New Zealand media: China to expand all-round positive forces of the South Pacific
Chinese navy ships new 052B perform anti-submarine warfare mission level
LONDON September 16 news: New Zealand mainstream scoop independent news network recently published National University of Singapore political science professor Paul Luobuchanan famous article, saying that China is all-round expansion of sphere of influence to the South Pacific region, and will eventually fight the project power offshore platform and base.
“focus on the South Pacific force projection”
article said that in the past two decades, China as a political and economic power in the Southwest Pacific region to rise rapidly, This has led the world geopolitical intentions of Beijing’s hot. Similarly, the entire Oceania region focus on China is increasing. The article said that China’s rise as a regional power is the result of two reasons: First, its ambitions, and second, changes in U.S. strategy after the Cold War. In fact, since the 1990s, the United States in the South Pacific is not already a strong rival, and the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia, but the sudden emergence of asymmetric threats. In this case, a substantial reduction in U.S. military presence in the Southwest Pacific region to maintain a small amount of monitoring of sea power in East Asia. This rise of China in the region to provide a strategic space, its projection of soft power in the South Pacific will increase capacity in this strategically important U.S. dominance poses a serious challenge.
article that China’s expansion of influence in the South Pacific for its future projection of military power provides the potential basis. Chinese in Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, Cook Islands and other places to build a large stadium, court buildings, Parliament and resorts, to improve the deep-water port infrastructure projects, airports and roads infrastructure projects, these facilities may have a dual use – military and civilian. The way to achieve the dual purpose of a political agreement signed with the host country, such an agreement is likely to involve China in the South Pacific region into the capital, raw materials and human resources, among other measures.
The article said that the Chinese military to project power into the South Pacific still take a long time, but in view of China has developed a strategic plan, and the lack of able to contain China’s military presence, this power projection is almost inevitable. Between the Western Hemisphere and Oceania, South Pacific, including the importance of maritime traffic arteries, but the United States, Australia and other countries in these areas seldom patrolled. Australian Navy, mainly in the Indian Ocean and the Coral Sea patrols and support of overseas multi-national operations; New Zealand’s offshore capability is limited and can not defend the country’s territorial waters; the French garrison at sea is limited to French Polynesia; smaller islands such as Fiji has only a maximum of Coast Guard, the United States and its Latin American neighbors will want to send their own naval forces to perform other tasks. As a result, the South Pacific geopolitical environment on the more ambitious, more ability to actors – China, opened its doors.
the Chinese army to safeguard China’s long-term goal is of fundamental rights in the Asia Pacific region. From 1996 to 2006, China’s island of Micronesia, Kiribati construction of a missile station. This station can not only monitor their domestic space and military missile test can also be used to monitor the Marshall Islands Kwajalein Island (during the Cold War the U.S. nuclear test site) on the U.S. military action.
with China on the Kiribati island in 2006 after the end of the lease term, strategic interest in China in turn transferred to the region – in the region, China could conduct electronic surveillance, eavesdropping and remote sensing observations. In addition, China still has more practical interest, namely, to strengthen military relations with the island, close to the army to change the Western Pacific island tradition. To achieve this goal, China and Fiji and Tonga to promote the military exchanges, while Australia and New Zealand military exchange programs are being hit hard.
In addition, the article also pointed out that China intends to develop regional intelligence network. Since the work on the economic, political and military terms are significant, so China will not only employ local staff to provide information, but also the integrated use of land-based or sea-based electronic and other means (for example, marine research vessels or diplomatic missions). China is particularly interested in Australia and New Zealand, Echelon’s signals intelligence stations and the U.S. Army in Micronesia communication facilities.
to ensure that China’s maritime interests
article said, China’s ambitions in the military field has become increasingly apparent. In addition to large-scale military build-up (average 10 years of military budget increase of 5 per cent), its 60 ships of the fleet also includes five nuclear submarines (including three ballistic missile submarines), and by 2010 plans to expand the size of the fleet to 85. Moreover, China is building the first aircraft carrier, naval surface and air assets for a comprehensive modernization. In 2008, the Chinese submarine in the territorial waters were carried out 18 patrols, also the U.S. Fifth Fleet in the Western Pacific exercises open track. This indicates that in addition to coastal defense, China has started blocking the blue water task. In addition, China has also introduced a new land and reserves, air-and sea-based cruise missiles and conventional air-launch vehicle. Once deployed to the Southwest Pacific, they will constitute a significant deterrent. China’s current military escalation by the speed, which may occur within the next decade.
article that China’s primary strategic goal is to build a deterrent force, then is power projection, in order to ensure the smooth flow of resources and goods transport. In the event of conflict, the Chinese do is prevent the other side win, not a landslide victory. In combat operations, Chinese strategists emphasize tactics to crumble with the will (or will of the people), so exhausted and can not continue to fight (this is a guerrilla strategy of flexible application). The Chinese navy in the South Pacific on the strategy adopted for the United States can achieve this effect.
Therefore, China’s military expansion in the South Pacific is consistent with the above strategy, but it also can be seen as the future of China in preparing for possible military invasion. As to whether the invasion is determined by national political leaders, which compete with foreign intervention and the forces can also play an important role. For Chinese strategists, if you want to make a forecast for the future and plan ahead, then they must be on the South Pacific to consider the potential military environment, which also includes geo-political conditions.
In short, China is rebuilding its military strength – the power shift from the development of land-based defense of land, sea and air forces balanced development of the defensive force projection forces. However, as China’s military expansion from the first island chain to the second island chain, is bound together with the United States military activities in the Pacific area overlap, with the outbreak of the Australian and New Zealand forces in a direct collision. As earlier with the Pacific island countries China has established good diplomatic and economic relations, it is expected to achieve its goal of building a second island chain. And this may be caused by the U.S. strategic planners attention.
now, thanks to its soft power and influence, China has succeeded in Oceania established diplomatic and economic fulcrum, which not only means that China has been emerging as a regional power, but also that China’s secret its military presence in the region to Pave the Way. However, look at the issue from different perspectives, such as China will have the same understanding of the practice may be a bad thing, it could be a good thing, perhaps both. However, the response from the United States can be inferred that they believe in the Southwest Pacific, China gradually expanding military presence is not a good thing. (Compiled: Spring)