Cherish the memory of the General Armament Department Qian: He never does the authority itself conservative
front of the shining example of national defense science and technology
General Armament Department of Science and Technology deputy director Lu Xicheng
I first saw and listened to the teachings of Qianlao 1978 June, when former Defense Science and Technology Commission of any money old deputy director, for the formation of the National Defense University to Changsha. Cadres of teachers in the school conference, Qianlao we earnestly regret to teach, but also to learn the technical staff of Marxist philosophy, learn to look at the problem of dialectics; should pay attention to systems engineering; University teachers should strive to not only talk about courses, but also on the basic course . Qianlao speech voice and facial expression, has vivid.
Qianlao is an outstanding strategist, he asked the CST must be efforts to study the development of national defense science and technology strategy. General Armament Department soon after the establishment Qianlao pointed out that after the establishment of assembly, the task is different, the CST in the new situation to be better for the CMC staff to do consulting work, “to the CMC ideas, a good idea.”
1991 年 September issue of “Scientific American” magazine, “communication, computer and network” album was issued, Qianlao keen grasp on the trends indicate CST comrades will seriously study the information technology construction of the military have an important impact. In 1993, the virtual reality (VirtualReality) technology first appeared, Qianlao pointed out, the technology, people can perform in the sky on the ground operations in future wars to be used. And that it was a technological revolution, we should have a response action. Similarly, molecular engineering concepts appeared, Qianlao pointed out that “the development of this technology will undoubtedly be a profound impact on national defense science and technology, so is the development strategy of national defense science and technology research.” Subsequently, the military MEMS technology has been rapid development in China. Qianlao life made many innovative, forward thinking. In 1993, Qianlao proposed: supercomputers in the future is more extreme to the 10000 processor parallel computer, Galaxy supercomputer to be extremely straight parallel computer, parallel algorithm is extremely offensive. 16 years later, the Galaxy supercomputers just to reach more than 10,000 processors, parallel algorithms are still facing great challenges. Examples we can cite many, many.
Qianlao China’s modern history an outstanding scientist but also an outstanding thinker. From the 1980s onwards, he began to create a system to create systematic and scientific system of work, the idea to form a comprehensive integrated and comprehensive approach to integration, broad and far-reaching significance and impact. He made a systematic study of complex giant to “go from qualitative to quantitative comprehensive integration of the Road”, based on this thought in the army fighting the establishment of various types of computer simulation platform for the study of military strategy provides an important analytical tools.
Qianlao keen grasp of information technology on human social development and the profound impact of military modernization, the military has been seriously thinking about the big issues of information technology, a series of important views. 1991 CST instructions carefully study information technology development; 1992, the first annual meeting of the CST’s statement that: through the Gulf War, we learn something, one very important point is the importance of information, We engage with Chinese characteristics C3I. Contact The military challenges of information technology, we can not praise Qianlao vision.
Qianlao not only for the cause of national defense scientific research and weapons development have made outstanding contributions, but also trained a large number of outstanding talent. Just returned, he taught himself, “Engineering Cybernetics” to train to participate in “two bombs” developed by young scientists. Systems Engineering Research for the training of military personnel, after he proposed the establishment of National Defense Institute of Systems Engineering, the newly established system he personally went to the seminar, speaker systems science. Strategic research to enhance our level of extraordinary, through he proposed in 1987, the CMC approved the seminar held in U.S. military strategy. He stringent requirements, the participants of China and the United States should be the number of papers, etc., at all in English, do not deserve translation. Although only organized two seminars, but our participants, and later became the most strategic analysis in the backbone.
attaches great importance to develop life-long technological innovation
■ manned space program Wang Yongzhi Senior Consultant
Qianlao attaches great importance to China’s missile aerospace industry technology training team. Back in the early repatriation, in order to help young people master the basics of the missile, Qianlao personally prepared, “Introduction to the missile” and other related materials, development of aerodynamics, engine, airframe structure and other relevant professional learning programs, technical training organized by the missile.
Although famous as a scientist, but also a high-level leaders, but the high degree of professionalism and sense of responsibility to promote Qianlao often go to work on-site technical guidance to deal with difficult problems. I remember in late December 1966, the first launch, the Gobi Desert is the most cold, I aerodromes at the launch site from a distance to Qianlao came quickly to meet her, I saw Qianlao wearing only a thin Old woolen coat. He would like to ask how well I launch preparation, and can not finish a word, it was cold and choking back. Scene at that time so I am very touched.
Qianlao in various academic fields have made outstanding achievements, but he never conservative, never satisfied, has been advocated and praised the spirit of innovation. Qianlao always say: “If you do not innovate, we will be incompetent!” Qianlao emphasize innovation, is to dare to break with traditional values ??and mindset, not opinion; to study other people dare not studied the scientific cutting-edge issues, and constantly explore novelty; to believe in yourself, foreigners can do, the Chinese can do.
Qianlao we discuss technical issues in the organization, never to the authority itself. June 1964, I participated in China’s short-range rockets designed by the second flight test mission. Group was calculated ballistic rocket trajectory, we found that the range is not enough, we consider whether or not a bit more propellant. But the rocket’s fuel tank is limited, no longer “feed” does not go. I was hot weather combined with the impact of the propellant density, after analysis and calculation, proposed a solution – escape from the body parts of the rocket propellant. The presence of experts think that this program is not feasible. I have the courage to find the money directly to the old report. Qianlao patiently listening to my thoughts, immediately called up the chief designer of the rocket, said: “The idea that young people have a scientific basis, according to his views on the run.” Sure enough, the escape of some propellant rocket range after the increases, even play three rounds, have entered the target area.
looking very strong as a scientist, Qianlao always standing height, looking away, planning for the future. More than once he said that science and technology development today, the use of a single subject knowledge to observe, understand the world is gone, two people by a closed-door study in the laboratory also very difficult to achieve much success. He stressed that the use of systems engineering concepts to organize themselves to overcome technological difficulties, and vigorously develop “technology handsome before.” Back in the late 1970s to develop second-generation strategic missile development program, the Qianlao proposed, second-generation strategic missile developed by the second generation in command, by the second generation as the chief architect. It Qianlao vision to ensure that the successors of China’s aerospace industry and sustainable development.
into the nineties, Qianlao physical condition has been very good, but he remains highly concerned about the aerospace industry he created. Manned spaceflight project, I was appointed chief designer, Qianlao often told that I should pay attention to what the problem. In 1999, the Shenzhou launch before Qianlao called to ask with interest the preparations for the launch site. I told him, we are confident will be able to be labeled, he listened very happy. Shortly after the successful launch, over 88 years old money old birthday, I sent him a model of the Shenzhou spacecraft as a gift. Qianlao very fond of this model, a special place it on the shelves opposite the bed, eyes open can see. This move from Qianlao, I deeply feel the love of money old for space industry, and he told us the earnest expectation of these astronauts.
Qianlao leave, but he left the patriotism, the spirit of science, innovative ideas, tireless guidance and help future generations of the spirit, lofty fame and fortune, will always be our role model. He pioneered the aerospace industry, we will be passed along from generation to generation.
the hearts of the aerospace giant wind
■ political commissar of a base assembly Houhe Hua
start-up days at the base, is QianLao foundation of our business pioneer. Spring of 1958, China’s first integrated missile test range in the northwest desert construction. At that time, the base talent is extremely scarce, research trials serious difficulties. Marshal Nie Qianlao initiative to recommendations from the national key universities, research institutes, large enterprises and transferring a large number of major military units in all aspects of college students and professionals, as a base to build into a great vitality. In 1960, the former Soviet government treachery, tearing up agreements, the withdrawal of experts, has just started experimental work to cause great difficulties. Qianlao often we say, stupid foreigners than Chinese people, they can build missiles, we will be able to catch up. Qianlao confidence, encourage more excited, inspired men to base. After the withdrawal of Soviet experts in the first 17 days, we successfully launched the first one Soviet-made short-range surface missiles, the use of all domestic fuel. 55 days later, the first independently developed by China successfully launched a ground missile, hitting the target. Marshal Nie and money old men shook hands with the participants, to celebrate our missile aerospace industry to create a new era.
in the development of “bombs and one satellite” career years, QianLao we tackle tough mentor. Formed from the base to the 1980 flight tests of long-range rockets the whole 20 years, large-scale experiments for each base, almost all left Qianlao footprint. Crucial moment, always personally led us to break through the storm Qianlao. In March 1962, China has independently developed a medium-range missile for the first time trial defeat. Qianlao heard the news, rushed to base the next day, organize a collection of debris, failure analysis, repeated measurement study, and finally pinpoint the cause. Improved, the success of a series of follow-up test. Dangerous moment, Qianlao always stand together with us. In 1966, China decided in their own territory on the atomic bomb, missiles combined test, test the risk of a huge, unique in world history. Qianlao base as a technology leader to participate at the “two bombs” combined test. Missiles and nuclear warheads delivered to the launch position, he braved the wind and cold on the stick in front, where the danger appear. Nuclear warhead lifting, butt is the most dangerous part, the slightest mistake, the consequences could be disastrous. Docking in the lifting of more than 100 minutes, Qianlao been standing next to the missile, to the operator with great confidence and encouragement. Moment of triumph, Qianlao always warned us against arrogance break full. April 1970, “Dongfanghong” satellite successfully launched, the launch site on a joy. At this time, the remaining money old was standing in sweltering under the launch tower, said with emotion: “God is in our satellite two months ago, the Japanese launched their satellites, we could have when the fourth, now only when the fifth … … “
Albert space in advance on the journey, is forging ahead QianLao banner. From Qianlao body, we learn from the patriotic forces. Qianlao gone through twists and turns back to the motherland, serve the country legend has been the officers and men to national prosperity and greatness of spirit of the style. Base in the early days, the officers and men consciously to overcome the extreme poor living conditions and the great technical difficulties, the hand with the gun started to write, learn new skills learned in the science and technology march on the road to the difficult and dedication to the journey, gradually from the missile space technology layman, a range test technology experts. 50 years of development in the base course, generations of men to Qianlao as an example, the “national interest above all else, loyalty to the mission is more important than everything” values ??into their blood, rooted in the Gobi, dedicated space, no regrets Xianqing Chun, offering life, offering children and grandchildren, playing a series of disappointing play, disappointing star disappointing boat. From Qianlao body, we learn the precise strength. Qianlao known reputation for rigorous scholarship. When the “two bombs” combined test, a missile operator found within a 5-mm long with a small white hair, he painstakingly and carefully pick out the small white hair, eliminating the test security risks. Qianlao solemnly put a small white hair to go under, said: “I take it back to Beijing, as the typical style of rigorous and meticulous, education, scientific and technical personnel.” From the money old body, we learn the power of innovation. Qianlao often said, parroting is not a scientific spirit, the spirit of science is the most important innovation. In 1992, China’s manned space project to be launched. Was already more than 80-year-old money old, very concerned about the progress of the project, the test firing of the launch site model proposed guidance. Through our joint efforts, a world-class modern concept of manned spacecraft from the launch site soon became a reality.
Qianlao although he has left us, but Qianlao voice and facial expression in between the mountains forever, forever engraved in the great achievements Qianlao the annals of space industry, the high style is always Qianlao Bearing in mind the hearts of people in the east!1 2 Next