China’s first nuclear submarine in 1985, last voyage 90 days and nights underwater voyage
hero Gao Xiang (front row, third from left) were cordially received by Chairman Mao Zedong.
Data Figure: China’s Xia-class nuclear submarine Navy 092 gliding underwater
Guo Shan Xiong Zhonghui
With the pace of progress of the new China, a generation generation of naval officers and men work hard, be creative, with integrity, wisdom, youth and blood to write one after another blue sea song. Today, the People’s Navy has developed into a surface ship, coastal defense forces, air force, submarine force, and marines multiple arms, combat capability with a dual nuclear and maritime defense. 60th anniversary of the founding of new China’s happy days, we would like to make an important contribution to the modernization of national defense veteran to express my sincere admiration!
40 meters away from the enemy, Gao Xiang, fierce naval air force pilots fired
create air miracle in the history
1965 年 9 月 20, United States, a violation of our F-104 fighter over Hainan Island, China’s naval air force flying against, it shot down, captured U.S. plane pilot. Create this miracle is the Navy’s retired cadres retired cadres Nanjing Road, Qingdao, Gao Xiang.
time, Gao Xiang are 10 separate naval aviation pilots. Recalled when the battle scene, Gao Xiang mood is still very excited. He said then, several U.S. military aircraft flew over the provocation I Hainan Island, we are intolerable. June 13, 1965, I was ordered to fly to Qingdao, Hainan Island from the combat missions, I vowed to take lessons about the enemy. Opportunity finally came. September 20, a U.S. F-104 warplanes again flew to the airspace. Command ordered: “block, attack!” I am driving one of his comrades with a J-6 fighters, went straight to the theater. Gao Xiang says.
In fact, both the strength of the poor. Driving the enemy’s military pilots have 2,000 hours of flight experience, and Gao Xiang only 800 hours, and then newly established China’s naval air force, driving the opponent’s F-104 fighters and our F-6 fighter compared to the fully occupied advantage. Gao Xiang an unafraid of death with courage and deal with opponents. After circling a few after, Gao Xiang slowly back to the opponent close to the cabin of the display, the distance between two planes continued to narrow. Until the end, both fighters in the air from less than 300 meters, Gao Xiang will disregard life and death, to add a little horsepower rushed to the enemy. Gao Xiang enemy did not expect the driver would be so bold, and sometimes stunned. Gao Xiang aimed at the opportunity, 40 meters away from the intense enemy fire, hit the U.S. plane’s left wing, the U.S. military pilot ejected safely be captured, F-104 aircraft exploded in front of Gao Xiang crash. As the proximity of the explosion of the aircraft debris to collapse Gao Xiang, 13 holes, also caused an engine scrapped. Until the plane landed, another engine has to stop. If we land one minute later, Gao Xiang is absolutely die without living.
afterwards, summing up the fight Gao Xiang said: I been able to play it down, one U.S. pilot guilty of “confused” imprudent; two is courageous, not afraid of death. I was the only one faith, is sure to have it shot down.
79-year-old Gao Xiang, pointing to the year together with Chairman Mao and Premier Zhou’s photos of the author, said: I was an instant hit, known for life. Organization gave me too much honor, fighting just ended, I was Xiao Jinguang the plane to Beijing, honored to participate in the National Day ceremony. Then, they were Chairman Mao, Premier Zhou was cordially received. Was received by President Hu this year, I really am so happy!
70 hours of sailing, a former naval aviation maintenance schools, Qing-Yi Meng, director of the Political Department of unforgettable memories
first perform escort missions
1952, the Qing-Yi Meng Navy’s Sixth Fleet in the East of a large group of “Kaifeng” ship as a Student Officer. One day in July, received orders from the superior, logistics, “100″ tug to haul 500 tons of diesel sent to the Qingdao base, “Kaifeng” ship was ordered to escort.
two days after the early morning, “Kaifeng” ship scheduled to leave, “White Lotus Sutra” terminal, into the high seas. 16 am and “100″ tug, joined together to work towards Qingdao. 20 am, the signal that the department receives a telegram from the Philippines, typhoon No. 9, about to hit my area. The face of unexpected circumstances, the captain Yuan Fang Yi, Political Commissar Xu Liangjun made careful arrangements, and communicated to the “100″ tug.
midnight, the typhoon came. Suddenly, between heaven and earth in addition to ear-splitting roar of thunder and waves on no other sound. Qing-Yi Meng recalled the scene, said: ships in rough waves, such as a boat swaying up and down bumps. People in the ship did not survive. The most difficult or vomiting: vomiting is at first rice, then spit out the yellow water, and then later actually spit out the gall bladder mucus with blood. At this point the ship’s engine also appeared in: The swing is too large for the host to fight empty, can not function properly, can stop, start the auxiliary engine instead. Waves caused by the steam pipe rupture into the chimney at the same time, reported the room has a fault, the ship lost contact with the outside world.
in this critical moment, the political commissar Xuliang Jun loudspeaker came the voice: “comrades, you! Party and the people watching us, we must stick to their posts.” To see regardless of political commissar their own safety board tower, Qing-Yi Meng and his comrades have to pick ourselves up, stick to their battle stations. After more than 1 hour of fighting, and finally repair the steam pipe.
raging for nearly two hours of the typhoon gradually weakened, the host returned to normal, driving the ship finally accelerated. Maritime sector to enable marine radar search tugs, other than finding the target in 10 years. “Kaifeng” fastest ship to sail immediately to tow, greet each other by the lights, that the tug was in a typhoon off waves, snapped the cable connecting the fuel tank 4, resulting in separation of the tug and tank, after the officers and men struggling repair, re-tied firmly to the tank. Tug and tank float all the way until the “Kaifeng” ship to join. Check chart found at this time, ships in open sea. Captain gave an order to immediately adjust the course to accelerate towards Qingdao. After more than 70 hours of sailing and finally arrived at the destination.
ship by Hong Kong, the base leaders met in person boarding officers and men, conveyed greetings to everyone commander Zhang Aiping, who give orders and awards.
90 days and nights of “underwater long march” is a former deputy commander of the North Sea Fleet, Xi Yang and his fellow world record
the first nuclear submarine voyage
nuclear submarines, high-tech, modern weapons and equipment. December 26, 1970, China’s first nuclear-powered submarine into the water.
the birth of Chinese nuclear submarines, only nursing infants, to have it included in the People’s Navy of the battle, but it must be the various performance features for rigorous scientific testing. In order for nuclear submarines to combat the formation of one day earlier, when he was commander of the submarine base in the officers and men led by Ying Yang Xi heat, cold war, doing a variety of tests, when the nuclear submarine at the pier after the trial, but also to carry out nuclear submarine voyage daytime driving test. This voyage is not only a submarine performance tests, to some extent also the will of the people and physical test. This is an evil to the sea trials the ocean is difficult to predict guitar. Yang Xi and his fellow for national security and defense, literally the next piece of hard bone to chew on.
1985 年 11 from 25 January to 18 February 1986, Navy nuclear submarine force was the largest self-assessment test tasks. At first, with captain Sun Jianguo, Yang Xi, Liu Yi operating boats in the waters under the higher level of hard sailing.
journey time over a 70 day and night, suddenly received a report: nuclear submarine failed. In the remote homeland boundless expanse of blue among this happens, it is too dangerous. Once the exclusion can not afford, the consequences could be disastrous.
calendar hanging on the iron wall to tell people that day just 70 days and nights underwater voyage. In accordance with the provisions of superiors, sail 70 days and nights, that is to complete the task. At this time it was quietly pulled the clothes to discourage Xi Yang said: “Young Commander, how? Not to return.” “Return?” Xi Yang, a man turned to stare solemnly said: “Yes, the return is easy, We return at this time, would mean a Chinese nuclear submarine force self-examination failure, we are China’s first generation nuclear submarine sailor, must withstand the test of the sea, to the motherland to pay a qualified answer. we can not return the telegram sent. “
at the critical moment. Sun Jianguo Yang Xi and eyebrows furrowed, brains, tried to find ways to troubleshoot. Surprise! Miracle. Electronic calendar blinking eyes, out of 70! 80! 90! Nuclear submarines and finally back to normal. The voyage is a maritime history of China and the world an unprecedented “underwater Long March.” February 1960 to May, the United States, “Poseidon” nuclear submarine sail 84 consecutive days and nights, they return, the sailors under the boat with one stretcher lift down. After returning to our nuclear submarines, the officers and men who insist on their own down the boat. This is a Chinese nuclear submarine officers and men a unique charm, which is a Chinese nuclear submarine in 90 days and nights underwater navigation in the history of the creation of the world’s most nuclear-powered submarines.
the nuclear submarine voyage, to create China’s submarine underwater the longest time, longest range, highest average speed record with a total range of 23,625 sea miles, the equivalent of around the equator week.
This is our first generation nuclear submarines soldiers, they used the people’s loyalty to the motherland, with superhuman courage and wisdom for the new Chinese nuclear submarines operational use, to develop a new generation of nuclear submarines and naval weapons and equipment business take off, wings.