Luo Yuan: China’s tragic history of the Yellow Sea had not other countries to violate
Data Figure: U.S. Navy nuclear-powered aircraft carrier
Washington Society of Military Science, Major General, Deputy Secretary-General Luo Yuan
recent U.S. nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to participate in the proposed Korea-US joint military exercises to go to the Yellow Sea the news, has been prepared by the parties concerned. For the South Korean military exercises, the PLA Ma Xiaotian, deputy chief of staff, recently said in an interview with Phoenix TV reporters openly declared that we are opposed to the Foreign Ministry spokesman also expressed a similar view. Why the US-ROK joint military exercises in the Yellow Sea, China will touch a sensitive nerve? I think the following five reasons:
First, from a security point of view the concept of Mao there was a word, called the couch of the River, can we allow others snoring everywhere, meaning to say, I sleep bed Next, allow others to snoring. Snoring Shangqie not allow you to play my door gun sword, I allow it?
China is a historical memory of the nation, she is not a forgetful nation. In the Yellow Sea, China is a historical scars. Repeated foreign invasions, are the Yellow Sea as a gateway into the interior, the heart of Beijing, Tianjin line. Like the 1894 Sino took place in the Yellow Sea region, when the northern naval headquarters on the verge of the Yellow Sea in Weihai, China Sino left to a painful historical memory, this is a very sensitive area, do not allow others to violate.
empathy, if we are neighbors with the United States in the U.S. East Coast, West Coast to engage in military exercises, the United States allow it? As the saying goes “Do unto others do not impose on people,” he felt bad, not imposed on others.
second, from a strategic point of view of thinking, we are from the worst of view, strive for the best results. Strategic thinking of the bottom line is to take preventive measures, have sense of urgency; the highest level of strategic thinking is the enemy without fighting the soldiers, to defuse the crisis, eliminate the crisis, crisis prevention.
crisis prevention should Xiaoyilihai, tell each other which is not touch the red line, once touched, will pay the price. We were very tough attitude, is itself an integral part of preventive diplomacy.
Third, from the geo-strategic terms, the Yellow Sea region is our gateway to Gyeonggi Province, Beijing, Tianjin is the gateway to the heart of the choke. South Korean media said the previous period of the exercise area is only 500 kilometers away from Beijing, in so close, any country to conduct exercises in the region, we will feel safe on the pressure. United States, “George Washington” aircraft carrier sent to the Yellow Sea region, its combat radius of 600 km, if the carrier with its 1,000 kilometers or more functions, can cover most parts of North China and the Liaodong Peninsula, a direct threat to our heart zone and the Bohai economic circle of safety, can not prevent.
fourth, to maintain security and stability in the Korean peninsula is also very sensitive point of view. Now the Korean Peninsula because the “security” has been perilous incident, so why add fuel to the fire and then it? And the gates of fire, not affecting the fish ah. The Korean Peninsula “gate of fire”, have anything to do with China? Why should we go in the door to carry out his national joint military exercise?
fifth, to maintain the overall situation of Sino-US relations in particular, to promote healthy and stable development of Sino-US military exchanges should be doubly cautious view that the United States. Ma Xiaotian, deputy chief has been talked about, the impact of the three major obstacles to Sino-US military relationship, one of which is the United States military aircraft, ships frequently to China’s East Sea, South China Sea region at or near high-intensity surveillance.
not rule out the old barriers, the United States have added new obstacles. The South Korean military exercises, the United States sent a military aircraft, ships do not say, also has added an aircraft carrier.
we all know, there is a strong reconnaissance aircraft early warning capability, there is a strong combat capability. So to the carrier, it is certainly with a mission is to conduct military reconnaissance, is to test U.S. military’s combat plans. From “George Washington” aircraft carrier combat capability point of view, the carrier-based aircraft carrier is the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet fighter jets, combat radius is 1065 km. In addition, it has the EA-6B “Prowler” electronic warfare aircraft, with an electronic pod, the purpose is to interfere with and undermine each other’s land-based, shipborne, airborne command and control communications systems, as well as early warning, surveillance and fire control radar , so powerful.
addition, the “George Washington” aircraft carrier also contains the E-2C “Hawkeye” early warning aircraft, which can simultaneously track the 2000 target, and one of 40 target practice interception. The carrier’s radar can detect cruise missiles within 270 km and 556 km inside the aircraft. On carrier-based aircraft carrier there are S-3B “Viking” anti-submarine aircraft, anti-submarine depth charges contained, cluster bombs, also with 60 sonar floating, strong anti-submarine capabilities.
from the aircraft carrier equipped with these weapons on the point of view, it has a strong ability to detect early warning and strong combat capabilities. In this regard, we should be anti-people can not do without.
the U.S. aircraft carrier to sea military maneuvers and I came close surveillance, I can say a few words. The first is that we firmly oppose, and the second is we are not afraid. Why is firmly opposed to? I have elaborated on these five reasons. Why are not afraid? We can look at history, the U.S. aircraft carrier has repeatedly into our territorial waters near the cruise, or deterrence.
We all remember 1958, “8.23″ artillery, that the United States to a number of aircraft carriers, but Mao simply ignore him in that, stop playing, stop playing The situation hit in my favor, the case against me I will not play. And then proposed tactics is the “only hit U.S. warships Chiang ship does not hit,” called “direct hit Chiang indirectly hit the United States.” Jiang ship fired once the results of our military, U.S. warships quickly ran to 12 sea miles to go outside, it said it was on the high seas, you can not resort to me. Mao Zedong arrive at a strategy to determine – the United States in the Taiwan Strait area is to take the strategic defensive, not strategic offensive. This is a historical memory.
there is a historical memory, is the 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis. United States sent two aircraft carriers to the Taiwan region of China’s military deterrence. Missile-firing was ongoing military exercises, military missile was the first few rounds before the U.S. aircraft carrier to fight, and after several rounds of missiles after the U.S. aircraft carrier to the usual fight. Thus, the Americans reached a strategic conclusion that if the U.S. military intervention, the Chinese people and the PLA’s determination and will not waver. This is the second historical memory.
third historical memory, that is, October 1994, the U.S. Navy without prior notification to our case, sent “Kitty Hawk” along the Chinese border patrol territorial waters, and into China’s territorial waters , tracking the Chinese Navy nuclear submarines. Military surveillance aircraft took off immediately, expelled, was once the air confrontation, this is the famous “Sino-US confrontation in the Yellow Sea.”
historical experience tells us that China is not afraid of an aircraft carrier, the United States Do not take the carrier to frighten the Chinese people.
course, once the U.S. aircraft carrier really came close to our doorstep, we really have to be taken seriously. First, we must be vigilant, to be prepared; two is to make bad things into good things, that is, do not miss this opportunity to know ourselves, as we simulate the U.S. aircraft carrier against the frame of reference for the exercise. First friend, and can test our perception of early warning and reconnaissance systems Ling ineffective, can not see you, hear you, you make accurate positioning; In addition, you can test it our interchange system, to see it was not associated , the channel may pass; Another is that we can test our ability to respond quickly to see it can not do sensitive, fast, stable, accurate and relentless.
the same time, the U.S. aircraft carrier since their fingertips, we can observe it came close. We can look at the trajectory of the aircraft carrier, aircraft carrier battle array the best bit, the carrier battle group’s combat formation, and the carrier battle group operations specifications, including communications and liaison way, we can be close-observation. Before the United States have always said that China sent its spies to reconnoiter, and now Do not take this for something, you take the initiative to our house, and counter-surveillance on a do not blame us.
before we engage in military exercises, but also to design a red and blue against the program, but also to find a blue side when the opposite side, but also to pay the cost. Now these days, and this cost would not have to, and the United States directly to us when the blue side. We can take the U.S. aircraft carrier when the frame of reference, field simulation exercises. From this perspective, the U.S. should be more afraid of some. If the United States should get rid of this concern, the best way is that you do not come.
Ma Xiaotian, deputy chief of the Asia-Pacific regional security meeting that the current China-US Military Maritime Consultation Mechanism did not interrupt, I think we should immediately start the mechanism. China has joint military exercise on United States Han Huanghai expressed serious concern and strong opposition, the United States should think twice. The most sensible approach is to cancel the military exercises, the UN framework and within the six-party talks to resolve the Korean Peninsula crisis, not to complicate the issue, and then create a new crisis. Second best approach is to stay away from sensitive areas to avoid sensitive time, do not use sensitive weapons, defensive drills held. Most unwise to go its own way, as usual in the original location, the original time, according to the original plan, the use of force at the original exercise, which will lead the Chinese people’s anger.
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