Asia-Pacific region to build America’s most concerned about three major island chains surrounded by layers of China
data for: the U.S. surrounded by China, “island chain” diagram
since late July from the month, the waters surrounding the U.S. warships frequently appeared in China, the U.S. military in the Asia Pacific waters high-profile show, respectively, with South Korea and Vietnam at the three military exercises in Central Asia also held a number of relatively small-scale joint military exercises. As the only one home port in the United States abroad aircraft carrier “George Washington”, the movement has become a focus of attention of the general public. The U.S. experts have said the United States is returning to Asia, the Asia-Pacific region has become an increasingly important U.S. strategic areas. Chinese military experts said the United States in the Pacific, Central Asia and the Indian Ocean region has its military strategic plan to win over allies, opponents and blocking control strategy brief control channel.
This special U.S. military base in the Asia Pacific region for a large inventory to help readers better understand and deployment of U.S. strategic intentions and the security environment we face.
special text/Pengyu Lei
located on the Pacific “island chain”
WASHINGTON across the vast ocean of American soldiers, Sword can frequent in the region, rely not only put their first-class military capability, but also its global military bases under the regional distribution network. U.S. military deployment in the Asia Pacific region, how? What has strategic considerations? Reporter interviewed military experts, naval military academic researcher Li Jie.
123 U.S. military bases in Japan, there are 87 bases in South Korea
the Pentagon released the “2009 U.S. military base structure report” shows that the U.S. overseas military bases across six continents (except Antarctica), four oceans, radiation in 38 countries. Of the total 716 bases in Germany 235, Japan 123, South Korea 87. Together these three countries, the share of overseas U.S. military bases base more than half of the total. In addition to Afghanistan, Iraq, the U.S. military, the U.S. military has 20 Yu Wanhai outside half in the three places. And among the three countries, Japan and South Korea, are in the United States the “first island chain” on.
Li Jie said that in recent years, the US-led Western countries, the use of “island chains” blocking, choke control, including China, Russia, North Korea and other countries, including the various reports after another.
the 1950s, the United States first formally proposed the so-called “island chain” concept
“island chain” argument began in the early 1950s. January 4, 1951, the then U.S. State Department adviser John Foster Dulles stated: “The United States in the Pacific region should be the scope of the defense of Japan – Ryukyu Islands – Taiwan – Philippines – Australia, this island chain line.” This is the first American on the “island chain” concept prototype.
1955 In February, U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles was promoted to elaborate further on the “island chain” concept, said Taiwan’s “form the western edge of the so-called Pacific ‘island chain’ an important part.” This is the first official Western countries made “island chain”, or “island chain” concept.
since the late 1950s, our military authorities according to the U.S. and other Western countries to implement their strategy of blockade and military deployment situations, one after another in a number of documents and speeches borrowed “island chain” and “first island chain” was.
to the mid-1980s, a growing number of documents, reports and academic studies, are referred to the “first and second island chain” concept and deployment of troops of the U.S. and Japan. With the new century, naval forces continue my development and maintenance tasks is increasing maritime rights and interests, “the first and second island chain” was given more specific meaning, and can be widely used in many areas, and some have even proposed ” The third island chain “concept.
total length of the first island chain of more than 5700 km, built many military bases
first island chain north of Japan island of Kyushu, south to the Malay Peninsula Paniu Thorpe angle; island chain on the major countries and regions: Korea, Japan, Taiwan Province of China, the Philippines, Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore. The entire island chain was the northeast – southwest direction, a total of more than 20,000 islands, more than a total length of 5700 km.
first island chain, there are many countries and regions to build military bases, airports and deploy a large number of troops and weapons.
“second island chain” are the core of Guam in the Western Pacific, the largest U.S. naval and air base
second island chain north of Japan’s Honshu Island, east coast, south to Indonesia Maluku Islands; the entire island chain formed by the l000 islands, stretching more than 4400 km.
“second island chain” core U.S. military base in Guam is the largest in the Western Pacific naval and air bases, the most recent two years, the U.S. military exercises often long-range attacks B2 bombers from Guam back to the U.S. test the bomber’s long-range delivery capability.
“third island chain” is the core of the Island of Hawaii
some people’s “third island chain”, mainly from the United States, Alaska Peninsula – Island of Hawaii – Line Islands and other components, The core is Hawaii.
Li Jie analysis, from the “first and second island chain” of the location point of view, is the face of China’s offshore direction. From the existing situation, the United States will continue to win over Japan, Korea and other allies to increase the instigation of the countries surrounding the direction of my efforts at sea, using a few “island chain” to step up stop blocking our sea power breakthrough “island chain” to the ocean; and the use of these “island chain” surrounded by layers of implementation, in order to prevent me from effectively safeguard its maritime rights and interests.
made on the Indian Ocean
“unsinkable aircraft carrier”
reported in the newspaper and the Gulf War During the war in Afghanistan, the U.S. military base in the Indian Ocean has played an important role in each. April came news that United States is the islands of Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean Air Force Base on the delivery of hundreds of pieces of “earth-penetrating bombs.” As U.S. relations with Iran deteriorated again, the U.S. military base in the Indian Ocean caused by the movement of people’s attention once again.
can support the Middle East and Gulf region operations, but also to monitor and control the Indian Ocean
Li Jie introduced, said the U.S. military in the Indian Ocean’s largest and most important military bases, that is, Di Garcia base. Central Indian Ocean island of Diego Garcia in the Chagos archipelago, an area of ??about 44 square kilometers. The base guards the Indian Ocean, sea and air hub channel, strategic importance, both support the Middle East and Gulf region operations, but also the majority of the waters of the Indian Ocean to monitor and control.
1971, the U.S. military took over jurisdiction from the British after a large-scale expansion into the mid-1970s, Diego Garcia has become a very well-integrated facilities, sea, air base, the port can accommodate large ships and submarines, and its airport facilities to take off and land and other long-range B-52 heavy bombers. From the 1980s, the U.S. military again a number of important strategic material reserves in the island of Diego Garcia in advance; Once the Middle East, Central Asia, South Asia and other regions of war, the U.S. military can immediately put into operational use of these materials. It is reported that the U.S. island of Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean region called “unsinkable aircraft carrier.”
Currently, the island of Diego Garcia, two deep-water channel, dock, can accommodate large aircraft carriers and other warships. The island’s airport has a runway over 3600 meters long, can accommodate B-52, B-1, B-2 and other long-range heavy bomber; apron area of ??37 square meters, can accommodate more than 100 aircraft.
the first Gulf War, U.S. B-52 bombers from Diego Garcia were deployed more than 1,000 sorties, dropping the more than 2400 tons of ammunition. 2001 “9.11″ incident, U.S. forces launched the war in Afghanistan during the war, about 10 sorties a day of B-52 and B-1B bombers took off from Diego Garcia to the battlefields of Afghanistan bombing mission. In addition, B-2 stealth bombers flying directly from the U.S. bombing mission in Afghanistan also landed in Diego Garcia to rest.
Li Jie analysis, the deployment of U.S. forces in this region can control the maritime oil routes. Next, the U.S. military will be more fully in the Indian Ocean, but the small number of very important strategic base for the role, the completion of its strategic encirclement of the sea, navigation safety, convoy operations, counter Iran, against the Taliban in Afghanistan and other mobile services.
nail in Central Asia “wedge”
WASHINGTON Currently, the U.S. military in Central Asia, only Kyrgyzstan Manas Air Base CD eleven bases. But there are signs that the U.S. hopes to expand its military deployment in Central Asia. Gross, U.S. Ambassador to Tajikistan in June that the U.S. intends to invest $ 10 million in Tajikistan to open a military training camp for training in this Central Asian country’s armed forces. United States and Uzbekistan to strengthen cooperation has also been recently.
In fact, until 2001 years ago, the United States has no troops in Central Asia. “9.11″ incident, the United States through various means, using different ways to step up into Central Asia. After the outbreak of war in Afghanistan, the U.S. military began using the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek, about 10 kilometers east of the Manas air base at Manas International Airport, transfer to the battlefield to the United States and its allies in Afghanistan the military and military supplies. Manas base is considered the war in Afghanistan has important strategic value of military supply base, an area of ??12 hectares, can accommodate about 3,000 troops and parking of aircraft, transport aircraft and tanker aircraft.
U.S. troops stationed in East Asia, to “kill many birds with one stone”, this, the next step the U.S. military will continue to “hang on” Central Asia in order to maximize its strategic interests
In Central Asia, the U.S. military has prepared to rent or lease the airport to be there: Uzbekistan 50-60 can be parked aircraft Kagan military airport, which can park 80 aircraft Khanabad military airport, as well as while Kaka parked 80 aircraft used by German airport; in Tajikistan have to park 70 aircraft Kurgan military airport and parked 60 aircraft library good Bo military airport.
the United States and Kazakhstan has also signed Ha alternate airport to the U.S. Air Force memorandum. The memorandum states: U.S. warplanes in the event of technical failure, fuel shortage and other special circumstances, can be in the Kazakh capital of Almaty international airport before landing, and receive technical services, repairs and maintenance.
Li Jie said that the U.S. set up bases in Central Asia, building airports, deploy some troops, there is a “kill many birds with one stone” strategy considerations: First, in this hinterland of Eurasia, in strategic partnership between China and Russia into a “wedge”, dismember and destroy relations; second, respectively, in the geo-strategic formation of strategic encirclement of China and Russia; Third, as a battlefield in Afghanistan and counter Iran’s support for an important base; Fourth, to grab the region’s rich oil and gas resources. To this end, the next step the U.S. military will continue to “hang on” Central Asia in order to maximize its strategic interests.
the U.S. military to return to Asia
WASHINGTON Recently, many Western media reported that in 2010, is the U.S. trying to return to Asia for one year.
“The Australian” international editor Sheridan was in Washington recently famous intellectual Kuwudeluo Wilson International Center for Scholars appointed for “the Australian scholar.” Sheridan wrote in an article: “The United States in Asia, signed a military agreement with five major allies – Japan, Korea, Thailand, the Philippines and Australia, there is a de facto allies – Singapore, and India is an important development strategic relationship. The United States also strengthen strategic relations with Vietnam … and the relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia have also been developed. “
U.S. commentators 里克罗佐夫 recently published an article by military forces, North about its large number of cooperation agreements, the United States and Western Europe’s influence throughout Europe, Africa.
in East Asia, the United States through the Pacific Command, the headquarters of the world’s largest theater command of the U.S. Seventh Fleet – the United States the only “permanent precursor-based deployment” force.
Luozuo Fu said in the article, in the late Cold War, the Pentagon was to withdraw some troops deployed in Asia, and even close some military bases, but now the U.S. is returning to Asia. In addition to the recent joint military exercises of some big moves outside the United States is a substantial increase in military facilities in Guam, has 60 percent of its submarines sent to the Pacific, and is considering the size of the fleet increased from 282 to 346 ships, to “strengthen the U.S. power of sea power in Asia.”
Asia-Pacific region has become America’s most strategic areas of concern
Harris, former U.S. Navy officer in the Navy before retiring was the highest ranking African-American female officer. She published an article on August 23, said over the years, the Persian Gulf region has long been regarded as the focus of U.S. national security policy. But the recent series of events shows that the U.S. national security strategy is rapidly changing Asia-Pacific region has become America’s most strategic areas of concern.
Harris said the Asia-Pacific region has become an increasingly important strategic region the United States, a number of major U.S. trading partners and the world’s second, the three major economies are located in this region. However, despite the security situation in the Pacific are constantly changing, the U.S. military since World War II deployment in the region has not undergone any major changes.
Harris suggested that if the U.S. really want to strengthen the Asia-Pacific countries and the relationship between the Obama administration will need to prove that it can respond flexibly to changing trends in the Asia-Pacific region.
U.S. military deployment in Asia is also facing some problems
Harris pointed out in the Pacific region, is not only a strategic rival to the United States has always been a headache, U.S. military deployment in Asia is also facing some problems. For example, the U.S. military in Japan of the Futenma air base relocation. Former Japanese Prime Minister Hatoyama Yukio June 2 suddenly announced his resignation, one of the reasons that lead to political chaos and the relocation of public discontent. Whether the US-Japan security alliance is beginning to break new issues raised by the United States.
also need to update the U.S. alliance with South Korea. Stationed in South Korea near Seoul and other cities in the U.S. to move to Pyeongtaek, South Korea, plans are being developed, 37 U.S. military installations and tens of thousands of acres of land being returned to South Korea. To the transfer of wartime command of South Korea’s problem now though is temporarily delayed, but the problem still can not avoid. (Peng Yulei)