Media said that China and Central Asia to strengthen military cooperation in combating the three forces
data for: to participate in” Peace Mission 2007 “joint military exercise military
LONDON countries, according to Kazakhstan Azar Turk Radio recently reported that in recent years, China to Kazakhstan military assistance, but also not forget the other Central Asian countries, in Russian as the working language of the bilateral and multilateral joint exercises more and more. China is stepping up with countries in the region through military cooperation to combat violence and terrorism, national separatism and religious extremism, a common Central Asian regional peace, security and stability.
recent years China has become a vital economic partner in Central Asia countries, the trade volume between China and Central Asia more than $ 25 billion per mark, from Russia and Central Asia, $ 27 billion per year the volume of trade is only steps away. China’s military cooperation with Central Asian countries significantly increased in the same, the Chinese leadership in the security field in China and the successful completion of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan border of the demilitarized zone. Completion of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and actively running, the system of collective security emerge, the individual forces in Central Asia to support Chinese Uighur separatist movement to minimize the risk then, is almost zero. Nevertheless, China is still worried about the risk of political instability in Central Asia, mainly due to rampant Islamic rebel groups, the increasing spread of drug trafficking, the U.S. base at Manas Kirghizia military presence, etc., for Beijing in this regard and Central Asia The strategic partnership between national governments is very important, although the scope and scale of military cooperation is still limited. Now, although the Chinese Uighur separatist movement possible consequences is not clear, but the “base” organization has announced plans to shift its activities to the territory of China, the Islamic extremist activists attempt to become a turbulent zone in Central Asia has not lost the possibility of . Considering all these circumstances, the Chinese leadership decided to carry out more active cooperation with Central Asian countries to consolidate regional security and to exercise jointly combating the three forces in joint exercises to become the first choice.
military cooperation between China and Central Asia, mainly in the bilateral and multilateral joint exercises. Was initially organized in the framework of SCO member countries China and individual exercises, held in Jilin in 2002 the first joint exercises. 2003 held the first multilateral joint exercises, from China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, thousands of soldiers to participate, in fact, outside of Uzbekistan, in addition to all the SCO member states took part in the exercise . 2006 in all member states of the SCO in Uzbekistan held their first joint anti-terrorism exercise. In 2006 the tower was held in Kulyab region aimed at combating terrorist groups in mountain areas of joint exercises, 300 Tajikistan 150 Chinese soldiers and military personnel to participate. Time, the Chinese also held similar exercises in Kyrgyzstan. In 2007 China participated in two regional anti-terrorism military exercise, the first year in May all the SCO member states special forces participated in the “anti-terrorism – Lake Issyk-Kul 2007″ joint military exercises, the second in Russia in August that year Chelyabinsk region held within the framework of the SCO “Peace Mission” joint anti-terrorism exercise. In recent years, China’s total military personnel participated in within the framework of SCO joint military exercises 20 times. 2010 谢米列奇耶 region in Kazakhstan also plans to Matt Blake held a similar joint exercise training ground.
course, in similar exercises have also had some conflicts, primarily reflecting the lack of a high degree of trust between the national officers, especially between Chinese and Russian military command level. It may also be found in the Central Asian countries, the tension between each other. For example, the 2009 Tashkent refused to participate in the framework of the SCO in Tajikistan near the Afghan border areas of joint exercises, mainly because between Tashkent and Dushanbe in the construction of hydropower stations on the issue of conflict, openly criticized the leadership of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, accused each other of building hydropower stations may pose a threat to regional water balance.
from recent years, continued substantial increase in the Sino-Kazakh trade situation, Kazakhstan in Central Asia, China is still the most important partners. Since 2000, the two countries signed a treaty aimed at strengthening cooperation with the Kazakh side to promote their region against separatism and religious extremism, and actively adhere to positive position. From 1997 to 2003, Astana from China got a total of $ 4.5 million in equipment, public infrastructure, transport equipment and other assistance. Kazakh side also made it clear that it would be to receive additional military equipment to China. In the joint anti-terrorism operations, to learn from China’s experience in Kazakhstan, Kazakh in 2007 by the new military doctrine emphasizes security issues, relations with China to maintain the particular importance of bilateral cooperation, while not forgetting the mention of China’s leading role in this regard . Recent flooding in the fight against drug smuggling, the Sino-Kazakh border cooperation has become the priority, since 2008 the two countries held several joint anti-drug exercises.
In contrast, China’s assistance to other countries in the region seem to be less. 2007, Defense Minister of China and Turkmenistan agreed to a meeting, a group of China to the Turkmen army supply light weapons and uniforms of officers and soldiers, this proposal to meet the needs of their country’s military land $ 3 million loan assistance.
Beijing is also working to its other neighbors, namely, to provide military assistance to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. In 2005 an official visit to Dushanbe, Chinese Defense Minister, signed several military agreements, agreed to exchange anti-terrorism, combating drug trafficking and organized crime reconnaissance. From 1993 to 2008 China to Tajikistan for a $ 15 million in aid, in April 2009 China Xiang Tajikistan additional $ 1.5 million in military aid. According to a 2002 treaty signed in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, China to provide $ 1.2 million in military aid, in August 2008, China Xiang Kirghizia provided $ 700,000 in military equipment.
the relationship between China and Uzbekistan is relatively complex, in 2000 China first step in this regard, to Tashkent, the supply of a number of sniper rifles. In 2009 a new treaty signed in black, black side to provide $ 3.7 million aid for the black border posts to provide mobile detection system.
Soviet Central Asian countries along with further aging military equipment, China’s rapid arms and training to its own to fill the vacuum created after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. But in China, organized military training for Central Asian countries there have been serious language barriers, the military academies in China from Central Asian countries within the officers of all courses are offered teaching in Russian, Chinese instructors and trainers will not Central Asian countries, languages, training of officers will not be Chinese, the results from 1990 to 2005 there were only 15 officers were sent to Kazakhstan, Chinese training until later this cooperation have increased. From 2003 to 2009, Kazakhstan has 65 soldiers in the Chinese school education, while studying in China Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan military experts will have 30.
next few years, China and Central Asian countries will continue to develop military cooperation, will focus on the following four directions: The first is the joint fight against drug trafficking and proliferation. In this regard, China plans to pay more attention to border protection is very weak in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, the border is a traditional drug trafficking routes, drug traffickers have recently aimed at the Chinese sales market. Chinese cooperation will be based on bilateral agreements with Central Asian countries; second is to seek the establishment of joint peacekeeping brigade to Afghanistan is mainly used for maintaining regional security and stability, with plans in the foreseeable future to provide substantial humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan, which an idea has been supported by the Afghan government. China and Russia to actively participate in solving the problem of Afghanistan is increasing, its economic interests will help to create a similar peacekeeping force, although it may be only a symbolic use, but this will mark the further cooperation between China and Central Asia, consolidate, and that countries Afghan political leaders, the direction for the organization of joint action; Third, to further strengthen cooperation against terrorism. Very clearly, is China’s initiative and the Central Asian countries to strengthen cooperation in the fight against terrorism, but now this kind of cooperation is also largely confined to statements of intent, the Central Asian countries, the Chinese government for the extradition of Uighur separatists instance is still quite small. However, Afghanistan and Pakistan increasingly volatile situation, coupled with Islamic fundamentalism in Central Asia, growth, all of which prompted a joint operation between China and Central Asian countries; the fourth is to protect China’s energy interests in Central Asia. In 2009 China and Central Asia natural gas pipeline between the official opening, thus confirming the need for such protection, the Kazakh oil and gas pipeline safety issues of concern, in December 2009 met with Chinese Central Military Commission vice chairman of the Defense Minister of Kazakhstan stressed that such concerns should be discussed at the highest level. (Compiled: Shu-shan)