India’s expanding maritime strategic space to China has brought negative impact on the three
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Recently, India’s Defense Minister Zhu Para Ratko by the British” Financial Times “said,” India is willing to use the navy to protect China Energy Transportation Security in the Indian Ocean. ” He also said that India is very pleased to combat piracy or to prevent conflict, to help China to ensure that important sea lanes safe. This is not only India’s overtures to China, but also reflects India’s attempt to lead the strategic intent of the Indian Ocean.
India is located in the heart of the Indian Ocean, surrounded by the sea, guardian of the hub of the Indian Ocean routes, strategic position is very important. Indian Navy’s maritime strategy and seek to pursue control of the Indian Ocean sea lanes of the policy, regional security and relations among major powers have a significant impact. “Control the Indian Ocean” is a sought-after dream of India. India’s military a “District of limited deterrence” strategy to expand the focus of the Indian Ocean as a military, naval strategy is adherence to the “coastal defense – Regional Control – Ocean offensive” development ideas, an explicit proposal to build a strong ocean-going fleet, from a “regional deterrence and control” to “Ocean offensive” across, form the actual control of the Indian Ocean.
Indian Navy vigorously, “Indian Control Strategy”, the Indian Ocean is divided into “Full Control Area”, “medium control area” and “soft control zone” in three strategic areas. India is trying to first control the waters of the northern Indian Ocean, and then extend to the ocean, and gradually limit and the exclusion of a large military presence in the Indian Ocean country, and ultimately to establish the status of India’s maritime power, to obtain control of the Indian Ocean. As the strength of the limitations of India to take a gradual, phased implementation approach, and gradually achieve their strategic objectives.
First, establish maritime superiority of the Indian Ocean coastal countries. Indian Navy regularly held in the Arabian Sea or the Bay of Bengal large-scale military exercises, also sent ships visited ports in the Indian Ocean countries to eliminate these countries, any attempt to challenge its authority and efforts.
Second, each seeking to control the throat and out of the Indian Ocean to land. Indian Navy to seek control of the Suez Canal to the Strait of Hormuz to the Malacca Straits, the ability to choke the waters of the Indian Ocean.
third is to prevent power to encroach on the Indian Ocean. India urged all external forces in the Indian Ocean, the Indian Ocean into a real “Indian Ocean” and even “Indian Lake.” India to the U.S. Fifth Fleet stationed in the Indian Ocean is quite alert, the U.S. occupies a critical point of the Indian Ocean from the Malacca Strait to Africa across the sea lanes of the island of Diego Garcia, is strongly opposed to it.
Fourth, the development of ocean-going offensive capability. To improve the Navy’s ocean-going strike capability, India has spent heavily to buy, build new ships, weapons and equipment to promote the upgrading, development strategy by focusing on nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers to establish a reliable sea-based nuclear deterrent capability, and strive to have a considerable deterrent to build a modern “blue water” navy.
five is against the Somali pirates, and establish the image of the Indian Ocean maritime powers. November 18, 2008, India sent a “Ta Baer” frigate to a Thai fishing boat common mistake but its sinking pirate ship, the world’s public outcry, and even so, India has continued to strengthen the naval forces in the Gulf of Aden , mainly to show the naval power, to enhance the deterrent power of the sea.
India also used the great power conflicts, to expand its strategic space, and even take “fence” tactics to create their own development and the rise of the environment. India’s geopolitical considerations, in order to improve their status, gain more political and economic benefits, strongly closer relations with the U.S.. In recent years, India and the United States to carry out frequent joint military exercises at sea and on land, in order to close mutual relations and to strengthen mutual cooperation, but also reflects India to the United States and other “outside powers” to take advantage of both containment and flexible strategy.
instinctively reject the Indian forces of any major country presence in the Indian Ocean to China is no exception. India positive on the Indian Ocean countries outside the major strategy of deterrence, the Navy in these countries restrict freedom of movement in the Indian Ocean, it is that “far from the sea and destroy the enemy” strategy is also actively seeking to control the Suez Canal, Palk Strait, the Strait of Hormuz, Malacca Strait, the Sunda Straits, maritime strategic channels. Due to historical and practical reasons, India’s rapidly growing Chinese economic and military strength of the guard heavy. China from the perspective of maintaining security of energy channels, strengthen cooperation with Myanmar, Pakistan in hopes of directly into the Indian Ocean, and China in Myanmar, Pakistan, India, normal economic activities are often misinterpreted as a military purpose. Chinese navy went to Somalia to combat piracy, both for and from the escort vessels, but also to maintain channel security, India has a strong sense of unease, worry that the Chinese involved in the Indian Ocean through Somalia to escort. India’s maritime strategy in China will have a multiplier effect:
First, the Chinese maritime transport security in the Indian Ocean had some negative impact. China and the EU, Africa and Central Asia countries, most goods, such as oil, natural gas, iron ore, machinery and products are carried by sea on the Indian Ocean, with the expansion of China’s overseas interests, China’s dependence on the Indian Ocean will further enhanced. As India attempts in the Indian Ocean to establish the absolute and exclusive rule, and would like to blockade the Straits of Malacca in the war, while China and India, the lack of crisis management and trust mechanisms, once a conflict between the two countries, China maritime transport security will cause considerable impact.
Second, China and South Asian countries to prevent the development of friendly relations. India has been a dream to dominate South Asia, the subcontinent of South Asia as its sphere of influence, the development of China’s friendly relations with some countries uncomfortable. Tried to contain China’s influence in South Asia, such as Myanmar, in order to promote balance, reduce the hinterland of southwest China through Burma to open up access to the sea to the Indian Ocean, India’s international impact, India has increased its win over Myanmar in diplomatic, economic, military and diplomatic aspects of the Myanmar tilt.
again, to solve the issue of Nansha China adds a new variable. Indian Navy through the Strait of Malacca into the South China Sea are often activities, and to the region included in the scope of their interests, will further complicate the situation in the South China Sea, Southeast Asian countries, also stimulated the expansion of naval forces. India openly supported Vietnam’s claim to sovereignty over the Nansha Islands and the South China Sea and Vietnam signed oil exploration agreement, which will dispute the sovereignty of Nansha is more complicated, increasing the difficulty for China to resolve the issue of Nansha.
Finally, to some extent but there will be conducive to China’s security. India’s defense budget to the Navy tilt, emphasis on “south” strategy, can effectively alleviate the pressure on the northern Sino-Indian border. Meanwhile, the expansion of Indian Navy, Indian sphere of influence extended even to meddle in the Strait of Malacca, the first in China’s interests are not involved, but U.S. interests. India wants the Indian Ocean in the North Sea has a really effective command of the sea, will inevitably weaken American control over the Indian Ocean, which led to the vigilance of the United States and a rebound. In this sense, the more the Indian Ocean, India embarked on impulse and passion, the more it can create a favorable environment for China’s development objective. (Li Bing author is an expert in international strategy the Central Party School)