Qiao Liang Major: Military awards can not be too ignore the personal interests (Figure)
Qiao Liang, Professor of Air Force Command College, Air Force Major General. With the “big ice”, “Spirit Flag,” “end of the door” and other military literature, and has co-published with the people “unrestricted warfare”, “Chinese Air Force to be on the offensive and defensive” and “new era of Warring States” and other military theoretical works.
visit the” Guangzhou “ship officers held the ship returned to the motherland territorial seas ceremony. Strengthening the military ceremony in honor of an irreplaceable role. Zha Chunming photo
border officers with quiet dedication, there is no significant credit should also be rewarded. Lixiang She
present, the military is to cultivate the “loyal to the party, love the people, serve the country, dedicated to the mission, respect honor,” the contemporary revolution in military core values. In this “five-point”, the first four related to the properties and functions of the PLA’s political mission, and assured the legal level, more than the past emphasis, and “respect for honor” belongs to the ethical and moral aspects, is a new proposition.
People’s Liberation Army 82 years ago, its purpose is always the same strain, and firm. “Respect for honor” and suggested, let’s see, that political, legal requirements and binding, can be resolved is who “manage”, but to achieve the great ideals, goals, ethics must be built up to this higher level, the ideals and goals down into individual consciousness.
pursuit of honor in the final analysis is a kind of self-identity and self-respect, is a human self-realization and self-development. Maslow on human needs “pyramid” structure, which live in the highest level. From the military tradition, it stems from the spirit of revolutionary heroism blood; from the requirements of the times, it comes from modern military occupations associated with the honor system; the pursuit of value from the officers and men, it echoes the new generation of soldiers. ” concept of fame and fortune “of evolution.
military honors to depth issues, I recently interviewed Qiao Liang generals.
only military medal of honor symbol, the military’s sense of honor is even more into their own quality
Q: I remember you once said, the military Honor is the military value of the state and society, a contribution recognized. It is not ethical conduct and a certain relationship?
Qiao Liang: Yes, the military troops of their own sense of honor is recognition of the value of life, but also national, social life of the soldier, the military contribution to confirmation. Fact that the conduct of military honor is also, it is the military ethics “cap” of a performance.
Q: It was mentioned that honor would immediately think of medals. Recently the military art workers around the core values ??of military design posters, medals are basically the main pattern. Military honors and medals reward system What is the relationship?
Qiao Liang: Medal, Medal of honor is actually a “symbolic.”
Q: In some social groups or sectors also have a reward system, but the army in this area appears to be particularly significant, the military certainly praise mainly through the medal medal to reflect?
Qiao Liang: military honor, especially in the military system of incentives, in fact, is the most typical of the quality of military or military unique to the praise of some elements, such as courage, loyalty, dedication, sacrifice. From this characteristic, said the military honor system and other sectors are not the same. For example, “Labor Medal” for exemplary work may not require courage, sacrifice, only requires that you diligently labor, innovative, and so on; and the military should have a special military career-related quality of military honor system To reward these qualities and pull out the extra pull.
Q: So the military medals reward system becomes very bright, very prominent.
Qiao Liang: very bright because it is often linked with the war. War requires soldiers courage, loyalty, dedication, sacrifice, although there is some emphasis on the quality of other industries, but they are integrated with the military is unique.
Q: In the daily mode, it is easy to understand as a meritorious honor, reward and recognition of these specific “benefits.” For example, every year-end summary of the time, said “This year what you honor it?” Means that you get a merit, awards, excellent soldiers, advanced individual projects in these awards which. Why?
Qiao Liang: This is more from the honor of the “outside” to understand the reward, in fact, honor is more important is “internalized,” that inner sense of honor military problem, is to transform human inherent quality, rather than limited to the medal on his chest. Medal awarded to soldiers, the military contribution for the identification and recording, so you have a respect for the community, of course, first through the “symbolic” to achieve. But its purpose is to make this form of implementation in your heart “internalized”; also allow more people to you as a “benchmark”, are you in line to the “internalization.” The most important thing is to have the military sense of honor, rather than the pursuit of honor “symbol.” Sometimes we simply advocate the pursuit of honor, became the pursuit of chest covered with medals, in fact, many people are not necessarily covered with medals have a very strong sense of honor. To honor military and honor “symbol” is actually a completely equated vulgarization.
as long as a certain number of years in the military service is very good, even without a major credit should also be given incentives
Q: Let’s force, over the years, have is a pig, vegetables, a coolie’s easy to reward meritorious service, and some units also often reward meritorious service to the quota of jobs in the Year, retired comrades, as with the ideological work done through the means. How could this be?
Qiao Liang: This is typical of the vulgarization of honor. In fact this is to belittle military medals in the reward system, it becomes a kind of compensation with the interests of the color means. Honor was originally close to the soul, and now closer to a specific physical image. There is no doubt also a means to honor, but this means in terms of the military should actively use, rather than passive use; active use is the first look into how the military within the spirit of passive use is only considered to appease some people’s negative emotions .
Q: Another point, forces are now engaged in the arts, sports, and media coverage for outstanding achievements, the opportunity to reward meritorious service seems to be more and more. It is generally understood in the military meritorious service called “war service”, but more were awarded medals “Wen Shi”, how to understand this phenomenon?
Qiao Liang: and there are several reasons. The first 30 years of China’s military not to fight, do not rely on the military war show performance? Eliminated in the number of the enemy on the battlefield, the “first prisoner” reward, can be said that “price tag”, it is easy as the basis for military merit awards. And peacetime, soldiers are in a daily routine, who more than anyone else prominent hard to define, so that it is very difficult to award. In contrast, literary talent, sports talent, in a race won in a major show in the widely acclaimed, has created a great social repercussions, let these people appear more prominent than others. In times of peace, “Wen Shi” is clearly more compelling. A perfect exercise can also be subject to internal praise and praise, but because of military secrets and other reasons can not be well received by the world’s attention; in the “Young Singer” won a gold medal, it is easy to let everyone know you. This does not seem fair for the majority of the military, because most soldiers are not actors, not athletes, so it is easy to produce a depression of the phenomenon, feel that their pay has not been properly rewarded.
abroad in this regard is different. For example, some foreign military to set up a kind of “outstanding service medal,” as long as a certain number of years in the military service is very good, daily training targets to achieve, even if no major credit, you can also get this medal, because your service is excellent of. One that we now have to award some special as a reward, but in fact the military is in a lot of time in silent devotion, unknown, and this is very important in the military: “The idea that day, military force in 1:00.” If you let the military’s “A Thousand Days” do not feel the value of “idea that” it would be difficult to achieve the desired effect. In fact, “a moment” should have raised him the moment, “thousand days” should have a thousand days of the award. There is no “Thousand Days” no “moment” and does not reward “Thousand Days”, “moment” it is difficult to burst out, “A Thousand Days” to become something; a soldier does not love his “thousand days”, how can ” moment “of the country have contribute?
spiritual rewards should be supplemented by material rewards, should not be too overlooked the military’s “personal interest”
Q: Now, everyone seems to regard the highest grade understood as the promotion of honor duties, have the opportunity to mention the post often embarrassed to go to “power struggle”, to reward meritorious service opportunity “so that” to the hands of men. Then promoted to office and honor what is the relationship?
Qiao Liang: promotion positions and honors in the past is one thing. A person established power on the battlefield, labeled “10000 Hou,” It is an honor; the same time to “seal the wife Yinzi”, to give you a territory, led a million, also inside the material interests. Spiritual rewards and incentives are unified. But now divided into two things, a person who received medals, a third class it might be attached to 100 yuan bonus, incentives colors basically faded out. The ancient “10000 Hou” In addition to material interests, but it is also a social class, social hierarchy is now your job, if you’ll get promoted to the post and Medal of Honor, it becomes too much you get, so the system will have the two separated. It is said that the two should be complementary.
Q: This is not to say that our reward system design still need to improve, improvements?
Qiao Liang: We long for military merit award system has not been thoroughly studied and thought, so this has been less formal. New China was founded 60 years our army of “three goals” – revolutionary, standardization, modernization has been done is to maintain and revolutionary, standardization has not been fully realized, modernization in recent years began to accelerate. In fact the honor system should belong to the normalization area in which we basically plan to revolutionize inside. There will be more drawn to the emphasis on revolutionary dedication. Pursuit of a military medals this is a matter of course, is now easily be seen as to “succeed.” “I want to lay this battle, do not get a first dogged!” There is this idea is a good thing. Dare to compete successfully, the military’s courage will be able to fully play out. Chinese words, there is a word called “power struggle shifted the blame”, in fact, competing for credit, and yes, blame-shifting is a bad thing. Let now these two things tied together, competing for credit and blame-shifting as shameful, not actually – just the way power struggle with the false is shameful, but in fact most of the soldiers are not all using the false way.
Q: This “war” should be bravely rushed out of the “struggle.”
Qiao Liang: Yes. For the award, I consider the job promotion and reward meritorious distinction is necessary, although sometimes the two are often closely related, as the enemy’s courage is not necessarily a person fit to be commander, not as many good athletes When the coaches for the same by both the enemy who can command the best choice as commander. For when the commander but not for meritorious service to the people the courage to fight the enemy, should be given more incentives, the reward is not just in his chest hung a medal, should also be supplemented by other material rewards.
we are doing at this point is not enough, because we too ignore the “personal interests”, but how could the military have no personal interest? Soldiers should be selfless dedication and sacrifice as their pursuit of the highest state, which is any normal society would promote and admired, while the country’s sacrifices for the military, you should have the appropriate reward and compensation. We can not on these two points is very appropriate, so there are no emotions so completely had. Most military training in their daily work quietly contribution, and finally a word, you are the quiet dedication of the good soldier, they all pass, and how is this line? In turn to sing a song, get a good race results can be huge rewards, you get no such opportunity to the people how to balance it? Now we talked about the wealth gap problem, which is just about the material aspects of the gap, there is also an “honor gap” problem: a good actor on his chest covered with medals, honorary become “rich”; an ordinary soldier did not receive medals, became the honor of the “poor.” This is clearly not fair.
“good faith” to honor the foundation
Q: I have read some information on the U.S. West Point will be “responsibility, honor, country” as a motto, and this value by the elite West Point training to its entire army of radiation. West Point cadets to honor in education provides an “honor code” requires students to “do not lie, cheat or steal, nor tolerate such behavior of others.” The “bottom line” seems very low?
Qiao Liang: The bottom line seems low, in fact, in line with modern management principles, namely: can not be members of the community management standards set in the “upper limit” and should be in the “lower limit” on. Set in the “lower limit” Everyone can do it, we all know below this line, in fact, lost a man’s basic qualifications; and if given in the “cap”, most people can not, can not but is a standard, there will be “false” to do, so most people will eventually become a “hypocrite.” I think West Point, given the “bottom line” is very good, because the “honor code” is the meaning of integrity, and honesty is the most basic social operation, the bottom line.
why this one became the “Code”? Think about it, responsibility, honor, country, these three points were no faith? A person responsible can not be honest it? To deceive others is not responsible. A person of honor, can be used deceptive means to get it? You also can not do without the face of national integrity. You put a shot on the battlefield and ran away, came back and said their hold on positions, that is unthinkable. So the bottom line of integrity and honor. I think this one out of West Point to do the “Code” is very meaningful.
Q: We have from kindergarten, primary school education does not teach children do not lie lie, but now burst into adult society to a “credibility crisis”, like the typical “poison milk powder” incident. So the whole society to promote the “Eight Honors and Eight Shames”, and even draconian laws to correct.
Qiao Liang: using the system to ensure that integrity is one aspect, in fact, faith is largely self-discipline required. In a very long time, we believe that the Western business community through a more thorough transformation, is built on good faith based on. Because the business community is a social contract, social contract is the integrity of the community, all built to comply with the contract. In fact it is the entire system, including law, are a reflection of the spirit of the contract. But you will find the system alone is not enough. Alone system, it makes honest people who do not drill system loopholes. The spread to the world of U.S. financial crisis, Wall Street is actually bad faith from the beginning; the U.S. government did not strengthen the regulation is one reason, but regulatory or institutional level. Why did not completely rely on the system constrained to live in? There is no self-discipline problems. So a community is to establish a sound credit system, contract system, on the one hand to make the system of law; the other hand, is to make people self-oriented, not personal self-discipline is not enough.1 2 Next