Unilateral action to change the situation on the Sino-Japanese East China Sea will be increasingly fierce competition for rights
2006 年 10 27, in the waters of the Diaoyu Islands, a Japanese Coast Guard ship vessel water jets to China, to prevent China vessels near the Diaoyu Islands. Reuters
“International Herald Tribune” correspondent in the winter intern reporter from Beijing, Wang Song, “doing? This area applies to the provisions of China, immediately stop the investigation.”
“This is Japan’s continental shelf, being implemented in line with international requirements proper investigation. “
5 4, announced the China Sea, the Japan Coast Guard law enforcement vessels and monitoring the dialogue between Japan Marine tracking ship records. According to reports, Beijing at 13:00 on May 3 or so, China’s State Oceanic Administration marine research ship “sea monitoring 51″ maritime exclusive economic zone in China (Amami Oshima, about 320 km north-west) area, the expulsion of the Japanese side tracking ship. ” Akihiro “sign, the two sides began about 3 hours and 45 minutes of chase.
this Japanese Foreign Ministry protested to China, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman by the “normal law enforcement activities” to be a response.
the East China Sea in May, the summer ocean currents is quietly generated. With the exploration of the East China Sea seabed resources in Japan investigated the acceleration, while the delay is difficult in the East China Sea between China and Japan-related behavior reached a consensus Sea, East China Sea and Japan’s new round of competition around quietly. Within a month, the East China Sea between China and Japan in three consecutive friction incident occurred.
30 years of negotiations, Japan’s attitude is still strong
4 early April, the guided missile destroyer and the “Kilo” submarines of the Chinese naval fleet, to wear over the island of Okinawa and Miyako Island, between the high seas, and held a routine exercise. During the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force to send “towards the snow” to track and monitor all the way frigate, ship-borne helicopters flew to China “towards the snow” was over the alert. Subsequently, the Japanese accused the Chinese navy provocation. May 11, Chinese Ambassador to Japan Cheng Yonghua, China’s naval fleet to Japan’s surveillance operations to make a strong response. He said, “China has many neighbors, but only the Japanese ship self-defense from the start, trailing the Chinese Fleet.”
another. The morning of May 6, Japan, 11th District Coast Guard Department of Amami Oshima in Kagoshima about 325 kilometers west northwest off the coast, found that Taiwan’s fishery research vessel “One water test” and be warned. Taiwan fisheries research ship immediately responded, “The sea is recognized by our exclusive economic zone and hope the Japanese side not to interfere with operations in Taiwan,” Foreign Ministry “is also 8 issued a” no retreat “instruction.
a series of incidents of friction, so fears that Japan will misfires. It was in this context, May 4, the Foreign Department in Beijing held a departmental meeting focused on the East China Sea gas fields joint development of the Japanese Foreign Ministry’s Asian and Oceanian Affairs Bureau vegetarian wood Chiu Lung, the Chinese Foreign Ministry Secretary for Border and Marine Affairs Ning Fukui, attended the meeting, according to reports, Japan is still strong demand in the consultations on the joint development of an early start “of treaty negotiations “.
a Chinese diplomat told the” International Herald Tribune “, the day’s negotiations, representatives of Japan beginning May 4,” a Japan Coast Guard’s marine investigation by the Chinese tracking ship Ship tracking events “protested, sometimes suddenly tense atmosphere of the talks. meeting to discuss preliminary results for future treaty negotiations started the conditions and procedures, there is no worthy of note. the focus is still on whether the gathering was held in” the commence negotiations on a treaty to develop the details, “did not involve joint development of substance.
The diplomatic sources said that from 1980 to mid-October held its first joint development of the East China Sea continental shelf, transaction-level talks since the two countries on and off for 30 years, many diplomats are talking about white head, the results did not significantly in the years of negotiations, Japan has been advocating the use of land equidistant between the “middle line” to divide the East China Sea continental shelf This position is almost without any loose in Japan insisted that there is no dispute sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands, Japan or the west of the island should be set aside in Japan’s “middle line” on both sides of the joint development. In addition, Japan is also based on ” terms of a single geological structure “, for China to stop exploitation of the East China Sea gas field alone, and” Early Spring “joint development zone oil and gas fields included in the scope.
until June 18, 2008, the East China Sea dispute Caishao significant turning point, when the two governments announced almost simultaneously, the two sides reached principled consensus on East China Sea: The two sides agreed to achieve the demarcation of the transition period, without prejudice to the legal position of both sides to cooperate in the case, as common in the East and Japan The first step in the development, the two sides decided to northern East China Sea a sea area of ??about 2,600 square kilometer block, through joint exploration and joint development. In addition, Japanese companies will be in accordance with China’s foreign cooperative exploitation of offshore petroleum resources of the relevant laws, participate in spring Xiao oil and gas field development.
“The consensus is the official demarcation of the East China Sea before the transitional arrangement does not involve the legal position held by both sides, but also in the process of implementation encountered major obstacles, such as Japan enterprises to participate in development issues, how to participate? How to draw both the proportion of investment? These are very real problems. “The diplomatic sources.
Japan’s unilateral action to change the situation of the East China Sea
in order to put pressure on China, Japan has strengthened in the East China Sea, a unilateral action.
4 25, the Japanese government recently established Integrated Ocean Policy Division, proposed the “seabed resources and energy to ensure that strategic” policy vision. in accordance with the strategy, Japan is ready to exploration of the sea area will be 340,000 square km in the Shikoku, the Kii Peninsula and the Sea of ??Japan undersea exploration, “combustible ice”, in the most eastern end of the waters surrounding the South Bird Island cobalt-rich exploration of the “cobalt.” arousing widespread controversy, the Japanese will be completed in 2015 in Northeast China’s Diaoyu Islands waters and the waters south of Hachijo Island exploration.
Japan unilaterally set a timetable, which is tantamount to tell China, “If you can not talk about the results, it I own hands. “Central Party School Professor Lin Xiaoguang CSIS to the” International Herald Tribune, “analysts say, the Japanese government to promote high-profile” seabed resources and energy to ensure that strategy, “whether it is carrying out exploration and practical preparation, or in the negotiations strategy as a bargaining chip to pressure the Chinese side to promote China agreed to jointly develop East China Sea as soon as possible oil and gas resources, is now too early to make any conclusions, but the objective effect has been to pressure the Chinese.
According sources, in the East China Sea talks, Japan has been far more anxious, repeatedly urged China to start diplomatic negotiations, analysts believe, worry that China is now Japan’s waters in the East China Sea oil and gas related development, will be “like a straw, like the origin of Japan oil and gas resources to take away. “In addition, Japan is concerned with the rapid growth of Chinese power, making the Japanese think we should” cut the Gordian knot “.
trends out of Japan in the East China Sea awareness, China has adopted a series of responses to the Chinese People’s University of East Asian Studies Center Director Huang Dahui to the “International Herald Tribune” that the Chinese restrictions on exports of rare earth resources, and the promulgation of the “island method”, have deepened the sense of crisis in Japan Sino-Japanese national maritime strategy development to the existence of competition.
seabed resources in Japan aimed at a long time. Lin Xiaoguang said, back in July 2003, Japan has invested 3 billion yen in its exclusive economic zone near the sea resources and energy survey, when, to avoid stimulation of China, the Japanese government hired a Swedish research ships to sea resources survey, the survey results has not been announced and now, once the “small area, try the investigation” will be expanded to “wide area, a full investigation, “which shows the positive development of seabed resources, the Japanese government’s policy determination.
is no doubt that Japan will implement the” seabed resources and energy to ensure that strategy, “will affect the game at the East China Sea on situation.
“In contrast, China’s resource development in the East China Sea region is still stuck in the traditional oil and gas resources exploitation level, does not involve the exploitation of seabed resources such as metals, but also a lack of overall strategic plan. “China National Offshore Oil Corporation Research Center, a researcher told us that, in the East China Sea only” outer space “,” Pinghu “and” Early Spring “three oil and gas fields, but also at the Diaoyu Islands, Japan, the actual control next.
the future will be more intense competition for the East China Sea
calm sea, but simmering Japan in the East China Sea, a series of unilateral actions, increasing China to become passive. July 2008, the Japan Coast Guard patrol boats sank into the waters near the Diaoyu Islands in Taiwan fishing boat, and stepped up patrols and guard the Diaoyu Islands; the summer of 2009, Japan “means reef island” to the United Nations Commission on the Oceans of the red bird as the center, expanding the outer continental shelf up to 200 sea miles or more reports in an attempt to obtain hundreds of thousands of square kilometers of exclusive economic zone; Japan’s maritime patrol aircraft, patrol boats full coverage related to sea … …
this regard, the State Oceanic Administration of China Marine Surveillance Brigade, a source told the “International Herald Tribune,” China can not just stay in a passive protest, should be through the marine fisheries, exploration and maritime surveillance, naval cruises, etc. a variety of levels, from action to implement our declaration of sovereignty in the East China Sea, preferably every day in the East China cruise ships or aircraft, “We are trying to do this, but faces considerable diplomatic pressure.”
Throughout the East China Sea issues, differences and disputes focused on the maritime delimitation of sovereignty, ownership of the island and marine resource development at three levels, the Chinese diplomats that “the demarcation problem is fundamental, as long as the solution this problem, other problems will be solved “.
appears in Professor Lin Xiaoguang, a new round of competition in the East China Sea showed the three most significant characteristics, namely, more actions of both governments, China has the government legislation, drill ships, fishery, maritime surveillance patrol law enforcement; Japan Coast Guard and Maritime Self Defense Force is to enhance the waters of the Diaoyu Islands and other related patrols, and gradually strengthening “Okinotorishima” to create a new point of conflict; the second is Both the level of international law to seek support for their advantage; third is both relevant maritime strategy, and both there is a certain degree of strategic competition and conflict. “
the East China Sea disputes go from here?
Professor Lin Xiaoguang predicts that the future interests of competition between the two countries in East China Sea will be more intense. If the work is done in consultation between the two countries, the situation may ease some, but in the current situation, how to deal with the East China Sea issue, a challenge to both sides.
Professor Huang Dahui said that the East China Sea to truly become a “peace, cooperation, love of the sea”, first in Japan to give up any unilateral action. However, Huang Dahui also stressed the two countries clashed in the East China Sea is unlikely, because both parties are aware “and will benefit both sides, fighting Liang Bai.”