Military confrontation between China and the U.S. Navy beginning to bear out several times to attack the positive attitude
current situation map _ Chinese Naval combat ships (Mirror/Chart)
Southern Weekend reporter intern Bin Liu Changxin from Beijing
Editor’s note: In recent years, China and the U.S. Navy Yellow Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea several times a positive confrontation. Chinese navy across the “first island chain” strategy, with the massive U.S. military in the Western Pacific sea collision between the increasingly frequent.
This is not just military collision, in fact, is the strength of sea power has always been the most important part. China’s sea power really mean? What kind of Chinese sea power strategy? Tactical sophistication, and ultimately needed is strategic thinking.
“sea power, by virtue of the ocean or seas can make a nation a great nation in all things.” – Mahan, “the impact of Sea Power upon History”, 1890
U.S. aircraft carrier, such as the Yellow Sea, can be “like look at his palm, as China’s major naval base and fighting.”
There are statistics that the Chinese Navy’s submarine force ocean-going training from the past average 3.4 times in 2009 to 12.
2001 year “the South China Sea incident”, the U.S. military recently re-open confrontation: When the U.S. “Washington” aircraft carrier ready to work towards China’s coastal military exercises, the Navy announced that the East China Sea live-fire military exercises China; and When the U.S. nuclear submarine docked three seas around China, the Chinese naval fleet is also a high-profile break the “first island chain” across the offshore U.S. military base in Okinawa.
In fact, the “Washington” aircraft carrier to participate in the “United States Han Huanghai military exercises”, from the initial early June has been postponed to early July, but also because China’s military again postponed a clear opposition .
7 January, the PLA Ma Xiaotian, deputy chief of staff, said: “(Yellow Sea) from the waters close to China, this exercise, we are very opposed to.” Then South Korean Defense Ministry statement: “Korea joint military exercises will be implemented after the Security Council sanctions against the DPRK. “
Yellow” confrontation “just the curtain, Japan’s Kyodo News has revealed that the Chinese government for the first time in March this year, senior U.S. officials to the official position said the South China Sea is related to the territorial integrity of China’s “core interests.”
Chinese military posture in this series, the target point to the ocean. The country itself in order to land big country, is ready to “sea power” state change?
around major Chinese naval forces
Japanese Maritime Self-defense is the front-line fleet mobile units, about the strength of the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Forces 60%. Local team is the second-line troops in Japan Maritime Self Defense Force, Japan Maritime Self Defense Force of local defense forces.
Japanese naval fleet defense team from the frigate, submarine fleet, Air Force and Territory teams. Convoy escort teams under the jurisdiction of four groups, each guard group composed of eight destroyers, and containing eight anti-submarine helicopters, known as the 88 fleet, the fleet has expanded ten ten. Submarine Fleet submarine force under the jurisdiction of two groups. 1 submarine team group based in Kure, 2 submarine force group based in Yokosuka.
Japanese Maritime Self-Defense existing 4.5 million soldiers, combat vessels are: 26 submarines, 41 destroyers, 12 frigates, missile hydrofoil 3, 28 amphibious warfare ships, mine War ships 28.
U.S. Seventh Fleet
U.S. forward deployment of a fleet. Has a total strength of 60,000, including 38,000 Navy and 22,000 Marines. The main equipment and nearly 60 ships and 350 aircraft (mainly carrier-based F/A-18 fighter aircraft). Permanent Mission of which 19 ships, with a total displacement of about 20 million tons, a Carrier Air Wing, a Marine Expeditionary unit, aircraft 105, including 84 combat aircraft. Command ship “Blue Ridge” set up “joint naval command and information system”, the number of supercomputer can be on the ground, air and sea to make a comprehensive analysis of the strategic situation, together with advanced communications equipment and command and control system complete with the Navy in the history of the world’s rare ability to command and awe. With the ability to attack other ships, including aircraft carrier “Kitty Hawk” and three cruisers equipped with cruise missiles. The former is the U.S. super aircraft carriers, is the only one multi-front attack fleet; equipped with Tomahawk cruise missiles because the latter has a wide range of attacks and ability to not only support the carrier Jianqun, even a single attack mission and play the role of the flagship operations Jianqun. In addition, the fleet is also equipped with five, including nuclear powered fast attack submarine.
the South Korean navy
has 6.7 million people (including 25,000 marines). Code has three fleet headquarters. Ships more than 170 vessels with a displacement of 20 tons. Which the main vessels, including a helicopter carrier, 10 destroyers, frigates 9, 14 conventional submarines.
15 years ago, South Korea, almost no water power, but with South Korea after the introduction of 209 submarines, and then another 214 AIP technology imported from Germany on their own production of submarines. Last 15 years, Korea has a series of construction of 15 large-scale world-class surface ships, KDX2, KDX3 series of ships, especially KDX3 performance almost equal to the U.S. Aegis destroyers, both quantity and quality, compared with China’s new ships have certain advantages. Currently, Korea is planning to build the world’s most powerful non-carriers, surface ships – Japan “ninety-Fleet” – to compete in “66 fleet.”
they are directed at China for a
last time the U.S. aircraft carrier into the Yellow Sea, or October 1994. As the DPRK nuclear issue was the breakdown of negotiations, the U.S. military “Kitty Hawk” aircraft carrier battle group entered the Yellow Sea, the west coast of North Korea blockade. Without prior notification to the Chinese situation, “Kitty Hawk” cruise along China’s territorial sea boundary with China submarine encounter, and once the air force fighter confrontation between the two countries.
in the U.S. Navy’s eyes, the incident has become a “World War II U.S. Navy’s most explosive region in the Western Pacific sea contact.”
Although the “ship” after the incident, sent “Washington,” the carrier’s main motivation is to deter North Korea, but the actual aircraft carrier combat radius of 600 km, it enters the Yellow Sea, including the Beijing-Tianjin region, Liaodong Peninsula, Shandong Peninsula, will be within the scope of its fight.
Korea, “Daily News” description, “said Washington” If you reach the Yellow Sea, can “look at his palm as the same look of China’s major naval base and fighting.”
Rear Admiral Yin Cho remind Southern Weekend reporter, “In general, two U.S. aircraft carrier battle group is the grouping of operations.” Therefore, the U.S. sent a single aircraft carrier “to test China’s strategic intent a greater bottom line.”
two years ago, “Washington” aircraft carrier stationed in Japan, the basic scope of activities in the “first island chain” outside. Geographically, the “first island chain” refers to the islands north of Japan, then Taiwan Island in the south of the Philippine Islands with a chain-shaped island, and from a strategic perspective, this island chain is actually China’s military containment the progress of the Pacific.
and the Yellow Sea in the “first island chain” and are therefore “if the U.S. aircraft carrier normalized by the exercise of the machine and out of this sea, will have enormous strategic pressure on China,” Wu Jian, told reporters the military observer emphasized.
Hong Kong, “South China Morning Post” reported that the U.S. Seventh Fleet’s three nuclear submarines were also coming out last week, Busan, South Korea, Philippines, Subic Bay and the Indian military base on Diego Garcia in the three their deployment posture clearly intended to participate in the Yellow Sea exercises.
The three submarines of the United States can play a strategic nuclear warheads, nuclear submarines, the U.S. military deliberately be modified, each submarine is equipped with 154 Tomahawk cruise missiles, the maximum range of 2,000 km, known as “a week can destroy a country. ”
now, they are directed at the Chinese came.
by “routine exercise” play?
6 24, “Wenzhou Evening News” and other media news: PLA 91765 army is scheduled June 30 to July 5 at live-fire training.
China has not yet explained the reasons for holding live-fire training, but South Korea, “Chosun Ilbo,” that this is China made to the US-ROK joint military exercise “strong response.” The newspaper even speculated that the U.S. aircraft carrier military exercise, China is likely to test known as the “aircraft carrier killer” anti-ship ballistic missiles.
foreign media or read too much, this is only the East China Sea Fleet base in Zhoushan annual routine exercise. Beginning in 2006, these exercises are held annually, in the exercise area off the coast of Zhoushan, Chun Xiao Youtian from the Diaoyu Islands and other sensitive areas are far away. The 91,765 troops are participating in the East China Sea Fleet detachment of a missile boat, belonging to the scope of emergency mobile combat units, did not involve the East China Sea Fleet of the battleship force. The annual training exercise is only in accordance with standards issued by the local newspaper, did not rise to the Defense Department’s national strategic level.
but the results are read, the live-fire exercise, but rather to counter China South Korea’s “ulterior motive”, especially after the start of the exercise, “Liberation Army Daily” was published in the exercise of shooting pictures, foreign declaration means very strong.
Hong Kong, “Wen Wei Po” is also noted that South Korea will be disclosed after the exercise in the Yellow Sea, the Central Military Commission Vice President has two intensive inspection Shenyang theater. June 11 to Shenyang Guo theater will visit, followed by Xu will lead the Navy Commander Admiral Wu Shengli, after another visit to the North Sea Fleet’s naval port of Dalian and the Dalian Naval Academy.
past six months, the Chinese navy to attack out of a tough stance early horizon. In April, the North Sea Fleet, East Sea Fleet and South Sea Fleet, deployed together, in Okinawa, Japan, South China Sea, South China Sea, the Bashi Channel and the waters around Nansha Islands in large-scale military exercises; its echoes an earlier time in the south of the North Sea Fleet conduct an exercise to the South China Sea.
7 April, the Japanese Ministry of Defense news release, found China a destroyer and a frigate to travel to Okinawa and Miyako Island, between the high seas, heading to the Pacific.
According to the U.S. Global Strategic Network statistics, the Chinese Navy’s submarine force ocean-going training, from an average 3.4 times, once in 2009 to 12.
how to crack the strategic dilemma
5 6, Japan’s “diplomats” magazine published in the U.S. Commander James Kraska article entitled “China’s naval hegemony layout” that since 2000, China launched with increasing frequency, “provocative,” the ship exercises, and even the use of the “armed” marine survey vessels and fishing boats in the East China Sea to the United States’ military examine the “implementation of the nuisance.
after the Chinese navy in the last decade of the last century, after a period of silence from the beginning of this century of rapid development. Remove the accelerated replacement of equipment, the external strategy also counter the U.S. military siege on the trend.
and this corresponds to the 21st century, the U.S. encirclement of China will also be expanded to “C” shaped: Japan as a starting point, the South China Sea and surrounding countries, to India in Afghanistan.
more critical is the containment of China is now the United States even more compression and dynamic trend. In the southwest, last year in India from the Indian border only 23 kilometers place to build the airport, “only because of economic underdevelopment in western China, and the land has a natural barrier, so we feel that is not obvious,” military expert Dai Xu said the reporter.
in the waters around China, the face of China’s territory, there is no strategic depth, the sea of ??any sign of trouble for China feel more intuitive.
but have not played the United States Han Huanghai exercise, it is the face of the economic lifeline of China’s eastern coast. “It’s like a knife aimed at the human arm feels obvious, facing very strong heart.” Dai Xu said.
appears in Dai Xu, including Japan in recent years in Okinotori reef provocative act, and the South China Sea disputes related to national activities are in mainland China will move to the pocket, so he felt “must To make a counterattack. ”
“encirclement itself is not dangerous, dangerous trend is that China’s oppression, so we must draw a red line.” Xu told reporters wearing stressed.
6 on 5, held in Singapore in the Asian security conference, U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates asked “guarantee free access to U.S. military power in the South China Sea”, the PLA Chief of General Staff Ma Xiaotian, deputy personally directed “American ships, aircraft in the South China Sea, East China on high-intensity surveillance, reconnaissance, the development of Sino-US military relations is one of the three obstacles.”
However, the rules of international politics very clearly that, if China were willing to be a “continental power,” coastal defense, it can only be the fate of regional powers, neighboring countries will not change the subject strategic forces siege situation. When the Chinese Navy has been to “blue water navy” ahead, crack the dilemma of China’s strategic approach has been before us – a veritable “sea powers.”
related topics: United States Han Huanghai exercise