China and India are striving for a high altitude air superiority roof of the airport control
PLA F-11 fighters in the highlands airport
newspaper freelance writer Guang-Wen Chen
12 January, the Associated Press quoted the Indian media reported that “China has in the border side of the building the many simple plateau airport facilities to use in the event of military conflict. “Last month, China’s official media reported the airport is nearing completion of Ali in Tibet situation. So, from a technical point of view, the plateau region in the harsh conditions faced little obstacles to the construction of the airport? Plateau potential military value of the airport has been reflected in where?
heavy construction and operation of the storm
highland plateau airport can be divided into general and high-altitude airport, airport categories. The former refers to the altitude of 1500-2438 m of the airport, which is the altitude of 2438 meters and above the airport.
relatively low altitude, high altitude airport construction and operation of many peculiarities: such as topography, complex geological conditions, site selection is difficult, large projects, etc., in addition to being thin air, weather conditions complex and other factors. These special objectively lead to the plateau airport was first built or expanded more difficult in the operation and management and to spend more on security. In general, a similar situation in China Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Xinjiang and Tibet and other regions especially. In neighboring countries, on India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal and other countries as much.
plateau were not only high altitude airspace conditions and more complex. Flying in these areas will involve a lot of low-lying areas without new problems: such as engine performance degradation, due to complex terrain, especially emergency flight procedures complex flight procedures, weather conditions, special ground support procedures, the crew of high altitude hypoxia psychological and physiological impact.
such as China’s Tibet Bangda airport elevation is 4334 meters, is the world’s highest commercial airport. In this altitude, the aircraft engine thrust loss of more than 30%, taking off and landing distance, and more than doubled compared to sea level. Therefore, the option with greater thrust and specific performance of the engine is particularly important.
in military aircraft, fixed-wing aircraft flying at high altitude by itself, the requirements of the airport is relatively low, but the takeoff and landing performance will be affected. The helicopter, based on current information, our country only from the U.S. introduction of the “Black Hawk” and from Russia with the introduction of rice-171V5 plateau seaworthiness. Military aircraft flying in the highlands, communication may be interrupted at any time, the device can not receive signals and other issues. But also in the mountains more, the lack of accurate ground reference case, to prevent collision mountain terrain, Trek and other accidents, flight training several times higher than usual degree of difficulty.
Indian Army has the highest military airport
present, the airport elevation to keep a record of the plateau has been broken in India. According to reports, India’s 2008 reboot of the Road La Boge – Yu Er to the military airport in Ladakh region of northwest India and north-eastern border of the Karakoram Pass at an elevation of 5312 meters.
Indian defense think tank, “the air force research center,” President, a former Air Force Major General Kac told the IBN television news interview, had to re-enable the channel La Boge – Jade Seoul to the airport, said: ” Sino-Indian border dispute once because of a conflict, the local troops stationed in India must increase at least 10 times in the land of traffic congestion, can only rely on air transport in the case, it becomes extremely important to the airport, so to enable Road La Boge – Yu Er airports, enabling Indian border dispute with China on a more favorable position. “
For the same reason, India in the border line, the construction and commissioning of a total of up to 20 military airports . Was occupied in its southern Tibet and China (the so-called “Arunachal Pradesh”), only as many as eight military airport, Tizu new airport, check Papua airport, Ma Qiuka Airport, airport and A Sukeruiding Long airport can take off and land the helicopter and small and medium military transport aircraft, which Tizu new airport can take off and land MiG-21 fighter aircraft, the airport has two runways check Papua is Indian fast personnel carriers to the region an important base.
in Assam, the Indian Army also built several airports. One of the biggest Tezpur Airport is in the border less than 500 km. Indian Air Force stationed here 30 Squadron, equipped with 16 MiG-21 fighters, most recently, four Su-30 stationed in an attempt to form a local air superiority to China. The airport and the new Su-30 fighters stationed, southwest China may be important cities such as Lhasa, Chengdu, Chongqing, Mianyang and many other strategic locations to form a potential threat.
irony is that India seems to ignore its own series of arrangements, in turn, accused China of building in the border region “up to 27″ easy military airport. It is the media hype in India, India makes a lot of people think that China in the region, new challenges. It touches the Indian Defense Minister 帕拉姆拉詹 1, the media, said: “I think we do not need to panic as a regional power, China will certainly have to strengthen their infrastructure and they will strengthen the military, we also will (the actual boundary control line) we need to do on this side of the reinforcement. “