Russian experts say the Arctic is increasingly fierce battle for China will not stand idly by
The article said China frequently send” Snow Dragon “polar research vessel in the expedition to the Arctic Ocean
LONDON May 11 news: According to the Russian” military messenger ‘weekly reports, Russian Political and Military Analysis Institute Alexander, deputy director – 赫拉姆奇辛 that five countries in the Arctic, Russia, Canada, the United States, Norway, Denmark compete for territory and resources in the Arctic is increasingly fierce struggle, countries are making determined efforts, determined to win, China The same will not stand idly by, the Arctic may therefore danger of war can not be ignored.
赫拉姆奇辛 author pointed out that the delimitation of the Arctic Ocean waters, a long time, early in the first half of the 20th century, countries began to actively set out to develop the Arctic. Today, five countries along the Russian Arctic, Canada, the United States, moved, Dan uncompromising on the issue of territorial division, refused to give the battle more intense. Russia demanded from the Russian coast to the North Pole along the meridian points split the Arctic, so most of the territory assigned to Moscow to the Arctic Ocean all the northern sea routes will also be a Russian internal waters; Canada claims the Northwest Passage its internal waters, in favor of the fan-shaped plan sector program, as much as possible split vast deposits of oil, gas and mineral resources of the Arctic territory; the United States hold the opposite view, insisting that the Northwest Passage and Northern Sea Route as an international all, the Arctic is not the territory of any country, Arctic sea where there are countries have their own maritime exclusive economic zone; Norway and Denmark requirements along the midline (Coast bisector) divided the Arctic to the Arctic Circle, all assigned to Denmark.
five countries in the Arctic has occurred in specific locations on a serious disagreement, one of the most intense of Russia and Norway in the Barents Sea dispute, the United States and Canada, Alaska and the Yukon dispute, Canada and Denmark Han Island dispute, the United States and Denmark’s Greenland dispute. Norway in 1977 around the Spitsbergen archipelago to establish their own 200-mile economic zone, only Finland and Canada have been recognized, he was accused of Moscow, Russia occupied the territory. Greenland is even more special, with a total area of ??2,175,600 square kilometers, is the world’s largest island, accounting for 98% of land area in Denmark, fewer than 60,000 residents, November 25, 2008 referendum, requiring a high degree of autonomy Denmark right now the only foreign affairs and defense, the loss of their continental shelf deposits of more than 1,600 million barrels of oil resources in the right of disposal. U.S. Air Force base has been deployed on the island and radar stations, in 1946 the United States wants to spend money to buy the island, was flatly rejected in Denmark.
赫拉姆奇辛 that, in addition to the coast 5 countries, the battle for resources in the Arctic, even thousands of miles away in China is not likely to stay out of nothing. 2008 China in the Spitsbergen Islands to create a new research station, often sent “Snow Dragon” icebreaker to the Arctic Ocean in the expedition. Are scrambling to find resources in Beijing will not have to split the Arctic territory and excitement, as long as in some way involved in developing Arctic resources, it will be satisfied with any program.
should be noted that, in the 20th century, mainly in the Arctic delimitation disputes the theory of academic level, in recent years as the Arctic ice continues to melt and significantly reduced the Arctic Ocean has become a global shipping may be more important is a massive amount of Arctic Ocean continental shelf oil and gas reserves of not less than the Persian Gulf, a very attractive exploration prospects, problems began to turn to practical aspects of the Arctic. Countries in an increasingly competitive, especially in the Arctic Ocean at the end of the Russian national flag after the plug, other emotionally tense, have sent troops to the North Pole staking their claims, even at the threat of armed conflict. However, both the geographic and climatic conditions from the point of view, or from a political point of view, the Arctic is difficult to imagine a military conflict, the dispute Moreover, the Arctic regions of five countries in more disparity in military strength, the outbreak of armed conflict may not be true.
start with Russia, the Arctic coast line 19,700 km long, the Russian armed forces only in the most western cluster deployment, which deploys in the northwest Kola Peninsula, a motorized infantry brigade, a Navy marine brigade, three Air Force bases, two S-300P air defense missile regiment with a total strength of about 100 tanks, 100 armored vehicles, 100 artillery pieces, 60 aircraft, 30 attack helicopters, 30 transport helicopters. East along the Arctic coast from here there is only one combat troops deployed in Severodvinsk near an S-300P air defense missile regiment, and then east until the Bering Strait no longer have any force. Russian ground troops for the North Pole all concentrated in the Leningrad Military District, including the Kaliningrad enclave troops cluster, including airborne corps, a total of one of its troops and weapons Airborne Division, 8 New brigade, 12 sets of ” dot-U “tactical missile systems, 300 tanks (mostly T-80), 400 infantry fighting vehicles and paratroopers, tanks, more than 1,200 armored personnel carriers, 1,000 artillery pieces, 80 sets of air defense missile system. Air Force troops and weapons a total of 10 bases, nine S-300 air defense missile regiment, about 200 aircraft (mainly Su-24, Su-27 and MiG-31), about 60 m -24 helicopters. Other military combat missions with the North Pole does not matter, its units and corps mainly deployed in the border region in southern Russia. Arctic naval forces primarily for the Russian Northern Fleet, the combat formation in the (not strategic missile submarines) a total of 16 nuclear submarines, seven diesel submarines, an aircraft carrier, three guided missile cruiser, two destroyers, five large anti-submarine, six small anti-submarine, three small missile ships, seven minesweepers, five landing ships, in addition to seven nuclear submarines, a diesel submarine, one cruiser, two large anti-submarine, three small anti-submarine and three landing ships in service or storage condition. In addition to the warships in service since the 1990s, the “Peter the Great” nuclear-powered missile cruiser and “Qiaba years Kehai Admiral” was a large anti-submarine, other ships and how many are aging a little backward, fighting is not strong. Taking into account not only to respond to the Arctic Ocean Northern Fleet, but also facing the Atlantic Ocean, where the naval force should not be optimistic.
Canadian Forces Arctic cluster worse, only snow patrol to control its vast Arctic territory. All the Canadian armed forces deployed in the southern region, the strength of incompetence, only three motorized infantry brigades, 86 tank, only 20 “Leopard 2″ in line with modern requirements, 66 “Leopard 1″ waste tank is only applicable to home selling iron, and about 500 armored personnel carriers, 100 artillery pieces, 80 F-18 fighters; Norwegian troops even worse, from 1990 to 2009 the number of its tanks from 205 down to 81, of which 52 are “Leopard-2A4″ tanks, the other for “Leopard 1″ tanks. Artillery from the 531 down to 68. Number of fighters from the 90 to 57 aircraft, mostly F-16, the main deployment of troops in the south; Danish troops as meager, the number of tanks from the 419 down to 171, including 51 “Leopard 2″ and 120 “Leopard -1.” Artillery from the 553 down to 57, planes from the 106 down to 62, the same F-16. Period of military service in Denmark here reduced to four months, the Army only two brigades, more importantly, all the troops stationed in Jutland, in Greenland without any large-scale deployment of troops. In contrast, the three countries to be much more powerful naval force, which the Canadian navy has four diesel submarines, three destroyers, 12 frigates, the Norwegian Navy has six submarines, three frigates (and another two under construction), 7 light coastal defense frigates, five missile boats, the Danish Navy’s eight frigates, two combat support ships, 10 light frigates. Overall, these three countries can not pose any military threat to Russia, one of their armed forces are too weak, and deployed in areas far from the Arctic, far from the Russian border; Second, practice has shown the war on terror in Afghanistan, their psychological still not ready to fight a brutal war.
the U.S. military’s most powerful, but the deployment of ground troops in the Arctic is not the same size, but mainly in Southeast Alaska. Cold War the U.S. deployed in Alaska 6 light infantry division in the 1990s was cut, leaving only one brigade, and then was sent to Iraq, now stationed in Germany, came to rotations is the 25th Light Infantry Division U.S. 1st Brigade and the 4th Airborne Brigade, deployed in Hawaii, is a new test unit, which is 1st Brigade, U.S. 2nd branch new “Stryker” fast combat corps, combat delivery time is 4 days. 4th Brigade was the first two U.S. Air Force airborne brigade, can in 18 hours dropped to anywhere in the world. Of course, high-mobility fighting behind the stability of the price is low. This trip is designed for two anti-guerrilla warfare and set up, do not adapt to traditional warfare, in which the 4th Brigade in addition to a battalion of towed howitzers in addition, no other heavy combat equipment, air defense weapons and are not ideal. 1st Brigade, a little better, almost all of them are various models of the “Stryker” vehicles, a total of 308, including 27 equipped with a 105mm gun, nine of “Tao-2″ anti-tank missiles, 36 vehicles equipped with mortars, the rest is not equipped with heavy weapons, in addition to 12 M198 towed howitzer, no air defense weapons. In contrast, the new Russian motorized infantry brigade with 41 tanks, 36 self-propelled guns, 18 sets of multi-barrel rocket system, 18 anti-tank missile system on their own, six anti-tank guns, 18 sets of air defense missile system, six sets of shells gun-in-one system. Once the war, Russian motorized infantry brigade combat as long as the level of training to achieve any acceptable level, it will not be in the battle to the U.S. “Stryker” brigades to leave any opportunity. New Russian motorized infantry brigade currently in the Kola Peninsula in addition to, the other in the Arctic to deploy unclear. Nevertheless, the snow on the ground fighting army is always difficult, combat is relatively simple.
U.S. deployment in Alaska under the 11th Army Air Force, Air Force Pacific Command, based in Elmendorf Air Force Base, the 3rd Air Wing, including two F-22 fighter unit Each unit is also equipped with F-15 fighters, E-3B AWACS and C-17 transport aircraft. Need special attention, F-22 is the world’s only 5th generation fighter aircraft serving the U.S. Air Force purchased a total of 187, including 40 deployed in Alaska. Eielson Air Force Base in addition to the first 354 flying wing, including two F-16 fighter unit, the 18th Brigade of which 22 aircraft, equipped with the best pilots in the Air Force is responsible for the exercise simulated enemy aircraft and F-16 technical and tactical performance closest MiG-29, the brigade was established in 2007. In the Asian part of Russia’s territory is only one MiG-29 air base, outside Baikal Territory, 5000 km from Alaska. Thus, only the Air Force deployed in Alaska to more than 100 fighters, while in Europe to deploy 200 aircraft. With the nearest Russian Air Force combat units is the Kamchatka Peninsula, Ye Li Zuowo City Air Force Base 6990 troops, equipment 36 MiG-31 aircraft. If you can see the MiG-31 and F-22 air battle will be very interesting, but the main problem is equipped with MiG fighters airborne radar distance found in many other stealth fighter F-22. It should be said, fighting hard in practice, this occurs because the Elmendorf base and leaves Li Zuowo 3200 km apart, are the two fighter’s combat radius outside.
In addition to these forces, the U.S. Air National Guard troops still deployed in Alaska C-130H transport aircraft equipped with the 176 Air Wing. There are also several airports in the state, if necessary, can take off and land aircraft, especially large civil airport Anchorage International Airport. Of course, the Chukotka region in Russia, there are also several civilian airport, when necessary, taking off and landing aircraft.
in the European part of Alaska, neither the United States to deploy the Air Force, the Army has not deployed troops. Since 1951 the use of Iceland Keflavik Air Force Base was closed in 2006.
if the event in the Arctic Russia and the U.S. military confrontation, the hero will undoubtedly be a very powerful Navy, even if the United States only sent to the Arctic, Atlantic Fleet forces, Russia will not resist. Not including the strategic missile submarines, the U.S. Atlantic Fleet has 25 submarines, four aircraft carriers, 10 cruisers, 26 destroyers, 13 frigates (and another five frigates in a state of emergency reserves), 14 landing craft, The fighting strength is much higher than the Russian Northern Fleet. Do not forget, from the air carrier can influence the situation in the theater, the U.S. aircraft carrier docked four the number of aircraft exceeds the sum of Russia’s Leningrad military aircraft, and U.S. nuclear submarines, cruisers and destroyers, but also a large number of sea-launched cruise missiles. In addition, southern Alaska to the Pacific, but not the U.S. Pacific Fleet in the case of strategic missile submarine has 29 submarines, six aircraft carriers, 12 cruisers, 29 destroyers, 12 frigates, 17 landing craft. In contrast, only seven of the Russian Pacific Fleet nuclear submarines, seven diesel submarines, a cruiser, a destroyer, four large anti-submarine, five small anti-submarine, three small missile ships, 7 missile boats, eight minesweepers, four landing craft, and all major surface warships in Vladivostok, 4,000 kilometers from the North Pole. The United States is actively deploying sea-based missile defense system in Europe and plans to deploy land-based missile defense systems also pose a serious threat to Russia. In short, once the two countries to compete for territory and resources, the Arctic outbreak of war, the consequences will be disastrous. Without a strong military and economic strength as a support, any unilateral attempt to resolve the dispute will pay a very heavy price. (Compiled: Shu-shan)