All the major streamlining and reorganization of the PLA: the total number of troops down to 2.3 million
After the Chinese army in 1985, the disarmament process diagram
data for: the PLA after the founding of the Army soldiers lined up
, greater streamlining and reorganization of the previous People’s Liberation Army.
first streamlining and reorganization. The early days of New China, People’s Liberation Army total strength of 550 million people. In June 1950, streamlining and reorganization of the army staff conference program provides a fixed 400 million people in the army. Demobilization of the army that year 23.9 million people. Soon, the Korean War broke out, streamlining and reorganization of work terminated. To the end of 1951, the army Chief General amount to 627 million people, the history of the PLA troops up period.
second downsizing and reorganization. November 1951 reorganization meeting held in the Central Military Commission, provided the total to 1954 the military post at 300 million people. January 1952, according to Mao Zedong approved “military reorganization plan”, the IDF infantry reduced from 258 million to 135 million people, arms and troops from 61 million to expand to 84 million headquarters and all levels of government by the 112 million people reduced to 38 million people, institutions, expanding from 10.8 million to 12.8 million, 95 million adaptation of local forces as the security forces, the army maintained a fixed total of 300 million people.
third streamlining and reorganization. August 28, 1953, the CPC Central Committee and to make military systems (including security forces) should be further consolidation organization, streamlining redundancies, improve the quality of military emergency instructions. Subsequently, the streamlining and reorganization of the army carried out. As of the end of September 1953, reduced the number of military forces around 4.2 million. In this reorganization has not been a close, December 1953, the national military system meeting the party’s senior officials decided to bring the army compendium of 350 million people in the system, re-established the Central Military Commission, the establishment of the National Defense Commission and the Department of Defense, and the formation of eight headquarters (ie, General Staff Department, the total personnel department, General Logistics Department, General Finance, Ministry of the total ordnance, training director of the Ministry of Supervision of the armed forces) leadership system, will also be rezoned to six military 12 large military (ie, Shenyang, Beijing, Jinan, Nanjing, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Kunming, Chengdu, Lanzhou, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Tibet Military District, then the formation of Fuzhou Military Region, the development of 13 large military), the general system of the four reform areas for the three (ie, military, provincial military, Military, and continues to this day). June 1954 to streamline the military has 47.2 million people, to be completed by the end of the basic plan.
fourth streamlining and reorganization. In January 1957, the Central Military Commission under the party’s “Eight” meeting the spirit of reducing military spending, holding the enlarged CMC meeting, adopted the “cut the number of troops to strengthen the quality of decisions” to determine the further reduction of the total number of PLA 1/3. Asked 3-year reduction of 130 million people, the army compressed to 250 million people (in fact, reduced to 240 million people, the smallest period for the army). The reorganization to restore the three headquarters (ie the General Staff, General Political Department, and continue to use until 1998) system to remove the security forces, air defense, air defense and air force will be merged, and compression adjust military academies, Academy of Military Sciences and Department of Defense established the Defense Science and Technology Commission. The end of 1958, the military into a collective formed to transfer jobs or have a local military headquarters, 46 divisions, more than 30 hospitals and more than 30 institutions. In 1956, the total number of the army on the basis of streamlined 36%. The total number of PLA when compared with the founding of New China, streamlining 61.2%.
streamlining and reorganization of the fifth. Some time after 1966, the civilian body preparation confusion, imbalance, bloated, overstaffed serious cadres, army posts continue to expand. By 1971, the total number of military, compared with 1965, but up 20 percent; compared with 1958, an increase of 1.53 times. To the mid-1970s, the military posts has exceeded 600 million. June 24, 1975 至 7 月 5, the Central Military Commission of the enlarged CMC meeting held in the historic, focused and focused on solving the compression forces fixed, adjust the preparation of institutional and other major issues. Decided to reduce the military three years to 60 million people. From the fourth quarter of 1975, the Army troops and military authorities was reorganized; metro railway corps troops, part of the project construction unit and the county, city Squadron transferred to local authorities; removed some of the Air Force military, antiaircraft artillery division, an independent division of local and infantry divisions. By 1976, the army in the total number decreased by 13.6% in 1975, has made great achievements in streamlining and reorganization. Later, Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary streamlining and reorganization task due to the interference and sabotage group, did not complete stopped.
sixth, seventh, eight streamlining and reorganization. In December 1977, the enlarged meeting of the Central Military Commission adopted a “readjustment of the military establishment of the program.” This program confirmed the enlarged CMC meeting in 1975, streamlining and reorganization of established principles and measures required to finish the army in 1975 under the streamlining and reorganization tasks. March 1980, the CMC decided to streamlining and reorganization of the military again, reducing the quantity and improving quality, efforts to cut the organs, the establishment of the institutional reform of the irrational, compressed non-combatants and security forces, some troops to implement the compendium, a portion of the troops handed over to local . In August 15, the CPC Central Committee approved and transmitted the Central Military Commission, “the military downsizing and reorganization of the program.” September 1982, the CPC Central Committee and Central Military Commission also decided to further streamlining and reorganization of the army.
based on “constitutional” Central Military Commission decided to set up the PRC Central Military Commission (its composition, leadership structure and functions the same with the CPC Central Military Commission); some of the field division to division by the reorganization of a compendium of divisions; will be responsible for internal security troops and border guards on duty the transfer of public security departments; revocation infrastructure engineering, the subordinate units collectively transferred to civilian counterparts, according to the local system; revoked railway corps, into the Ministry of Railways; in provinces where military forces; the Central Military Commission, artillery, armor , Corps of Engineers were led authorities to the General Staff Department of artillery, armor, engineering of War (later was merged into the Department of General Staff arms), the integration work to the end of 1983.
1984 November, held an enlarged meeting of the Central Military Commission, CMC Chairman Deng Xiaoping proposed the reduction of the army by one million ideas. Subsequently, the Central Military Commission of the People’s Liberation Army post reductions and reorganization program. The end of May 1985 in early June, held an enlarged meeting of the Central Military Commission, identified the guiding ideology of the military strategic shift, and decided to cut military personnel by one million. The focus is to streamline headquarters simple cut, arms, big military, National Defense agencies and subordinate units; merge some institutions; reduced levels of deputies, the authorities, the 76 kinds of military duty by the officers to serve as soldiers; the Armed Police Force and the county (city, district) people’s armed forces transferred to the local establishment; all the armored units, artillery, field artillery units and some of the Army Corps of Engineers and retention for the Army all unified reorganization, streamlining and reorganization in early 1987 to work basic end.
streamlining and reorganization of the ninth. In September 1997, Comrade Jiang Zemin at the party congress, “hold high the great banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory, the building of socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century,” the report noted that in order to adapt to profound changes in the world’s military field and strengthen education and training, to improve the conditions of modern technology, especially under high-tech defense capabilities, reduction of the army in the 1980s by one million, based on the country in the next three years a further reduction of 500,000 troops. The end of 1997, part of the Army formed the B division have been transferred to Armed Police Force. In March 2000, Jiang Zemin, National People’s Congress in the Third Session of the Ninth plenary meeting of the PLA delegation announced the end of 1999, the party’s congress proposed the 500,000 major task has been completed. In the disarmament, 20 Yu Wanjun team cadres from active jobs where work, which is a new Chinese cadres in the previous reduction of the army posts a higher proportion of thin.
As of December 31, 2005, People’s Liberation Army successfully completed the structural and organizational reform program to determine the tasks, scheduled reduction of 200,000, which streamline the army cadres 170,000 troops dropped to 2.3 million total posts , the total Army military posts in the proportion of total has dropped to historic lows. The structural and organizational reform, streamlining of cadres is the key. Dozens of management positions and professional and technical posts, as the original by the cadres, non-commissioned officers to perform their duties; part of the civilian cadres to civilian personnel. Streamline the military cadres 170,000 officers and men to optimize the ratio of the structure. To this end, the PLA launched a new system of support for reform. Beginning in 2006, the implementation of civilian and non-commissioned public service personnel system, reform the military force structure and personnel system.