U.S. experts plan cruise missiles against our army’s strategic perspective across Asia
People’s Liberation Army CJ-10 long-range cruise missiles side team
Lanyi Princeton original
Editor’s note: National Day military parade on the 60th anniversary of “sword – 10 “cruise missiles first public appearance caused a great sensation. It not only marks the emergence of China has filled a gap in the field of national defense modernization, the PLA is more marked towards the offensive and defensive information warfare has taken on the road to a solid step forward. At the same time, China’s breakthrough in the cruise missile project also led to some of the West, especially the U.S. media and research institutions, a new round of “China threat theory.” 2049 projects in the United States Institute published a week after the National Day parade Lanyi Princeton researchers report, the report by speculation that China cruise missile program, saying that China has not only has the strike capability covering Asia, the future will accelerate development of supersonic, super-long-range stealth cruise missiles, in order to achieve global strike. Articles published article, not agree with their views, nor confirmed its contents, for interested readers reference. In this paper, the editing process has abridged.
in China is growing and has all the asymmetric deployment of weapons or “trump card” in, which may not be as rapid as the rise of the cruise missile project is full of mystery, and rarely appear in the report of the in. This is largely due to Chinese cruise missiles around the project shrouded in thick fog and a lot of rumors. In addition, ballistic missiles, submarine project, the Chinese cruise missile has been very successful in avoiding the international media’s “radar screen.”
So far, both at the tactical level or at the strategic level, China’s new generation of cruise missiles for the Western Pacific region’s security and beyond, have a huge impact. Very successful with the Chinese ballistic missile system similar to the offshore cruise missiles can attack, which is a great defensive side of the technical challenges and the defense is costly. However, the differences are with ballistic missiles, cruise missiles can attack from any direction, and altitude is very low, which makes missiles more difficult to detect and defense. Ballistic missiles, cruise missiles also have more precise than the ability to strike, and cheaper construction costs, because of its relatively small dimensions, from the many different types of combat platforms launch, in addition to the hidden nature of cruise missiles and more flexibility.
But what makes this particular Chinese cruise missile project known the real reason, or it has experienced 20 years of development and testing. China’s cruise missile has the speed to break through the bottleneck into the production and deployment phase. Moreover, it seems that its development may also open a number of key technologies, and these technologies is extremely important to China’s anti-ship ballistic missile program also has far-reaching implications.
Chinese cruise missiles: the unknown, mysterious, and rumors
the Chinese land-attack cruise missile (DH-10) effective literature there is a very large opacity. For example, recent atomic National Aeronautics and Space Information Center (NASIC) sources said, DH-10 launch mode, range, and deployments are yet to be determined. In the conduct of the October 1 National Day parade, DH-10 cruise missiles, also known as “sword -10″ (CJ-10).
However, in 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense estimates of DH-10 cruise missile with 2000 km range, and that was the PLA is developing space-based and land-based emission. The latest U.S. Department of Defense issued the 2009 “China military power report,” the assessment said, “to April 2008, the PLA already has 150-350 DH-10 land-based missiles launched cruise missile,” a range of over 1,500 kilometers. It is unclear why the United States Department of Defense in 2009 to change the DH-10 cruise missile range of assessment, while not the PLA arsenal hollow-launched DH-10 to assess the number of cruise missiles.
lack of accurate assessment that the United States Department of Defense on the development of understanding of Chinese cruise missiles, ballistic missile system than to China is much less. It is noteworthy that the U.S. Department of Defense’s report did not even attempt to DH-10 air-launched cruise missiles or the possible deployment of sea-based emission to estimate the number.
the Pentagon in the DH-10 cruise missile program to make an accurate assessment of the difficulties faced, the project is likely due to unusually high degree of confidentiality, but many Chinese in real life on cruise Project materials are subject to the restrictions, which partly led to a cruise on China’s “true and false information warfare.” This is from a wide range of Chinese Internet apparent confusion on the DH-10 land-attack cruise missiles, short-range DF-11 ballistic missile programs and projects can be seen.
widely reported in the Chinese Internet, DH-10 cruise missiles by China Aerospace Science and Industry (CASIC) Ninth Institute developed a weapon system. According to these messages, DH-10 cruise missile’s chief designer has a “father of Chinese cruise missiles,” the whole reputation of Liu (transliteration).
however, read a Chinese media interview with Liu will find all that he is not the “father of Chinese cruise missiles,” but DF-11A short-range ballistic missiles, the principal designer. Compared with the DF-11, DF-11A short-range ballistic missiles of longer range, higher accuracy.
However, although like many such events and information leading to the outside world the Chinese cruise missile project confusion, but the DH-10 cruise around the perimeter of the rumors and mystery seems to have become less and less . Recent developments and articles have begun to uncover the mystery of this layer, and it is this layer of tight veil of secrecy in a long time researchers have been unable to make the outside world a glimpse into the DH-10 cruise missile project true, especially China in the development and deployment of cruise missiles.
from the HN to the DH-10A
in a few years to maintain a highly confidential state, the PLA has now held in the October 1 National Day grand military parade on the 60th anniversary of the Chinese people and the world to open the DH-10 cruise missiles. Prior to this, from September 6 for the parade rehearsal began, there have been DH-10 pictures in the media and on the Internet. It can be seen from these photographs, land-based emission-DH-10 cruise missile launchers to triple by the type of road motor vehicles carrying. Beijing This initiative demonstrated DH-10 cruise missiles move also shows that China’s land-attack cruise missiles DH-10 project has a very strong self-confidence, because this is China’s first-ever public display of their ability to cruise missiles against ground targets .
recent report further illustrates the DH-10 cruise missile development and deployment. According to reports, DH-10 missiles by China Aerospace Science and Industry Research Institute of the third, the department set up in Beijing in 1961, including 13,000 employees, including 6,000 technical staff. It is estimated that in 2007, the total assets of the Third Research Institute $ 2.5 billion.
DH-10 from the beginning since the 1970s developed long-range cruise missile developed from the HN. Institute which will be the third missile development HN-1 missile, and later development of HN-2 missile. HN-2 missile is now known as DH-10 missile, in the development process of integration of U.S. and Russian missile technology. DH-10 missiles may be primarily the U.S. “Tomahawk” missile technology.
addition to the reverse of U.S. missile technology, the DH-10 cruise missiles in China also benefited from a Russian missile used on the engine. In the 1990s, China has purchased from the Ukraine by the Russian design bureau developed the Rainbow Kh-55 cruise missiles. Alleged, DH-10 cruise missile development also draws on the missile technology used.
known, HN-2 missile upgrades missiles HN-3, or DH-10A missile was successfully test-fired five years ago. Alleged, DH-10A cruise less than 10 meters circular error probability, using inertial navigation systems, GPS and terrain contour matching (TERCOM) joint guidance. The missile has achieved mass production, and has been fitted out to the PLA Second Artillery Force.
news that the latest generation of DH-10A has been deployed to China’s H-6K bomber, the H-6K bomber wing has six hanging points, can carry large-surface missiles. True and false can not be confirmed on the Internet pictures show the H-6K bomber carrying missiles basic and “Tomahawk” missiles, the same size, the missile nose cone and the “Tomahawk” BlockIV missile similar to covert.
According to the U.S. “atomic scientists Bulletin” magazine report that at least 20 H-6 bombers have been modified, you can perform nuclear attack mission, and about 15 air-launched DH-10 cruise missiles equipped with tactical nuclear warheads. However, this argument is still rather controversial, because it may indicate that the Air Force, Second Artillery transferred to a Chinese nuclear attack missions, which previously limited to the organization and the reasons for the latter part of the Chinese Air Force to perform only tactical, non-nuclear missions. One of the experts pointed out that although the DH-10 nuclear-capable, but that it is not correct at this stage has been equipped with nuclear bombs. It is generally thought that most DH-10 is only equipped with conventional high explosives.
H-6 bombers can carry air-launched YJ-62 anti-ship cruise missiles, but the range is limited, only 200 km. Allegedly, the third Institute has studied and improved a lot the same with the DH-10, designed to attack U.S. aircraft carriers improved anti-ship missiles, some of which may be air-launched.
China DH-10 seems to have deliberately positioned in the interior depths of these missiles, to avoid their being discovered and counterattack. The DH-10 missile target Okinawa, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and South China Sea. By the S300-PMU1 and PMU-2 air defense network consisting of anti-aircraft missiles to protect these valuable cruise missiles from the United States armed forces or attack Taiwan, and the location of their deployment in the interior, which also makes them difficult to surveillance, tracking and positioning.
present, China has decided to give priority to the development of DH-10 project, and to promote the development of the project put a lot of manpower and resources. Today, many indications that the Aerospace Group of Hospitals has accelerated its DH-10A missile manufacturing, and missile production line of rapid expansion in scale, in order to adapt to China’s next generation cruise missile development. According to a former U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency officials, DH-10A project is a regional security a “great threat.” He pointed out that although the United States in the development of many of China’s cruise missile defense system response, but the scale of the construction of Chinese missiles “could mean that they can suppress the future of our defense system.”
The official also said that in many ways, by the multi-functional characteristics of cruise missiles, would like to be in any conflict in the Taiwan Strait, the threat posed by cruise missiles to be greater than the short-range ballistic missiles. China’s cruise missiles can be launched hybrid mobile platform, but also flying around the mountains to hit the island’s eastern coast of Taiwan, an important goal, for example, Hualien Air Force Base (the base of the Air Force kept the most advanced fighter) leading to the ground within hangar doors, etc. In view of Taiwan’s mountainous terrain and the trajectory of the inherent limitations of large-scale short-range ballistic missiles, the PLA’s sort of difficult to hit important targets. He also said that with the last paragraph of subsonic cruise and supersonic stealth cruise missile flight capacity may become the basis of Taiwan’s defense structure facing the biggest challenge, and this may be just what the “sword-10A” after the next generation of precision guided missile goals.
supersonic cruise missiles, China’s global fight against
China may be developing the next generation cruise missile – HN-2000. According to reports, the missile will be equipped with millimeter-wave radar, infrared imaging, laser radar, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and the Chinese Compass satellite navigation system, accuracy of 1-3 meters. Which the missile will be using the latest stealth technology, and has supersonic terminal stage of flight, expected range of 4,000 kilometers.
research articles have been cruise to show the world China’s future development direction and strategic vision in China emphasized the importance of the cruise. There is an article of such a “super long-range” and the distance of 5000-8000 km against intercontinental missiles possible. This article is also the last paragraph on the use of long-range ballistic with a supersonic cruise missile attacks on U.S. aircraft carrier is also very interested, the article also discusses how to break the U.S. air defense system.
there are articles of the U.S. general aviation aircraft project (CAV), and seek to combine development of cruise missiles and ballistic missile technology to perform the task of the global fight against anti-ship and “ultra long-range cruise missiles.” Although the U.S. Navy is very concerned about China’s anti-ship ballistic missile programs, but little attention to anti-ship cruise missile technology in the role of the project, also ignored China’s development, such as HN-2000 long-range cruise missiles against aircraft carriers to the fact.
China is likely to have developed perform air-launched anti-ship missions or submarine-launched DH-10A missiles. Moreover, if the next DH-10A supersonic cruise missiles deployed to attack nuclear submarine, then China will be able to have the ability to attack as far as Guam’s Andersen Air Force Base and Smith Barracks in Hawaii – U.S. Pacific Command headquarters station – and other important strategic goals .
1000 cruise missiles covering the Western Pacific
China’s rapid development and manufacturing by the impact of cruise missiles, will make the Western Pacific regional security experts and strategic decision-makers in amazement. Taiwan is still at this point a very deep feeling, some people think that this will make the regional security experts fear that “Taiwan may face in terms of any country in the world are extremely difficult land-attack cruise missile threat.”
Therefore, Taiwan continues to purchase from the U.S. “Patriot” missiles, and is committed to independent research and development road-mobile “Sky Bow 3″ anti-aircraft missiles (number unknown), to compensate for a fixed “Sky Bow 2″ air defense missile deficiencies. And the U.S. “Patriot” missile system, these missiles will be used to protect against ballistic and cruise missiles. However, due to Taiwan’s high-performance air defense missile can deploy a limited number, so in the event of conflict, the leaders of Taiwan will be forced to weigh on the densely populated areas, key radar facilities, air bases, naval bases and command and control equipment defensive priority . Expected, in the first round of attacks within hours, Taiwan’s defense capability will be a catastrophic blow.
the United States, China’s deployment of cruise missiles to Guam from the South China Sea means that military action will be subject to the threat of Chinese cruise missiles, long-range precision strike capability because China has a strong advantage, can cross the U.S. air defense network. In addition to China, the U.S. will be from Iran, Myanmar and North Korea and other countries the threat of cruise missiles.
the future, once the conflict in the Taiwan Strait contingencies, China DH-10A and its development model we are able to threaten U.S. aircraft carriers have become substantial. Therefore, China may deploy in the near future and medium range anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM) and anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM).
Therefore, the U.S. Missile Defense Agency began to invest in R & D “Network Centric Airborne Defense Element” (NCADE) system. If the project is successful, then there may be air to air missiles and AIM-120 “Standard 3″ mobile interceptor missile combination, including fighter and then use a variety of platforms, including unmanned aerial vehicles, launch costs more low ballistic and cruise missiles.
However, China’s development of missile systems too fast (through DH-10A missile project can see), the United States and its allies in Asia Pacific is not easy to deal with them. In 2015, China will deploy more than 1000 DH-10A missile is not difficult to imagine the scene.
in the next few years, China will continue to accelerate land-attack cruise missiles and anti-ship cruise missile production, deployment speed, and Taiwan, the United States and its regional allies will strive to respond to the resulting “threat . ” In this case, cruise missiles and anti-cruise missile may be fierce competition between.