Chinese naval fleet escort the fleet of Zheng He demonstrated the concept of culture (Figure)
This is the first aerial escort of Chinese naval fleet to complete the first batch of 21 when the convoy spectacular
the first Chinese naval fleet escort “Wuhan” missile destroyer into the Malacca Strait. Ben Wang Peng Zhang photo
special correspondent Author: Li Daguang/National Defense University military science, Ph.D., senior colonel rank
Xinhua Zhuangao: from December last year, sent the first military escort to the fleet in December this year, military in Somalia, the Gulf of Aden to escort has been a whole year. Review the past year, our military escort of four batches sea military operations other than war, remarkable, outstanding sea escort missions to complete; but also a lesson learned.
one, passed a number of tests
military sea fleet to Somalia, the Gulf of Aden to escort, was the first time the Chinese navy to deal with non-enforcement overseas traditional security threats of military action, but also carry out diversified military tasks of a successful practice. Battlefield and face the strange new opponents, formation calm logistics, flexible response to the motherland and the people to produce a satisfactory answer.
the same time, the Chinese navy is undoubtedly a severe challenges.
first political test. The task itself is not only military action, or act of state, political sensitivity, stronger than the foreign nature. With sheathing merchant exchange escort officers and soldiers of the Central Military Commission of wise decisions with intuitive knowledge and experience.
Second is the ability and quality of officers and men is a test and test. The first round of the convoy to go through more than four months of life at sea, proved that we can fight this force of troops, is a party and the people be assured of the forces. Many men say that a few months more until there is no problem.
third is equipped to withstand a 124 days long, high-intensity, high-load operation test.
four is both a comprehensive assessment and support capabilities is a test. More than 120 days do not dock, but with protection on their own to test our security capabilities.
Fifth unfamiliar waters of the test. Surrounding environment, changes in sea conditions, hydro-meteorological and other very strange. Therefore, the most difficult or escort ships of the pirates discovery, identification and disposal. Fortunately, the sea calm, and sometimes encounter storms, boats hidden in the waves, the radar can not see, Who is also coming under the eyes of our points do not even know.
Sixth unfamiliar opponent test. Pirates familiar with the environment, mobile, dons, they use a wolf tactics, diversion, a sudden attack, which we have put forward new demands.
seven long-term viability of personnel at sea test. Previously visited by Hong Kong can supply, adjust the landing, the first rounds hit a convoy ship no less than four months of the record. Closed the narrow cabin, air circulation, fresh vegetables and fresh water supply is limited, non-stop day and night on high alert, the staff thought, mental, physical a lot of new situations. Formation of fresh active short timely and effective ideological work and psychological counseling, so that officers always maintain a high morale.
vast ocean of the Hundred Days campaign, not only the test and experience of the officers and men of will and mind, but also to command, equipment and logistical support mechanism of a comprehensive test.
Second, the successful creation of a number of the first
small Gulf of Aden, gathered more than 10 countries, more than 40 warships, a show ” soft power “of the stage. Chinese navy with its every move, once again demonstrates the “teacher of peace, mighty and civilized” style, to enhance China’s international status.
formation in the first convoy escort lasted 124 days during the ocean, three ships total range of over 79,000 sea miles, escorting merchant shipping gross tonnage of 10.85 million tons, creating a number of people in Navy history, “the first a “:
first organizational ships, carrier-based aircraft and special forces missions across the ocean combined arms, effectively safeguarding the national strategic interests, full of the Navy’s determination to accomplish diverse military tasks and capabilities;
first full time is not far from the sea by the Hong Kong mission, refresh the People’s Navy ships sailing straight time and mileage navigation, ship-borne helicopter sorties and flight time records, physical inspection of the naval forces of military struggle preparing the results, a comprehensive task forces beat exercise military and political quality; the first time with multi-national naval mission in the same area, cooperation and information exchange to carry out boarding and expand the field of military and diplomatic means;
first sustained high intensity in the unfamiliar waters away from shore-based organizations, logistics, equipment support, comprehensive support has accumulated much experience in the sea … …
All these “firsts”, a direct reflection of the people 60 years of development and construction of the Navy results show the People’s Navy modernization of the style, but also demonstrates the good image of China responsible power. Convoy operations, some too late to apply for a foreign merchant, and I also agree with the convoy to follow the sailing fleet, responsible for protecting their safety, which is responsible image to establish China played a positive role.
Third, the accumulated experience of the sea escort
escort in the crisis-ridden process, in the race against time to rescue operations, the situation is changing, the test of command Members of PAA determination and disposal capacity. Gulf of Aden on flexible, rapid response, reflects the demands of daily training on the actual intimacy. Training for a war in order to win.
carry out maritime escort mission, the mission of our military capability is a major exercise. China each year through the Gulf of Aden, Somali waters more than 1,000 merchant ships, pirate attacks on our national interests posed a direct damage. Only last January to November, China’s past in this area by 20% of vessels have been attacked by pirates. Escort duties in the Navy, fleet officers and men always as people’s interests above all, a strong sense of honor and responsibility, their duties, on duty day and night, long continuous voyage, continuous high alert for passing ships to provide a reliable security , effectively safeguarding the sea lanes safe.
mission, command authorities continue to explore the ocean navy carry out the task characteristics and rules for the completion of escort tasks and future sea carry out the task accumulated experience. Escort escort accompanied the officers and men to improve constantly sum up, regional escort, onboard security, emergency rescue operations style, enhanced carry out diversified military tasks of forecasting and warning, rapid response, comprehensive support capabilities.
In addition, the Navy is also actively studying foreign military experience. “Stones from other hills, can learn.” In the Gulf of Aden, the Chinese navy to escort the same stage together with their foreign counterparts, and carry out exchanges and cooperation with them is undoubtedly the time that their own lack of exercise and improve themselves, learn from others ‘skills’ a good opportunity. In the Gulf of Aden, gathered more than 40 ships of foreign warships. And a foreign military counterparts at the same waters, perform the same or similar tasks, which have cooperation, and competition. In the meantime, the Chinese commander visiting the United States and the European Union fleet 151 fleet command ship. Chinese and foreign parties through information sharing and boarding visits and other activities, carried out effective communication and cooperation.
It is understood that some of mainland China and Hong Kong television reporter has boarded in the Gulf of Aden to escort the French “Flower Moon” frigate interview, indicating a high degree of openness of foreign armies, but also good at the face international media. Through military exchanges, let me see the Navy, foreign military intelligence and information security system is worth learning. There are a set of strict foreign military intelligence security system, including satellite means, for an entire sub-Ding Wanhai area monitoring. I developed the Navy in this respect, the use to be strengthened.
465 fleet command ship in the European Union’s war room, they stand on the Internet through a chat room, you can easily determine the location of the Gulf of Aden that all merchant ships, sea day, what happens the first time also to grasp. This shows that foreign armed forces are focusing on military and civilian intelligence support compatible development of civilian resources for bold military use.
four escort full display “Zheng culture” concept
Zheng rooted in the spirit of both the spirit of the great Chinese nation, but also the spirit of the Chinese nation a valuable asset. 600 years ago, Zheng He’s a giant “treasure ships” at least 40 ships equipped with the most advanced navigation equipment and weaponry, China Fleet has a strong mighty seven ocean voyages. Like large-scale fleet, so sophisticated equipment configuration, not only is the first time in Chinese history, is also unprecedented in world history of navigation. Zheng as the eradication of piracy in Southeast Asia sea banditry and maintain the safety of maritime traffic, the benefit for the coastal people, praised by all countries.
Let history tell the future, namely, “to today’s events, check the background of yesterday, to say the significance of tomorrow.” As when the fleet of Zheng He, China today for a naval escort fleet is also a journey of peace.
First, as the publicity and shaping the “civilization (peace) of the division” image. Zheng strictly follow the “cis Articles, sharing a blessing for peace” and “Xuande Rouyuan of the people,” the voyages of purpose, to spread peace and love of Chinese civilization in the friendly, try to establish a peaceful and harmonious international order, This is followed by the Western world and the world’s great voyages of geographical discovery reflected in the colonial expansion, aggression entirely different nature. The naval escort I uphold this same sense of Zheng and cultural factors, of course, our military will be displayed and the shape “of civilization (peace) of the division” of the image.
second is to act as a publicity and shaping the “mighty” image. Although Zheng He’s fleet worthy of the “civilization (peace) of the division,” the brilliant image, but also need to maintain peace, and sometimes even need to defend. Zheng He’s fleet of justice, support the weak, against bullying, mediation, Southeast Asian countries to ease the conflicts and contradictions. Zheng He’s fleet in the last resort, forced military forces. According to historical records, Zheng He fleet of three military forces are victory, a large military might and prestige Yang, so that the “mighty” image popular. Today’s escort and Zheng Fleet also has a similar mission, task, and Zheng cultural factors in this formation is fully reflected in my escort, I show the Navy’s escort fleet of “mighty” image.
third is full of propaganda and create “ocean state” image. Zheng He’s fleet in Southeast Asia to combat piracy, enforcement is a previous model in the overseas rights; Chinese naval fleet along the outward extension of the interests of our country continue to track, follow the fleet of Zheng He then walked the route, the expedition Somalia to escort and anti- Pirates of the international mission, achieved a historic leap. However, 600 years ago, Zheng He was the Central Plains farming in the sea to show off fruits of civilization; expressed China’s naval expedition of the most important message is that the Chinese civilization and society has been transformed, its behavior is the behavior of a maritime nation, publicity and thus shape our “ocean state” image.
five, effectively promote the Navy construction
carry out escort missions in international waters, is the first time to use military force overseas to maintain the national strategic interests, for the first time tissue maritime combat forces overseas to fulfill its international humanitarian obligations, the first organized naval forces abroad to protect national vital sea lanes, with political policies, and foreign law-related and strong features. There is no doubt that this is our military response to a variety of security threats and carry out diversified military tasks of a successful practice for the Navy to speed up the construction and development will play a huge role.
With the continuous development of national interests, the military response to a variety of security threats and carry out diversified military tasks of the situation more and more. Similar to escort such a task, not only is military action, it is an act of state, a matter of national interest and image.
organized by troops in the ocean for extended periods of action, to expose and identify problems in a timely manner, see the gaps, to identify existing readiness training, preparation of system, equipment development, comprehensive protection, laws and regulations and other matters incompatible with the local naval modernization, reforms to improve the relevance, accelerated pace of construction. All of our naval construction participants, escort prompted us to further new ideas, to learn advanced construction management experience, not old-fashioned, not blindly, bold useful attempt to explore new methods of naval construction, new road.
naval escort fleet with the new era army’s historical mission, first to explore the Navy should carry out a variety of security threats, the practice of diverse military tasks. Particular focus on exploring how to combine the tasks in the escort do a good job training in how to use management science equipment, how to adjust personnel and physical and psychological status, and so, the experience for future development and construction of the Navy has some reference value. And explore some basic experience:
one usually wants to carry out a set of program plans for diverse military tasks, including counter-terrorism, rescue, evacuation, peacekeeping and other tasks of ideological and political program of work plans;
two is to carry out diverse tasks abilities as an important teaching institutions, to strengthen the joint command personnel, equipment technicians, foreign languages ??and legal personnel training and retention;
Third, the Navy is an international military services, and often perform tasks common in many countries, to strengthen the use of international law and research, carry out these tasks to ensure strict compliance with both international law, but also rational use of international law.
“For the country’s prosperity, not the expense of home ocean.” As the world’s changing security situation and the continuous development of our national interests, pointing to the military fighting capacity building must go hand in hand with them firmly, with synchronization. Only continue to improve response to a variety of security threats, ability to carry out diversified military tasks, to shoulder the historic mission of our military.
build a “harmonious world” is China’s consistent aim. And there is no “harmonious sea”, there is no “harmonious world.” In promoting a “harmonious sea”, we must enhance the awareness of marine economic strategy. (Author Li Daguang/National Defense University military science, Ph.D., Colonel rank)
related topics: Chinese navy to Somalia waters to escort