China’s land-based missile defense intercept test to enhance the strategic capability (Figure)
Data Figure: China’s ground-based midcourse missile interception technology diagram
1 January 11, China successfully conducted in the territory of a ground-based midcourse missile interception technology. Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that the test is defensive in nature, not against any country. The trial will not be stranded in space, orbital debris generation, spacecraft in orbit nor will pose a threat. And further pointed out that China has always pursued a defensive national defense policy, always adhere to the path of peaceful development, strengthen national defense construction is for the maintenance of national sovereignty, the legitimate security needs.
middle of the anti-missile intercept related to how to determine target location, and how quickly in the shortest time to intercept, it is a very high accuracy requirements of military technology
“ground-based midcourse missile interception technology” More simply, the target is an early warning system early warning, the atmosphere outside the capture. The so-called “middle” is divided by the missile during launch. As the missile from launch to hit the target to go through three phases of flight: the initial, middle and end piece. Middle of the anti-missile interceptor missile that is in the middle of that process will be flying outside the atmosphere to intercept.
due to the rising phase of the missile intercept need to break the block too much, so the world’s more sophisticated anti-missile system is mainly concentrated in the middle and the last paragraph on the block. Mid-flight ballistic missile is a missile outside the atmosphere after the engine shut down to inertial flight phase, when its trajectory is relatively smooth. Anti-missile system to calculate its trajectory, you can accurately guide the interceptor missiles to intercept one or more times. If the intercept time, falling debris will not enter its territory.
last paragraph of the intercept, because the atmosphere began to dive into the stage ballistic missile, bullet trajectory angle large, the speed is usually more than 7 to 8 times the speed of sound, anti-missile system, it is difficult to capture. In addition, a new generation of ballistic missiles will release the bait and orbit, have increased the difficulty of intercepting the last paragraph. Even the successful interception, warhead will usually fall to their territory.
so-called “land” is the launch of its weapons as a way to divide. Such as land-based missiles that refers to the land as the basic way of launching missiles; the aircraft carrier’s launch as the basic approach is called space-based; to surface ships and submarines as the basic vehicle is called sea-based launch.
ground-based midcourse missile defense system in general by the interceptors, sensors and battle management system components, used to detect and track enemy ballistic missiles, and interceptor launch from the ground, the enemy’s ballistic missile not yet reached the home before the fighting part of its intercept and destroy.
present, anti-missile interception technology primarily to land-and sea-based. The United States has the world’s most sophisticated sea-based anti-missile technology to “Aegis’ combat system to support ballistic missile defense system test success rate of over 90%. In contrast, the land-based missile defense system has yet to be improved, based on ground-based radar and a fixed land-based missile interceptor silos test multiple failures.
missile technology based on the current level, only the large land-based missiles have the ability to thrust the middle of the flight to intercept ballistic missiles, and carrier-based air defense missile by the tonnage of ships and missiles, radar performance limitations, can not intercept the flight of the middle ballistic missiles.
ground-based midcourse missile defense intercept test successful defense of the PLA to enhance the indigenous capacity, which marks the master of the strategic missile in the “Heavenly Sword”, the we have aimed at defense purpose of the anti-missile “shield”
the world capable of producing missiles with more than 30 countries, with more than 100 missiles, but can develop anti-missile weapons and technology the only countries United States and Russia. Anti-missile interception technology on the world level of development, the United States, China, Russia, Israel already has the ability to develop technology to intercept the last paragraph, the United Kingdom, India, the purchase of the United States, Russia’s missile defense products, but also have such ability.
recently announced that the United States to provide Taiwan with the “Patriot” -3 anti-missile system is the end of missile defense systems. With the last paragraph of the world’s ability to intercept anti-missile system is relatively more equipment, more countries. But those that can intercept the middle of a handful of countries, the United States made it clear that so far only been successful ground-based midcourse missile defense test, and deploy in California and Alaska, a small number of interceptor missiles.
success of this test means that China’s anti-missile technology has increased dramatically. The success of anti-missile intercept test in the middle marks, including not only information processing, reconnaissance, early warning, intercept weapons, guidance accuracy and speed of response, including anti-missile technology has reached a new stage, it is the strength of the defense and strategic defense capability.
In fact, the strategic defense capability is a basis for future defense capabilities. Nearly 20 years, with the worldwide acceleration of the new military revolution, relying on nuclear weapons during the Cold War strategy to build a great shield failure trend, if only nuclear weapons, not strategic defense capabilities, like missing a leg. Therefore, the implementation of the middle block, is to balance the enemy as a means of strategic offensive weapons, but also a national strategic defense capability to reach a certain height of a sign.
led global missile defense system missile interception technology to enhance
ballistic missile defense first born in the late 1960s, when the Soviet Union and the United States have developed over the “nuclear anti-nuclear” ballistic missile defense system, but this system more harm than good because the strategy has been eliminated.
the mid-1980s, the Reagan administration in the United States made a huge “Star Wars (SDI)” program, intended to use a variety of directed energy and kinetic energy weapons to intercept incoming ballistic missiles, but in the end due to technical can not be too difficult to achieve. Later, the Clinton administration after appropriate adjustment, in the late 1990s has made a significant narrowing of the size of SDI – national missile defense system (NMD), plans to use kinetic kill device to intercept incoming ballistic missiles warheads. The Bush administration took office, re-expansion of the U.S. missile defense program.
Currently, dozens of U.S. anti-missile tests have been conducted, global footprint, its purpose is to establish a global missile defense system, some anti-missile system has entered the stage of actual deployment. Commitment to the global deployment of U.S. anti-missile system in the world have caused great controversy on whether to deploy anti-missile system in Europe, the debate has become a threat to global strategic stability.
Russian anti-missile system is full use of the Russian radio, radar, rocket manufacturing, microelectronics, computers and other technology, the most advanced areas of research, with a new longer range missile and a new phased array tracking radar.
such as S-400 was first introduced three kinds of new missile and maneuvering target acquisition systems that can deal with a variety of combat aircraft, airborne early warning aircraft, tactical missiles and other precision-guided weapons, both bear the traditional air defense missions, but also perform non-strategic missile defense mission.
anti-ballistic missile successfully tested the timely disclosure of information that the growing Chinese defense transparency
the face of China in every field of military technology advances, with come must be a new wave of “China threat theory.” We did not need to bother, the development of advanced defense technology, to maintain the core interest of this to blame.
1959 In October, the newly established People’s Liberation Army troops had to create a surface to air missile air defense in the history of the world to commit to use surface to air missile shot down a precedent for high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft, and laid a surface to air missile air-defense system as the China important pillar of the position. Anti-missile intercept test in the middle of the success to the world that China’s firm determination to defend its territorial sovereignty and power of.
and our anti-ballistic missile successfully tested the timely disclosure of information, it is also increasingly clear manifestation of China’s defense. (Sun Ye Fei)
related topics: China’s ground-based missile interception technology