About ten marshals new China: Peng
Peng Peng (1898 – 1974), was formerly known as China, Hunan Xiangtan people. Proletarian revolutionary, strategist, one of the important leaders of the PLA.
1916, entered Hunan Hunan army. Officers, military academy in 1922, admitted to Hunan, graduating in 1923, Ren Xiangjun company commander. 1926 Renying Zhang, and soon reorganized into the National Revolutionary Army forces participate in the Northern Expedition. Acting Head of the winter of 1927. Head office in January 1928. In April, after the failure of the Revolution face the White Terror, he took the road of revolution, joined the Chinese Communist Party. July and tende far, led his troops to launch a little yellow Pingjiang public uprising, the establishment of the Red Army Fifth Army, he served as commander. November, led by Hong Wujun main go Jinggangshan, and Mao Zedong, Zhu De led the Fourth Red Army joined forces. The beginning of 1929 the Fourth Red Army to the main southern Jiangxi, western Fujian, after march, stay in Jinggangshan struggle. June 1930 appointed Sanjun group commander. In November 1931, the Central Revolutionary Military Commission Vice-Chairman. He took part in the command of the first, second, third against “encirclement and suppression”, in defense of the Central Revolutionary Base corps combat feats. January 1934 Fifth Sixth Plenary Session of the CPC, was elected alternate member of the Central. October, led his troops to participate in the Long March. In January 1935, participated in the Zunyi Conference, support of Mao Zedong’s correct position. Red, Red Fourth Army joined forces with Chang Kuo-tao’s anti-Party waged a resolute struggle against separatist activities. September Ren Hongjun Shaanxi-Gansu Detachment commander. November, Northwest Revolutionary Military Commission appointed vice chairman of the Red Army First Army commander, in command of the zhiluozhen campaign. 1936 by-election as CPC Central Committee, he has been a pioneer Japanese military commander, commander and political commissar of the Northwest Field Army, commanded the Eastern Campaign, and participated in the expedition. Anti-Japanese War, he served as deputy commander of the Eighth Route Army (18th Group Army deputy commander), commanding the Eighth Route Army to help Chu-depth behind enemy lines, guerrilla warfare, opening up anti-Japanese base areas in North China. The autumn of 1940, the organization launched the Hundred Regiments in North China, the Japanese invasion forces suffered a heavy blow. August 1942, he served as acting secretary of the Northern Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, September 1943 back to Yan’an to help Mao Zedong, Zhu De and directing the war behind enemy lines in North China. In 1945, a Plenary Session of the Seventh CPC, the CPC Central Committee was elected, he served as chief of staff of the CPC Central Military Commission Vice Chairman. During the liberation war, he served as deputy commander of the PLA, the Northwest Field Army (later compiled as the first field army) commander and political commissar. Give up the Yan’an, Shaanxi commanding 30,000 troops in combat with the enemy 23 million deal, both Jie Lien, the KMT army crushed the focus of attack in northern Shaanxi. Decisive stage in the strategy, led his troops in the liberation of the five northwest provinces.
new China was founded, members of the Central People’s Government, People’s Revolutionary Military Commission Vice Chairman, Chairman of the Northwest Military and Political Committee, first secretary of the CPC Central Committee Bureau Northwest, the Northwest Military Region Commander. October 1950, as the Chinese People’s Volunteers commander and political commissar of the command of the Chinese People’s Volunteers went to the Korean war. After five famous battle, crushed the North Korean attack on U.S. forces, forcing the United States signed the armistice agreement. Return to Central Military Commission in 1952 presided over the daily work. In 1954, he served as Vice Premier and Defense Minister, Deputy Chairman of National Defense, the PLA’s modernization and standardization, to make outstanding contributions. People’s Republic in 1955 was awarded the rank of Marshal. In 1956, one-eighth plenary session of the CPC, the CPC Central Committee was elected.
1959 July meeting at Lushan, as opposed to the Great Leap Forward and the people’s communes, “Left” mistakes, the people petition, and criticism by the error, was labeled “Peng, Chang, Huang, Zhou anti-Party group “key member, replacing Secretary of Defense positions. 1965 re-work, was appointed as the “three lines” Construction Committee Deputy Director.
“Cultural Revolution” period, was the Lin Biao and Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary group framed and cruel persecution, repeatedly visit bucket. November 29, 1974 death.
1978 年 Third Plenum of the CPC he rehabilitated, rehabilitated.
he was a famous general, who Mao Zedong’s poetry: “akin to finding far pit depth, force dash, who would Hengdao immediately, only I Peng Great General.”
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