India’s improved anti-missile system to intercept the earth 2 range over 100 km
India AAD missile tests.
March 6 this year, India successfully conducted a second missile intercept test, the interceptor missile from Wheeler Island, the comprehensive test site launch in West Bengal about 75 km over the Bay highly successful destruction of target missile. This is India’s fourth since 2006, successful anti-missile system flight tests.
India is following the United States, Russia and Israel after the fourth with anti-missile capabilities. Since the 1990s, India has been facing the threat of ballistic missiles from Pakistan. With the increasingly tense situation in the region, India purchased from Russia in 1995, S-300 air defense system to protect New Delhi and other cities. 1999 Kargil border conflict broke out between India and Pakistan, India want to buy Israel, U.S. to jointly develop the “Arrow” anti-missile system 2. In October 2001, the Indian Defense Ministry dispatched a four-member group of experts arrived in Tel Aviv, Israel to submit a plan to buy the U.S. to jointly develop the “Arrow” anti-missile system 2. As the system developed by the United States and Israel, the United States accounted for Boeing, “Arrow” missile about 35% share of 2 only authorized the use of the Israel Defense Forces, the United States in 1998 after it conducted nuclear tests in India, a severe sanction, therefore, this move was strongly opposed to the United States. However, India’s use of “9.11″ US-Indian relations after the relaxation of the machine, and ultimately the introduction of two sets of “Arrow” anti-missile system EL/M-2080 “Green Pine” radar warning and fire control. Since then, Israel, France and the United States with the help of independent India started developing its own ballistic missile defense system.
2004 August, India’s Defense General Staff set up a special committee and management of India’s ballistic missile defense research and development. In the organization and coordination, India’s Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in Israel IAI’s assistance, refer to the Israeli “Arrow” 2 anti-missile system design, started to develop their own distinctive anti-missile system, which is an advanced air defense missiles (AAD) and ground air defense missiles (PAD) system, including low-altitude defense for the former, the latter for high-level defense, which officially marks the Indian missile defense system development as part of its military strategy.
India’s interceptor missile has been carried out both engineering test, respectively, in November 2006 and March 2009 had PAD missile intercept test, in December 2007 completed the AAD missile for the first time intercept test. According to the plan, India’s DRDO in the next 2 to 3 years, 5 launches will be carried out tests to verify the missile’s reliability under all conditions. Goal is to simultaneously test the next stage missile AAD and PAD missile launch, and intercept missiles of different heights.
Indian military hopes to complete the system test can be mass-produced, and the official service in 2010 to form India’s own anti-missile interceptor system of double-layer, and with the S-300 and may be given the ” Patriot “PAC-3 and sea-based” Aegis “system constitutes a comprehensive anti-missile interceptor system.
in accordance with the Indian DRDO’s statement, AAD missile is completely self-developed new products, and past the outside world know of India’s missile does not matter. The missile length 7.5 m, mass of about 1.2 tons, less than 0.5 m in diameter, installed two sets of missile tail fins, of which the main wing of the larger, with the Collembola of the thrust-vectoring nozzle, can effectively control the missile in flight. AAD single-stage solid rocket motor, the flight speed of Mach 4 to 6, a range of 200 km.
PAD is a high-level interceptor, in India, “Earth” 2-ground ballistic missile developed on the basis of. The two-stage missile booster. First-class power system is two liquid fuel tank, the second stage using solid propellant. Missile length of 10 to 12 meters, the maximum block height can reach 80 km intercept range of more than 100 km (anti-missile). Inertial navigation and guidance using the middle amended the last paragraph of the use of active radar homing guidance, so that to achieve self-guided missile. Missiles with land-based and space-based radar systems through data exchange confidential data link. PAD to block alleged speed of Mach 5, 300 to 2000 km range ballistic missiles.
India’s own missile defense system early warning/command and control system introduced in the basic use of existing products in France and Israel. AAD system uses the French Thales Group’s “Master”-A multi-coordinate radar. This is a work in E/F band solid-state radar, the azimuth angle of elevation on the use of electronic scanning, the maximum detection distance of 460 km and can track 200 targets simultaneously, can detect up to 13 times the speed flying speed of sound of medium-range ballistic missiles, so AAD interceptor missiles in the boost phase of flight, middle and last paragraph of the intercept.
PAD missile system to adopt a “Green Pine” radar-based development of the “Swordfish” long-range tracking radar system that can track a distance of 600 km of 200 targets, India will be around in 2011 detection range of up to 1,500 meters.
system by more than two launch vehicles, radar, launch control center and mission control centers. Mission Control Center to receive the message from each sensor, then through the system to perform target classification, target distribution and anti-assessment missions to determine the number of interceptor missiles in order to ensure destruction probability. Launch control center to receive under the radar on the target speed, altitude and flight path and other information to calculate the launch interceptor launch time. Then ready to launch missiles, and began to ground-guided basis, after the interceptor missile launch from the radar via data link to provide target data. When the interceptor near the target missile, the interceptor missile to enable active radar seeker and searches the target missile to intercept the target.