Outside world that the Second Artillery missile library construction of underground nuclear strike force to ensure that the second war
data for: National Day parade DF-31A nuclear missiles, the PLA Second Artillery Force
side before, hosted by the PLA,” China National Defense News, “revealed the Second Artillery Corps to build an underground missile caves of the situation. Then, Taiwan’s “Defense Asia” magazine invited former Taiwan Vice Admiral Lanning Li wrote entitled “The destructive power of projection: the PLA’s Second Artillery Corps, a remote fly (guided) missile,” the article, which also appeared on the Second Artillery missile ground facilities, analytical content. Analysts said the Chinese media dared to publish these are called “Underground Great Wall” of strategic facilities that China on its nuclear combat system with unprecedented confidence and courage.
mysterious “underground Great Wall”
“China National Defense News” reports in the relevant wrote, “This is only general light as day and forever The color is camouflage general here is the Second Artillery Force is a project of construction of a missile sites, often called here as ‘underground Great Wall’. ” Then, the newspaper reported that foreign direct quote, Western experts had estimated that China’s Second Artillery missile positions are very strong, “if used ground-penetrating nuclear warheads on the missile sites in China to attack, it will need a few pieces of hundreds of tons of equivalent continuous nuclear warheads before they hit the same point breakdown, and to their complete destruction, the need for more nuclear warheads “and so on.
a Hong Kong to military experts, the story appeared in the second phase of US-Russian strategic offensive arms reduction talks (START-II) failed on the occasion, the outside world of China’s nuclear force more attention to the status quo.
the “Asia-Pacific defense,” the magazine name, he also introduced China’s Second Artillery positions of underground conditions. The article said that China’s medium-range ballistic missiles are used early style on the ground of permanent deployment positions, while the first is the use of DF-5 ICBM — reinforced silos deployment. In 1979, China deployed DF-5 missiles, its total of 24 silos, true and false, but these protections in an increasingly sophisticated reconnaissance satellites and more precise standoff missile attack to appear to no longer be valid. If reinforced missile silo can not ensure safety, it will be completely buried in the launch position a few hundred meters underground, was apparently the Second Artillery considered a viable option. “Asia-Pacific Defense” magazine, back in the summer of 1995, “Liberation Army Daily,” a prominent message is not mentioned at tens of thousands of officers and men of the Second Artillery Corps after 10 years of bloody fighting, and finally the completion of a major defense projects. March 24, 2008, China Central Television broadcast of “military documentary” program will be part of this project exposure of underground nuclear counterattack, outsiders called the “Great Wall Project.”
“deep deployment of the” best of both worlds
analysts believe that strong and hidden “underground Great Wall” of China to save the “second nuclear strike” capability important tool. As China pursues a “no first use of nuclear weapons” policy, how to ensure a minimum number of ICBMs deter enemy attack, survived even after the successful launch and successfully penetrate the enemy’s missile defense system, throwing to the selected target nuclear warheads on China’s Second Artillery’s most important task.
“Asia-Pacific defense,” said that although the U.S. and Russian land-based intercontinental missiles prefer low-cost way road mobile launchers, missiles, usually by the transportation/erection/launching three vehicles carrying the implementation of road-mobile, but class missiles are often positioned itself as the instrument is relatively simple, pre-launch preparation time is relatively short, and so after the launch of the missile and firing accuracy was significantly lower than from a fixed launch site launched missiles, such as the Russian Topol-M intercontinental ballistic missiles launched from underground when the accuracy of about 260 m, but increased to maneuver on the highway 450 meters. And the mobile launch of the safety and accuracy of integrated fixed launch a “deep deployment” approach, has become the choice of China’s Second Artillery Corps. According to the U.S. “Global Security” Web site, the so-called “deep deployment” is usually to cut strategic nuclear missiles hundreds of meters deep “underground house”, the missile can complete all combat activities in the underground, war can rely on underground network shaped corridor from rail cars or heavy-duty trailer transporting missiles, equipment and personnel in place to launch a fixed location, and all this only from the observation can not be found on the ground.
U.S. strategic experts speculate that China’s Second Artillery Corps of the most important underground missile sites may be located in a mountainous north, within a total length of 5,000 km tunnel (Editor’s note: sic), strategic ballistic missiles in this “underground maze” in the mobile deployment, and from hundreds of true and false mixed group in the underground launch silo. According to Western experts estimated that the nuclear counter-project “the outermost layer of 1000 meters of soil cover, which does not include any artificial reinforcement layer”, “missile launch, are generally not emitted in the cave is to pull out of the hole …, all emission points are fixed. ”
China’s nuclear arsenal would be “marginalized”?
Since March 2006 two American scholars in the “Foreign Affairs” magazine published an article, a ground-breaking claim that the United States have the ability to do “one-off Russia or China to destroy all long-range nuclear forces” after the on the reliability of China’s nuclear arsenal has become the focus of media attention overseas. Even to this November, the U.S. strategic forecasting company released an assessment report to determine China is still far from ensuring the “second nuclear strike” capability to survive, especially with the United States (including Japan) to deploy more powerful missiles defense system, the future of Chinese ICBMs to penetrate this area, “missile defense shield,” the ability will be weakened. Beijing will soon face “or to enhance nuclear power, or to accept the gradual marginalization of the nuclear deterrent,” fate.
but the Russian “space defense” site commentary that, despite the limited size of China’s nuclear arsenal, but subtle and strong “underground Great Wall” exists, even if the United States and Russia can not guarantee the first nuclear blows can eliminate all of China’s strategic nuclear forces, it is the “underground Great Wall” of existence, only to ensure China’s overall national security. “Asia-Pacific Defense” magazine that, based on its “limited + effective” nuclear strategy argued that China was confident that the number of nuclear warheads, “just to have, not for more”, the concept and the accumulation of thousands of both the Soviet Union during the Cold War nuclear warheads is very different. Journal to determine that China’s “minimum deterrent” nuclear theory is most likely to take the “city as the goal, 50 warheads for the base” strategy, and in the ballistic performance, while not having to point to target enemy missile silos, etc. the object of attack, so do not have excessive pursuit of missile accuracy.
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