Experts said the purchase of a large number of new weapons and equipment the PLA deter U.S. aircraft carrier
China-made shore-based anti-ship cruise missile launching system
LONDON, July 7 news: Institute of Canadian defense and foreign affairs senior fellow, United States associate professor of International Relations, Carleton University 埃莉诺斯隆 (Elinor Sloan) has published an article that may occur in the conflict in the Taiwan Strait to prevent or delay the U.S. aircraft carrier battle group operations, the PLA in recent years to buy a large number of new weapons and equipment, including eight submarines, 16 frigates and 8 destroyers, and will also around 2015 developed a special deal with the medium-range anti-ship cruise missiles U.S. aircraft carriers; all of these systems will give the PLA farther away from the coast to carry out their attacks.
China strategic considerations from the land transferred to the ocean
The article said that in view of the security situation during the Cold War has gone, so do not need China as in the past as to maintain such a large army. This situation, coupled with China’s sea lines of communication increasingly stressed, leading to China’s strategic considerations from the land transferred to the ocean.
article pointed out that China’s strategy to defend sea lines of communication are considered in the focus, it is not surprising. 2006, stressed that China’s defense white paper, and energy, resources, finance and international shipping route security issues related to China will be the future areas of focus. At the same time, Chinese military strategists have said publicly that China intends to build military power beyond the Taiwan Strait, to ensure safety of Chinese shipping.
China think-tank analysts and university scholars stressed that to build a blue water navy is China’s sea lines of communication to ensure that the necessary conditions. Western experts also pointed out that China is considering how to protect their supply lines of the distant problem. They build the People’s Liberation Army Navy blue water navy to protect its prospects and of China’s trade-driven prosperity, and the route to equate attention and highlighted through the South China Sea to protect China’s sea lines of interest. Chinese analysts also highlighted the concern of maritime territorial disputes, especially in the South China Sea disputed undersea energy resources.
article says, the need to streamline the Army is China’s second major military concern. During the Cold War, the land borders with 14 countries the possibility of the outbreak of the ground war in China is facing a major military threat. This requires that China can defeat the enemy with a large-scale ground invasion. Although the Soviet Union to China’s most important ground threats gone, and its later also with neighboring countries to solve their territorial disputes between the major, but the Chinese still feel there are potential problems with its land borders, and the PLA also need to assist the people’s armed police to maintain domestic stability, so the Army still about two thirds of the PLA military forces (U.S. Army about the proportion of 40 %),
However, by the end of the Cold War developments surrounding the impact of China , China as in the past no need to maintain such a large army. This situation, coupled with China’s growing emphasis on the sea lines of communication, is the military component of China’s strategic view of an impact. Chinese social scientists have pointed out that mainland China is moving from country to country into the sea, the British sea power theorist Jeffrey Tyre, also said that post-Cold War development of China’s overall impact is “China’s increasing focus on consideration of the ocean, rather than the mainland. “
Finally, the article said that China’s strategic considerations but also by the post-Cold War US-led war. 1991 Gulf War was one of the most typical of a war, because it clearly demonstrated the 1980s the tremendous development of U.S. conventional military power. For decades, Western countries have insisted that nuclear weapons should the number of Soviet conventional military superiority of the security guarantee, but it shows what the Gulf War has changed – soldiers trained, sophisticated arms advanced, Western countries have now occupied the conventional military superiority.
article pointed out that China mainly from the Gulf War in 1991, learned two lessons: First, the war highlighted the advanced U.S. military capabilities to defeat a country, which stimulate China to build a more advanced, the ability of the People’s Liberation Army troops. The United States then in the summer of 1996 in the Balkans, in Kosovo in 1999, from 2001 to 2002 in Afghanistan, the war in Iraq in 2003 during the high use of advanced military forces, the Chinese leaders to further promote the pursuit of military modernization. Second, the war also shows that, in a conventional war, potential opponents can not challenge the United States, which must be used for the weakness of the U.S. “asymmetric” means, for example, U.S. military dependence on information technology and satellite.
People’s Liberation Army to purchase a large number of equipment and actively involved in building the anti-war forces
The article said that in possible conflict in the Taiwan Strait to prevent or delay the U.S. aircraft carrier battle group operations, the PLA in recent years to buy a large number of new weapons and equipment, including eight submarines, 16 frigates and 8 destroyers, and will also be developed around 2015, a special deal with the medium-range anti-ship cruise missiles U.S. aircraft carriers; All of these systems will give the PLA farther away from the coast to carry out their attacks.
article said that over the past few years, China’s military and security operations, you can see the prospects of China’s strategic elements. Seeking to prevent Taiwan independence, China is currently building a “coastal defense strategy,” The strategy includes direct attacks on Taiwan and prevent the United States to help Taiwan in two parts. Launching direct attacks, China has been Taiwan’s mainland adjacent to widespread deployment of conventional short-range ballistic missiles. Now, the Chinese mainland for Taiwan to deploy short-range ballistic missile has exceeded 1300, and the government is believed to Beijing to upgrade some of these missiles – with its global positioning guidance systems, transform them into sophisticated ballistic missiles.
The second part of coastal defense strategy, the Pentagon called it “anti-intervention strategy,” it is because China is trying to build to prevent the U.S. fleet into the waters surrounding Taiwan’s ability to avoid the 1996 Taiwan Strait crises staged. And this one also involves a ballistic missile, the missile’s range missiles opposite Taiwan over the longer range. In addition, China also plans developed in 2015 a medium-range anti-ship missile, the missile can sink the U.S. aircraft carrier, in order to respond to a crisis over Taiwan. The missiles will carry multiple warheads, the range of about 900 miles, but also equipped with terminal homing guidance system, designed to attack surface ships including aircraft carriers, including.
However, the cornerstone of China’s anti-intervention strategy is actually the gradual expansion of its submarine force. According to the “2009 report on global military balance,” said China currently has about 65 submarines. Although the U.S. military submarines, submarines in the majority of these effects than the old and outdated, but the PLA navy has recently acquired a large number of submarines. This includes eight Russian-made stealth “Kilo” class diesel-electric submarines, and China recently created the “Song”, “Yuan” class conventional submarines and “business” class nuclear attack submarines, all of these submarines are equipped with anti-ship cruise missiles. Some experts pointed out that China’s submarine force’s military goal is to pose a threat to the U.S. aircraft carrier battle group, thereby slowing down their rate of entering the Taiwan theater.
article pointed out that China is equipped with anti-ship cruise missiles destroyers and frigates, but also add to its anti-access strategies. Currently, the PLA Navy has about 28 destroyers and 50 frigates. With submarines, these ships are also built with outdated technology-based old ships, but between 1998-2008, China received 16 new frigates, including 4 new stealth frigates. Moreover, since 2004, the PLA also created or purchased eight new destroyers, including two new Russian-made “modern-II” class guided missile destroyers. As equipped with increasingly sophisticated anti-ship cruise missiles and air defense systems, these new surface combat ships for the China challenge U.S. aircraft carrier to provide additional capacity.
present, the outside world is speculated that China plans to implement the anti-intervention strategy to go far. From the geographical point of view, China will be the south of Taiwan from Japan to South China Sea near the “first island chain” outside to take action to prevent or delay U.S. military ships approaching Taiwan or mainland China operations. Alternatively, China may adopt a more aggressive strategy in the Pacific eastward to the “second island chain” to reach the thousands of miles away from China’s coastal waters, it is worth noting that the United States, which also includes Guam. In addition, the Pentagon also pointed out that offshore defense strategy as an alternative, some PLA thinkers proposed a “sea defense strategy”, this strategy emphasizes the “first island chain in addition to launching a wide range precision attack”, and 200 in China mile exclusive economic zone outside to take action.
article said that China’s naval capabilities and the latest delay or prevent the U.S. aircraft carrier battle groups near Taiwan or the Taiwan Strait crisis intervention are closely linked. In addition, they also emphasized the strategic depth of focus: new submarines, destroyers, and medium-range anti-ship ballistic could make China with the coast farther away from the waters of their attacks. In the Pentagon view, the Chinese perhaps through various means to the “second island chain” extending the U.S. military surface ships at risk, which is as a challenge to the U.S. move, because the U.S. Navy dominates the western Pacific. The U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman highlighted that: “China’s military build-up seems the U.S., especially in the U.S. Navy and our worldwide base.” (Compiled: Spring)