Compass navigation system, the concept of China’s development can lead to break the U.S. monopoly
Beijing at 5:30 on August 1, China’s Xichang Satellite Launch Center in the “Long March III A” carrier rocket, the fifth Beidou navigation satellite into space successfully transfer orbit.
8 January, a “Long March III A” launch vehicle will be the first 5 “Compass” navigation satellite into orbit successfully, which is continuous in China this year The first three launches “Compass” navigation satellite system network. “Compass” led to the growing family of widespread concern in the West, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, United States, “Connection” magazine and other media that China’s “Compass” with the U.S. GPS system will be fierce competition.
to break the monopoly of the satellite navigation market
navigation satellites in succession in place, marking China’s “Compass” system has matured, expanded into the network construction has been “Express Road. ” Ph.D., University of Wollongong, Australia, aerospace experts Maurice Jones told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation interview that China’s development of an independent global satellite navigation system, just want to get rid of dependence on U.S. technology. Jones said, “We use the GPS system has been under the control of the U.S. government, when it comes to the military, such as war, the U.S. can suspend the service at any time for China and most other countries, the development does not depend independent system in the United States is important. “
speculation that China’s space industry is developing steadily in the background,” Compass “navigational system is bound to usher in golden age of development; with compared to the U.S. space program, it was an “interrupted.” Jones pointed out that “the United States is a large-scale compression space program, not even in the near future astronauts into space independent (caused by the space shuttle retired); and steady development of China is a large number of national space projects, according to current trends, China will have the ability to challenge U.S. space dominance. “
Some analysts believe that China’s development,” Compass “navigational system is the first to meet their own economic and military needs in the area, of course, but also for international customers more choice, to a certain extent, does play a monopoly of a country to prevent the role of satellite navigation market.
support military modernization
As satellite navigation technology has been widely used in military field, for tanks, planes, ships navigation and for ballistic missiles, cruise missiles and guided bombs to indicate targets, China’s development of global satellite navigation network, but also led to the outside of the “Compass” for military purposes of speculation.
According to the U.S., “Connection” magazine authors speculate, 2012, China will be launching 8-10 “Compass” satellite to expand its coverage to global coverage by 2020. The paper further that, “Compass” global coverage means “China’s satellite-guided weapons have the all-weather precision strike capability.”
served as the Air Force for space and missile warfare officer Brian Vuitton, said, “GPS systems have important military uses, which is to promote China’s development of one of the main driving force independent of the system.”
South Korea, “Chosun Ilbo” had even speculated that China’s “Compass” navigation satellite system can send radio waves from satellites to improve the missile hits the field and collect all sorts of information worldwide. Although the South Korean media assumption with the “sci-fi style”, but also from the side that the “Compass” system potential.
In fact, China’s military modernization does not do without satellite navigation systems. In emphasizing digital and information technology of the modern battlefield, whether it is the Army’s tanks, armored vehicles, artillery, or naval warships and submarines, it needs to deploy the satellite navigation system to determine the location, to ensure close coordination between the various units, play the best fighting.
In addition, long-range, precision strikes are also increasingly dependent on satellite navigation systems, precision-guided. The outside world had speculated that China’s “East Wind” series of missiles, “Guardian” series of long-range rockets and advanced cruise missiles have been integrated, “Compass” system, which has a high accuracy and strong anti-jamming capability. Can be seen, complete “Compass” system to China’s military modernization has important practical significance.
the other hand, the progress of China’s space technology has also led to the outside world of China’s space safety. Vuitton said, “China is increasingly dependent on space technology, which makes China and the United States by the threat of anti-satellite weapons.” However, insiders pointed out that China’s development of space technology does not contain any military intentions, and oppose arms race in space, and have their own “counter-space capabilities”, which is to ensure the safety of China’s space platform, a favorable factor.
China closely, “Space Pulse”
with the United States, the European Union and the Russian satellite navigation project, the China’s “Compass” navigation satellite system started more late, but rapid development, the concept is also very advanced.
“Compass” system reflects the simple to complex, what one feature – the first with “double-star positioning” and “small systems” accumulated experience, technical research, followed by development consisting of 35 satellites, ” large network, “to achieve global coverage. In addition, the “Compass” did not copy the U.S. GPS, the Russian “GLONASS” mode, reflects Chinese characteristics, such as its unique satellite messaging capabilities in disaster relief exercise and undergo a “reality check”, practical strong.
to enhance the comprehensive national strength, China has formulated a series of practical space program, from manned spaceflight, lunar exploration, to the space station construction, all manifestations of China’s “space vision.” The condescending “Compass” system is China’s space strategy an integral part.
can say, “Compass” navigation satellite system closely linked to the development of China’s “space pulse of” the direct expression. (International Online – News of the World)