet experts, so we do not have the power while supporting the atomic bomb, missiles and nuclear submarines, three large stalls. Grim situation, the CPC Central Committee decided to focus on first carry out “two bombs,” nuclear submarine development work suspended. Nuclear submarine project entered hibernation.
1965 年 3 月 20, Zhou Enlai personally presided over the meeting, announced the re-launched nuclear submarine development. 701 Seventh director Chen Youming Bong Defense Research Institute (referred to as “seven homes”), president of the orders of generals in Hong laugh, went to Beijing to report from the field, as 09 projects (ie nuclear submarine project) Office. But no one thought, break through the obstacles to proper development work has entered a crucial stage, the Cultural Revolution began.
1967 年 1 月 nationwide “seize power” after the storm, the ship industrial factories, research institutes generally paralyzed. Nuclear fuel plant there was a serious protest, submarine reactor fuel rods production was interrupted. June 25, 1967, the submarine’s secret meeting was held in Beijing Minzu Hotel, from all over the country’s 300 nuclear submarine research and development unit director, director and party secretary and experts, technical personnel, gather together. Many of them came from the criticism of the venue. 9 more, Nie Liu, deputy director of the National Defense Science and Technology Commission, accompanied by an imposing appearance to enter the venue. Wearing a military uniform for a long time Marshal Nie deliberately put a new uniform, even more majestic. Marshal’s words resounding: submarines projects related to national security plan is an important project. This project is approved by Chairman Mao, is a collective of the CPC Central Committee decision. Anyone is allowed for any reason, the impact of Research, the production plant, are not allowed to use any excuse to lay-off, stop! The project, can not wait! Not allowed to stop! Quality and quantity must be completed on time!
Nie will then issue a “special letter”, which is issued by the Central Military Commission since the founding of new China’s first “special letter” to require any unit or individual shall not affect the nuclear submarine development work for any reason . This is a “silver bullet” ah, is the first line of the Central Military Commission to the nuclear submarine project organizer and commander of the maximum support!
forced to stop production of all factories, research institutes have gradually returned to work. Nuclear submarine technology, complex process, a nuclear submarine is a floating sea Science City. Nuclear-powered submarine of the generating capacity to meet a medium-sized cities, electricity for lighting. According to statistics, the first nuclear submarine construction materials required for more than 1,300 varieties of specifications, equipment, boat equipment, instruments and accessories have a number of 2600, 46,000 pieces of, 300 kinds of cable, a total length of 90 km, 270 pipe variety, length of 30 kilometers. These materials and equipment involved in the research, design, testing, prototype and production include more than 2,000 factories, large-scale cooperation and the military in the history of shipbuilding in China is unprecedented.
Americans toss more than a decade of difficulties, a few years the Chinese people won
submarine nuclear power plant project by the Institute for nuclear research, charge of this work is the son of Peng Pai Peng Shilu martyr.
submarine was forced to dismount in the past two years, Peng Shilu comprehensive correct views of their peers, not just by a proposed nuclear-powered research foolhardy enthusiastic, and secure the first, best to engage in a simulated heap land, full Research to improve, then go to install the submarine. Soon, presided over the overall design of nuclear reactor expert Peng Shilu and dozens of designers, has been secretly concentrated to an island, “completely closed” to the nuclear power plant design to launch the final “sprint.” Reactor was finally scheduled to pre-test requirements. Republic of the leading nuclear submarine project has finally been overcome. The mystery of marine nuclear reactor was opened, the Americans toss more than a decade of difficulties, the Chinese people won a few years.
marine nuclear reactors with China, but how will it become the hub of the submarine, but a loss without knowledge.
submarine Xia Tong, director general and chief designer Huang Xuhua together to discuss the matter for a long time. On one occasion, Huang Xuhua sudden the words reminded him, “I heard there is a foreign submarine toy too realistically, the United States not to sell.” For ah, summer Tong suddenly remembered, here we are behind closed doors with the dream of what, it really can not first create a “super toy”, and then gradually revised and improved in practice? Xia Tong a fantasy leads to a nuclear submarine to make a 1:1 model of a major project. Interestingly, the one time the most developed sector in several carpenters busy actually, they are the most vigorous political examination and technical assessment of screening out, if not the reincarnation of Luban is Zhuge rebirth. Submarine model is based solely on the ratio of 1:1 made of wood, it has a realistic internal organs, or even inside the phone is made of wood, like a super toy.
later proved, the approach is to accelerate the pace of development of nuclear submarines is more critical turning point.
1970 年 7 18, submarine power plant in the “third line” in carrying out land-based simulation of a stacked pile test. December 26, 1970, Chairman Mao’s birthday. China’s first nuclear submarine, the new Chinese naval equipment, “first-born baby” – submarine torpedo attack on a special significance in the days into the water.
Since then, the history of the People’s Navy equipment development has opened a new page. New China Navy submarine real name “hidden” the. (Source: People’s Political Consultative Conference News)
text/Song Yichang Abstract voyage “to sail deep blue – new Chinese documentary off the ship industry,” Hong Jiang, Shandong People’s Publishing House recommended